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—the helmsman was called by the Egyptians in their own language, Charon. The Classic reader will instantly trace the mythological fable of Greece, concerning the Ferryman of the River Styx,−probably introduced into Grecian Thebes by the Tyrian Cadmus. The Mummies of the rich discovered in Peru, are invariably wrapped in cloth, crimson (purple) coloured; —here then is the National colour of Tyrus, (derived from the shellfish) and which made that country so renowned. The colour itself is found enveloping the bodies of the rich,--while the useless and “broken shells" are found beneath the Mummies of the poor, the same National tribute to both, though in degree, according to the wealth of the deceased ;-for the Tyrians, like the Egyptians, would not admit of any distinction in the grave, as to rank or title ;-but, believed that in the great Republic of Death, all were equal,—and,-as in the Kingdom of Kingdoms, that good deeds alone constituted the true distinctions. In a notice of the Ancient Mummies of Teneriffe, the Baron Humboldt states, that they differ from the Egyptians in physiognomy, and that the ornaments resemble those used in Mexican Americal Now when the illustrious Traveller wrote those facts (as shewn , in the following quotation), there was no Theory in his mind in reference to the Tyrians,—yet his remarks will support this present History, and they are too important, as to undeniable authority, to be passed by indifferently by the reader. Baron Humboldt says–
“On examining carefully the physiognomy of the ancient Canarians, able anatomists have recognised in the check-bones, and the lower jaw, perceptible differences from the Egyptian Mummies. The corpses are often decorated with small laces [necklaces] to which are hung little disks of baked earth [clay] that seemed to have served as numerical [Religious 2) Signs; and resemble the quippoes of the Peruvians and Mericans " [Per. Nar, p. 278.]
Here then upon the high authority of Humboldt, is an analogy traced between the ornaments of the Mummies of the Guanches (Tyrians) and the ancient inhabitants of Mexican America.
Upon every consideration of the subject the Mummies discovered at Teneriffe and in Peru are identical ;the same kind are not found in any other parts of the world,—and Teneriffe (as chief of the Fortunate Isles) was known, visited, and inhabited by the Tyrians.
SUMMARY OF ANALOGIES BETWEEN THE ANCIENT TYRIANS AND MEXICAN Abo RIGINEs.
To prove that the Mexican Aborigines were originally from the Tyrians, we have established the following powerful Analogies, as being practised, found, or in tradition among the People of both Nations, and they are the only two countries where the same similitudes can be found ;-we will not say in a single instance, but collectively,–and in that way only should they be viewed by the reader. The summary is as follows: viz. – Religious Idolatry:-the worship of, and sacrifice of human lives to the God of War; the worship of Saturn, and consequent Infanticide to propitiate the remorseless deity; the long Cross (and others) of the Goddess Astarte, in the Sculpture;—the sacrifice to Hygeia by optional Circumcision;–the chief worship to Apollo, or the Sun;–the gorgeousTemples erected to his glory; — human sacrifice upon the dedication of the Temples ; —and the Sacred Fire, guarded by the Virgins of the Sun. The comparative Mummies of the Tyrian Isles and Peru; the traditional story concerning Swans; the Tortoise and Serpent in Sculpture ; the dye-shell, or purple murex ;-Navigation with its attendant Maps and Charts;–the Aborigines coming from “the East,” and by Navigation ;-their landing-or “touching at Florida,” and “before the Christian AEra,"—then the discovery of the wreck of a Tyrian galley. The knowledge of Painting, and the general application of Colours ; and Gem engraving. As the Sculpture contains only hieroglyphics, and not one cipher or letter, consequently the spoken language of Phoenicia is not found,-nor is there any other language discovered,— and for a proof of its antiquity, the Tyrian-Temple Sculpture should be only hieroglyphical. The political character in the formation of Monarchies and Republics, as shewn at Tyrus and Carthage, Mexico and Toltecas:–Military character, and knowledge of desimilitude. The first land also rediscovered by Columbus in the Western Hemisphere, was called by the natives — Guanahani, the Genoese named it St. Salvador. The word “Teneriffe,” in the original language of the ancient inhabitants, the Guanches, signifies— White-Mountain,_(Thanar—mountain,_and Iffe— white), from the celebrated Peak being (from its altitude) always covered with snow. In the singular burial-cavern of the Capuchin Friars near Palermo, there are over 2000 dead bodies, —they have erroneously been called “Mummies;"— for the bodies are not in any manner embalmed, but dried by a slow fire, (or furnace-oven) and then arranged in groups around the subterranean galleries. The word “mummy” was originally applied to a drug so called ; and it was probably used by the Egyptians as one of their ingredients in embalming— or preserving—the dead. The Bard of Avon evidently so understood it, viz., that it was a drug possessing a preserving quality. Othello's description of his “first gift” to Desdemona will explain.— “That handkerchief did an Egyptian
The worms were hallow'd that did breed the silk :
It may appear strange, at the first glance, that there should be any connexion between the Mummies of Teneriffe and those of Peru, towards establishing that the Mexican Aborigines were originally Tyrians:—but there is a connexion, and as certain, as that a chain of three links owes its utility to the connecting power of the central one. Teneriffe forms that central link between Tyrus and the Western Continent. The natural and apparent question then is, Were the Guanches (ancient Canarians) originally from the Tyrian family?—this we distinctly answer in the affirmative. Mr. Pettigrew, in his valuable “History of Egyptian Mummies," has the following remark upon those discovered at Teneriffe. “That the inhabitants of the Canary Islands should have adopted a practice of embalming in some measure similar to that of the Egyptian is rather singularseeing they were separated from each other by the entire breadth of Northern Africa.” [p. 237.] Now the above author assumes, as a necessity,+ that the ancient Guanches (Canarians) must have emigrated by land, - otherwise the sentence “entire breadth of Northern Africa” is uselessly brought forward to express the barrier between the Islands and Egypt. The emigration by land cannot be sustained, but is absolutely rejected, from the fact, that the Guanches must have had navigable means to have reached the chief Islands even after they had arrived upon the Shores of the Continent, which are nearly 150 miles from Teneriffe. This fact then points to anation having acquaintance with Egypt, and the means of Navigation,-and also of one “advanced in civiliza