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XVIII. In those days there was no king in Israel; and in those

days the tribe of Dan was seeking to take possession of a lot of inheritance for themselves; for even till that day they had not got

possession of the inheritance in the midst of the tribes of Israel. 2 So the children of Dan sent from their communities five men

of valour, from Saraa, and from Esthaol, to view the land and examine it thoroughly, and said to them, Go and examine the

land thoroughly. And they went to mount Ephraim, to the 3 house of Micah. And when they lodged there, at the house of

Micah, they perceived the voice of the young Levite, and tum

ed aside there and said to him, Who brought thee here? and 4. what art thou doing at this place? what business hast thou here?

And he said to them, Thus and thus hath Micah done to me, 5 and hired me, and I am become his priest. Then they said to

him, Inquire, we pray thee, of God, that we may know whether

the journey in which we are engaged will be prosperous. And the 6 priest said to them, Go in peace. This journey of yours which 7 you are going is before the Lord. So the five men proceeded

on and came to Laisa, and saw the people there dwelling securely. Their manner of living was tranquil like that of the Sidonians. There was none to reprove—none in the land to put them to shame for any thing. Possessing wealth they were

spending it luxuriously; and they were at a great distance from 8 the Sidonians, and had no intercourse with any man. So the

five men came to their brethren at Saraa, and Esthaol, and said 9 to them, Why sit ye here? Moreover they said, Arise and let

us go up against them, for we have seen the land, and behold

it is very good, but still you continue quiet. You should not 10 delay any longer to go and take possession of that land. And

when you go, you will come upon a people living in security, though it is a large country; for God hath delivered it into your

hands. It is a place where there is no want of any thing on 11 earth. Then there went up thence, of the communities of

Dan, from Saraa and Esthaol, six hundred men well equipt 12 with all necessaries of war. And in going up they encamp

ed at Kariathiarim in Juda, for which cause that place is

called The Camp of Dan to this day. Behold it is behind Ka13 riathiarim. And from that place they passed through mount 14 Ephraim, and came to the house of Micah. And the five

men who had gone to spy the land of Laisa, addressing their brethren, said, You know that at this house there is an

ephod, and a theraphin, and a graven and a molten image; 15 now consider therefore what you are to do. Upon this they

turned aside, and went to the house of the young Levite, to the 16 house of Micah, and saluted him. While the six hundred Da

nites, who were equipt with implements of war, stood at the

gate of the city, the five men, who had gone to spy the land, 18. went up and entered the house of Micah, while the priest was

standing there, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and 19 the theraphin, and the molten image. And when the priest said

to them, What are you doing? they said to him, Hold thy peace. Put thy hand on thy mouth and come with us, and be to us a father and a priest. Is it better for thee to be the priest of the house of one man, than to be the priest of a tribe, and

of the house of a community of Israel? And the priest's heart 20 was delighted. So he took the ephod, and the theraphin, and

the graven, and the molten image, and went into the midst of 21 the people. And they turned and went away, and sent the chil22 dren, and the cattle, and the heavy baggage before them. And

when they were at a considerable distance from the house of Micah, behold Micah and the men, the families adjacent to

Micah's house, uttered the shout of war and overtook the Dan23 ites. Upon which the sons of Dan turned about and said to

Micah, What is the matter with thee that thou hast raised the 24 shout of war? And Micah said, Because you have taken my

graven image, which I made, and the priest; and have gone

away. What more could have happened to me? Why then do 25 you say to me, Why dost thou shout? And the sons of Dan said

to him, Let not thy voice be heard among us. Should warm

spirited men come to an engagement with us they will endan26 ger thy life, and the life of thy household. Then the sons of

Dan proceeded on in their march. And when Micah saw that 27 they were too strong for him, he returned to his house. So the

sons of Dan took what Micah had made, and the priest who was with him, and went to Laisa, to a people living at ease,

and in a state of security, and smote them with the edge of the 28 sword, and burned the city with fire. There was none to deliver

them, for they were far from the Sidonians, and had no inter

course with any man. It is situate in the valley of the house of 29 Raab. And they rebuilt the city, and dwelt therein, and called the

name of the city Dan after the name of their father Dan who

was born to Israel. Now the name of that city formerly was 30 Oulamais. And the children of Dan set up for themselves the

graven image, and Jonathan, a Gersonite, son of Manasses, he

and his sons were priests to the tribe of the Danites, even to 31 the day of the capture of the Ark. They indeed set up for

themselves the graven image which Micah made, all the time the house of God was at Selom.

The war with the tribe of Benjamin. XIX. In those days when there was no king in Israel, there was a

certain Levite who dwelt on the side of mount Ephraim, and 2 he took him a concubine from Bethlehem Juda, and she went 3 away from him to her father's house at Bethlehem Juda. And

when she had been there four months, her husband arose and went after her, with an intent to speak affectionately to her, and bring her back to him. And he had a young man with him, and a couple of asses. And when she introduced him to

her father's house, and the young woman's father saw him, he 4 was rejoiced to meet him. And his father in law, the young

woman's father, detained him, and he abode with him three 5 days, and they eat, and drank, and lodged there. And on the

fourth day, when they arose early in the morning, and he got up to depart, the father of the young woman said to his son in law, Comfort thy heart with a morsel of bread, and after that you shall go. So they two sat down, and eat and drank together, and the father of the young woman said to the man,

Come I pray thee, stay all night and let thy heart be merry. 7 And when the man arose to depart, his father in law pressed 8 him; so he sat down, and staid there that night. And he

arose early in the morning of the fifth day with a view to depart;

but the father of the young woman said, Comfort thy heart, I 9

pray thee; and then travel on till the close of the day. And when they two had eaten, and the man arose to depart, with his concubine and his servant, his father in law--the young woman's father said to him, Behold the day is spent till near af. ternoon, lodge here to night, and let thy heart be merry, and set out on your journey early in the morning, and thou wilt reach


10 thy home. But the man would not consent to stay all night,

but arose and departed, and came over against Jebus that is Je11 rusalem. Now he had with him a couple of așses, saddled, for

himself and his concubine. And when they came to Jebus the day was far spent, so the servant said to his master, Come, I

pray thee, and let us turn in to this city of the Jebusites, and 12 lodge there; But his master said, We will not turn aside to a

strange city, in which there is none of the children of Israel, but 13 go on to Gabaa. Then he said to his servant, Come let us draw

near to one of those places, that we may lodge either in Gabaa, 14 or in Rama. So they passed on, and proceeded in their jour

ney, and the sun set upon them when they were near Gabaa, 15 which is in Benjamin. Whereupon they turned aside thither,

to go and lodge in Gabaa, and they went in, and sat down in

the street of the city; but there was not a man who invited them 16 to lodge at his house. And behold there came an old man from

his work, out of the field, late in the evening. Now the man

was from mount Ephraim, and sojourned at Gabaa, but the 17 men of the place were Benjaminites. And when he raised his

eyes, and saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city, the

old man said, Whither art thou going, and whence comest 18 thou? And he said to him, We are on our way from Bethle

hem of Juda to the side of mount Ephraim. I am of that place.

I went to Bethlehem Juda, and am on my way home, but there 19 is not a man who inviteth me to his house. I have indeed straw

and provender for our asses, and bread and wine for myself

and the handmaid, and the young man with thy servants, 20 There is no want of any thing. Thereupon the old man said,

Peace be to thee. But let all thy wants be upon me. But thou must not lodge in the street. So he took him to his house, and

provided a place for the asses. And when they had washed 22 their feet, they ate and drank. But while they were cheering

their hearts, behold the men of the city —sons of transgressors, surrounded the house, and knocked at the door, and spake to the man, the master of the house, the old man, saying, Bring

out the man who came to thy house that we may know him. 23 Upon this the man, the master of the house, went out to them

and said, Do not, my brethren; do not, I pray you, the man an injury after his entering my house. You must not commit such 24 folly. Behold here is my daughter, a virgin, and his concubine;


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I will bring them out, and you may humble them and do to

them what scemeth good in your eyes, but to the man you 25 must not do such an act of folly. But the men would not heark.

en to him. Then the man took his concubine, and brought her out to them, and they knew her, and abused her the whole

night till the morning. And soon as the day began to dawn 26 they let her go. And the woman went at the dawn of day and

threw herself down at the door of the house where her husband 27 was, until it should be light. And when her husband arose in

the morning, and opened the doors of the house, and went out with a design to proceed on in his journey, behold the woman,

his concubine, was lying at the doors of the house with her 28 hands on the threshold. And he said to her, Arise and let us

depart. But she made no answer; for she was dead. So he took

her up, upon the ass, and went to his place, and took a knife, 29 and laid hold on his concubine, and divided her into twelve 30 pieces, and sent them through all the borders of Israel. Where

upon every one who saw them said, There never was such a thing done or seen from the day the children of Israel came out

of Egypt to this day. Appoint for yourselves a counsel over XX. her and speak. So all the children of Israel set out, and

the congregation assembled as one man from Dan to Bersabee,

and from the land of Galaad, before the Lord at Massepha. 2 And when all the tribes of Israel were drawn up before the

Lord in the congregation of the people of God, there were four 3 hundred thousand footmen who drew the sword. Now the

children of Benjamin heard that the Israelites were gone up to

Massepha. Then the children of Israel who had come together 4 said, Speak. Where was this wickedness done. Whereupon

the man, the Levite, the husband of the woman who was slain,

answered and said, I came to Gabaa of Benjamin, I and my 5 concubine, to lodge. And the men of Gabaa rose upon me,

and beset me and the house by night. Me they would have 6 killed, and my concubine they forced so that she died. Upon

which I took my concubine, and divided her in pieces and sent 7 them through all the borders of the inheritance of the children of

Israel. Since they have occasioned a ferment and destruction in Israel, behold you are all Israelites; Advise and consult here for

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