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“ strife is, there is confusion, and every evil work. But the wilv dom that is from above, is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, " and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without

partiality, and without hypocrisy. And the fruit of righteousness « is sown in peace of them that make peace. From whence « come wars and fightings (or brawlings) amongst you ? come

they not hence, even of your lusts which war in your « members ?"

Schism excludes from the kingdom of heaven. Gal. v. 20, 21. « They that do such things, shall not inherit the kingdom of « heaven." It is to be rewarded with the fire of judgment. John xv. 4.

" He that abideth not in the vine, is cast forth as “ a branch, and is burned." Heb. x. 25. “ Not forsaking the « assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is.” St. Augustin, Serm. 11. on Matth. xii. 32. makes it the sin against the Holy Ghost. Schismatics are to be considered as exotics. Matth. xv. 13. “Every plant that my heavenly Father “ hath not planted, shall be rooted up." They are withered branches. John xv. 6. False brethren. 2 Cor. ii. 26. « False “ brethren unawares brought in." Gal. ii. 4. Matth. vii. 15. “ Beware of false prophets, that come to you in sheep's clothing, « but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye Thall know them “ by their fruits.” Acts xx. 29.

« Grievous wolves enter in, not “ sparing the Aock.” Matth. xxiv. 11. “ Many false prophets « shall arise, and shall deceive many." 1 John iii. 14. “ He a that loveth not, abideth in death. Whosoever hateth his bro« ther, is a murderer ; and ye know that no murderer hath s eternal life-abiding in him." 1 Tim. vi. 3. “ If any man “ teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome words, even to “ the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and the doctrine which is « according unto godliness, he is proud, knowing nothing, but “ doating about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh

envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, perverse disputings (or, “ gallings one of another) of men of corrupt minds, and destitute “ of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness : from such with“ draw thyself.” Tit. i. 10. “ Many unruly and vain talkers and “ deceivers." 1 John v. 14. “ This is the confidence we have in “ him, that if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth “ us.-Woe unto that man by whom the offence cometh.” Mark

“ It were hetter that a milftone were hanged about his “ neck, &c." Phil. iv. 21. “Salute every saint in Christ Jesus;

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ix. 42.

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** in his body the church.". Tit. iii. 15. “ Greet them that love

us in the faith.” Heb. xiii. 24. “ Salute all them that have " the rule over you, and all the saints."

1 Pet. v. 14.

« Greet ye one another with a kiss of CHARITY. Peace be with " you all that are in Christ Jesus." As to those who are not in Christ Jesus, we are bound not to falute thein. 2 John 10. “ Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of « Christ, hath not God-If there come any unto you, and bring “ not this doctrine, receive him not into your houses, neither bid “ him God speed.” Communion with them is forbidden, Gal. v. 12. “I would they were even cut off that trouble yoll,

axolasz !? Isvies , who disturb, raise factions, overturn, destroy.” 2 Theft

. ii. 6. “ Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our « Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every “ BROTHER that walketh diforderly, (zaxlws, breaking his “ rank) and not after the TRADITION that he received from

V. 14. ir And if any man obey not our word by this " epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that

may be ashamed ; yet count him not an enemy, but admonish “ him as a brother.” 2 Pet. iii. 17. “ Ye therefore, belovedi, see“ ing ye know these things before, beware left ye also being led

away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfast"ness. But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord " and Saviour Jesus Christ." Rom. xvi. 17.." Now I beseech “ you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences " contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned, and avoid them. “ For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but " their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive " the hearts of the simple. For your' obedience is come abroad « unto all men." Tit. iii. 10. “ A man that is an heretic after " the first and second admonition, reject ; knowing that he that " is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself:

egesparlan, he is turned out of the way.” Such are to be classed with heathens and publicans. Matth. xviii. 17. “ If he hear not « the CHURCH, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a " publican.” Luke xi. 23. “ He that is not with me, is against " me; and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.” Communion was forbidden with Korah. Numb. xvi. 26. “ Depart, I

pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch no- " thing of theirs, left ye be consumed in all their fins.” All that VOL. II.

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eat of the facrifices of such are abominable. Hor. ix. 4. iš Spoken of the schismatical ten tribes and their offerings. 1 Cor. i. 10. “ I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus “ Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no “ divisions (Gr. SCHISMS) among you.” Eph. iv. 2. “ For" bearing one another in love ; endeavouring to keep the unity of “ the Spirit in the bond of peace.”

Instances of Schismatics, &c. punished.

Satan first broke the unity in heaven, and was cast down to hell. Hatred is opposite to love. Cain, being of that wicked one, fell into envy, and flew his brother, in a quarrel which was altogether of a religious kind. He went out from the presence of God, i.e. from the church, as it then was, a fugitive, and a vagabond in the earth ; and built a city, in a state of feparation from that part of his family in which the church was continued in the line of Seth. The schism of Cain was continued till the flood came, and destroyed them all. Corruption became general, through the interinixture of the meinbers of the church with the posterity of Cain, the people of the schism. The crime of Korah and his company was wholly that of schism: they funk into the pit. Jeroboam and the ten tribes, who set up the calves against the one altar at Jerufalem, to secure their new government, were destroyed and extirpated for ever. The man of God (1 Kings xiii. 8, 9.) who was fent thither, was neither to eat nor drink at Bethel, the conventicle of the calf; but he did, and was slain for it (ver. 22.) It cannot be, that spiritual things should be common with the church and fchifm, when the cominunion even of carthly things was fo strictly prohibited. The people of the Samaritan schifın, who separated from the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, were numbered with the Heathens. Matth. x. 5. “Go not into the way of the Gen“ tiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not." 2 Chron. xxvi. 21. Uzziah, though king, for intruding into the priest's office, was struck with a leprosy, and cut off from the house of the Lord.

Images describing Schism and its consequences. Col. ii. 19. The church is a body, holding with “ the heat, “ from which the whole, by means of joints and bands, having & nourishment ministred, and knit together, increaseth with the « increase of God." The Spirit is from the head to all the mema bers; so that if any member is feparated from the body, it must lose the life of the body.

2. When a bough is separated from a tree, it no longer par. takes of the life from the root. When it is cut off, it is foon withered ; and when it is withered, its end is to be burned.

3. A ray of light fhines by its communication with the fun : when it is cut off from that communication with the fource of light, it shines no longer.

4. It is the fame with a stream of water, which is foon dried up, when it communicates no longer with its fountain.

s. To be joined to any but the bridegroom of the church, is the fin of spiritual adultery; by which the members of Christ are made the members of an barlot. The chalte dove has but one mate: One family are in one house.

6. The ark of Noah was a figure of the church: there can be therefore no salvation out of the church, because there could be none out of the ark.

7. The seamless coat of Christ is not to be divided. 1 Kings xi. 30, 31. The prophet divides his coat, to signify the schism that thould be among the tribes. Christ's coat was providentially not divided, to signify the unity that ought to be preserved in his church. We are to put on Christ entire ; if the garment is torn, it must betray our nakedness.

8. Rahab was ordered to gather all her friends into her house, that they might be saved : if any were found out of it, they were to perish. Josh. ii. 18.

9. The Paschal Lamb was to be eaten in one house: none of iz was to be cast out.

10. The old Jerusalem was a pattern of the new : there was one temple, and ope altar; all the reft of the world were without.

II. The church of Christ is a fold of theep, under the protedion of the shepherd: if the sheep (trays, it is in the way of the wolf.

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Texts for Love and Unity, respecting the Church. Epher. iv. 4; 5“ There is one body, one spirit, one baptism." Christ and the Father are one-these three are one-Christians ars to be one 'as they are. Psal. Ixviii: 7. God maketh men to be of one mind in a house, In domo Dei, in ecclefia Christi, unanimes habitant, concordes et fimplices perfeverant. Matth. xviii. 19. “ If two “ of you shall AGREE touching any thing that they shall alk, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven. For “ where two or three are gathered toge: her in my name, there am " I in the midst of them.” But how can he agree with any one, who is at variance with the body of the church, and with the whole fraternity ? Christ was with the three in the furnace, who praised him with one heart, and one voice. He was with two Apostles in prison, and brought them out. Matth. v. 23. “ When you stand “ praying, forgive, if you have any thing against any one, that your heavenly Father may forgive you." So again."offer

your gift till you are first reconciled to your brother"-much more to the church itself. Peace was the legacy which Christ left to his church love one another."." See that ye “ fall not out by the way.”—“. Though we have all faith, yet “ without love we are nothing."-" He that abideth in love, « abideth in God, and God in him ;” and we have no vifble way of abiding in God, but by abiding with the church, with which he is present" Lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the “ world.” The working of miracles would avail nothing, without love keeping the commandments. « All the law and the “ prophets are fulfilled in this, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, “ and thy neighbour as thyself.” Aas iv. 32. “The company of " those that believed were of one heart, and of one mind." So when the Spirit descended, “ they were all with one accord in “ one place.” They were ordered to remain together in Jerusalem, where the visible church was, till they were endued with power from on high. John xvii. 20. Christ prayeth for all those that ihall believe-that they may be one--that the world might thence believe that God had sent him-putting the proof of his million, and the testimony of his religion, on the unity of his dis. ciples. How great, then, must be the offence of exposing his religion to the contempt and disbelief of the world, by making divifions in his church !

Schism in the spiritual body of the church, is a greater scandal than a corruption in manners ; as in the natural body, a wound, or solution of continuity, is worse than a corrupt humour. Bacon's Sentences,

V, III. p. 295

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