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As that eminent physician was now dead, the doctor's beha, viour upon this point was as generous an instance of gratitude and respect to his friend's memory, as it was a proof of his capacity and extensive learning. He was president of the college of physicians, from 1689 to 1691, when his affairs being not in the most flourishing state, he retired to the ifle of Jersy, and died in 1707, aged eighty-eight years.

Among th' affertors of free reason's, &c. What follows of this epistle is looked upon as an elegant and curious review of the state of medical and philofophical knowledge in this kingdom for some preceding year's.

The world to Bacon does not only, &c. Francis Bacon, Lord Verulam, Viscount St. Alban's, some time high-chancellor of England, and one of the greatest philosophers of his age. His works were published in 17.40, by Millar, in four folio volumes, with a life prefixed by the ingenious David Mallett, Efq; which, for elegance, accuracy, and taste, is universally admired, and reckoned one of the best biographical pieces that ever was produced in this kingdom.

Gilbert fall live, &c. Dr. William Gilbert, a learned writer of the seventeenth century, physician both to Queen Elizabeth and King James. Anno 1600, he published a valuable treatise on the magnet, or loadftone, and magnetical bodies, and of that great magnet' the earth.

And noble Boyle, not less in nature seen

Than his great brother, &c. The Hon. Robert Boyle, feventh son to Richard Earl of Cork and Burlington, was born in 1626-7, at Lifmore in Treland. At eight years of age he was brought into England, and placed at Eton for education, where he continued near four years; and was then removed to Geneva, where he pursued his studies with intense application. He afterwards made the tour of Switzerland and Italy, and returning to England, on his father's death lived privately, mostly at Stalbridge and Oxford, during the trou. bles. He first planned the Royal Society, of which Dr. Charleton was also one of the first members. He applied himself chiefly to philofophical and mathematical studies; and we owe to him the invention of the air-pump. His works are numerous, large, and useful ; his knowledge was very extensive, and his virtues worthy of admiration. He died in 1691, aged (ixtyfive, and lies buried in the chancel of St. Martin's-in-the-fields London. He was tall, tlender, and emaciated, with a pale caft of countenance, weak eyes, and much afflicted with the stone. The delicacy of his constitution obliged him to live very abstemiously, and he was a good christian.

His brother was the famous Roger Boyle, Earl of Orrery, known during the inter-regnum, under the name of Lord Brogo hill. He was a solid statesman, an intrepid soldier, and a good writer. He wrote some political pieces relating to the affairs of Ireland ; besides eight plays, and several poems. His first play, entitled Henry the Fifth, was dressed in cloaths given to the actors by the king and his courtiers. Betterton, who played the part of Owen Tudor, wearing the king's coronation suit ; that of the Duke of York was worn by Joe Harris, whom we shall anon mention as an author, who played King Henry, &c.

Tbe circling streams
From dark oblivion Harvey's name fall save ;

While Ent keeps all the honors that he gave. Dr. William Harvey, an eminent physician of the seventeenth century, being lecturer of anatomy and surgery in the college of physicians, communicated his discovery of the circulation of the blood in his public lectures of the year 1616, which being afterwards published to the world in the Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et fanguinis, was attacked by Æmilius Parisanus, who wrote a Refutatio Harvei, &c. to which Dr. George Ent printed a reply. He died in his eightieth year, anno 1657.

These ruins sheltered once, &c. In the dedication, made by Dr. Charleton, of his book, conserning Stone Henge to King Charles II. there is the following memorable passage, which gave occasion to the six concluding lines of this poem. “ I have had the honor to hear from that " oracle of truth and wisdom, your majesty's own mouth : you were pleased to visit that monument, and, for many

hours too “ gether, entertain yourself with the delightful view thereof, “ when after the defeat of your loyal army at Worcester, Al« mighty God, in infinite mercy to your three kingdoms, mira. “ culoufly delivered you out of the bloody jaws of those ministers w of fin and cruelty.”


To the Lady Castlemain. Mr. Dryden's first play called the Wild Gallant, was exbibited with but indifferent success. The lady whose patro

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nage he acknowledges in this epistle, was Barbara daughter of William Villiers Lord Grandison, who was killed in the king's fervice at the battle of Edge-hill in 1642, and buried in Chriftchurch in Oxford. This lady was one of Charles Il's favorite mistresses for many years, and she bore him several children. 1. Charles Fitzroy, duke of Southampton ; 2. Henry Fitzroy, earl of Euston and duke of Grafton; 3. George Fitzroy, earl of Northumberland ; 4. Charlotta, married to Sir Edward Henry Lee of Ditchley in Oxfordshire, afterwards earl of Litchfield, and brother to Eleonora countess of Abingdon, on whom Dryden has written a beautiful elegy ; 5. A daughter, whom the king denied to be his.

This lady was, before she was known to his majesty, married to Roger Palmer efq; who was created earl of Castlemain, by whom she had a daughter, whom the king adopted, and who married with Thomas lord Dacres, earl of Sussex.

The countess of Castlemaine was afterwards created dutchess of Cleveland.

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Nat. Lee, the author of Alexander the Great and ten other plays, seemed inspired with all the enthusiasm of a poet. He often writes to the heart; and no man ever touched with more grace and tenderness on the passion of love. "* His thoughts, “ fays Addison, are wonderfully suited for tragedy; but fre“ quently lost in such a croud of words, that it is hard to see the * beauty of them. There is infinite fire in his works; but so “ involved in smoke, that it does not appear in half its lustre.”

Lee, who was both an anthor and an actor, was for some time confined in Bedlam, being in a state of insanity, and is said to have perished in the streets by night, a coach running over, and crushing him to death. Dryden and he were in strict friendship.

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To the Earl of Roscommon, &c.

Wentworth Dillon, earl of Roscommon in Ireland, and a na. tive of that kingdom, was educated under bishop Hall in England, and was looked upon as one of the most hopeful young men of his time. He was captain of the band of pensioners; but gave up his commission, when his private affairs called him

to Ireland, where the duke of Ormond made him captain of his guards. He prevailed upon that nobleman to permit him to refign in favour of a poor, disbanded, gallant officer, who had faved his life in the streets of Dublin, one night when he was set upon by affaffins. He died of the gout at Westminster, 1684. He was, according to Fenton, a man strictly religious, serious, folid, scientific, and unaffected; his imagination fruitful and fprightly ; his judgment severe ; his style clear and nervous; and if he was not always perfect, let us remember no man ever was. Mr. Pope, in the Efray on Criticisin speaks thus of him :

Rofcommon, not more learn’d than good,
“ With manners gen'rous as his noble blood;
• To him the wit of Greece and Rome was known,

« And ev'ry author's virtues--but his own.” There are two quarto editions of the excellent poem occafioning these lines, the first of 1680, the second of 1685.

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To the Dutchess of York. On the twenty first of November 1673, the duke of York was married to the princess Mary d'Efte, then about fifteen years of age, and extremely handfome. The ceremony was performed at Dover by the bishop of Oxford. It was against the rules of policy for him at that time to wed a Roman catholic; and the parliament addressed against it.


To Sir George Etheridge. Sir George was at Ratisbon in 1686, at which time these verses were transcribed. In a letter of his to George duke of Buckingham, dated at Ratisbon, October 21, 1689, we have the following paffage :

They tell me my old acquaintance Mr. Dryden has left off " the theatre, and wholly applies himself to the study of the “ controversies between the two churches. Pray heaven this “ strange alteration in him portend nothing disastrous to the “ state ; but I have all along observed that poets do religion as “ little service by drawing their pens for it, as divines do poetry w by pretending to versification.”


To Mr. Thomas Southerne, on his Comedy called The Wives Excuse.

The success of this play was but indifferent; but fo high was our author's opinion of its merit, that, on this very account, he bequeathed to this poet the writing of the last act of his Cleomenes; which, Southerne says, when it comes into the world, " will appear so considerable a trust, that all the town will par* don me for defending this play, that preferred me to it."

Mr. Southerne was born in Dublin in 1660, and bred to the law in the Middle-Temple, London; but forsook that dry study for the more agreeable service of the Muses. He wrote several dramatic pieces, none of which now keep the stage but Oronooko, and the Fatal Marriage, than which perhaps our theatre poffefres none more affecting. The latter has been lately exhibited at Drury-Lane, with good alterations; and, were it possible to add to Mr. Garrick's character as an actor, his performance of Birón, which is rather insignificant in itself, is so capital, it would do it. Mr. Southerne died in London in 1746, heing a man of religion, economy, and virtue.. -Rara avis.

E PIST LE IX. To Henry Higden, Esq; on bis translation of the tenth satire of Juvenal.

I have not seen this translation, and therefore could not fix the date of it exactly; but as our author published his Juvenai in 1693, it is reasonable to conclude Mr. Higden's was antecedent to it. This gentleman brought a comedy on the stage in 1693, called the Wary Widow, or Sir Noisy Parrot, which was damned, and he complains hárdly of the ill usage; for the Bear-Garden critics treated it with cat-calls. It is printed, and dedicated to the courtly Earl of Dorset : Sir Charles Sedley wrote the prologue, and it was ushered into the world with several copies of verses. The audience were dismissed at the end of the third act, the author having contrived fo much drinking of punch in the play, that the actors all got drunk, and were unable to finish it." See G. Jacob's Lives of the Poets.


To my dear Friend Mr. Congréze. England and Ireland both have contended for the birth of this miracie of wit; and that the former is entitled to that honor,


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