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Ut in vitâ, fic in ftudiis, pulcherrimum 3 humaniffimum exiftimo, serveritatem comitatemque mifcere, ne illa in triftitiam, hæc in petulantiam procedat.

Plin. Epist.

“ As in a man's life, so in his literary pursuits, I think it the most beautiful and humane thing in the world

so to mingle gravity with pleasantry, that the one may not Sink into melancholy, nor the other rise up in wantonness."



WHE ceremony of introducing himself to the

public is, perhaps, the most disagreeable circumstance a periodical writer has to encounter. Contrary to the established rule of the poets, who invariably commence their labours with invoking the muse, it is necessary he should avoid the footsteps of his predecessors in every thing but an endeavour to render his lucubrations useful as well as amusing.

In compliance with this rule, I Mall decline troubling the reader, with any account of my person, name, or family, the planet I was born under, or the feats I performed at School. All these minutix, though vastly entertaining to some readers, I shall reserve for a very learned work to be published in the one hundred and fiftieth year of my age, at which time my very good friend, Dr. GRAHAM, allures me, I shall enjoy a perfeet state of health, full-toned juvenile virility, together with that brilliancy of imagination, and serenity of mind, so essential to one of my occupation : provided I follow the mode of living prescribed to me, and indeed to all the world,

by the said Do&tor, which, it may well be sepposed, I have faithfully promised to do.

It is more immediately necessary that the reader should be informed of the nature and tendency of the publication offered to his perusal, than of any personal particulars respecting such as may be concerned in its production.

INFORMATION, instruction, or at least innocent amusement, must always be expected from those who, whatever be their motives, step forth the candidates for public favour. It has been the singular felicity of some writers, by the strength of their genius, and the soundness of their judgment, to produce works in which these feveral excellencies have been united; and I know not of any species of composition that more happily admits of their union, than those detached essays which are presented to the public as literary amusements, but from which may be derived all the advantages generally supposed peculiar to more voluminous productions,

IN support of this observation, it seems unnecessary to mention the SPECTATOR as the most convincing proof of its propricty. To that paper, and to the several others which have been published on the same plan, every English reader will cheerfully acknowledge himself indebted for instruction conducive to liis real happiness, for information contributing to his real in'crest, and for hours of amusement recolleaed with pleasure.

most insensible

And who fo fit to entertain the mind,
As he who piąures morals and mankind ?


In one part

who are now obliged to renounce that kind of improvement, left their morals should be tainted, their passions inflamed, their delicacy destroyed.

Who, therefore, secks in these
True wisdorn, finds her not, or by delusion
Far worse, her false resemblance only meets,

MILTON. The endeavour, therefore, to restore this bud of amusement to the garden of literature, cannot be decried an unworthy task, and, it is hoped, will meet with the candour and protection of a generous and an enlightened public: whether it will be so conducted as to merit that candour and protection, the New SPECTATOR must leave to the determination of his readers. of his conduct, at least, the New SPECTATOR will endeavour to deserve commendation: though the pleasure of his readers may not be augmented, their innocence will not be diminished; though he should be too weak to add stability to virtue, lic will not be wcak enough to give colour to vice. Vilius ei argentum auro, viriutibus aurum.

Silver to gold we own shail yield the prize,
And gold to virtue.

FRANCIS. With this determination he commences his labors, and, relying on the protection and assistance of the virtuous, he will cheerfully proceed in their service, and deem their approbation his greatest reward.

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The immediate object of publications of this kind is, in

a familiar

to lash vice, however dignificd; to expose folly, whatever , forms she may assume ; and to recommend those graces and virtues which have the honour to be universally praised, and the misfortune to be very little practised.

This was the grand object of thie former SPECTATOR ; and it reflects great honour on the constellation of geniuses which prediced it, to record, that its influence was such as to correct vice and folly in the bud, and to stop the progress of manners obnoxious to virtue. When a fashionable lady, by a fantastic appearance, had rendered herself publicly ridiculous, the SreCTATOR of those days, by exposing her folly, prevented imitation, and generally reflored the pretty flutterer to realon and herself.

But these are honours which the New SPECTATOR can never hope to share, and which ADDISON himself would now find it difficult to acquire. Since his time, this country has abounded in writers, whose chief aim, instead of strengthening, has been to undermine virtue, to patronise hypocrisy, to render piety ridiculous, and, in effect, to fubftitutc external grinace for moral rectitude.

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And grace and virtue, sense and reason fplit,
With all the ralh dexterity of wit!


As in a work of this nature variety of entertainment is naturally expected, and as almost every species af public amusement now forms -an object of criticism; I found it necessary to depute some trusty Spectator of those affairs, who will make a just report of his observations, and give his sentiments frecly, without respect to perfons of either sex, or of any denomination, whilst I attend to the more serious objects of this publication.

LUCKILY, for me, I have long been intimately acquainted with a man on whofe judgment I can rely, and whose integrity is inflexıble. Join Bullis, to be sure, as honest a creature as ever was born. With a tincture of found philosophy and a great deal of good nature, John is perpetually contemplating the objects before him, and is freqently giving his opinion unasked. I have sometimes seen him at a theatre, gravely shaking his head, whilst a celebrated performer has been applauded from all parts of the house. At other times, I have discovered pleasure sparkling in his eye, and his hards ready to express his satisfaction, when the houfc has appeared quite

INDEED they have not stopped here, but, throwing aside the mask, have recommended vice itself in such flattering colours, that even our daily news papers are fashionably vicious: uniting the effusions of party virulence, with partial and interested descriptions of public amusements, and perpetual panegyrics on fuch characters, male and female, as a rational man would naturally look for in the Newgate Calendar, and Harris's List of prostitutes.

Such is the present state of the more amusive branches of literature, and particularly of periodical productions, that it is dangerous to lay them before the youth of either sex, whose morning business, it formerly was, to read them to their parents; but

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read, with pleasure, the SpecTATOR, TATLER, &c. have no conception that the IDLER, the WORLD, the CONNOISSEUR, &c. &c. are productions of a similar nature, but who will at once comprehend what is meant by the New SPECTATOR. To have entitled it the Spectator Revived had indeed been a species of arrogance, of which I hope I shall never stand accused,


To the New SPECTAT O R.


My brother John having informed me that, when destitute of such original Poetry as may have sufficient merit to recommend it to the public, you mean to insert the poetical effusions of the more ancient Bards; I request the favour of seeing the following Song in the New SPECTATOR, not only as being worthy of fuch a place, but as it is the whole of one of those beautiful pieces of fimplicity, with a line or two of which OPHELIA, in her distraction, fo captivates the attention of all who have not sacrificed every pretention to rcal taste, Your's, &c.


COMMUNICATING to John my intentions re{pe&ting this undertaking, he earnestly solicited the privilege of inserting his opinions respecting some things, which, he said, the papers of the day either totally overlooked or quite misrepresented. I gladly granted him the privilege, requesting, on my part, that he would not confine himself to particular transactions or objects, but give scope to his observations, and communicate them with freedom and sincerity; and as I have always been taught to look up to him with some degree of veneration, I thought proper to notice his productions in the very title of my work; and

; I trust the saGE.OPINIONS of John Bull will merit the attention of


readers. ADDED to the regular correspondence of my friend, John Bull, I fall in every number of this work insert some POETICAL production, which, I hope, will merit the attention of those who are attached to the muses. But as I am determined not to give place to any poetry which does not bear evident marks of genius, and as very few original verses, if I may judge from daily, weekly, and monthly publications, discover any pretensions to that distinction ; so I shall find myself under the necessity of republishing some choice pieces which have already appeared, but which are not so universally known as they ought to be. This scheme meets the approbation of my friend John, who hopes that it may have some effect on public taste, and give men a relish for the flights of true genius, which are seldom to be found in the fugitive productions of the day. Meanwhile I shall very cheerfully insert the poetical, as well as prose productions of such as choofe to become my correspondents, or candidly aflign proper reasons for their rejection, and request they may be addressed as mentioned at the foot of this paper.

SUCH being the plan of the New SpecTATOR,, it remains only to apologise for the apparent prefumption of adopting a Title which may indicate arrogance rather than that diffidence which is the concomitant of genius. It is well known that several publications of this kind have failed for want of their nature and tendency being sufficiently explained to the public: many who have


N G.
O ing unto my roundelay,

O drop the briny tear with me ;
Dance no more on holiday ;
Like a running river be.

My love is dead,
Gone to his death-bed,
All under the willow tree !

Black his hair as winter night ;

White his skin as summer snow; Red his face as morning light ;--Cold he lies in the


below! My love is dead, &c.

Sweet his tongue as throftle's note ;

Quick in dance as thought can be ; Doft his tabour; cudgel fout ;--O he lies by the willow tree !

My love is dead, &c.

Hark! the raven flaps his wing,

In the briered dell below; Hark! the death-owl loud doth fing To the night-mares as they go.

My love is dead, &c.

Sce, the white morn shines on high;

Whiter is my true-love's shroud ! Whiter than the morning sky! Whiter than the evening cloud!

My love is dead, &c.


Here, upon my true-love's grave,

Shall the barren flowers be laid ;--Not one holy saint to save All the sorrows of a maid ?

My love is dead, &c.

With my hand I'll plant the briars,

Round his hallow'd corse to grow ; Elf and fairy light your fires, Here my body fill Shall be.

My love is dead, &c. Come with acorn cups and thorn,

Drain my heart its blood away; Life and all its goods I (corn, Dance by night, or fealt by day.

My love is dead, &c. Water-witches, crown'd with reeds,

Bear me to your deadly tide ; I diam. I come---my true-love waits--

Thus the damsel spoke, and died !

run, till at length they get into the streets and are no more regarded. The Cyprian corps too generally meet the same fate.-The balloon hat is cer. tainly pretty, and has a good effect; there is some. thing womanly in it; but the balloon cap is so totally eclipsed by the Turkish turban, that I cannot say a word in its favour.

To the great joy of many a waining lady, Powe der has resumed its reign, and sits enthroned on the head of beauty, bidding defance to nature and fimplicity. My sister, Anna Maria, true to her sex, is a strong defender of this fame dust of vanity, and is now deeply engaged in writing a poem, to be entitled the Comforts of White Duft and Bear's Grease, to be dedicated to Lady A-, who, it seems, always carries a quantity of right orris, with a small puff in her pocket.

SQUIRE MOR CAN'S NEPHEW. This amours of this young gentleman will hereafter form a very pretty book, and become a great favourite with your boarding-school misses. His grand characteristic, and his sole business is


To rove,

of temp


To the New SPECTATOR. Friend SPEC

To write on every thing worthy of public commendation or of public censure, in this metropolis, is an arduous task. To give a few loose hints, conveying little information, and less instruction, is mere waste of time and paper. In order, therefore, to avoid prolixity, on the one hand, and frivolity on the other,- permit me to throw my thoughts into a fort of miscellany, without regard to order, connection, or literary excellence; all which I leave to your more serious and more learned correspondents.

FEMALE DRESS. The ladies have assumed the treble-caped great coat and belt, in which they parade the streets, like so many female jockics. I expect, that in a few days, my grandmother's Joseph will soon be the ton; I shall, accordingly, have it advertised for sale by auction, and shall depute that lady auctioneer, who is most remarkable for overpowering the voices of the performers in the most interesting scenes of a tragedy. The great coat fashion took its rise from those females who visit Covent-Garden thrice a week, at five in the morning, with turnips, carrots, and other wholesome vegetables to sell.

AIR BALLOON hats and caps are in the highest estimation; the green boxes are thronged with the former, and the front boxes with the latter. In another week, the lower order of the town ladies will exhibit them in the streets, and then farewel to Balloon hats and caps ! Fashions, particularly female fashions, fare just like songs; they sometimes have a long play-house

Free and uniqueftion'd, through the wilds of love. Variety, is his motto, and he may be truly said to stick at nothing. He fairly knocked up his uncle Morgan, and obliged him to go abroad for his health, et cetera. He is accused of being too promiscuous in his amours; be that as it may, he is certainly fo much attached io one at present, that I am in hopes his designs have not yet succeeded, and that the fair one may have resolution enough to resif his attempts, or that her husband


have wit enough to take her out of the way tation, and not be sent out of the way himself so often as he has been. It is somewhat singular, but so it happens, that Squire Morgan's Nephew always finds himself vastly inclined to the company of neighbours wives. I hear various complaints of him on this head.

About fifteen months ago, Mr. H***** married a delicate woman, who, till very lately evinced the utmost tenderness and affection for her husband. Unfortunately, she was noticed by our hero, who, being a very gallant man, feldom fails in his attacks on the ladies, and being a man of property, and keeping much company, Mr. Hwas presently invited to share his confidence and friendship, which he thought it advantageous to accept of, and the intimacy increased so much, that our hero made no scruple frequently to visit him en passant, and at length presented to the lady the grey Bucephalus of his Honour's stable.

Our hero and his friend were lately in the gallery of the House of Commons, to hear a smart debate. About ten in the evening the former re




quested the latter to keep his seat whilst he stepped out, and returned near two in the morning, with an apology to his friend for having troubled him so long. On Mr. H< retiring home, he found that our hero had taken a little refreshment with his lady whilst he kept his place in the gallery!

This anecdote may convince the world, that our hero is not so silly as many take him to be. Soon after that trick, he practised another of a Similar nature. Finding Mr. Hand his lady at home, he requested the favour of writing materials, and that his friend would step with a note to a gentleman on some business which he could entrust to none else. The contents of this card were simply these : " keep the bearer as long, and make him as drunk, as you can.” This was accordingly done, and Squire Morgan's Nephew, at three the next morning, was found consoling the wife of his friend in the absence of her husband!

I HAVE several more anecdotes to communicate respecting this amour, unknown even to the Abigail of Mrs. H. herself. As yet nothing has transpired, which can so much tax the reputation of the lady, as the folly of her husband !

Air-Balloon ExtrAORDINARY. The phylosophical inventers and improversofthe Aeroftatic Globe rightly conjectured, that important discoveries would result from a contrivance en. abling people to travel in the air. In conjunction with a very fagacious friend of mine, I finished a Balloon of confiderable magnitude, and a short time ago, after the manner of Meff. Charles and Robert, we took our departure from this world, which, after travelling nine days, appeared to us about the size of a reasonable plumb-pudding, and on the tenth morning was totally invisible to the naked eye; on


my friend began to be a little alarmed, and observed, that we were wandering round the world like departed spirits, and possibly might arrive on some other planet, and be hanged as spies in a foreign country. Whilst my friend was thus lamenting our situation, I discovered, as I imagined, several white rocks at no great distance, 10 our left, and presently after a quantity of what appeared to be eagles on the wing, but, on approaching nearer, we found the rocks to be the outskirts of another world, and the eagles to be neither more nor less than so many Air-balloons, which, it seems were the common packhorses and machines for conveyance in these remote regions.

Rejoiced at finding ourselves in such excellent company, as well as in the prospect of making aerostatic discoveries beyond any thing known in

our world, we pursued our course, and soon gained the confines of this strange country; then ordering our machines accordingly we ascended so much above the new world, that we could readily view every part of it, for it consisted but of one very large city, surrounded on all sides, but that on which we entered it, with villages, vineyards, meadows, woods, lawns, and gardens in abundance.

My friend who but a little time before was in a despairing mood, now resuming his courage, and impatient to find himself on the terra firma of the new world, let out such a quantity of gaz, that we suddenly reached the ground, luckily without any inconvenience except that of breaking seven bottles of the best vitriol we could purchase in London, and three times that number of excellent Hock, given us by Stacie at the Bedford.

As I am determined in this account to adhere strictly to truth, I shall not take the advantage usually claimed by your terrestrial travillers of embellishing my narrative with the marvellous, though no man had ever so fine an opportunity. I shall not therefore describe these people as either giants or dwarfs in stature, nor amuse you

with a wonderful account of powers, which they never possessed, and of customs which they never prac. tised. No, Sir, these people, who wear the human form differ from ourselves in nothing so much as in their apparel, and being pcculiarly beautiful; their language has even lome affinity to our own, being so much like the ancient Saxon, that my friend, who is a great antiquarian, and has a particular veneration for that tongue, in the course of a few days, found himself able to converse with them on any topic. Unfortunately, we arrived amongst them at a time when their whole attention was devoted to Politics. At the very moment we fell into the city, their fenate was so deeply engaged in disputes for the good of the nation, and the people fo anxious to know the result of their proceedings, that we escaped the notice of almost every body, but a few boys, who followed and hooted at us on account of our strange dress, and for our want of beards, which in this country are worn, both falsc and natural, as common as wigs and pig-tails among us.

The name of this world, of which we were thus become unexpected inhabitants, was Niatirb, and that of the metropolis Bulia. The form of government nearly resembled that of ancient Rome, when a king and fenate conducted its affairs. The grand point then before the Bulians appeared to us whimsical and ridiculous enough. The Etanes or fenate composed of the oldest man of



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