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DEFENCE OF MONTSERRAT. doubtless felt sure of Guding, but we had From a

height near this hermitage, previously buried it, and the secret was Padre de Schilling pointed out the road confided to myself and two of my bre. below, which he took when he licaded thren. Accordingly, the French conthe monks and the peasants of the estates mander returned to his inpatient sol. Lelonging to the monastery, gave battle diers, whọ soon heard the mortifying is.

to the French, and defeated them. Of telligence, that the riches of our Lady of
this singular conflict he furnished me the Mount had been removed, and that
with the following modest, brief, and no one knew, where.
simple, narrative in writing:

“ The next morning, the miscreants "I am by birth a German nobleman, hearing that our peasants were collecte and was formerly in the arıny: when we ing, retired about eight o'clock: as they received intelligence of the French having descended, we dispatched about thirty marched from Barcelona to surprize us, of them by firing, and huiding dowo large I put myself at the head of our peasants, stones upon them, from ibe heighis and, followed by some of the monks, ade which we occupied. We aiteraards vanced to engage the military banditti. heard that General Duhesme ordered We met at the village of Bruch, near Davoust to be put under arrest for ai. Montserrat; the enemy had about four tacking our mountain without orders." thousand chosen men, well equipped. Padre de Schilling informed me, ibat My rustic force was about the same the present population of the mountaia nuinber, but hadly armed, and few of was as follows: them accustomed to military maneuvres. Sacerdoci, or monks

56 However, full of loyalty and ardour, in Laici, or lay brothers

17 defence of our sacred mountain, and, Picoli, or young chorisiers committing ourselves to the protection of Heremetos, or herinits God, we gave them battle, and, after an Emigrants from Barcelona 70 obstinate and bloody contest, succeeded in driving them as far as Martorel, making

Total in the course of three hours great slaughter amongst them. In this battle,

COUNTRY OF MAJORCA. one of the hermits fought bravely, and Having visited every object worthy of died gloriously. When the enemy balted notice in the city of Palma, I joined an at Molins de Rey, upon their retreat, I agreeable party on mules to the cele dispatched a messenger to the general brated monastery of Valdemusa as comunanding the French forces, with a Mosa. Our ride, which lasted about challenge to meet me in personal com• three hours, lay through an exquisitels, bat with the sabre, but he refused, and rich, and highly cultivated, country, coa with his forces returned to Barcelona.” sisting of corn-land, vineyards, and

" On the 241h of the same month, the woods of olive, carob, almond, pomeFrench returned in considerable force, to granate, and apple-trees, Male and the attack, but were again repolsed. In semale peasants with long hair, generally this affair slew the French coinma:der," plaited, wearing large black felt hats, and

“On the 3d of January, 1809, about dresses of blue serge, much in the style four o'clock in the afternoon,'the enemy, of those of Holland, displaying neatness ainounting to about one thousand nine and contentment, divided the labours of hundred inen, under the command of the field. Instead of the manuilla, General Davoust, again suddenly and head-dress called the rebuzillo, or douilę unexpectedly appeared before the moun. handkerchief, is worn by the female, tain. The 'munks fled to the summit, which covers the head, is fastened updet and I went to collect my peasants. The the chin, falls over the shoulders and French entered the monastery, where, back, and is far from being becoming, afier killing two of our people left in it, The male peasants generally wear leather they briske open our apartments, and shoes avd spatierdashes. In the streets carried off whatever was casily remov. of Palma, I inet several youths atured as ahle, even the linen which he had left ecclesiastics, but I found that they did behind. Davoust, with solemn affec. not belong to the church, and wore this tation of piety, and declaring himself to dress only through economy, many of be a good catholic, would not permit any them not having a shirt to wear. of the soldiers to enter the church. His It was now the almond-harvest, and ohject was to secure a choice of the pre. merry groups, young and old, were asa cious treasure of our Virgin, which he sembled to collect this delicious fruits

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from the delicate trees that bore it. The lofty and picturesque mountains, covered eye could not turn but to banquet on nearly to their craggy suminils with some beautiful or ro.nantic object. olives. The grounds were supplied with Every cottage was a picture, and the water from a spacious tank, round the industry and happiness of man seemed to edges of which the cenlentrillo, a plant co-operate with the beneficence of the from which capillaire is maile, grew, and soil and cliinate.

which, as we were informed, was a proof There are no carriages for hire in this of the purity of the water; and I also island; we were therefore indebted to noticed large myrtle-trees bearing a ibe marquis of B for a tolerably con. small fruit of a dark blue colour, which structed one, drawn by four mules to when ripe is eaten. In the chapel be. carry us part of the way to Soller, (pro- longing to the house, we were shewn the nounced Solia,) the capital of the orange state chair of the ancient kings of Mas country lying to the north-west of Palına. jorca; at dinner we were regaled with Our road lay through a continued scene several delicious wines, the production of rural beauty, culture, and fertility, the of the island, the best of which, amongst interest of which was increased by the the white wines, are called Mollar, Malagreeable conversation of Senor Do: vasia, Giro, Montona, Pampol, and MusLorenzo and Senor Don Vallori, iwo cadell; amongst the red, Binisalem, -gentlemen who were pleased to pay me Banubufar Inca, and Son Berga. I great attention in this island. We no- noticed two or three hawks hovering over iiced the caper, which in various parts of the ground, but the island is said to be this island grows wild, in considerable free from venomous animals. quantities, and forms a lucrative subject of As the road beyond Alfabia is impasexportation to the individual who is prin- sable for carriages, our friends returned cipally engaged in it.

to Palına, and we proceeded on mules In no part of England have I seen over' a rough road through a beautiful, more agricultural neatness and industry: rich, and mountainous, country, embelAll the stone fences, dividing one field lished with many fine stately evergreen from another, were kept in the highest oaks and firs. Instead of saddles, our order, as were the walls which embanked mules were provided with goat-skins and the rising grounds. In the immense two panniers. The cruppers chiefly in woods of olives, by which we passed, I use are made of wood. Their carts are noticed some of the most venerable olive- just as simple; they will hold but little trees I had yet seen; our intelligent com- more than what a good sized English panion told us, that there was no doubt wheelbarrow will, and their unwieldiness of some of them being between four and is only to be accounted for by the exfive hundred years old, as appeared by treme bad state of the roads, which are the title-deeds and register of some of maintained by a slight tax upon the arthe estates; indeed several were perfeci ticles of life. The male peasants ride skeletons, and rosted upon bare roots sideways, owing to which, and their full rudely resembling tripods. We partook trowsers and large hats, at a little distance of a noble dinner at Alfabia, distant they may easily be mistaken for females : from Palma about three hours, the coun. the children are whimsically enough cartry-house of Signor Zaffortesa, ihan which ried in panniers upon asses. We reached it would be difficult to conceive any spot the town of Soller, after a ride of about under heaven more beautiful or tranquil

. two hours, just as the sun was tinging The riches of this gentleman are very with his last beam the vast groves of great. Upon the marriage of his brother, oranges which surround it to a great dishe presented him with three hundred tance. In our way the peasants very thousand dollars, and two coaches filled courteously saluted us with “ Bon dia with silver plate.' Behind the house, tinga,” or good day. Their language, which was spacious, were orchards lof we were told, differs somewhat from that mulberry and almond trees, gardens used on the continent. It is said to be abounding with the finest vegetables, tinctured with Greek, Latin, Arabic, fruits, orange and citron groves, a long Languedocian, Catalonian, and Casti. and exquisite treillage of the most luse Jian, with a dash of Carthaginian, Syrian, cious vines, with numerous jet d'eaux and Gothic, words. The higher orders, playing on each side between every arch, and even the sailors generally speak whilst the air was perfumed with the Castilian. The town, which is said to fragrance of lavender and thyme growing contain about eight thousand inhabitants, wild, the whole secored on all sides by the greater part of whom are orangeMONTHLY Mac. No. 215.



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farmers, lies in part of the valley of Soller, after these nuptials, performed by the and in its outskirts presents some beau, brother with royal wagnificence, a pro. titul subjects for the pencil: during our clamation appearer, restoring the chibo stay, we lodged at the house of the Mar. dren of the late Infant Don Louis to quis del Cainpo Negro, whose steward their just rigbus, in which King Charles and his wife, in the absence of their lord, IV. endeavoured to apologize for the attended to our accommodation. This conduct of his father towards them, and house, which was rather mean, derived consequently, had Spain remamen in no advantage whatever from its being tranquillity, the succession to the Spanish placed in so beautiful a spot of ihe cre. monarchy would have been as open ation: for it is approached by a lane, and them, as to the oulier branches of the its front looks upon a stony dilapidated royal family, it being generally believed wall. I arose with the sun to contem- that the cortes, holden upon Charles the plate the richness of the celebrated vale IVth. accession, had rescinded the pray. of orange-trees, which is well watered by matic sanction of Philip the Vth. son to a variety of little brooks, but though very Louis the XIVth. by which the crown was beautiful it would be much improved, in limited to male issue alone, and thus the picturesque effect, if other trees relieved females, as formerly practised in Old the rich monotony of the view.

Spain, were admitted to an equal right.

Dinna Maria Theresa, and her foong.

est daughter, were living in great retireAttended by an Englishman long re- ment in the palace of the Marquis of sident at Palma as an interpreter, we Sollerick, having recently made their had the honour of an interview with two escape under circumstances of romantic members of the unfortunate royal family piece and enterprise, attended by a faith of Spain, Donna Maria Theresa de Val- ful priest, Michael del Puego, from Jabriga, and her daughter the Infanta Zaragoza, where the young Insavta led Donna Maria Luisa de Bourbon. The been placed in a concent. former is the niece of the late Don Pedro

The fornier of these two personages Estuardo (Stuart) Marques di San Leo. was a noble-looking and rather dark pardo, a brother of the old Marshal woman, the latter very fair and nf a fine

Duke of Berwick, and who, with the complexion. Donna Maria held the consent of Charles III. was married to French in such abhorrence, that she his youngest brother the Infant Don avoided making ose of the language as Louis, upon condition that she should not much as possible. In our presence, she be acknowledged, nor the issue of the took an affecting and painful revieis of marriage entitled to any privileges. Don the reverses of her fortune, and with Louis had been bred to she church ori tears said, “though polities have but ginally, was raised to the rank of car.

lictie attracted my attention, I hare long dinal, and appointed archbishop of To- foreseen the subtle intentions of Buolia. ledo, which he resigned on being dis- parte, and the overthrow of the august pensed from his vows. Soon after bis

house to which I belong. What will he death, leaving three children, a boy and our final destiny I know not, nor can I two girls, it was publicly declared that tell where we shall be obliged to seek an the early and singular inclination, which asylum," here she was so affected, that these children had exhibited for the she paused for a minute, and then adchurch, had determined his majesty to

ded, “I look to Heaven, there is my only yield to their pious propensities; and ac

consolation !" Through the interpretel, cordingly the girls were placed in a con

I recommerided her to seek protection in vent, and the boy committed to the care England; but the borror she eútertained of the cardinal Lorenzana, 'then arch- of so long a voyage, and the desire of re

bishop of Toledo, and educated in the maining in any part of Spain that held palace of that town, to which elevated out for the legitimate throne, seemed ta rank he has since succeeded, and is like have too full possession of her minuta wise a cardinal and archbishop of Seville. induce her to attend to the recommen

On the death of the king, the eldest of dation, 2. the girls, as before noticed, was married to Godoy, the Prince of the Peace, the

LETTERS OF ANNA SEWARD. words of the patent;, for the Spaniards Written between the Years 1781 and 1807. deem it impious tvsay Prince of Peace,

WIN NIKOLUMES. an attribute of our Saviour, thegh com- In other words this work consists of monly called so by the English. Shortly the Life and Opinions of Miss Seward,


written by herself, in the norel forn of deep but agitated slumber, in an arm. letters to ber 'friends. He who loves chair. Opening the door with that cauliterature and is not grateful to the au. tion due to the sick, he did not awaken choress for this legacy, inust have a cold at my entrance. I stood by him several heart and a fastidious judy.nent. For minutes, mournfully contemplating the our parts we recollece no work, for some temporary suspension of those vast intel. time past, which has afforded us equal lectual powers, which must so soon, as to pleasure. As compositions, these letters this world, be eternally quenched. are elegant and spirited; in their opi. Upon the servant entering to annnunce nions, ibey are generally liberal and the arrival of a gentleman of the univeralways sensible; and their inforination is sity, introduced by Mr. Whire, he awoke often as original and interesting as it is with convulsive starts,--but rising, with comprehensive and universal.

more alacrity than could have been esta The form of biography which Miss pected, he said “Come, my dear lady, Seward has thus ingeniously invented, let you and I attend these gentlemen in has enabled her to incorporate her obser: the stuly.” He received them with vations on current public events, with more than usual complacence; but whim. details of her course of reading and study, sically chose to get astride upon his and with anecdotes of her private life. chair-seat, with bis face to its back, Her work would, however, have been keeping a trotting motion as if on borsemore approved of, if all strictures on back; but, in this odd position, he poured living characters had been expunged; forth streams of eloquence, illuniined by Miss Seward having, like other fallible frequent tlashes of wit and humour, witticensors, imbibed prejudices, by viewing out any tincture of malignity. That some characters through false inediuins. amusing part of this conversation, which Miss Seward's praises of Mr. Hayley, alluded to the learned Pix, and his demiMr. Wballey, Mr. Southey, Mr. Cole rational exhibitions, I shall transinit to ridge, Mr. Scott, Mr. Park, and many you hereafter, other surviving literati are liberally and judiciously bestowed. Her just execration of Reviews, and of the principles and

The old literary Colossus* has been practices of anonymous criticisin, will

, some time in Lichfield. The extinction, however, draw upon her the denuncia: in our sphere, of that mighty spirit apo tions of those who live by that species proaches fast. A confirined dropsy of FELONY, and probably tarnish the deluges the vital source. It is melanlustre, and dininish the immediate sale choly to observe with what terror he con. of her work..

templates his approaching fate. The

religion of Johnson was always deeply JOHNSON'S LAST ILLNESS.

tinctured with that gloomy and servile I have lately been in the almost daily superstition which marks his political habit of contemplating a very melancholy opinions. He expresses these terrors, spectacle. The great Johnson is here, and justly calls them miscrable, which labouring under the paroxysms of a thus shrink from the exchange of a disease, which must speedily be fatal. diseased and painful existence, which He shrinks from the consciousness with gentler human beings consider as the all. the extreinest horror, li is by bis re. recompensing reward of a well-spent life.

peatedly expressed desire that I visit him Yet have not these humiliating terrors by v often : yet I am sure he neither does, nor any means subdued that malevolent and

ever did feel much regard for me; but he envious pride, and literary jealousy, would fain escape, for a time, in any which were ever the vices of his heart, society, from the terrible idea of his ap- and to which he perpetually sacrificed, proaching dissolution. I never would be and continues to sacrifice, the fidelity of awed by, bis sarcasms, or his frowns, into representation, and the veracity of deci. acquiescence with his general injustice to sion, Ilis ipernory is considerably imthe merits of other writers; with his na. paired, but his eloquence rolls on in its tional or party aversions; but I feel the customary majestic torrent, when he truest compassion for his present suffer- speaks at all. My heart aches to see ings, and fervently wish I had power to him labour for his breath, which he draws Telieve them.

with great effort indeed. It is pot improA few days since I was to drink tea bable that this literary comet may set with him, by his request, at Mrs. Porter's. Wuen I went into the room, be was in

• Johộson,



where it rose, and Lichfield receive his comprehensively benevolent as his genita pale and stern remains.

was comprebensive, the excess of unqua

lified praise, now poured upon his tomb, DR. DARWIN

had been deserved. Unhappily for his Almost five ycars are elapsed since Dr. own peace, as for the posthumous fame Darwin left Lichfield, A handsome of our English classics, his adherence to young widow, relict of Colonel Pool, by truth was coufined to trivial occurrences, whom she had three children, drew from and abstract morality, his generosity to us, in the hymeneal chain, our celebrated giving alms, his sincerity to those he physician, our poetic and witty friend. hated, and his devotion to the gloom of

The doctor was in love like a very religious terror. Truth, from Dr. Johna Celadon, and a numerous young family son's lip, yielded to misrepresentation in are springing up in consequence of a his rage of casting rival-excellence into union, which was certainly a little unac- shade. That generosity, which loves to countable; not that there was any won. place exalted genius and virtue in their der that a fine, graceful, and affluent, fairest point of view, was a stranger to young woman, should fascinate a grave Dr. Johnson's heart." His violent desire philosopher; but that a sage of no elegant of life, while he was continually expatiaexternal, and sunk into the vale of years, ting upon its infelicity, the unphilosophic should, by so gay a lady, be preferred to and coward horror with which he shrunk younger, richer, and handsomer, suitors, from the approach of death, proved that was the marvel; especially since, though his religion was not of that amiable spe lively, benevolent, and by no means defi. cies, which sirooths the pillow of the cient in native wit, she was never sus dying man, and sheds upon it the light of pected of a taste for science, or works of religious hope. imagination. Yet so it was; and she If the misleading force of his eloquence makes her ponderous spouse a very at. had not blighted the just pretensions of tached, and indeed devoted, wife! The others, both to moral and intellectual poetic philosopher, in return, transfers excellence, I should not regret to see the amusement of his leisure hours, from Johnson's character invested with this the study of botany and mechanics, and ideal splendour; since I always thought the composition of odes and heroic it for the interest of morality and litera verses, to fabricating riddles and cha- ture, to believe exalted genius good as rards! Thus employed, his mind is great, and, in a considerable degree, somewhat in the same predicament with exempt froin haman depravity; such bei Hercules's body, when he sat amongst the lief having a natural tendency to inspirit women, and handled the distaff,

the pursuit of excellence, and give force Dr. Darwin finds himself often sum- to the precept of the moralist. But moned to Lichfield; indeed, whenever since he has industriously laboured to symtoms of danger arise in the diseases expose the defects, and defame the vir of those whose fortunes are at all compe- tues and talents, of his brethren in the tent to the expence of employing a dis. race of literary glory, it is sacrificing the tant physician. When I see him, he many to an individual, when, to exalt shall certainly be informed how kindly him, truth is thus involved, and hid in your ladyship enquires after his welfare, hyperbolic praise. and that of his family. His eldest son O England ! not less ungrateful than by his first wife, who was one of the partial 'is this thy boundless incense. most enlightened and charming of wo. Investing the yloomy devotion and merely wen, died of a putrid fever, while he was pecuniary denations of Johnson with the studying physic at Edinburgh, with the splendour of faultless excellence, thou most sedulous attention, and the most sacrificest an hecatomb of characters, promising ingenuity. His second is an most of them inore'amiable, and some of attorney at Derby, of very distinguished them yet greater in points of genius, to merit, bath as to intellect and virtue ; his manes ! and your play-fellow, Robert, grown to

BOSWELL. an uncominon height, gay and blooming

Mr, Boswell has applied tn me for as a morn of summer, pursues medical Johnsonjan records for his life of the studies in Scotland, under happier despot. If he inserts them unmutilated, auspices, I hope, than his poor brother.

as i bave arranged them, they will con

tribute to display Johnson's real cho CHARACTER OF JOU Nson.* • ***

raeter to the public; that strange coin If Dr. Johnson's heart had beca as pound of great calents, weak and absurd



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