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pressed humanity, and the Patriot King,-are all again revivified amid the applause of nations, in the person of the present William of Prussia; and may posterity record his memory to the date of his Tyrian prototype, that his example may be imitated by future Kings and Rulers |

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As it is the intent in these volumes to glance over the ancient world with an Eagle's far-reaching gaze, undazzled by its splendour-and not as the mole, to wander beneath the Ruins of Empires, clouded in darkness, the chief events only, therefore, will be brought forward; for they were the causes of action, and when they are understood, the effects will appear not only natural, but unavoidable. Thence Hiram's character was a cause-peace and prosperity were the effects of that cause, so mighty are the deeds of one great mind in the annals of a Nation | The Tyrant Pygmalion is a direct contrast to Hiram, and the effects from that cause are not without their utility, for from evil, good is to be derived. The next event in the history of Tyrus, is the ascension of Pygmalion, who possessed every essential of a cruel and avaricious monarch,-viz., never virtuous by design, or guilty from accident. This reign brings us also to contemplate the celebrated Tyrian Princess, his Sister, whose virtuous life, heroic immolation, and the genius of Virgil, have rendered immortal! That the Poet did not follow History, must be apparent to every classic scholar-though the general reader's knowledge of Dido arises from her association with Æneas ; yet this hero, who, at the destruction of Troy, rescued the “old Anchises,” lived three hundred and twenty-five years before the Tyrian Princess, who subsequently became the foundress of Carthage. Virgil, in writing for the Romans, had selected the renowned ancestor of their race as the hero; and as the hatred between his country and that of Carthage was deadly, he flattered the citizens of Rome, by making the Queen of the former nation as the original cause of the malignant animosity. Although this may be sanctioned by that saving clause in writing verse, viz., “a poetical licence," yet in this instance, it is at the greatest sacrifice of truth to be found in the records of History. 868 B. c.] Pygmalion ascended the throne of Tyrus 868 years before the Christian AEra, and from an after action against the life of a near relation, and VOL. I. S

that relative even closer allied by marriage, his character must have been cruel, bloody, and treacherous. Acerbas the near kinsman of the Monarch, was not only a Royal Prince, but also High Priest of the Religion of the Country, and consequently of superior knowledge and accomplishments. In addition to his station by birth and intellect (for he was regarded as the wisest man of Tyrus) he was, also, the richest person in the kingdom, and in default of issue from the reigning family, was heir to the throne. These circumstances combined were causes of jealousy to Pygmalion while Acerbas was yet unmarried. His immense wealth may have been augmented by the then novel and favourable results of Commerce; for, according to the Prophet IsaLAH, the Tyrian “traffickers were the honourable of the earth,” and in “the crowning city” her “merchants were Princes.” The sister of the King was the renowned Princess, known in poetry and general history as Dido; but whose name, while yet in Tyrus, was Eliza, or Elizabeth, which name translated from the original language means an Oath, and as applied to its possessor may be defined—an Oath-taker. It is therefore probable that the attachment and devotion of the Princess for Acerbas must have commenced in her earliest days, because her death (as will be shewn) arose from an irrevocable oath taken by her of fidelity and widowhood to Acerbas, should she in the course of nature survive her betrothed. She, therefore, upon taking the Oath probably received the name of Elizabeth, and from that circumstance, its definition, and final consummation completely illustrate our supposition. There was no Princess of antiquity endowed with more enlarged attributes of the mind than the Tyrian Elizabeth :—her resolution, active courage, intellect, and womanly devotion were alike conspicuous, and consequently she was worthy of being allied to a Prince possessing the exalted virtue and character of Acerbas. That the Oath was taken before the marriage is apparent; for the Tyrant did not prevent the union, but actually promoted it, and from this deceitful acquiescence on the part of the King, their nuptials must have been solemnized amid the rejoicings of the Nation and of the Throne. [861 B. c.] The happy bride and bridegroom, in the consummation of their devoted union, were blinded to the deep scheme revolving in the traitorous brain of their King and brother. The honourable, yet fatal Oath taken by the Bride, was to be continued as the Wife, but its sacredness could only be proved by the Widow. Upon the death of the Husband, it was easy for the King to seize upon the enviable riches of the Prince and Priest ; if this death should occur before the Princess was blessed by the name of Mother, the absence of an heir would place, by constructive law, all the wealth (except the widow's dower) in the quiet possession of the avaricious Tyrant. His Sister's oath formed a barrier against the

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