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General Doyle then read another, the turned round, and, drawing her sabre,
Jast note but one, he had at that time with great calmness, but determination,
received from Palafox: it was written at told him, that if he followed her another
Pamplona, to which place he had been step, she would cut him down. The de-
removed by the enemy in his way to sire of this gay, but not gallant, Lothario,
Paris, and was dated March 13. “My was instantly turned into fear, and he
dearest Doyle, my friend, my brother, fled froin the object of his wishes, as fast
for God's sake send me by the bearer, or as his legs could carry hiin. She was
by letter on Bayonne, soine money. proceeding to Seville, to be presented to
You know how long a journey is before the Central Junta, for the purpose of
me, and the mument will arrive when I soliciting a higher appointment in the
shall beg charity. This is the only com- patriotic army.*
fort I can now receive from your good ASPECT OF THE COUNTRY.
heart. My dearest friend they have Our ride to Seville was four leagues,
robbed me to the very shirt. Adieu, and continued for the greatest part over
adieu, adieu!"-The face of Augustina, a dreary, bladeless, Hat, plain, then
which, as I have observed, is reinarkable parched up, but which in the winter is
for its sweetness, assumed a mingled ex- in several parts overflown by the Gua-
pression of commiseration for her hero, dalquivir: this was a short cut, and out
and revenge against his enemies. Her of the bigh road. So barren was the
eyes, naturally soft, flashed with peculiar scene, that the only objects which excited
fire and animation; tears rolled down notice were several stone wells, which
her cheeks, and clasping her hands, as frequently appear, for the purpose of
the last word, “ adieu” was repeated, supplying troughs wiih water for the
she exclained “On, those base invaders cattle. In the country approaching to
of my country, those oppressors of its Seville, may be traced soine appearance
best of patriots! should the fate of war of the baneful effects of the blind impo.
place any of thein within my power, I licy of the Spaniards in neglecting agri.
will instantly deliver up their throats to culture, in favour of their sheep. Enge
the knife."' General Doyle was much land and other countries have been for-
impressed with the manner in which she merly infested with wolves and other
ultered this fierce denunciation, a man- ravenous beasts. Spain may be said to
ner that can leave but little doubt of her be devoured by the meekest of all ani.
carrying it into execution, should an op. mals, by sheep, which are permitted to
portunity offer. Soon afterwards the riot in and impoverish a region, whicli,
husband of Augustina entered, who had on account of its richness and fertility,
been severely wounded during the sieges, the ancients in the warinth of imagia
accompanied by a youth, a nobleman, nation, determined to have been the
and a cousin of Plafox: when the se. garden of the Hesperides, and the site of
cond siege took place, this young man the Elysian fields. It seems to be agreed
was at college, which, upon the irruption by alınost all writers on Spain, that the
of the French, he abruptly quilted, and, æra of tbe Mussulınan government of
after having distinguished himself at Rio that country, was by far the most brite
Sico, under General Cuesta,with scarcely liant in its history; and that agriculture
any money, and little food and cloathing,
he made his way to Zaragoza, and fought The following energetic lines were write
under his noble relative with enthusiastic ten upon this amiable and intrepid female,
bravery. It does not often fall to the by Mr. Joseph Blacket', a distinguished, but,
lot of a traveller to meet with occur. alas! a departed, genius, in a poem called

the Fall of Zaragoza, which, with some rences such as I have related, and to see

other poems, have just been rescued from oba group of persons, so distinguished for

' livion by the benevolence of Mr. Pratt. their intrepidity and patriotism. Augustina calls herself the Woman of Za.

man of me. Oh! heaven-born heroine, Tagoza: she occasionally wears the dress

Fair Augustina, bold heroic maid! of the service into which she has entered,

Thine is the beauteous form, but warrior's

soul; the artillery, but modestly preserves the thine she petticoat.

e Thine the re-animating gen'rous pride, One evening as she was like famu'd Camilla, nobly to deal forih walking alone in this habit, in one of the Destroying vengeance on thy country's foes; streets of Cadiz, with her sabre by her Back to the breast of fainting courage call side, a man attracied by her beauty, fol. The curdling blood, and bid thy brothers, lowed her a considerable way, upon armed, which, offended at bis impertinence, she Or die or aiutaph with thee!


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especially bad to deplore the expulsion and on which are traceable the ruins of of the Moors. Fruitful as is the soil, the ancient city of Cartea, the town of and propitious to vegetation as is the San Roque, and the lofty mountains of climate of Spain, it is well known, that Granada. even at this period, nearly two-thirds of Quiting this spot, I visited one of the the country is uncultivated. Of this signal-houses, and, as the levanter was neglect, the vast tracts of land which are just beginning to blow, I had an oppop always kept in pasture for sheep, present tunity, which an officer who had been one of the causes, and one of great mag- nearly three years on the rock bad net nitude.

before net with, of seeing groups of very PLEBOTOMY.

large monkeys, to whom this wind is The Spaniards still continue their ene peculiarly disagreeable, quit their caverns, thusiastic veneration for the bleeding which alınost impeud over the inaccessystem of Galen, so laughably satirized sible crays on the eastern side, and, in the practice of doctor Sangrado, by having ascended the heights, descend, Le Sage. Even to this day, the physi- many bearing their young on their backs, cians and surgeons of Spain are very ig- a short way, and range themselves in norant. Their recent intercourse wiih rather formidable bodies on the westen the medical staff of England may, per- side. I counted no less than fourteen in haps,lead to theirimprovement. This igno- a short space of time. We passed neur rance may in a great degree be attributed them, but they did not appear to be anto the superstition of the people, who noyed at our presence. As shooting at think there is more healing power in a them is probibited, perhaps more from saint than a doctor, and that a prayer is the fear of loosening the stones of these a panacea for maladies as well as sins, summits by the shot, which by roiling This darling operation of bleeding is from such a beight towards the town usually performed either on the hand or might do mischief below, than from tenfoot, I believe rarely, if ever, on she arm. derness to the antic race, they inay pro. It is regarded as a neglect of health not bably derive confidence from being but to be bled several times in the course of seldom molested. As they were seated the year. In Seville, and at Cadiz, I on this side of the rock, some time since, saw the hands of several persons tied an officer happened to pass with a fine with black ribbon, and found this to be terrier, which ran at them. The monthe cause. A Spaniard in this city, keys who were seated in a circle were known to a friend of mine, who had been not in the least dismayeri; but, upon bled three times, on the 1st, 2d, and 3d, some of them moving a little, the dog of June preceding my arrival, went for ran into the centre, when a very power. fifteen days following into a bath, and ful monkey seized him by one of his then considered himself safe from ma- hinder legs, ran with hin to the top, lady for a whole year. He had pursued hurled biin over the easterv side of the this course for thirty years, during which rock, a stupendous, and nearly perpenhe had never required, or taken any dicular, height, and dashed che rash ago medicine. The Spanish barbers are sailant to pieces. Of these monkeys called sangrados and sacamnelas, on stranger stories are related. A most abe account of their being bleeders and surd and ridiculous' one has obtained tooth drawers.

credit with some of the most credulous GIBRALTAR.

of the inhabitants, that, before the Eur. The excavated batteries, which open glish got possession of this place, one of towards the Spanish lines, and the great them contrived to seize a pretty girl cavern called the hall of St. George, are whilst she was enjoying the view front wonderful efforts of human ingenuity and an elevated part of the rock, and 10 gram labour. From the stupendous summits tify his amorous propensities towards her, above these batteries, upwards of one that he was put under arrest according to thousand three hundred feet high, there military law, tried by a court martial of is a vast and magnificent view of the grave Spanish officers, and shot for the African coast, including Babary, Fez, rape. It is worthy of remark, that this and Morocco, the Atlantic, the Medi. is the only spot in Europe where monkeys terranean, the town below, the bay with are found wild. Many are brought over its numerous shipping, Algeziras, the from Barbary and sold in the market for country behind, tbe hill from whence the a mere trifle; and hence, a monkey 19 Queen of Spain contemplated as a spec- almost as common as a cat in the houses tacle the memorable siege of Gibraltar, of Gibraltar. .. 1


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The stern, and hostile aspect of the contrive to find pasture opon its western northern side of the rock softens into side. The roads are excellent, and also scenes of rural beauty to the south, lead. livened with persons riding hackwards ing to Europa Puit. Here well-cut and forwards, and even by barouches roads wind through avenues of poplars, and other carriages. along the sides of gardens, and through In the town, there is an excellent gargroves of orange and citron-trees. The rison library in a handsome detached otticial house of the commissioner, ele building. To the balls given by the mic vated high on the rock, half-embosomed litary, the families of the merchants are in a garden abounding with productions rarely, if ever, admitted: this unpleasant of the south, offers," at least in point of. line of separation has been drawn, in con. picturesque situation, a comparison une sequence of the great number of low and favourable to the residence of the go. vulgar mercantile adventurers, who have vernor, which stands in the town, at the settled in Gibraltar, Universal toleration base of the rock, in the principal street, exists, without, as might be expected, any and was formerly a Franciscan convent. inconvenience to the garrison, always It is called “the convent" to this day, excepting, however, the horrid nuisance Here, howerer, there is an excellent produced by a fellow beating the bell of garden, kept in high order, containing the Spanish Catholic church with a great orange and citron trees, vines, flowers, hammer, many times in the course of and vegetables. Towards Europa Point, the day, to the no little annoyance of there are also several other beautiful every one in its neighbourhood. This spots. Mr. Commissary Sweetland and noisy functionary is a great coxcomb in his amiable lady have a delightful cottage his way, and says that the English have here, as well known for the elegant hos- good bells, but do not know how to ring pitality which reigns within, as for the ihem, and that he alone possesses taste beauty of the scenery without.

in this way! I was informed, that an On this side of the rock is the cele. officer once, provoked by his noise, after brated cave of St. Michael; this is a repeatedly, but unavailingly, requesting inagnificent hall of nature, apparently him not lo strike so hard, could not resopported by columns of crystalization, sist caning bim when he descended, upon rude, brilliant, and beautiful, from which which the hell-ringer brought his action, there are narrow and difficult passages and obtained damages; he now, thereleading to other apartinents. During fore, frequently shows his triumph, by. the war with Spain, and before the the additional vehemence with which he French arms became sullied by a spirit of strikes his bell. ruthless ferocity, an intercourse, distine The traveller will do well to pay a visit guished for its urbanity, existed between to Catalan Bay, situated at the base of vur garrison and the Spaniards, such as the eastern side of the rock, which is did honour to the exalted sensibility of there perfectly inaccessible; this spot is two great nations. Our officers were iruly romantic and beautiful. . Here, perinitted to enjoy the sports of the turf under the shaile of vines and fig-trees, within the Spanish territory, and, in re in company with some intelligent en. torn, gave balls and other entertainments gineer officers, with a fine beach and to the Spaniards. Upon some of these rolling sea in our front, and in our rear festive and generous occasions, the cave the cliffs of this mighty rock, on the sides of St. Michael's was accustomed to be of which several monkeys were playing brilliantly lighted up. Under these ile their “ fantastic tricks," we dined in reluminations, the effect of its roof, fretted freshing coolness, although it was sultry and richly adorned with prismatic spars hot on the other side of the rock. and dropping crystals, wildly resembling The marble of Gibraltar is very beau." the minute and delicate richness of sara. tiful, and admits of a five polish: shells cenic decoration, of its glittering sides, and petrified fish are frequently found of its milk-white and semi-transparent in it. columns, presenting all sorts of fantastic The inns in the town, without being orders of architecture, its numerous and very clean or comfortable, are excesmysterious récesses, the whole enlivened sively dear; but there is one to which I by groups of visitors gaily dressed, must would recommend the traveller of plea. have been inost singular and enchanting. sure to go, equal in neatness and conRugged, barren, and bladeless, as this fort to any in England, standing in an rock appears at the height of this cave, enchanting situation a little above the still Rocks of goats and even some cows dock-yard and Europa Bay,


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The musquitos commit sad havoc upon the enemy, which advanced with great strangers, for which reason, and the valour, were cut to pieces, the marsial usual effects attendant on a change of continued the contest, but at length was climate, an officer is seldom put on duly overpowered, and in the evening comfor a fortnight after his arrival. The pelled to retire, leaving a general and society is here altogether gloomy, for about one thousand six hundred dead want of more females. The theatre is upon the field of battle, and about two execrable. One of the few amusements thousand muskets. The loss of the apa is, spearing of fish by torch-light. The triotic tronps was also very considerable, market is well supplied with vegetables, On the 26th of January, 1809, the dow from Spain, as well as Barbary. batteries were unmasked, and a beary At night, a passenger is sadly annoyed by cannonade from twenty-four and thirts. the challenges of the numerous centinels six pounders commenced, accompanied who are stationed in and near the town. by a shower of shells. After some time, Every one not in uniform, must carry a the enemy succeeded in destroying some lanthorn. To the eye of the stranger, slight batteries which had been raised of the town presents a natural masquerade wood and fascines, near the convent of of people, from various countries, in St. Joseph, and the bridge of Huerba, their different costumes, of whom the and took possession of both. In the con chief are Moors. The Spanish character vent fell the heroine Manuella Sancha, forms a striking feature. Spaniards This noble female used to bring propio from all parts are to be found bere. sions to the soldiers, after which she

Gibraltar is indeed well worthy of a served at the guns, or carried a muskei, voyage to be seen; and, when its nu- and was always to be seen wherever the merous and astonishing fortifications, its firing was the hottest; whilst she was town, barracks, docks, arsenals, country- thus serving her country, a shoi entered bouses, and population, sometimes her head. amounting to sixteen thousand souls, After repeated attacks, the French distributed on one side of a rock whose gained the Plaza, where they raised fresh circumference does not exceed seven works, whence they kept up a dreadiul miles, are all brought within the eye's discharge of shot and shells, which reand mind's view, it may justly be ranked duced to ruin the principal part of the amongst the greatest of natural and ar. town. The only places of defence left tificial wonders.

were a convent of St. Augustine's, of TUE SECOND SIEGE OF SARAGOSSA. las Monicus, an oil-mill, the botanical On the 21st of December, 1808, the garden, and a small redoubt. During Prench returned again to lay siege to this desperate crisis, all descriptions of Zaragoza. They were in great force, and persons, with fearless animation, assisted presented themselves in different direc- in making fascines, digging ditches, and tions. The military and inhabitants of heaping up earth, in the streets, not yet the city, though far from having recovered destroyed by the enemy. Whilst the from the effects of the carnage, fatigue, most distinguished acts of heroism were and sickness, by which they had been re- exhibiting above, a subterranean war was duced in the preceding siege, which had carrying on below, by a large body of been raised about four months, pre- miners and sappers of the enemy, to pared once more, under their beloved succeeded in blowing houses from their and heroic Palafox, to resist their cruel very foundations into the air. The siand ruthless enemy.

tuation of the besieged now, indeed, be Mortier, with about fourteen thousand gan to wear the aspect of desperation. chosen troops, mostly grenadiers of the Exhausted with almost incredible fatigue imperial guards, approached the Arrabal, and anguish, the mind of their general, which includes three short streets, at the Palafox, began to shew occasional sympo end of each of which, a weak battery of toms of deliriuin. earth and fa:cines was constructed, But still the work of death went on, having a small dich three yards broad with redoubled fury. The smoke of and two and a half deep, without any gunpowder kept the city in twilight dark. other protection or covered way, but ness, frequently reddened and borribly what the houses afforded. The marshal illumined by the fire, that issued from the commenced the attack with his sharp- destroying mouths of the cannou and shooters, supported by his artillery, which mortars of the enemy. In the intervals discharged thirty-six pounders, at balls which succeeded these discharges, wopistol shot. Although three columns of men and children were beheld in the


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streets writhing in the agonies of death, undaunted courage in the cause of her yet scarcely a sigh or moan was heard, country. Numerous were the instances whilst those whose wounds permitted of female heroism. Women, many of then to move, crawled behind the walls them of the highest orders of life, and of of roofless houses and sunk down on their elegant habits, without respect to rank, ruins. At the same time priests were formed themselves into corps, to carry seen, as they were rushing to meet the provisions, to bear away the wounded to advancing foe, to kneel by the side of the the hospitals, and to fight in the streets, dying, and, dropping their sabres, or their in which they were frequently accommuskets, to take with holy zeal the cross panied by children, who, with the pleafrom their bosoms, and administer the sure displayed in their amusements, consolations of their religion, during rashly and exultingly rushed into danger, which they exhibited the same calinness and could not be prevailed on to stay in usually displayed in the chambers of those places which the firing of the enemy sickness.

had then spared. Amongst other fe. On the 30th, after having undermined males who distinguished themselves in upwards of sixty houses, the enemy ob- this illustrious siege, was one 'named tained possession of the monasteries of Benita, who headed one of these corps. the Augustines and Las Monichas, wbich This lady, after rendering many imporadjoined each other. In this assault, tant services and encountering many the carnage amongst the hostile troops perils, rapidly died of a broken heart, was dreadful; but they continued still upon hearing that her daughter had been advancing, and at length the combatants shot. In this siege, po less than six entered the church, from which a party hundred women and children perished of the French was at first repulsed by the by the bayonet or the bullet. At length, inonks, who fought with all the fervour the city nearly demolished by the conof zeal, and the sury of despair. The stant firing of an inimense artillery, and enemy, however, returned to the charge; of about forty thousand shells, and the and a scene, such as had been seldom, surviving troops and inhabitants quite if ever, beheld before, was exhibited. worn out hy disease, fighting, and famine, In this sacred sanctuary, every inch of their idolized general no longer able to ground was disputed by its holy func. attend to the duties of his eventful comtionaries; the columns, the lateral chap- mand, all these afflicting circumstances els, and the altar, became so many rain. conspiring, the besieged were obliged parts, and were frequently stormed, with broken hearts to surrender, and taken, and retaken; and the pavement they accordingly laid down their arms at was covered with the bleeding bodies of the gate of the portillo, on the 21st of monks and soldiers; the battle raged in February, 1809, afier having covered every part, till the roof, shattered by themselves with glory during one of the numerous bombs, at length. gave way, most memorable sieges in the annals of and fell with a terrific crash upon the war, which lasted sixty-three days. " combitants, when those who survived its ; THE SUPREME JUNTA. fall, as soon as they had recovered the The patriots of Spain, high and low, shock of so unexpected a disaster, robe seemed to have but one opinion of the upon the ruins, and, joined by others, Supreme Junta. In this opinion its continued the fight with unabated fe. members were divided into four classes; rocity.

the first comprehended one or two atle The enemy, by undermining, still and upright men; the second those who, gained upon the inhabitants, who fought without actually corresponding with the as formerly from house to house, and euemy, did not besitate, every opporo, room to room, but at length, after a pro- - tunity within their powers, and to its full digious effusion of blood, the great street extent, to sacrifice the interests of their called Corn, in die heart of the town, country to their own personal aygran. became for a short period, the boundary dizement; the third those who were weak between the besieged, and the hesiegers, and easily intimidated; and the fourth when the latter blew up the public semi- those who looked on with perfect apathy, .. Dàries. The city now presented little and sauctioned every measure without more than a vast pile of smoking ruins, investigation; such were the encumbering the streets. There was aries who composed this new majesty of not a house ihut had not in some degree Spain, in which neither the king, ther, suffered. During these scenes, the ce- aristocracy, nor the people were reprelebrated Augustina again displayed her sented.


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