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his perusal –and appreciating as we do, the valuable and interesting volumes he has given to the Library of “Travels,”—good nature, knowledge of the Arts, united with a justifiable, and a necessary independence, called forth by the importance of the subject, have been the only means employed by us in criticising his work.

In his last chapters, he seems to have forgotten what he had written in his descriptions of the Ruins: and that his “Conclusion” was a sudden thought, and, as proved, not founded upon that which preceded. It could not be otherwise, for

“A change came o'er the spirit of his dream!”

It is scarcely a question, whether he adds to the fame of America so much, by making the Architects and the Mexican Aborigines to rise up, as “indigenous” to the land, and thence directly opposing the Bible, the first Parents, and the Diluvian Ancestors, as if he had traced, and proved them to be from scientific and accomplished Tyrus, or those of the North, from “chosen” and courageous Israel, and following on their track—to trace principles derived from an Apostle of Christianity, together with the fulfilment of the words of a Sacred Prophet ! This question cannot contemplate the fame of the United-States, either as a Nation or a People, although it does that of the Western Hemisphere generally;-that of the Republic is consolidated with the essential spirit and glory of the Anglo-Saxon and the Norman race, and consequently has no association with the great Tyrian family, or that of Israel,-although all the Nations of the Western Continent feel the serene influence of the heaven-born power—Christianity. That Faith (if we err not) was introduced into the Western Hemisphere more than five centuries before St. Augustine preached it in England. In volume ii. (p. 442), Mr. Stephens expresses himself in the following ingenuous manner-after he had formed his “conclusion,” and which at once proves, by his own words, that he did not sufficiently investigate his subject. He writes— “I shall not attempt to inquire into the Origin of this people, from what country they came, or when, or how !” With diligence and perseverance for our guides, we have for years pursued the clue to this historical labyrinth, and when the end is reached, we believe that the nation, the time, and the means will be firmly established In regard to the first proposition, we conclude this chapter by recording the new, and apparent fact, founded upon descriptions which we have artistically analyzed, together with the Analogies in the following pages, and beyond all, by the Bible itself (as shewn in the next chapter), that the Architecture of the Ruins of Ancient America is EGYPTO-TYRLAN,+ and that the original builders were from TYRUS, and at a period now distant more than two thousand years l The subsequent proofs that will enable us firmly to

establish this proposition, will also announce the startling fact of another accomplishment, or fulfilment-of a sacred and quintuple Prophecy by ISAIAH ! —and consequently we shall claim that Prophecy, as unimpeachable evidence of the truth of the historical proposition of this Work. This novel application of Prophecies by Isaiah concerning Tyrus, will be discussed in the Second Book of this Volume, and in the concluding Chapters of

which, it will be employed as an absolute refutation of Atheistical writings.

ROBERTSON'S HISTORY OF AMERICA.

A few words are required in reference to Dr. Robertson's History of America. It was the present writer's original intention to have formed a chapter upon that Historian's conclusions, in regard to the absence of civilization by the Aborigines of the Western Continent, or rather that portion contemplated by Spanish history: but upon reflection, it was considered unjust to his memory and well-merited fame, to prove those conclusions were erroneous and false-for Robertson and the age in which he wrote (1770-80), were in total ignorance of the existence of the now celebrated Temples of Copan, Palenque, and Uxmal, and the many Cities of ancient days newly discovered in the Western Hemisphere. Refutation is unrequired by argument, when the basis of conclusions is founded in ignorance of all the premises necessary to sustain the superstructure:—his conclusions must, therefore, necessarily fall to the ground,-and consequently his Volumes upon America cannot now be received either in the library or academy—(as far as concerns the Aborigines, their works, or their ancestors)—as the standard History of that Continent.

CHAPTER VII.

THE RELIGIOUS AND NATIONAL ANALOGIES BETWEEN THE TYRIANS AND MEXICAN ABORIGINES-THE TRADITIONS OF THE LATTER, &c.

SECTION I.

ANALOGIES IN RELIGIOUS CE REMONIES AND IDOLS OF WORSHIPSATURN–Apollo—AsTARTE, &c.—THE EMBLEM OF THE CROSS, &c.

IN investigating the important similitudes contemplated in this, and the following Sections of the present Chapter, the word Merican (for convenience) will be understood to comprehend all the Western Continent in its ancient condition—not essentially North America; —and by the words “ancient condition” we would be understood to mean, that period of time, anterior to the landing of Columbus. [1492 A. D.] The Tyrian customs will be brought forward, and then compared with the Mexican. The history of Tyrus will not be required here, that interesting branch of our subject is reserved for the Second Book of the present Volume.

The Religious ceremonies of the Tyrians would have been lost, but for their being preserved by the Car

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