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famous for prologue and epilogue writing; for which reason Southern here begged his assistance at the usual price, which was either five or fix guineas. Dryden refused it under ten : the young bard answered, it was more than hé had ever heard he demanded before. “ Ay, (replied the Laureat) but it is not more " than the thing's worth: the players have hitherto had my work * too cheap; and I am resolved hereafter to be paid for it.” He kept his word, and Southern was obliged to give him ten guineas. This transaction, however, created an intimacy between them, which subsisted till Dryden's death.

Queen Befi's night. At the King's-head tavern, the corner of Chancery-lane, and opposite the Inner-Temple-gate, the principal opponents to the court-measures and the chiefs of the Whig-party assembled, under the name of the King's-head Club; and afterwards the Greenribbon Club, from ribbons of that colour which they wore in their hats. Here they subscribed a guinea a-piece for a bonfire, in which the effigies of the pope was to be burnt on the 17th of November, being the anniversary of Queen Elizabeth's birth, with more than ordinary poinp; for it was heretofore an annual ceremony, usually made without any remarkable parade. The proceffion now consisted of one representing the dead body of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, carried on a horse, with a person preceding it ringing a bell, to remind people of his murder: then followed a mob of fellows, dressed like carmelites, jesuits, bishops, cardinals, &c. and several boys with incense-pots surrounding ani image of the pope, with that of the devil just behind him,

" Like thief and parson in a Tyburn cart.” In this manner they marched from Bishopsgate to the corner of Chancery-lane, where they committed the inoffensive effigies to the flames; while the balconies and windows of the King's-head were filled with people of consequence, who countenanced the tumult; which, the Hon. Roger North says, struck a terror upon people's spirits. The year of acting the play, to which we have here a prologue, great additions, alterations, and expenfive improvements, were intended to be made in this procession, which was prevented entirely by the loyalty and vigilance of the sheriffs of the city; Sir Dudley North and Sir Peter Rich, who paraded the streets all day and the best part of the night.

cry, God save him at Whitehall. The loyalists' had reason to fear for the King's person from 4


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such a riotous mob; wherefore the horse-guard was drawn up without Temple-bar, and Whitehall, where the King resided, was planted with cannon.

Five praying faints are by the act allow'd. By the Bartholomew Act not more than five difsenters were ale lowed to commune together at one ne

Prologue to the University of Oxford. Notwithstanding King James's religion, there were public acts celebrated at Oxford, by way of compliment, on his acceffion. Some of the following five prologues and epilogues were spoken at this time, and for the rest, I cannot answer, as I find no dates to them.

Epilogue to the University. No poor Dutch peasant, &c. The complaints of infection here made by our author do not relate to any sickness that had lately reigned in town, but to the vitiated taste of the people, who preferred in those days, as in the present, shew to sense, and French dancers, Italian fiddlers, and scaramouches, to true rational entertainments, and the beauties of dramatic poetry.

Epilogue, &c. by Mrs. Marshal. Bathurst, a name the learn'd with rev'rence know. This was Dr. Ralph Bathurst, president of Trinity-college, Oxford, a very loyal gentleman, of great character and admirable abilities, who was, I think, made dean of Wells. He wrote fee veral Latin poems, and an unfinished copy of verses, printed in Dryden's miscellanies.


Prologue to the University. This prologue appears to me to have been written after Monmouth's defeat, who was assisted also by the Earl of Argyle in Scotland, with equal success, being taken prisoner and put to death; and perhaps there were some divisions in the dramatic ftate at the same time.

Epilogue to Conftantine the Great. 1684. This was a tragedy written by Nat. Lee, and represented in 1684 at the theatre-royal in Drury-lane,

Count Tekeli.
A famous Hungarian commander.

Kind black-ey'd rogues
Among the pleasures which Mahomet promised to his followers
in paradise, one was, that they should enjoy nymphs of amazing
beauty, with large black eyes.

Prologue to the Disappointment. 1684.
The Disappointment, or Mother in Fashion, was a play of Mr.
Southern's, performed in 1684 at the theatre-royal in Drury-
lane, and dedicated to the late Duke of Ormond.

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Prologue to the King and Queen, on the Union of the two Companies.

Written in 1686. The wanton change of the public taste, after the introducing operas at the Duke's theatre, began to fall as heavy upon the King's company, as their excellence in acting had before fallen on their competitors. Mr. Betterton, who had a share in the management of the former, finding their expensive struggles hurted both theatres, projected an union of the companies; whence he hoped to form one company, superior to all that had gone before them, in every respect. In this project he succeeded; and it was then his merits shone with unrivalled lustre. From this union, Cibber says, sprung the best company of actors that ever appeared upon an English stage. He came amongst them in 1690, and found the chiefs of them were Mr. Betterton, Mr. Mount. ford, Mr. Kynaston, Mr. Sandford, Mr. Nokes, Mr. Underhill, and Mr. Lee; Mrs. Betterton, Mrs. Barry, Mrs. Leigh, Mrs. Butler, Mrs. Mountfort, and Mrs. Bracegirdle.

Tom Dove was, I suppose, the keeper of a bear-garden.

Prologue to the Princess of Cleves. 1689. The Princess of Cleves was a tragedy of Nat. Lee's, played at the Queen's theatre in Dorset-garden, 1689.

Prologue to Arviragus and Pbilicia, revived 1690.
This tragedy was first acted at Blackfryars in 1639, and revived
with success in 1690. It was written by Lodowic Carlel, Esq; a
gentleman, who had been groom of the chamber to King Charles
the Martyr, and was reinstated at the restoration.

Prologue to the Prophetess. 1690.
The Prophetess, or the History of Dioclefian, was revived in

as the

1690, with alterations and additions, after the manner of an opera, by Mr. Betterton, and not by Dryden, as Langbaine, who is generally pretty exact, asserts. Our author only wrote the prologue, and that was forbid by the Earl of Dorset, then Lord Chamberlain, after the first day of its being spoken. King Wil. liam was at this time prosecuting the war in Ireland, which is alluded to in these lines :

“ 'Till rich from vanquish'd rebels you return;
" And the fat spoils of teague in triumph draw,

“ His firkin butter, and his usquebaugh.” “ This prologue, says Colley Cibber in his Apology, had. “ some familiar metaphorical sneers at the Revolution itself; and

poetry of it was good, the offence of it was lefs par. “ donable.

Go, conqueror of your male and female foes,

“ Men without hearts, and women without hose." These general reflections are illiberal and unworthy of such an inimitable pen: had Dryden considered impartially the character of the men who, he fays, are without hearts, he would have talked in a very different strain of a nation which has produced as brave men as ever took the field; of a nation that gave as signal proofs of valour and fidelity, even to the family of the Stuarts, as any that history can produce. It is too often the fate of men of genius to be hurried away by the warmth of imagination, and to paint persons and things not as they are, but as they appear, through the medium of prejudice, or prepossession. And many characters both in history and poetry are through these motives delivered down to us the very contrasts of reality.

Prologue to the Mistakes, &c. 1690. The Mistakes, or False Reports, was not written, but, according to G. Jacob, spoiled by Joseph Harris, a comedian, who de. dicated it to Mr. afterwards Sir Godfrey Kneller. It was acted in 1690.

Epilogue to Henry II. 1693. This play was acted in 1693. The author of it, Will. Mountford, was also a comedian, of whom Cibber, in his Apology, speaks very highly.

Prologue to Albumazar. This was an old play, from which Ben. Johnson took the hint of his Alchymist.

Epilogue to the Husband his own Cuckold, &c. 1696. This comedy was written by John Dryden, jun. our author's

second son. It was acted at the theatre in Lincoln's-inn-fields in 1696, and afterwards published with a dedication, extremely well worded, to Sir Robert Howard, a preface by Dryden himself, and a prologue by Congreve.

Prologue to the Pilgrim, &c. 1700. This play, with alterations by Sir John Vanbrugh, and a secular masque, together with this prologue and an epilogue written by our author, was revived for his benefit in 1700, his fortune being at that time in as declining a state as his health : they were both spoken by Mr. Cibber, then a very young actor, much to Dryden's fatisfaction. See Cibber's Apology, p. 221, of the 8vo. edition. The Pilgrim was written by Beaumont and Fletcher.

Quack Mauras, &c. Sir Richard Blackmore the physician, &c. He wrote two long heroic poems of twelve books each, one entitled Prince, the other King Arthur, a paraphrase upon Job, the Song of Moses and Deborah, and a new version of the Psalms, which are all glanced at in this prologue; a piece written rather to satirise hin than to treat of the piece to be exhibited, or the occasion of its being now revived. In short, Dryden has taken care

“ to damn him to immortal fame.” Nor has Pope neglected to confirm the anathema; for Blackinore is more than once brought on the carpet of the Dunciad.

Epilogue to the Pilgrim. Dryden in this epilogue labors to throw the fault of the licentiousness of dramatic writers, which had been so feverely censured by the Rev. Dr. Jeremy Collier, upon the example of a court returned from banishment, accompanied by all the vices and follies of foreign climates; and whom to please was the poet's business, as he wrote to eat.

While you have ftill your Oates, and we our Haines. We have said enough in a former volume of Dr. Oates. Jo. Haines is well known to all lovers of the stage, as a good actor; but by this infinuation we are to suppose he was not so good a christian. Cibber calls him a wicked wit.


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