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Peak,) not to be forgotten by the voyagers in relating “the dangers they had passed.” They now coasted along the shores of Morocco and Fez, and entering the Straits of Gibraltar, passed the Pillars of Hercules, and floated on the waters of their native Sea, thus proving for the first time that the boundary Columns of Alcides had been erected in vain; —and also, that human ingenuity and perseverance will conquer, and bear down all the barriers erected by Superstition as the landmarks of human Intellect In their triumphant passage along the shores of the Mediterranean, Carthage would not be passed unvisited by the descendants of the same race, who had followed the fortunes of a Tyrian Princess, when driven from her own land by treachery and cruelty. Leaving the Republic of Carthage, (in which commercial storehouse they must have seen the germs of a future rival,) with what pride and joy must they have reached the Delta of the Nile?—and beyond those feelings, when Tyrus was seen from the round-top of a galley-mast,-or when from their native shore they received the united voice of a gladdened nation? Three years of danger and unyielding courage, upon an extended field of Science, preserved the fame of Egypt's King, and gave new and brilliant glory to the Tyrians and their Sovereign. Pharaoh-Necho had achieved his wish by the circumnavigation of the Continent, of which Egypt was the Capital, and this being the only object of the Egyptian, all discoveries of Islands, as forming no part of the African Continent, would therefore be claimed by the Tyrians as their own. The Fortunate Isles (i. e. Canaries) for instance,—and consequently Ithobalus and his successors, would be the rightful “Kings of those Islands” discovered during this voyage, and situated “beyond the Sea,"—and to be reached by passing through the Gates of Gades, i. e. Straits of Gibraltar. Even if Pharaoh had claimed the Isles discovered, it would have been useless, for he had no navy (if opposed by Tyrus) to support that claim. It is not probable that he would attempt it, but even the supposition is set at rest, for the King of Babylon conquered Pharaoh-Necho and Egypt, only seven years after this voyage, for compelling him to raise the first Siege of Jerusalem. Pharaoh was receiving his annual tribute from the Jews: Nebuchadnezzar, therefore, instantly left Judaea and turned his warfare upon the Egyptians, [599 B. c.] captured all the treasure of the Nile, and returned triumphant to the Euphrates. This Section will be concluded by producing the authority of Scripture (with the incident of Nature) to support the statement of Herodotus : and although the Prophets will be quoted, in this instance Prophecy itself has no bearing upon the subject, their words upon this direct investigation only refer to that which had taken place, and consequently only of past record, and not for predictions of a future. This was the case with JEREMIAH and EZEKIEL, but, not with ISAIAH,-and upon this fact do we rest the Scriptural record of the successful accomplishment of this Voyage.
Our argument is as follows-viz., In the Prophecy by ISAIAH already quoted [Book ii., ch. v.] there is no allusion whatever to this Expedition, and for the reason,-that Isaiah wrote of the doom of Tyrus 106 years before the period of this Voyage, consequently the absence of all notice by this Sacred writer (the subject not being prophetical) proves at least that the naval enterprise was undertaken after the time in which he prophecied the downfall of the Tyrian Nation —Following out this train of reasoning, any Prophet, therefore, who came after the Expedition, and in speaking, or writing, of Tyrus, should allude to it as having taken place,—for it would form another item in the gathered glory of Sidon's Daughter, and would be included in that long list of pride about to be cancelled by the Babylonian Conquest. The reader will find that the later Prophets did allude to this Voyage, and, also, to the cluster of Isles of which Tenerifle is the principal. The first of these is JEREMIAH, who prophesied the destruction of several offending Nations, in the first year of the reign of the King of Babylon, and the fourth of Jehoiakim, Monarch of Judaea,-this was in the beginning of the year 606 B. c. Now supposing that the Voyagers left Suez in the commencement of the year 609 B. C. and occupying three years in the enterprise-would bring the defined period to the end of 607 B. C.—consequently JEREMIAH wrote his words only a few Months after the triumphant issue, and discovery of “the Isles beyond the Sea,”—the account of which would speed through Judaea and the surrounding nations, as it had through Egypt and Tyrus. It is a remarkable circumstance, that in tracing back the history of this Voyage nearly 2500 years, that it should be found to have been alluded to only a few months, —perhaps weeks—after its accomplishment, and in the sacred page of Scripture : and it is still more singular, that writers upon this subject of record by Herodotus, should have passed it unheeded; as, also, the allusion by EzekiEL.
The Prophecy by JEREMIAH concerning Judaea, as well as of Tyrus, will be quoted in order to shew the character of the approaching destruction. The last lines contain the allusion mentioned, having reference to the discovery of the Fortunate Isles.
“For thus said the Lord GoD of Israel unto me;Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it : and they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them. To wit, Jerusalem and the Cities of Judaea and the Kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse : as it is at this day. And all the Kings of Tyrus, and all the Kings of Sidon, and the Kings of the Isles which are BEYOND the Sea.” [xxv.]
Now “the Sea” mentioned, means (as it does throughout the Bible) the Mediterranean, and especially when Tyrus is written of several proofs of this are found in the Book of EZEKIEL.
“It (Tyrus) shall be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the Sea.” “Then all the princes of the Sea shall come down from their thrones,” &c. “How art thou destroyed, that was inhabited of sea-faring men, the renowned City, which was strong in the Sea,” &c. “Now shall the Isles tremble in the day of thy fall: yea, the Isles that are in [not “beyond"] the Sea, shall be troubled at thy departure.” When Pharaoh's fatal Sea is spoken of, it is called by its name in full,—i. e. The Red Sea —the Asphaltine Sea covering the crime-smitten Cities of Sodom and Gomorrah, is called the Dead Sea, and so of others, but “the Sea” defines it to be the MediterItal learl. The Islands referred to by JEREMIAH are stated to be “beyond the Sea,”—i. e. Isles beyond the mouth of the Mediterranean, reached by passing through the Straits of Gibraltar; and the language, therefore, alludes distinctly to the Fortunate Isles discovered by the Tyrians during the voyage. “The Kings of Tyrus" were, also, by right of discovery the actual “Kings of the Isles which are beyond the Sea.” That these are the Islands referred to, may be gathered from the fact, that the last quotation from EZEKIEL proves that the Isles of the Mediterranean are spoken of as being “ in the Sea," in direct contradistinction to those “be
3yond the Sea.” The same defined locality is found in ISAIAH.