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18 years subsequently, and Herodotus 122 years after the enterprise. The later (and jealous) Romans only are silent:—they do not deny it, which they would naturally have done, if they would not also have been liable to have been contradicted.

We now submit the subject to the reader's opinion, upon a review of the evidence, facts, and reasoning upon the entire proposition; and shall proceed with the History of Tyrus and the Migration, in the belief that the decision is in the affirmative;—and that consequently the Fortunate Isles (i. e. the Canaries) are admitted to have been discovered, and claimed, by the Tyrians during this first great Voyage around the Continent of Africa, and between the years 609–606 before the Christian AEra; and that from the natural reason stated, - viz., the absence of Woman—the Founding of Ancient America could not have taken place at that time.


(585–515 B. c.)


DURING the war upon Egypt by the King of Babylon, (and which occurred only seven years after the Voyage around Africa,) it is probable that the King of Tyrus would assist Pharaoh-Necho against the invasion of the Nile by Nebuchadnezzar. The attack by Pharaoh, at the solicitation of Judaea [Ezekiel xvii. 15], (which nation was still paying the annual tribute to Egypt,) had compelled the Babylonian to raise the siege of Jerusalem:-in this movement, also, the Tyrians may have aided by countenance or wealth. In these apparent probabilities, we find the political cause why Nebu


chadnezzar turned his fury upon Tyrus, after his conquest of Egypt, and his second and successful invasion of Judaea, and the captivity of the Jews, which latter event took place 588 B. c. The fall of Judaea gave the monopolizing and pridestricken Tyrians great cause for rejoicing—not from malice against the afflicted People.-but because their own Trading propensities would be increased,—as it would (in their minds) by the downfall of any aspiring Nation. A few years before they had witnessed the conquest of Egypt, and now of Judaea, both of which were causes of peculiar joy to the Tyrians; for those Nations had latent sparks within them, from which the fire of Science might be created, and so illumine their own path towards the attainment of Navigation, and thence rest upon their own exertions for Commercial prosperity. Jerusalem had evinced this spirit as early as the time of SoLOMON.—and also Egypt, only seven years before her present downfall. This was the point causing the National rejoicing of Tyrus;–it was a Commercial gladness, thence (with them) a political one: —less rejoicing, or its entire absence, would have been “love of neighbour,"—and which, when it affected their interest, the Tyrians never had;—extended joy-as if Jerusalem had fallen for the express purpose of their own prosperity, and so sanctioned by their Gods,became blasphemy They evinced this impiety to its full extent; therefore, the King of Babylon, in resenting his own wrongs, was but an instrument of retribution in the hand of GoD, to punish those, who in savage triumph rejoiced at the chastening, and captivity of a neighbour-Nation. EzEKIEL thus describes the Religious cause why Tyrus (in her want of charity to a fallen neighbour) should becomedesolate. [xxvi.] He prophesied, 588 B.C., “The word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Son of Man, because that Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, ‘Aha! she is broken that was the gates of the People: she is turned unto me; I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste '"— The Prince of Tyrus, also, uttered this blasphemy in his triumph:— “I am a God! I sit in the seat of God!” [xxviii.] “Therefore,” continues EZEKIEL, “thus saith the LORD GoD: Behold, I am against thee, O Tyrus, and will cause many Nations to come up against thee, as the Sea causeth his waves to come up. And they shall destroy the walls of Tyrus, and break down her towers: I will scrape her dust from her and make her like the top of a rock. It shall be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the Sea; [how truly fulfilled !] for I have spoken it, saith the LORD GoD: and it shall become a spoil to the Nations. And her daughters which are in the field shall be slain with the sword; and they shall know that I am the LORD. For thus saith the LORD GOD:—Behold I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, a King of Kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies, and much people,” &c.

The remaining part of the Prophecy is not required, — the cause is shewn, – the punishment and the avenger. The Prophecy was uttered by EzekiEL in the year in which Jerusalem was destroyed (the Temple of which the Tyrians of a former age had erected and adorned), and consequently three years before the commencement of the Siege of Tyrus by the Babylonian. The doom of Tyrus was also foretold by ISAIAH and JEREMIAH ; and by the former, that the Nation should cease for seventy years. He prophesied one hundred and twenty-seven years, and JEREMIAH twentyone years before the Siege by the King of Babylon. It was strictly fulfilled. The investment commenced in the reign of Ithobalus [i. e. Eth-baal] the Second, and lasted thirteen years—the longest Siege on record. Troy was only ten ; the Roman Siege of Veii, by Camillus, occupied the same period.

It has already been shewn, upon the authority of ISAIAH and EZERIEL, that the Island of Tyrus must have been partly inhabited, for they distinctly allude to the “Isle.” The metropolis proper, with its Temples and splendour, was on the mainland,-and this was the City besieged by the Conqueror of Egypt and Judaea. The Island he could not reach from the want of Galleys; his force consisting of Chariots, Cavalry, and Infantry. It was impossible, therefore, to take Tyrus (one side being on the Sea) as he had captured Jerusalem, through the terrific means of Famine,—the horrors of which are so powerfully depicted in the Lamentations of JEREMIAH ; and in reference to Judaea,

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