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Thomas Overbury poisoned in the Tower, Sir Walter Raleigh is executed for high treason, at the instigation of the Spanish Ambassador. George Villiers, Earl of Buckingham, the King's favorite, rules at court, 1618.
Charles, Prince of Wales, with the Marquis of Buckingham, embarks for Spain, to court the Infanta; but the match is broke off, to the great joy of the English nation, 1623.
James I. was born at Edinburgh, and buried in Westminster
CHARLES 1. marries Henrietta, daughter of Henry IV. of France. Buckingham continues a favourite. Coaches used in London by the Gentry. The Duke of Buckingham is stabbed by Felton, a discontented Lieutenant, 1628.
The King quarrels with the Commons, by acting arbitrarily, and refusing to redress grievances : he imprisons nine Commoners, 1629.
Old Parr was presented to the King, being 152 years of age, 1635.
The King attempts to force a liturgy upon the Scots; it produces insurrections. The Scots throw off their allegiance, and enter into a covenant or association against the Government, „1638. Aster many attempts made to appease them, the Scots resolve upon war, make Lesley their general, seize Edinburgh, the regalia, the King's magazines, &c. On the petition of the Scots, a pacification takes place; the King disbands his army; the Scots neither disband theirs, nor observe any other article of the treaty. The proceedings of the malecontents are approved and confirmed by the parliament of Scotland: they are encouraged by many leading people in London, 1639. The war is renewed ; the Scots enter England; the Commons keep them
in pay; the English and Scotch armies both dissbanded. The Irish rebellion and massacre. The Commons vote to put the kingdom in a posture of defence; they seize on the King's treasures, forts, fleets, and magazines; they muster the city militia, and raise an army: the two parties meet at Edge-hill, and engage : both claim the victory, 1612. The King gains an advantage over the enemy at Newbury, 16-13. The King's troops defeated at Marston Moor.
Oliver CROMWELL is made Lieutenant-general of the parliament's troops. The King is totally defeated at Naseby: He puts himself into the power of the Scotch army. The Scots deliver him up to the parliament. The army get bim into their power. He escapes into the Isle of Wight. Hammond, the Governor, betrays him to the parliament, 1647. The Commons resolve to try the King, and appoint a court for that purpose, who sentence him to death, 1649.
Charles I. was born at Dumfermline, iņ 1600, bebeaded January 30th, and buried at Windsor.
CHARLES II. became King of England upon the death of his father ; but he enjoyed only the title, until the year 1660. Monarchy abolished by the Commons. Cromwell made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland: he takes Drogheda by storm, puts the whole garrison, 3000 men to thesword, and massacres every man, woman, and child of the Irish in the town. King Charles
les goes to Scotlan
to Scotland. Cromwell is made Captain-general, and defeats the Scots at Dunbar. King Charles enters England with an army; Cromwell follows him, overtakes him at Worcester, and totally defeats him. The parliament quarrels with the Dutch, and Admiral Blake beats the Dutch feet under Dewitt, Van Trump totally defeats
tector, 1668. Desborough, with a strong party,
and disperses Blake's feet, 1652. Blake obtains a great victory over Van Trump. He engages the English fleet commanded by Monk ; the fight lasts two days; the English are victorious. Monk and Blake totally defeat Van Trump, who is killed in the action. Cromwell is named Protector, 1653. Jamaica taken by the English, 1655. Cromwell dies. Richard, his son, is proclaimed Lord Prodemands of him to dissolve the parliament, whịch he does, and the officers of the army seize the Governinent: they send to General Monk in Scotland inviting him to join with them; he marches into England, comes to London, receives a letter from King Charles, which he answers favourably. The King returns, enters London, May 29th, 1660.
The Royal Society established. The King marries Catharine, the Infanta of Portugal, 1662. A great plague in London, of which died nearly 70,000 persons. The Dutch and English fleets fight for four days ; neither party has any advantage. They engage again; the English obtain the yictory. A fire breaks out in London, which destroys 13,200 dwelling houses, besides churches, public buildings, &c. in all 400 streets, 1666. The King formed a secret alliance with France. His cabinet council was called the Cabal, from the first letters of the peers' names that composed it, viz. Clifford, Arlington, Buckingham, Ashley, Lauderdale.
John Milton died, aged 67, 1674. The statue at Charing Cross erected. Titus Oates informs of the Popish plot, charges the Queen with being concerned, 1678. Dangerfield examined concerning the meal-tub plot, 1679. Information concerning a popish plot, in Ireland, 1680. The King takes away the charter of the city of London. The
Rye-house plot. Lord Russel beheaded. Algernon Sidney beheaded for writing a treasonous libel, though without publishing it.
Charles II. died at Whitehall, and was buriedka in Westminster Abbey, 1685.
JAMES II. brother and heir to Charles II. is proclaimed King; goes publicly to mass two days after. Titus Oates convicted of perjury, and sentenced to be fined, pilloried, and imprisoned for life. The Duke of Monmouth proclaimed King at Taunton Dean, defeated at Sedgemore, taken and beheaded. Great cruelties exercised by chief Justice Jefferies and General Kirk on Monmouth's adherents in the West.
Seven bishops sent to the Tower for not countenancing the King's measures in favour of popery; they are tried in the king's bench, and acquitted. Several English Noblemen and Gentlemen go over to the Prince of Orange, who sails from Holland, and lands at Torbay. King James is deserted by all his friends. The Prince of Orange comes to Windsor, orders the King from Whitehall, who goes to Rochester, under a Dutch guard, and sails for France, 1688.
The parliament vote that King James has abdicated the Government. They therefore choose the Prince and Princess of Orange, King and Queen of England.
HOUSE OF ORANGE.
WILLIAM III. and MARY proclaimed King and Queen. The Bill of Rights passed. King James, with a body of French, lands in Ireland ; besieges Londonderry. King William defeats him on the banks of the Boyne in Ireland, enters Dublin, besieges Limerick, but is vigorously repulsed, and forced to raise the Siege, 1690. The battle of Aughrim is fought in Ireland, where the Irish are defeated, and their French General, St. Ruth, killed. Limerick is again besieged, and surrenders on articles of capitulation, - 1691.
The English and Dutch fleets under Admiral Russel defeat the French fleet under Tourville, and destroy at La Hogue and other places, twenty-one of their largest men of war; the English lost not one ship, 1692,
Macdonald and a great many Highlanders massacred in cold blood, by the English troops, at Glencoe, in Scotland. The French fleet 'under Tourville defeats the English under Admiral Rooke. Twelve English and Dutch men of war, and above eighty merchantmen, taken and destroyed by the French, : 1693. A conspiracy discovered, called the Assassination plot. Eddistone light-house, near Plymouth, was begun by the corporation of the Trinity-house. The second treaty of partition ; in violation of which the court of France declares the Duke of Anjou, King of Spain, 1700. The Elector of Brandenburgh crowned King of Prussia. The succession to the crown of England settled, in case of King William's demise, upon the Princess Aune of Denmark, afterwards Queen Anne. The