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“Wherefore glorify ye the LoRD in the fires [Hebrew, “valleys"] even the name of the LoRD God of Israel, in the Isles of the Sea.” [xxiv. 15.] The Prophet here refers to Cyprus, Crete, Sicily, and Sardinia, for these are “Isles OF" or “IN” the Mediterranean,—while the Fortunatae Insulae are those denominated “beyond” the same Sea, Britain and Hibernia were not yet discovered by the Tyrians;–and the only Islands at this time known to them “beyond” the Mare Internum, were those discovered during this celebrated Expedition ;-truly so, for being alluded to by the Sacred writers, proves the importance attached to it in the days of Prophecy. The Islands discovered, and claimed by the Tyrians, were additional causes for their fatal pride,-and are, therefore, the only part of the enlarging Kingdom referred to by JEREMIAH,from the apparent fact, that the terrible prediction in alluding to a recent geographical discovery, would attract the instant attention, and arouse the fears of the Judaeans as well as the Tyrians. EzekiEL uttered his celebrated Prophecy concerning Tyrus 588 B. C., consequently only eighteen years after the Voyage. He should, therefore, allude to it, if our previous argument is founded upon just grounds in reference to ISAIAH's not writing of it. EZEKIEL in issuing his malediction against Tyrus, its King, Prince, and People, gathers in his catalogue of their united powers all that had made them great, and unrivalled among the nations of the earth. He commences by stating their knowledge of Shipbuilding and Navigation,-then the various Kingdoms receiving their Commercial commodities, and the riches given in return,-progressing in his description in apparent chronological order-for this singular fact is arrived at-viz., that the last verse referring to the deeds of the Tyrians, covers distinctly this very Voyage—and which took place only 18 years before the Prophecy, and was, therefore, probably their last great action, before they were besieged and conquered by the King of Babylon ; and which event was only three years after the prediction of EZEKIEL,-who, in alluding to the last effort for same by the Tyrians, and causing additional pride of heart, says— “ Thy RoweRs have brought thee (Tyrus) into GREAT waters [i. e. the Atlantic]—the EAST-WIND hath broken thee in the midst of the SEAs.” [xxvii.] The word “Sea” in the singular number, and without any pre-nomen as Dead Sea, &c., has already been shewn, and from the same writer, to have direct reference to the Mediterranean. In the above quotation he evidently means larger, and collective bodies of “great waters.”—i. e. Seas, (plural).-Again,_In the same chapter he writes: “And thou wast replenished [at the Insulae P] and made very glorious in the midst of the Seas.” He even seems to define the boundary of Tyrus in the Atlantic, for Islands are distinctly alluded to. “Thy borders are in the midst of the Seas." And as a distinct contrast of locality, he says of the Capital of the Mediterranean,—

“What City is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the Sea.” The Capital, at this time, was partly on the Island, but principally on the mainland. It is submitted that both JEREMIAH and EZEKIEL alluded to this Voyage and its discoveries. We have reserved a positive, a conclusive proof, of the accomplishment of the Expedition until this time, that it might remove all doubts upon the subject. It, also, brings direct evidence against the supposition that in reaching Ophir (the locality of which is not yet defined) the Tyrian ships of SoLOMON could have passed around the Cape of Good Hope-for if they had, leagues before they reached there, they would have observed the same (to them) strange “incident" of Nature, and consequently have recorded it. Herodotus in writing of this Voyage (and which he firmly believed) had his doubts upon one point only,– viz., the strange reports of the Pilots and Mariners upon their return to Tyrus, which were, that during the Voyage their SHADows (as they looked at the Sun's rising) fell upon, or from their right-hand,-they (the Shadows) having consequently changed from the left hand, as they remembered them to fall at Phoenicia and the Mediterranean ;-and a greater wonder still,—that their Shadows changed back again, as they continued their voyage, from right to left The Greek Historian viewed this report with astonishment and disbelief; and without doubt, it was originally regarded and laughed at as a mariner's story by both Tyrians and Egyptians,—sor it was not likely, in their Theory of the Solar System, (this was before Pythagoras,) that any of the Ancients could be convinced that the Sun would alter its course or nature, so as to meet the result reported by the home-returned mariners, but which was given by them as an attested fact. The Ancients [606 B. c.] believed that the Earth was a Globe, because they believed that the Sun daily travelled around it, but of the revolving character of the Earth, or of its measurement, they had no conception. Even Herodotus, therefore, looked upon the shadow-report as

“The baseless fabric of a vision,”

and regarded it not only with incredulity, but as an entire fiction of the Tyrian voyagers. But modern Science proves the absolute truth of the Tyrian report, viz., their Shadows changing from left to right, &c.; and this, as a necessity, was occasioned by their having crossed the line of the Equator * If the story of the Pilots and Mariners had not been given to their countrymen upon their return, it would at this day be a strong presumptive proof that the Expedition was not accomplished; but having rendered the “incident” of Nature upon their arrival, it is a conclusive and undeniable proof that the Voyage was successfully completed, and during the time mentioned by Herodotus. Having sailed from the Red Sea, and crossed the line of the Equator, and looking East, their Shadows must have changed from left to right, and be perceptible at, or near, Melinda ; and having doubled the Cape of Good Hope, and passed the Equator of the Atlantic, their Shadows would again change from right to left, near the Gulf of Guinea, and appear the same as when sailing upon the MediterraIlean. The statements of Herodotus concerning the “shifting of the shadows,” and the manner of “extracting the brain” previous to Embalming; and with the foregone proofs of their accuracy both from science and ocular demonstration, are without their parallels for supporting the authenticity of an Ancient Historian—and truly may he be called the Father of History—for Nations were his children, and justly he wrote of them. Time has become his executor, and renders him ample justice in return for his valuable legacy to posterity! We have been anxious to establish the accomplishment of this celebrated Voyage, the first mentioned having reference to the circumnavigation of a Continent;-but, more especially have we been solicitous to prove that the Fortunate Isles were known to the Tyrians during this Expedition;—for those Islands form an important feature in the great event to follow. In the endeavour to confirm these propositions, we have pursued a path of research and reasoning, we believe, untrodden, or attempted by any writer upon the subject. The Greek Historian is supported by his own accuracy of character and delineation,-and he is directly confirmed by Holy-Writ. JEREMIAH wrote of it only a few months after the Expedition. EzekiEL

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