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before them in the unadulterated Word of God, stedfastly and without wavering. 3. That they would stand with the utmost Care. upon their Guard, against all Seducers and Innovators, whether such as separate from, or such as are yet in Communion with, that Branch of the Catholick Church which is in these Kingdoms.
I JOHN iv. 6. He that knoweth God, heareth Us“;
He that is not of God,heareth not us : Hereby know we the Spirit of Truth, and the Spirit of Error.
CH A P. IX. The lawful Teachers and Governours of the
Church have a Spiritual Power over that Part of their Master's Flock, which is committed to their Care. The Jewish Priesthood had such a Power. The Christian Priesthood have the same, by virtue of wbich, they are to instruct, to reprove, and to corre&t the Ignorant and Disorderly Members of the Church.
E have prov'd the Necessity of a
the Church of Christ; and have W
shown how insignificant such Governors would be, if the Govern'd Part of the Christian Flock were
not obliged to Obedience to them. The Second General Proposition from the Text was, That It is the Duty of every, good Vol. II. B
Christian to attend to, and obey the Do&trine and just Authority of those who are lawfully calls to teach and govern the Church. This Truth has been in some Measure clear'd, by our having made good the former Particulars : We shall now go on to show, That the lawful Teachers and Governours of the Church, as such, have a Spiritual Power over that Part of their Master's Flock, which is committed to their Care. We say the Teachers and Governours of the Church, as such, have a Spiritual, not a Temporal, Power over their Master's Sheep: Because, as our Saviour told Pilate, his Kingdom was not of this World; so neither is there any Reason why his Substitutes in that Spiritual Work of managing the Body of Believers, should have any such Power as is necessary for governing the Kingdoms of this world. As a Spiritual and a Temporal Kingdom are essentially different from one another; so the Officers and their Powers must be different too. Hence it is, that the Censures of the Bishops and Pastors of the Church carry not Life or Death with them ordinarily; their
Power being, as the Apostle long since declared, 2 Cor.1o. Not for Destruction, but for Edification. 8.
It appears indeed, that the High Priest under the Mosaick Dispensation, was invested with a larger and more extensive Power ; tho' the joining of the Civil Judges in Commission with the High Priests, may seem to take somewhat of
the Burden off their Shoulders. The Command Deut. 17. of God in that Case is this; If there arise a 8.
Matter too hard for thee, in Judgment between Blood and Blood, between Plea and Plen, and between Stroke and Stroke, being Matter of Controversy® within thy Gates; then shalt thou arise, and get