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will fill ourselves with strong drink, the shepherds feed the flocks? ye eat and to morrow shall be 'as this day.- the fat, and ye clothe you with the Isa. lvi. 10-12.
wool, &c. but ye feed not the flock: The priests said not, Where is the the diseased have ye not strengthLord ? and they that handled the ened, neither have ye healed that law, knew me not; the pastors also which was sick, &c. but with force transgressed against me, &c. Where- and with cruelty have ye ruled them. fore I will yet plead with you,
&c.- -Ezek. xxxiv. 2–4. 8. 10. Jer. ii. 8, 9.
The priests thereof teach for hire, The prophets prophesy falsely, and and the prophets thereof divine for the priests bear rule by their means; money; yet will they lean upon the and my people love to have it so: Lord, &c. therefore shall Zion for your and what will ye do in the end sake be plowed, &c.-Micah iii. 11, 12. thereof ?-Jer. v. 30, 31.
Her priests polluted the sanctuary, From the prophet unto the priest, and have done violence to the law. every one dealeth falsely: thus they Zeph. iii. 4. have healed also the hurt of the Woe to the idol shepherd, that daughter of my people slightly, say- leaveth the flock ! the sword shall be ing, Peace, &c. when, &c.—Jer. vi. upon his arm, &c.—Zech. xi. 17. 13, 14. viii. 10, 11.
O priests, that despise my name, The pastors are become brutish, &c. ye offer polluted bread upon mine and have not sought the Lord : there- altar, &c. If ye offer the blind, and fore they shall not prosper, and all the lame, is it not evil ? &c. Mal. their flocks shall be scattered.—Jer. i. 6—8. X. 21.
The priests' lips should keep knowMany pastors have destroyed my ledge, &c. but ye are departed out of vineyard, they have trodden my por- the way; ye have caused many to tion under foot, &c.—Jer. xii. 10, 11. stumble at the law; ye have corrupte
Woe be unto the pastors that de- ed the covenant of Levi, &c. therestroy, and scatter the sheep of my fore have I also made you contemptipasture, saith the Lord: therefore ble and base before the people.thus saith the Lord God of Israel Mal. ii. 7-9. against the pastors that feed my He that is an hireling, &c. seeth people, Ye have scattered my flock, the wolf coming, and leaveth the and driven them away, and have not sheep, and feeth; and the wolf catchvisited them: behold, I will visit upon eth them, and scattereth the sheep. you the evil of your doings, &c. The John x. 12, 13. prophets, &c. They strengthen the hands of evildoers, so that none doth
Sect. I. The Churches Duty toreturn from his wickedness. Jer.
ward their Officers, and such others xxiii. 1, 2. 14.
who labour among
them. The priests and the prophets ad- PROVIDE neither gold nor silver, &c. vise to put Jeremiah to death, because for the workman is worthy of his he told them what God spake.—Jer. meat.—Matt. x. 9, 10. xxvi. 10, 11. 16.
They all wept sore, &c. sorrowing Her priests have violated my law, most of all for the words which he and have profaned mine holy things: spake, that they should see his face they have put no difference between no more.--Acts xx. 37, 38. the holy and profane, neither have If the Gentiles have been partakers they shewed difference between the of their spiritual things, their duty unclean and the clean.-Ezek. xxii. 26. is also to minister unto them in carnal
Woe to the shepherds of Israel, things.-Rom. xv. 27. that do feed themselves: should not Have we not power to eat and to driuk? &c. or to forbear working? ceptable, well pleasing to God. Who goeth a warfare at any time at Philip. iv. 16–19. his own charges ? &c. Say I these We beseech you brethren, to know things as a man? or saith not the law them which labour among you, and the same also? Thou shalt not muz; are over you in the Lord, and admozle the mouth of the ox that treadeth nish you: and to esteem them very out the corn, Doth God take care highly in love for their work sake.for oxen? or saith he it not altoge- 1 Thess. v. 12, 13. ther for our sakes? For our sakes, Let the elders that rule well be no doubt, &c. If we have sown unto counted worthy of double honour; esyou spiritual things, is it a great pecially they who labour in the word thing if we shall reap your carnal and doctrine. For the scripture saith, things? &c. Nevertheless, we have Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that not used this power, but suffer all treadeth out the corn, and the labourthings, lest we should hinder the gos- er is worthy of his hire. Against an pel of Christ. Do ye not know, that elder receive not an accusation but they which minister about holy things, before two or three witnesses.live (or feed) of the things of the 1 Tim. v. 17-19. temple? &c. Even so hath the Lord Remember them which have the ordained, that they which preach the rule over you; who have spoken unto gospel should live of the gospel.— you the word of God: whose faith i Cor. ix. 4-15.
follow, &c. Obey them that have the Know the house of Stephanus, &c. rule over you (or guide you), and subthat you submit yourselves unto such, mit yourselves: for they watch for and to every one that helpeth with your souls, &c. Pray for such, &c. us, and laboureth. 1 Cor. xvi. Salute all them that have the rule 15, 16.
over you.—Heb. xiii. 7.17, 18. 24. Ye received me as an angel of God, Is any sick among you? let him &c. Am I therefore become your call for the elders of the church, and enemy, because I told you the truth ? let them pray over him.-- James v. 14. -Gal. iv. 14–16.
Likewise, ye younger, submit yourLet him that is taught in the word, selves unto the elder.—1 Pet. v. 5. communicate unto him that teacheth, in all good things.-Gal. vi. 6.
IV. Of the Appointment and OrdiPraying always, &c. and for me,
nation of Officers in Churches. that utterance may be given unto me, And the Lord spake unto Moses, &c.-Ephes. vi. 18, 19. 1 Thess. saying, Take Aaron and his sons with v. 25. 2 Thess. iii. 1, 2.
him, &c. and gather thou all the conI supposed it necessary to send to gregation together, &c. And Moses you Epaphroditus, my brother, and did as the Lord commanded him, &c. companion in labour, &c. but your and said unto the congregation, This messenger, &c. Receive him there- is the thing which the Lord commandfore in the Lord, with all gladness; ed to be done. And Moses brought and hold such in reputation (or ho- Aaron and his sons, and washed them nour such), because for the work of with water.—Levit. viii. 1, &c. Christ he was nigh unto death, &c.— Thou shalt bring the Levites before Phil. ii. 25, 29, 30.
the tabernacle of the congregation, Ye sent once and again unto mine and thou shalt gather the whole assemnecessity; not because I desired a bly of the children of Israel together: gift, but I desire fruit that may abound and thou shalt bring the Levites beto your account,&c. having received the fore the Lord, and the children of things which were sent from you, an Israel shall put their hands upon the odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice ac, Levites.--Numb. viii. 9. 11,
Peter stood up in the midst of the him a charge. Numb. xxvii. 18, 19. disciples, and said (the number of 22, 23. the names together, were about an Joshua, the son of Nun, was full of hundred and twenty), &c. Wherefore, the spirit of wisdom: for Moses had of these men which have companied laid his hands upon him. - Deut. with us all the time that the Lord xxxiv. 9. Jesus went in and out among us, &c. They chose Stephen, &c. whom must one be ordained, to be a witness they set before the apostles : and with us of his resurrection. And when they had prayed, they laid their they appointed two, &c. And they hands on them.-Acts vi. 5, 6. prayed, and said, Thou Lord, which Peter and John prayed, and laid knowest the hearts of all men, shew their hands on the disciples, and they whether of these two thou hast received the Holy Ghost.-Acts viii. chosen, &c. And they gave forth 14, 15, 17. their lots; and the lot fell upon Mat- The prophets and teachers at Anthias, and he was numbered with tioch, by the command of the Holy the eleven apostles. · Acts i. 15. Ghost, to separate Paul and Barnabas, 21. 27.
&c. did pray, and fast, and lay Then the twelve called the multi- their hands upon them. Acts xiii. tude of the disciples unto them, and 1-3. said, &c. Brethren, look
among Paul, finding certain disciples, &c. you seven men, of honest report, full And when Paul had laid his hands of the Holy Ghost, and wisdom, whom upon them, the Holy Ghost came on we may appoint over this business, them.--Acts xix. 1.' 6. &c. And the saying pleased the whole Paul prayed, and laid his hands on multitude: and they chose Stephen, Publius's father, and healed him, &c.-Acts vi. 2, 3.5, 6.
being sick.--Acts xxviii. 8. And when they had ordained them Neglect not the gift that is in thee, elders by suffrage in every church, which was given thee by prophecy, and had prayed, with fasting, they with the laying on of the hands of the commended them to the Lord.--Acts presbytery.—1 Tim. iv. 14. xiv. 22, 23.
Lay hands suddenly on no man: For this cause left I thee in Crete, neither be partaker of other mens' that thou shouldest set in order the sins.--1 Tim. v. 22. things that are wanting, and ordain
up the gift of God which is in elders in every city, as I had appoint- thee, by the putting on of my hands. ed thee.-Titus i. 5.
-2 Tim. i. 6. TWELFTHLY. Of laying on of Hands
Not laying again the foundation of upon the several occasions, and to hands.—Heb. vi. 1, 2.
repentance, &c. and of laying on of the several ends in Scripture mentioned,
THIRTEENTHLY. Of the several OrBring forth him that hath cursed,
dinances of Christ, to be observed without the camp, and let all that
in and by the Churches of Christ, heard him lay their hands
and elsewhere. his
upon head.—Levit. xxiv. 14.
The earth is defiled under the inThou shalt bring the Levites be- habitants thereof, because they have fore the Lord; and the children of transgressed the laws, changed the Israel shall put their hands upon the ordinances, &c.--Isa. xxir. 5. Levites.-Numb. viii, 10.
And they continued stedfastlyin the Moses set Joshua before Eleazar, apostles' doctrine and fellowship, and and before all the congregation, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers, he laid his hands upon him, and gave &c. And they, continuing daily with
one accord in the temple, &c.-Acts book of the law of the Lord with ii. 41, 42. 46.
them: and went about throughout And now I praise you, brethren, all the cities of Judah, and taught the that you remember me in all things, people.--2 Chron. xvii. 7–9. and keep the ordinances, as I deliver- And Ezra the priest brought the ed them to you.--1 Cor. xi. 2. law before the congregation, &c. and
he read therein, &c. from the morning ORDINANCE I. Prayers. until midday, &c. Also Joshua and These all continued with one ac
Bani, &c. and the Levites caused the cord in prayer and supplication, with people to understand the law, and the the women, &c.-Acts i. 14.
people stood in their place : so they And they continued, &c. and in read in the book of the law of God
distinctly, and gave the sense, and prayers.-Acts ii. 42.
caused them to understand the readII. Reading, teaching, preaching of ing: Neb. viii, 1–9. xiii. 1. the Word of God; Prophesying.
He established a testimony in
Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, Thou shalt set him king over thee, which he commanded our fathers, whom, &c. He shall write him a copy that they should make them known of this law in a book, &c. he shall to their children, &c. that they might read therein all the days of his life, set their lope in God, &c.—Ps.lxxvii. that he may learn to fear the Lord. 5-7. Deut. xvii. 15. 18—20.2 Kings Blessed is the man that heareth xxii. 11.
me, watching daily at my gates, waitWhen all Israel is come to appear ing at the posts of my doors : for before the Lord thy God, in the place whoso findeth me, findeth life.—Prov. which he shall choose, thou shalt viii. 34, 35. read this law before all Israel, in their How beautiful upon the mountains hearing. Gather the people together; are the feet of him that bringeth good men, and women, and children, and tidings, that publisheth peace, &c. thy stranger that is within thy gates; that publisheth salvation, &c. - Isa. that they may hear, and that they lii. 7. Neh. i. 15. may learn, and fear the Lord your The prophet that hath a dream, let God, and observe to do all the words him tell a dream; and he that hath of this law; and that their childreu, my word, let him speak my word which have not known any thing, may faithfully; what is the chaff to the hear and learn to fear the Lord, &c. wheat, saith the Lord? - Jer, xxiii. -Deut. xxxi. 11–13.
28, 29. Joshua read all the words of the Thou shalt speak my words unto law, the blessings and cursings, ac- them, whether they will hear, or cording unto all that is written in the whether they will forbear.-Ezek. ii. 7. book of the law; there was not a word They shall wander from sea to sea, of all that Moses commanded, which &c. to seek the word of the Lord, Joshua read not before all the con- and shall not find it.-Amos viii. 12. gregation of Israel, with the women, And this gospel of the kingdom and the little ones, and the strangers shall be preached in all the world, that were conversant among them. and then shall the end, &c.—Matt. Josh, viii. 34, 35.
xxiv. 14. Jehoshaphat sent to his princes, Go ye, therefore, and teach all-naeven to Ben-hail, &c. to teach in the tions, &c. teaching them to observe cities of Judah, and with them Eli- all things whatsoever I have comshama and Jehoram, priests; and manded you.—Matt. xxviii. 19, 20. they taught in Judah, and had the The parable of the sower opened by Christ to be the word preached. - unto him Jesus; he believed, &c.Mark iv. 14, &c. Luke viii. 11. Acts viii. 27-38.
Whosoever shall not receive you, We are here all present before God nor hear you, when ye depart thence, to hear all things that are commanded shake off the dust under your feet for thee of God: while Peter was preacha testimony against them.—Mark vi. ing Christ, the Holy Ghost fell on all 11. Luke x. 16. Matt. x. 11-13. them which heard. -Acts x. 33, 34.
Jesus, as his custom was, went ii. 37, &c. into the synagogue on the sabbath Call for Simon, &c. who shall tell day, and stood up for to read ; and thee words, whereby thou and all thy there was delivered unto him the house shall be saved.-Acts xi. 13,14. book of the prophet Isaias; and when When Paul and his company came he had opened the book, he found to Antioch, he went into the synathe place where it is written, The gogue, &c. and after the reading of Spirit of the Lord is upon me, &c. the law and the prophets, the rulers and he closed the book, and gave it of the synagogue sent unto them, again to the minister, and sat down, saying, Ye men and brethren, if ye &c. And he began to say unto them, have any word of exhortation for the This day is this scripture fulfilled in people, say on: then Paul stood up, your ears, &c. and all bare him wit- and preached, &c.—Acts xiii. 13, &c. ness, and wondered at the gracious Then spake the Lord to Paul, &c. words which proceeded out of his Speak, and hold not thy peace; for I mouth.—Luke iv. 16–22.
have much people in this city: and · Jesus went throughout every city he continued there a year and six and village, preaching and shewing months, teaching the word of God the glad tidings, &c.-Luke viii. 1. among them.--Acts xviii. 9-11. Jesus said, &c. Ought not Christ Paul went into the
synagogue, and to have suffered ? &c. And beginning spake boldly for the space of three at Moses and all the prophets, he ex- months, disputing and persuading the pounded unto them in all the scrip- things concerning the kingdom of God; tures, the things concerning himself, but when divers were hardened, and &c. then opened he their understand- believed not, &c. he separated the disings, that they might understand the ciples, disputing daily in the school scriptures.—Luke xxiv. 26, 27. 45. of one Tyrannus; and this continued
I pray, &c. for them also which by the space of two years : so that shall believe on me through their all they which dwelt in Asia heard word.—John xvii. 20.
the word of the Lord Jesus. Acts When the apostles were command- xix. 8—10. 20. ed not to preach Christ, they said, Now, brethren, I commend you to Whether it be right in the sight of God, and to the word of his grace, God to hearken unto you more than which is able to build you up.--Acts unto God, judge ye.-Acts iv. 18, 19. xx. 32.
I have appeared unto thee for this · Go, stand and speak in the temple purposc, to make thee a minister, &c. to the people all the words of this delivering thee from the Gentiles, to life: and when, &c. And daily in the whom I now send thee, to open their temple, and in every house, they eyes, and to turn them from darkness ceased not to teach and preach Jesus to light, and from the power of Satan Christ.-Acts v. 20. 42.
unto God.-Acts xxvi. 16-18. The Eunuch reading the prophet And Paul dwelt two whole years Isaias, Philip ran thither to him, &c. in his own hired house, and received and opened his mouth, and began at all that came in unto him: preaching the same scripture, and preached the kingdom of God, and teaching