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mar in such a perspicuous and familiar Way, as mey rather incite, than discourage the Curiosity of such who would have a clear Notion of what they speak or write. And berein I have bad a Regard to three Things: In the first Place I was desirous to do what in me lay, to excite Persons to the Study of their Mother Tongue. Secondly, To give such a plain and rational

Account of Grammar, as might render it easy and delightful to our English Youth, who have for a long Time esteemed the Study of this useful Art very irksome, obscure and difficult : And this their wrong and hard Notion seems to have proceeded, partly from the unpleasing and disadvantageous Manner it has been delivered to them in, and partly through the Want of having every Thing explained and cleared up to their UnderStanding as they go along: Not to mention the Teaching them Grammar in Latin, before they have learned any thing of it in English, And every Body must readily grant that the Way to coine to a true and clear Knowledge of any Art, is to explain Things unknown, by Things that are known. And I dare be bold to say, that if the Grammar of our own Tongue was first Taught in our Schools, our Youth would in a far less Time, than they now commonly do, attain to an Understanding of the Latin Tongue, and also be better prepared for the Study of Things. My third Aim that I had in the writing this Treatise was, to oblige the Fair Sex, whose Education, perhaps, is too much neglected in this


Particular: But I fall give you my Thoughts
of this Matter, by transcribing part of a Let-
ter which I wrote fome Time ago to the Inge-
nious Author of the TATLER upon this Head.
-“But among all the various Subjects,
" of which you have fo excellently treated,
66 there is none that is of that Importance
" to the Publick, as the Education of Chil-
6 dren: For what can be a greater or more
“ noble Design than the Building up of a
6 Man? Or rather of making Mankind

more happy? This, Sir, is what you are
“ going to do, since by the Improvement
" of the Female Sex, you will of course add
" to the Happiness, Pleasure, and Advantage
« of the Male. And I have often with con-
* cern reflected on the Negligence, not to
* fay Ingratitude of our Sex, who seem so
generally careless in Cultivating and Adorn-

ing the Minds of those Beautiful Crea-

tures, that are the Delight and Ornament
“ of Mankind. Nay, what can be greater
* Injustice than for a Father to find Fault
* with the Weakness and Ignorance of Wo-
“ men, and yet neglect to cure the Weak-
56 ness, or instruct the Ignorance of his own
4. Daughter. There can be no just Excuse
s made for so great a Piece of Neglect in

the Education of the Fair Sex: And all
4 that can be said is, that it is the Custom,
« and we know not what Measures to take
" to put Things upon a better Foot : « But

" this

A 4

“ this, Sir, is what we hope and expect “ from you, &c." I have therefore endeavoured to render every Thing easy and familiar to them, by explaining every Word that might hinder their learning these Matters with Pleasure.

I have in this Book taken in every Thing that was material from Dr. Wallis, but be writing for Foreigners, and in Latin, I have not pursued bis Method; as not being every where anfwerable to my Design.

I pretend not to call this a Compleat Grammar, no such Thing being to be expected from eny-one Person, but an ESSA Y, in which I kare, to the best of my Abilities, consulted the Genius of our Language.

I must bere confess, that I have been very much obliged in the following Papers to Bishop WILKINS's Real Character, Dr. WALLIS, Dr. Hickes's Saxon Grammar; and I must also take notice, that in two or three Places I bave made use of Mr. Lock's Expressions, because I liked them

better than my own. As I am very much obliged to several Eminent and Learned Gentlemen, who have bonour'd this Work with their Approbation : So I am in a particular Manner to return Thanks to the Reverend and Learned Dr. SAMUEL CLARK, Rector of St. James's, who did me the Honour to make Corrections to the whole Work: As also to the Reverend and Learned Dr. Daniel WATERLAND, who has done me the like He. nour : My Thanks are due likewise to my Learned

Friend Mr. John Dennis, for his Esay towards an English PROSODY: I should be unjust to Mr. Andrew Read, and Mr. JONES, if I did not own the Favour of the judicious Remarks, they were pleased to communicate.

The Places marked with an Asterism or Star, are what are most necessary to be learned at the first going over : But what is to be learned, and what passed by, the discretion of the Teacher will best determine.

If any Gentleman will be pleased to make any Amendments or Additions to This, they shall be gratefully acknowledged and inserted in their proper Place, by

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