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OF CATECHISM, COMPENDIUM, CONFESSION OF
FAITH, CANONS OF THE SYNOD OF
DORDRECHT, AND LITURGY.
INSTRUCTION IN THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION,
AS THE SAME IS TAUGHT IN
The Reformed Churches and Schools in Holland,
and in America.
I. LORD'S DAY. Question 1. What is thy only comfort in life and death?
Answer. That I with a body and soul, both in life and death, b am not my own, but belong c unto my faithful Sa. vicur Jesus Christ, who, with his precious d blood, hath fully e satisfied for all my sins, and delivered f me from all the power of the devil; and so preserves me g that without the will of my heavenly Father, not a hair h can fall from my head; yea, that all things must be i subservient to my salva. tion, and therefore, by his holy spirit, he also assures me j of eternal life, and makes k me sincerely willing and ready henceforth, to live unto him.
a 1 Cor. 6. 19, 20. b Rom. 14. 7, 8, 9. c 1 Cor. 3. 23. d 1 Pet. 1. 18, 19. e 1 John 1.7. f 1 John 3. 8. Heb. 2. 14, 15. g John 6. 39. and 10. 28, 29. h Luke 21. 18. Mat. 10. 30. i Rom. 8. 28. j 2 Cor. 1. 22. and 5.5. k Rom. 8. 14. and 7. 22.
Q. 2. How many things are necessary for thee to know, that thou, enjoying this comfort, mayest live and die happily?
A. Three; I the first, how great m my sins and miseries are: the second, how I may be delivered n from all my sins and miseries: the third, how I shall express my gratitude o to God for such deliverance.
I Luke 24. 47. m 1 Cor. 6. 10, 11. John 9. 41. Rom. 3. 10 19. n John 17. 3. o Eph. 5. 8, 9, 10.
II. LORD'S DAY.
THE FIRST PART.
Of the Misery of Man. Q. 3. Whence knowest thou thy misery? A. Out of the law of God. a
a Rom. 3. 20. Q. 4. What doth the law of God require of us?
A. Christ teaches us that briefly, Mat. xxii. 37–40. “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. b This is the first and the great command; and the second is like to this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commands hang the whole law and the prophets."
b Luke 10. 27. Q. 5. Canst thou keep all these things perfectly?
A. In no wise; c for I am prone by nature to hate God and my neighbour.d
c Rom. 3. 10. 1 John 1. 8. d Rom. 8. 7. Tit. 3. 3.
III. LORD'S DAY.
Q. 6. Did God then create man so wicked and perverse ? A. By no means; but God created man good, a and after his own image, in ó righteousness, and true holiness, that he might rightly know God his Creator, heartily love him, and live with him in eternal happiness to glorify and praise hill.c
a Gen. 1. 31. b Gen. 1. 26, 27. Col. 3. 10. Eph. 4. 24. c Eph. 1. 6. 1 Cor. 6. 20.
Q. 7. Whence then proceeds this depravity of human na. ture?
A. From the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, din Paradise ; hence our nature is become so corrupt, that we are all conceived and born in sin. e
d Gen. 3. 6. Rom. 5. 12, 18, 19. e Psa. 51. 5. Gen. 5. 3. Q. 8. Are we then so corrupt that we are wholly incapable of doing any good, and inclined to all wickedness?
A. Indeed we are;f except we are regenerated by the spirit of God. g
f Gen. 6.5. Job 14. 4. and 15. 14, 16. & John 3.5. Eph. 2. 5.
IV. LORD'S DAY. Q. 9. Doth not God then do injustice to man, by requiring from him in his law, that which he cannot perform ?
A. Not at all; a for God made man capable b of performing it; but man, by the instigation c of the devil, and his own wilful disobedience, d deprived himself and all his posterity of those divine gifts.
a Eccl. 7. 29. b John 8. 44. 2 Cor. 11. 3. c Gen. 3. 4, 7. d Rom. 5. 12.
Q. 10. Will God suffer such disobedience and rebellion to go unpunished ?
A. By no means: e but is terribly displeased f with our original as well as actual sins; and will punish them in his just judgment, temporally and eternally, as he hath declared,
“Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things, which are written in the book of the law, to do them.”
e Psa. 5. 5. f Rom. 1. 18. Deut. 28. 15. Heb. 9. 27. g Deut. 27. 26. Gal. 3. 10.
Q. 11. Is not God then also merciful ?
A. God is indeed merciful, h but also just ; i therefore his Justice requires, j that sin, which is committed against the mo it high majesty of God, be also punished with extreme, that is, with everlasting k punishment, both of body and soul.
Å Ex. 34. 6. i Ex. 20. 5. Job 34. 10, 11. j Psa. 5. 5, 6. k Gən. 2. 17. Rom. 6. 23.
V. LORD'S DAY.
THE SECOND PART.
Of Man's Deliverance. Q. 12. Since then, by the righteous judgment of God, we deserve temporal and eterual punishment; is there no way by which we may escape that punishment, and be again re. ceived into favour?
A. God will have his justice a satisfied : and therefore we must make this full b satisfaction, either by ourselves, or by another.
a Ex. 20, 5. 6 Deut. 24. 16. 2 Cor. 5. 14, 15.
A. By no means; c but on the contrary we d daily increase our debt.
c Job 9. 2, 3. and 15. 14, 15, 16. d Mat. 6. 12. Isa. 64. 6. Q. 14. Can there be found anywhere, one who is a mere creature, able to satisfy for us?
A. None; for first, God will not e punish any other creature for the sin which man hath committed ; and further, no mere creature can sustain the burden of God's eternal wrath against sin,
so as to f deliver others from it.