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the country from where the grapes were grown. It was of a delicious quality, though imperfectly manufactured.
The geological feature of the soil where the Scuppernong vine grows, in North-Carolina, is the same as the soil at Sandy Hook, and the belt of sea-sand that has risen up along the south and eastern sides of Long Island. The same formation exists on the Carolina coast, including the Capes Hatteras, Look-out, and Fear, and those of Virginia. There are no less than five varieties of grapes found about Albemarle Sound, all of which are called Scuppernong grapes, to wit, black, green, purple, red, and white, but this is the only one properly called the Scuppernong. -Exchange paper.
FROM THE LINCOLN COURIER.
ACCOMPANYING the following note was a basket of delicious grapes; we visited the doctor's vineyard ourselves, but have given way for the comments of a friend better versed in such matters.
CAPTAIN ECCLES :Dear Sir: I send you a few bunches of a native grape, found growing wild on the banks of the Catawba, near this place.
The vine is a remarkably free grower, and a great bearer. A single vine, at Mr. Hart's, is computed to have on it one hundred bushels of grapes the present season.
The grapes ripen early, and very evenly; and do not rot, like most of the other grapes at the South.
The red grapes that I send are the Catawba, said likewise to have been found wild on the Catawba River; and now celebrated at the North as the best wine-grape, and a fine table-grape. Here, in the place of its nativity, it is scarcely known; and no one to my knowledge cultivates it for wine.
N. Longworth, Esq., the first and largest wine-grower in the Union, says,
“the Catawba grape will prove a mine of wealth to the people of Ohio.” This new grape I consider its superior, and hope it will meet with a better fate from the hands of those where nature has so kindly placed it, and prove a mine of wealth to the people of North-Carolina, whose soil and climate are so congenial to the growth of the finest grapes. Very respectfully yours,
THE TURPENTINE BUSINESS.
FROM THE FAYETTEVILLE OBSERVER,
STATISTICAL information in regard to the products and commerce of this State is exceedingly difficult to obtain; consequently, all attempts at an estimate must be defective : but yet attempted estimates of an article which forms so important an item in the labour and wealth of Eastern Carolina as turpentine, cannot fail to be interesting, even should they fall below the truth, or in some degree rise above it; and they may possibly lead to good results. It is certainly very desirable that we should have some acquaintance with the resources of the State and the extent of her products, which our present means of information very partially furnish.
Few persons, perhaps, unconnected with the commercial transactions now carried on in this State, in the single article of turpentine, can form an idea of the quantity made annually in our limits, and the amount of labour employed in its manufacture, the large capitals invested, the large numbers supported by it, and the various uses to which it is appropriated. Nor are we prepared to enlighten them fully upon the subject, because of the necessarily limited information which even dealers in the article possess in reference to it. In our conversations with intelligent gentlemen engaged in the business, we have been able to gather up some particulars, however, which may be interesting.
We find the impression to be, that about 800,000 barrels of turpentine are annually made in this State. Not more than 200,000 barrels, if that, were shipped to New York and other ports, the past year, in its crude state, the largest portion of the whole being distilied in the State. The estimated value to the makers is about $1,700,000 annually, and may be $2,000,000. About 4000 or 5000 labourers are engaged in making it, and perhaps three times as many more of human beings are supported mainly from the proceeds of its first sale. The distillation of turpentine in this State is now carried on very extensively, which will render the shipment of it in its crude state very small in future. It is supposed that there are now in operation about 150 stills, which, at an average cost of $1500 with fixtures, shows that there is an expenditure of $225,000 to begin with in the distilling of spirits of turpentine. This number of stills, to have steady work, would require 900,000 barrels annually—more than is now made; which to us is an indication that the distilling business is overdone. Should the makers of the article continue to monopolize the distilling as well as the making, it will be necessary for those now engaged in it to invest their capital in other pur
suits. The cost of distilling is very great, and when we reckon the cost of transportation, the profits of distillers, of ship-owners, commissions of merchants and the vendors of the article abroad, it will be seen that the capital and labour employed are not only immense, but the numbers who are supported by the manufacture and sale of the article are astonishing. Perhaps there is no article produced in this country, by the same number of labourers, which contributes so much to the commerce and prosperity of the country, as the article of turpentine.
NEW DISCOVERY-IMPORTANT TO NORTH-CAROLINA.
FROM THE WILMINGTON COMMERCIAL.
SIR :- I saw at Charleston, a few days ago, a specimen of strar braid-work, the most durable, beautiful, and of the most cheap and abundant material in the world—one which your State can furnish in such vast quantities that the whole world may be covered with straw hats at the very cheapest possible cost of material, and yet the supply shall never fail. The article I allude to is the leaves of the common long-leaf pine; prepared in somewhat the same way that rye-straw is prepared for braiding: that is, gathered while growing the most luxuriantly, and scalded and dried in the shade; its toughness is then remarkable. In fact, it is almost indestructible. I hope to see it generally substituted in place of straw of cereal grains, or imported grass, for all braid-work. It makes beautiful and very durable work-baskets, and if used for a foundation, for covering with the leaves of the cones, would greatly add to their value.
I am, most respectfully, your friend, the “ Agricultural Traveller."
SOLON ROBINSON. Wilmington, N. C., April 21, 1851.
FROM THE FAYETTEVILLE OBSERVER.
An intelligent correspondent of the Southerner, published at Richmond, Virginia, writing from Edenton, in this State, speaks as follows of the fisheries in the vicinity of that place. The information is of an interesting character, and from a source that is entirely reliable :
“ The fisheries contiguous to this place are a matter of considerable interest, and quite worthy a brief not in my letter. For the very brief season they exist, they are decidedly the most important interest known to the people of this State.
on the Albemarle Sound alone, some twenty-eight fisheries, which work seines varying from one thousand six hundred to three thousand yards long, using each about one hundred hands, and fifteen to twenty horses. Some of these seines have been known to catch as many as three hundred thousand herrings, and as many as thirteen thousand shad, at one haul! The amount of capital invested in the different fisheries in the Albemarle district, is three hundred thousand dollars, giving employment for two months in the year to about five thousand hands and two hundred vessels, consuming annually about one hundred thousand bushels of salt, and putting up annually ninety thousand barrels of herring Of all the fish caught, three-twentieths may be allowed for shad. A few days since, one haul was made on the Roanoke River containing forty-five tons of rock-fish! This, I know will sound to you like a 'fish story,' but I receive my information from one of the most respectable and intelligent citizens of Edenton, and am willing to stand by it. The seine happened to encounter a regular shoal of rocks.”
WE have seen, at the Mansion Hotel, a specimen of the stone called the “ Leopardite," of which the county of Mecklenburgh is preparing a block for the Washington Monument. It is beautiful. It is white, with black spots, varying in size from the size of a buckshot to that of a half-dime. These spots are not superficial only, but pervading in nearly direct lines. Hence, a cut through the stone parallel with them, gives you a face with marks resembling the tiger stripe. A square block of this stone must therefore present both these appearances on some one or more of its sides ; and if it should be so placed in the monument as to
; admit of both being seen, though it may not be the richest block in the pile, yet it certainly will not be less curious or noticeable, than any that may grace that magnificent work.-Salisbury Watchman.
PRONOUNCING VOCABULARY OF GEOGRAPHICAL AND PROPER
Albemarle (All-be-marle). Name of a sound.
Cabarrus (Kah-bar'-rus). Name of a county.
a Coree (Co-ree'). Name of an Indian race. Cherokee (Cher-o-kee'). Name of a tribe of Indians—also of a
county in the extreme western part of North-Carolina. Currituck (Kur-i-tuck'). Name of the most easterly county in
a Northampton North-amp-ton). Name of a county. Nantahela (Nan-ta-hee'-lah). Name of a river in the mountains
of North-Carolina. It is an Indian' word, and means a
woman's bosom. Ocracocke (Oʻ-cracoke). Name of an inlet to Pamlico Sound. Pamlico (Pam'-le-co). Name of a river and sound.
a Pasquotank (Pas-ko-tank'). Name of a river and county. Perquimmons (Pur-quim'-monz). Name of a river and county. Roanoke (Rone-oke'). Name of a river and island. Rowan (Ro-an'). Name of a county. Rutherford (Ruth'-er-ford). Name of a county. Robeson (Rob'-e-son). Name of a county. Raleigh (Raw'ly). Name of the capital of the State. Scoupernong (Skup-per-nong). Name of a river or creek, and
grape. Salisbury (Solz'-berry). Name of a town.