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Duchess of Savoy, daughter to the Princess leririetta, who was daughter of King Charles I. protests against this settlement. James II. dies in France. The French King proclaims his son King of England, by the name of James IJI.
King William was thrown from his horse, and broke his collar bone : he dies, aged fifty-two, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, 1702.
ANNE, daughter of James II. is proclaimed Queen. The Earl of Marlborough made Captaingeneral. The Queen declares war against France and Spain. Five captains of Benbow's squadron tried for cowardice at Port Royal. Sir George Rooke, with the English and Dutch fleets, attacks the French fleets and the Spanish galleons in the port of Vigo, in Spain; takes four galleons and five large men of war. The Dutch take five galleons and one man of war. Six other galleons and fourteen men of war were destroyed. Sir Cloudesley Shovel was left to destroy the ships that could not be got off; he brought away with him 110 brass cannon, and followed the grand fleet, a few days after. Captain Leake destroyed the French settleiments in Newfoundland, took twenty-nine sail of the enemy, and burned twenty-two.
The Duke of Marlborough is ordered from Flanders into Germany: he joins Prince Lewis of Baden, and defeats the Bavarians at Schellenberg. Gibraltar taken in three days, chiefly by the seamen of the fleet. This assault is counted one of the boldest and most difficult that ever was made. The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene engaged the French and Bavarians, under the Elector of Bavaria, Marshal Tallard, and Marshal Marsin, near Blenheim, and obtained a complete victory. Marshal Tallard, and above
13,000 French and Bavarians were taken prisoners, and near 20,000 killed, wounded, and drowned in the Danube. The allies took also above 100 pieces of cannon, 24 mortars, 129 colours, 171 standards, 17 pair of kettle-drums, 3000 tents, with their treasure, baggage, and ammunition : the colours and standards taken at this battle, were put up in Westminster Hall. The Duke of Marlborough returns to Flanders, defeats the French at Tirlemont. He is created a Prince of the German empire, 1705.
He gains a complete victory over the Elector of Bavaria and Marshal Villeroy at Ramillies. The Marquis das Minas and the Earl of Galway take possession of Madrid, and proclaim Charles III. King of Spain, 1706.
The Union of Scotland and England finally settled. Prince George of Denmark, the Queen's husband, is made Lord High Admiral of Creat Britain. Admiral Sir Cloudesly Shovel returning from the Mediterranean, is shipwrecked on the rocks of Scilly. The first parlianient of Great Britain meets. The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene attack the Duke of Vendome, who was besieging Oudenarde, and totally defeat him. The town of Lisle surrenders to the confederatës, 1708. The Allies take Tournay. The Duke of Marlboroughand Prince Eugene defeat the Marshals Villars and Boufflers, near Malplaquet. The Queen changes her ministry. General Stanhope, with the British troops in Spain, taken prisoners of war,1710.
The Duchess of Marlborough surrenders all her places. Mr. Harley is made Earl of Oxford, and Lord High Treasurer of Great Britain. King Charles III. of Spain is elected Emperor of Germany. The Duke of Marlborough turned out of all his places, 1711.
Robert Walpole, Esq. committed to the Tower for bribery. Negociations for peace at Utrecht. The Duke of Ormond sent to command in Flanders, in the room of the Duke of Marlborough. King Philip of Spain renounces his title to the crown of France, 1712. Mr. Steele expelled the House of Commons for being the author of a paper called, The Englishman, and a pamphlet entitled, The Crisis. A proclamation was issued, with a reward of £5000, for apprehending the Pretender.
Queen Anne died August 1st, 1714, and was buried at Westminster.
HOUSE OF BRUNSWICK.
GEORGE I. Duke of Brunswick Lunenburgh, and Elector of Hanover, succeeded Queen Anne. Lord Bolingbroke withdraws to France. Mr. Steele -made governor of the play-house, and knighted. The Earl of Mar assembles forces in Scotland, and proclaims the Pretender by the name of James VIII. The rebels are joined by some English. Mr. Forster, their General, enters Preston, in Lancashire. They are obliged to surrender. The Pretender lands in Scotland. Lords Derwentwater and Kenmure beheaded for taking part in the rebellion. The Pretender returns to France. A proclamation issued, prohibiting all trade to the East Indies, but by the India Company, 1716. 7- The Pretender was received at Madrid, as King of Great Britain. A squadron under the Duke of Orinond sailed from Cadiz, in Spain, to invade
England, but was dispersed by a storm, and disabled from proceeding. The French, then in alliance with the English, invaded Spain by land, and under the command of the famous James Fitzjames, Duke of Berwick, natural son to James li. they took Fontarabia, St. Sebastian, and St. Antonio, and reduced the province of Guipuscoa. The Scotch rebels, with the Spanish troops sent to assist them, were defeated in Scotland, by the King's forces, 1719. Sogth Sea stock rises to 400 per cent, in May to 550, iņ June 890, in July, nearly 1000, in August it fell below 800, in September to 400, and then 150; by which traffic, vast numbers of families were totally ruined, 1720 Parliament takes it into consideration. They pass an act for disabling the Governors, Directors, kes of the company from leaving the Kingdom for one year, and from removing or alienating their estates and effects. The Commons expel several of their members for being concerned in the scheme, and confiscate the estates of the Director's, &c. for the use of the sufferers.
The Duke of Marlborough died. A plot against the King's life discovered. The bishop of Rochester committed to the Tower. Christopher Layer convicted of high treason. The Earl of Macclesfield, lord chancellor, is displaced for corruption, and impeached. He is fined £39,000" Jonathan Wild executed. The Spaniards besiege Gibraltar. King George embarks at Greenwich
for Hanover, hut dies at Osnaburgh, on his road thither, and was buried at Hanover, 1727. GEORGE II. was proclaimed King on
King on the death of his father. Five Kings of the
of the Cherokee Indians were brought over to England from Carolina, 1730.
Captain Proteus fired upon the mob in Edinburgh, at an execution, without orders from the magistrates.
at Dundee and Edinburgh; his army defeats Sir
Twenty people were killed and wounded. He and several of his guard were committed to prison. The Prince of Wales married to the Princess of Saše Gotha. Captain Protetis found guilty of murder, but reprieved. The mob broke open his prison, dragged bim out, and hanged him upon a signpost, 1736. 'An act of parliament passed to imprison the provost, and fine the city of Edinburgh. The King falls out with the Prince of Wales, and forbids him the court. Queen Caroline died, 1737. War declared against Spain. A severe frost, commonly called the hard frost, began at Christmas, 1739, Admiral Vernon took Porto-Bello, in South America, from the Spaniards, 1740. King George, with the British and Hanoverian
under his command, defeats the French at Dettingen. A fire happened at Crediton, in Devopshire, which consumed 1000 houses, 1743. France declared War against England. Admiral Anson took the Acapulca ship, and treasure in the whole amounting to £1,500,000, 1743. The Pretender's son lapds in Scotland, is proclaimed John Cope and the English troops at Preston Pans. The rebels enter Carlisle, Manchester, and Derby, from which last town they turn northward, the Duke of Cumberland pursuing them, 1745.
The rebels defeat General Hawley, at Falkirk ; on the Duke's approach they raise the Siege of Stirling, and Ay northward; he overtakes them near Calloden, and totally defeats them; the young Pretender escapes from Scotland to France, 1746.
A dreadful fire happened' at Port Royal, in Jamaica, which burned down near half the town,
Hostilities begin between the English and French in North America and the East Indies. The