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I. saw a beast, &c. and upon his They could not drink of the water heads the name of blasphemy, &c. of Marah, for they were bitter, &c. And there was given unto him a And the people murmured against mouth speaking great things, and Moses, saying, What shall we drink? blasphemies, &c. and he opened his -Exod. xv. 23, 24. mouth in blasphemy against God, to And the whole congregation of blaspheme his name, and his taber- the children of Israel murmured nacle, and them that dwell in heaven. against Moses and Aaron in the wil-Rev. xiii. 1. 5, 6.
derness ; and the children of Israel And men were scorched with great said unto them, Would to God we heat, and blasphemed the name of bad died by the hand of the Lord, in God, which hath power over these the land of Egypt, when we sat by plagues : and they repented not, to the flesh pots, and when we did eat give him glory, &c. They gnawed bread to the full ; for ye have brought their tongues for pain, and blas- us forth into this wilderness, to kill phemed the God of heaven, because this whole assembly with hunger, &c. of their pains and their sores; and Ye shall see the glory of the Lord, repented not of their deeds, &c. Men for that he heareth your murmurings blasphemed God, because of the against the Lord: and what are we, plague of hail, &c.—Rev. xvi. 9–12. that ye murmur against us ? &c.
Your murmurings are not against us,
but against the Lord.—Exod. xvi. 2, CHAP. LI.
3.7, 8. 12. ISRAEL'S MURMURINGS AGAINST GOD
The people did chide with Moses,
and said, Give us water, that we AND MOSES, WHEN GOD WAS IN HIS
may drink. And Moses said unto
them, Why chide you with me? WHEN Moses and Aaron had been wherefore do you tempt the Lord ? with Pharaoh, and Pharaoh had made And the people thirsted there for their burden heavier, they met. Moses water : and the people murmured and Aaron, who stood in the way as against Moses, and said, Wherefore they came forth from Pharaoh ; and is this, that thou hast brought us up they said unto them, The Lord look out of Egypt, to kill us, and our chilupon you, and judge ; because you dren, and our cattle with thirst ? &c. have made our savour to be abhorred They tempted the Lord, saying, Is (or to stink) in the eyes of Pharaoh, the Lord among us, or not ?-Exod. and in the eyes of his servants, to put xvii. 2, 3. 7. a sword in their hands to slay us. When the people complained, it Exod. v. 1, 2. 6, 7. 20, 21.
displeased the Lord, &c. and his When they were pursued by the anger was kindled, and the fire of Egyptians, they cried unto the Lord: the Lord burnt, &c. And the mixt and they said unto Moses, because multitude that was among them fel? there were no graves in Egypt, hast a lústing : and the children of Israel thou taken us away to die in the also wept again (or murmured and wilderness? Wherefore hast thou wept), and said, Who shall give us dealt thus with us, to carry us forth flesh to eat ? We remember the fish out of Egypt? Is not this the word which we did eat in Egypt freely : that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, the cucumbers, and the melons, and Let us alone, that we may serve the the onions, and the garlick ; but now Egyptians ? For it had been better our soul is dried away; there is nofor us to serve the Egyptians, than thing at all besides this manna, bethat we should die in the wilderness. fore our eyes, &c. God gave
them -Exod. xiv. 10-12.
Alesh ; but while the flesh was yet
WAY OF REDEEMING THEM.
between their teeth, ere it was ye brought us up out of Egypt, to chewed, the wrath of the Lord was die in the wilderness ? for there is kindled against the people, and the no bread, neither is there any water : Lord smote the people with a very and our soul loatheth this light bread. great plague.-Numb. xi. 1. 4-6. And the Lord sent fiery serpents 32, 33.
among the people, and they bit the Upon the report of the spies, of people, and much people of Israel the difficulty of entering the land, all died.-Numb. xxi. 4—6. the congregation of Israel lifted up Ye have been rebellious against their voice, and cried ; and the peo- the Lord from the day that I knew ple wept that night. And all the you.-Deat. ix. 23, 24. children of Israel murmured against They tempted God in their heart, Moses, and against Aaron : and the by asking meat for their lust ; yea, whole congregation said unto them, they spake against God: they said, Would God that we had died in the Can God furnish a table in the wil. land of Egypt! or, would God we derness ? Behold, he smote the rock, had died in this wilderness! And &c. Can he give bread also ? Can wherefore hath the Lord brought us he provide flesh for his people ? unto this land, to fall by the sword, Therefore the Lord heard this, and that our wives and our children should was wrath. So a fire was kindled be a prey ? were it not better for us against Jacob, &c. because they beto return into Egypt ? &c. Let us lieved not in God, nor trusted in his make us a captain, and let us return salvation, &c. They sinned still, into Egypt. Your carcases shall and believed not for his wonderous fall in the wilderness, &c. These works, &c. How oft did they promen, who saw my glory, and my voke him in the wilderness, and signs, have tempted me, &c.-Numb. grieve him in the desert? Yea, they xiv. 1-4.9, 10. 22, 23. 28–32. turned back, and tempted God, and
When Korah and his company limited the Holy One of Israel.-Ps. were swallowed up, all the congrega- lxxviii. 18-22. 32. 40, 41. tion of the children of Israel mur- I would not that ye should be igmured against Moses, and against norant how that all our fathers were Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the under the cloud, &c. but with many people of the Lord.-Numb. xvi. 41. of them God was not well pleased,
There was no water for the con- for they were overthrown in the wilgregation ; and they gathered them- derness. Now these things were for selves together against Moses, and our examples, to the intent we shonld against Aaron ; and the people chode not lust after evil things, as they also with Moses, and spake, saying, lusted, &c. Neither let us tempt Would God that we had died when Christ, as some of them also tempted, our brethren died before the Lord ! and were destroyed of serpents. NeiAnd why have ye brought up the ther murmur ye, as some of them congregation of the Lord into this also murmured, and were destroyed wilderness, that we and our cattle of the destroyer. Now all these should die there ? And wherefore things happened unto them for enhave ye made us to come up out of samples (or types), and they are Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil written for our admonition, upon place? It is no place of seed, or of whom the ends of the world are come: figs, or vines, &c.—Numb. xx. 2-5. wherefore, let him who thinketh he
The soul of the people was much standeth, take heed lest : he fall. discouraged, because of the way. I Cor. x. 1–13. And the people spake against God, and against Moses : wherefore haye
MOTIVES TO DILIGENCE AND INDUSTRY
so much as bring it to his mouth CHAP. LII.
again.-Prov. xix. 15. 24. xxvi. 15.
The sluggard will not plow, by
reason of the cold : therefore shall IN OUR CALLINGS.
he beg in harvest, and have nothing, Go to the ant, thou sluggard, con- &c. Love not sleep, lest thou come sider her ways, and be wise : which to poverty: open thine eyes, and having no guide, overseer, or ruler, thou shalt be satisfied with bread.provideth her meat in the summer, Prov. xx. 4. 13. and gathereth her food in the har- He that loveth pleasure (or sport) vest. How long wilt thou sleep, shall be a poor man, &c. The desire O sluggard ? When wilt thou arise of the slothful killeth him, for his out of thy sleep? Yet a little sleep, hand refuseth to labour.—Prov, xxi. a little slumber, a little folding of 17. 25. the hands to sleep; so shall thy The slothful man saith, There is a poverty come, as one that travaileth, lion without; I shall be slain in the and thy want as an armed man.-- streets, &c. Seest thou a man diliProv. vi. 6-11. xxiv. 33, 34. gent in his business ? he shall stand
He becometh poor that dealeth before kings ; he shall not stand bewith a slack hand; but the hand of fore mean men.-Prov. xxii. 13. 29. the diligent maketh rich : he that xxvi. 13. gathereth in summer, is a wise son ; Drowsiness shall clothe a but he that sleepeth in harvest, is a with rags.—Prov. xxiii. 21. son that causeth shame, &c. As I went by the field of the slothful, vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to &c. and lo, it was all grown over the eyes, so is the sluggard to them with thorns, and nettles had covered that send him.-Prov. x. 4, 5. 26. the face thereof, &c. Yet a little
He that tilleth his land, shall be sleep, &c. so shall thy poverty come, satisfied with bread: but he that &c. -Prov. xxiv. 30–34. followeth vain persons, is void of By much slothfulness, the building understanding, &c. The hand of the decayeth ; and through idleness of diligent shall bear rule; but the the hands, the house droppeth down. slothful shall be under tribute, &c. ---Eccles. X. 18. the slothful man roasteth not that As the door turneth upon its hinges, which he took in hunting ; but the só doth the slothful upon his bed, &c. substance of a diligent man is pre- The sluggard is wiser in his own cious.-Prov. xii. 11. 24. 27.
conceit, than seven men that can renThe soul of the sluggard desireth, der a reason.—Prov. xxvi. 14. 16. and hath nothing ; but the soul of He that tilleth his land shall have the diligent shall be made fat. plenty of bread: but he that followProv. xiii. 4.
eth after vain persons shall have In all labour there is profit : but poverty enough.- Prov. xxviii. 19. the talk of the lips tendeth only to The industry of a good wife set poverty.- Prov. xiv. 23.
forth at large. -Prov. xxxi. 10, &c. The way of the slothful man is an Rise up, ye women that are at hedge of thorns.-Prov. xv. 19. ease : hear my voice, ye careless
He also that is slothful in his daughters, &c. Many days and years work, is brother to him that is a shall ye be troubled, ye careless great waster.—Prov. xviii. 9.
women ; for the vintage shall fail, Slothfulness casteth into a deep &c. Tremble, ye women that are at sleep: and an idle soul shall suffer ease: be troubled, ye careless ones, hunger, &c. A slothful man hideth &c.+Isa. xxxii. 9--11. his hand in his bosom, and will not This was the iniquity of thy sister Sodom : pride, fulness of bread, and After these things, the word of abundance of idleness was in her, the Lord came unto Abraham in a and in her daughters ; neither, &c. vision, saying, Fear not, Abraham, I Ezek. xvi. 49. Matt. xx. 3. 6. am thy shield, &c.—Gen. xv. 1, &c.
You yourselves know that these God came to Abimelech in a dream hands have ministered unto my ne- by night, and said to him, Behold, cessities, and to them that were with thou art but a dead man; for the me: I have shewed you all things, woman which thou hast taken, &c. how that so labouring, ye ought to God said unto him in a dream, Yea, support the weak : and to remember I know that thou didst this in the the words of the Lord Jesus ; how he integrity of thy heart, &c.--Gen. XX. said, It is more blessed to give, than 3—7. to receive. -Acts xx. 33–35. xviii. Jacob dreamed, and behold, a lad1-3. 2 Thess. iii. 7-10.
der set upon the earth, and the top Let him that stole steal no more: of it reached to heaven, &c. The but rather let him labour, working Lord stood above it, and said, I am with his hands the thing which is the Lord God of Abraham thy father, good ; that he may have to give to &c. The land whereon thou liest, him that needeth.-Eph. iv. 28. to thee will I give it, and to thy seed.
That you study to be quiet, and to -Gen. xxviii. 12, 13. do your own business, and to work And the angel of God spake unto with your own hands, as we com- me in a dream, saying, Jacob, &c. manded you.--1 Thess. iv. 11. I have seen all that Laban doth unto
We commanded you, that if any thee : I am the God of Bethel, where would not work, neither should he thou anointedst the pillar, and where eat. For we hear there are some thou vowedst a vow unto me, &c. among you which walk disorderly, And God came to Laban the Syrian working not at all, &c. We com- in a dream by night, and said unto mand, &c. that with quietness they him, Take heed that thou speak not work, and eat their own bread.- to Jacob either good or bad.-Gen. 2 Thess. iii. 10_12.
Xxxi. 11-13. 24. . Withal, they learn to be idle ; Joseph dreamed a dream, and he wandering about from house to house. told it to his brethren, &c. And he -I Tim. v. 13.
dreamed yet another dream, &c. That they which have believed in Gen. xxxvii. 549. xlii. 6. xliii. 26. God, might be careful to maintain 28. xliv. 14. I. 18. good works (or honest trades); these The dreams of the butler and baker things are good and profitable unto of Pharaoh, in the prison; and of men, &c. and let ours also learn to Pharaoh himself, interpreted by Jomaintain good works for profess seph.—Gen. xl. xli. honest trades) for necessary uses, God spake unto Israel in the visions that they be not unfruitful.-Titus of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob, iii. 8. 14.
&c. I am the God of thy father ;
fear not to go down into Egypt, &c. CHAP. LIII.
Gen. xlvi. 1-5.
God called to Moses out of the GOD'S WAY OF DECLARING HIS MIND burning bush.—Exod. iii. OF OLD, BY VOICES, DREAMS, AND
Moses went up unto God : and VISIONS.
the Lord called unto him out of the The Lord spake to Adam, to Cain, mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou Noah, &c.—Gen. ii. 16, 17. iii. 8, &c. say to the house of Jacob, &c. Moses iv. 6, 7. 9-16. vi. 13, &c. vii.1, &c. spake : and God answered him by a ix. xii, 1-3
voice, &c. And the Lord said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, For the vision is yet for an ap&c.—Exod. xix. 3, 4. 9, 10. 19, 20% pointed time : but at the end it shall 22. 24.
speak, and not lie: and though it If there be a prophet among you, tarry, wait for it ; because it will I the Lord will make myself known surely come, it will not tarry.—Hab. to him in a vision.-Numb. xii. 6.
ii. 3. He hath said, which heard the Behold, the angel of the Lord apwords of God; which saw the vision peared unto him in a dream, saying, of the Almighty; falling into a trance, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not but having his eyes open.-Numb. to take unto thee Mary thy wife. xxiv. 4. 16.
Matt. i. 20. The Lord spake to Samuel, by And being warned of God in a voice, or word. Sam. iii. 4. 10. dream, that they should not return 11. 21.
unto Herod, &c.
And when they To Nathan, by vision.—2 Sam. were departed, behold, the angel of vii. 17.
the Lord appeared to Joseph in a The Lord appeared to Solomon in dream, saying, Arise, and take the a dream by night: and God said, Ask young child, &c.—Matt. ii. 13. 19. 22. what I shall give thee.-1 Kings iii. Pilate's wife sent unto him, saying, 5—7. ix. 2.
Have thou nothing to do with that The Lord answered not Saul, just man : for I have suffered many neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor things this day in a dream because by prophets.—1 Sam. xxviii, 6.15. of him.-Matt. xxvii. 19.
God speaketh once, yea, twice ; Saul saw a vision, and heard a yet man perceiveth it not: in a dream, voice, saying unto him, Saul, Saul, in a vision of the night, when deep why persecutest thou me ? &c. A sleep falleth upon men, in slumber- certain disciple at Damascus, named ings upon the bed; then he openeth Ananias : and to him said the Lord the ears of men, and sealeth their in a vision, &c. Arise and go, &c.instruction.-Job xxxiii. 14-16. Acts ix. 1-11. xxii. 6, &c. xxvi.13,&c.
Thou speakest in a vision to thy Cornelius saw in a vision eviHoly Onē, and saidest, I have laid dently about the ninth hour of the help upon one that is mighty.-Ps. day, an angel of God coming in to lxxxix. 19.
him, and saying, Cornelius, thy Nebuchadnezzar's dream, which prayers and thine alms are come up Daniel expounded. ---Dan. ii. iv. for a memorial before God. Peter
Belshazzar's vision of the writing also had a vision; and God spake to against the wall.-Dan. v. 5. 25. him, &c.--Acts x. 3, 4. 9— 15. 28. Daniel's vision of the beast, &c. 30, &c. xi. 5. Dan, vii.
A vision appeared to Paul in the Of the man clothed in linen.- night ; there stood a man of MaceDan. x. 5, &c.
donia, and prayed him, saying, Come Of other things.-Dan. vii. vii. x. over unto Macedonia, and help us ;
I have also spoken by the prophets: and after he had seen the vision, imand I have multiplied visions, and mediately we endeavoured to go : used similitudes, by the ministry of assuredly gathering, that the Lord the prophets.-Hosea xii. 10. had called us for to preach the gospel
I will pour out my Spirit upon all unto them.-Acts xvi. 9, 10. flesh: and your sons and your daugh- Then spake the Lord to Paul in ters shall prophesy; your old men the night, by a vision, Be not afraid, shall dream dreams, your young men but speak, &c. for I am with thee.shall see visions.--Joel ii. 28. Acts Acts xviii. 9. ii. 16, 17:
It is not expedient for me, doubt