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FROM THE NAMES HE BEARS.
communicable name. He says, “ I am Jehovah ;* that is my name, and my glory will I not give to another." This name, the peculiar title of the eternal God, is freely applied to Christ. “ This is his name whereby he shall be called, The Lord (Jehovah) our righteousness.” i
“ The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord (Jehovah), make straight in the desert a highway for our God." k In each of the four gospels, it is asserted that the person here spoken of, as a voice crying in the wilderness, was John the Baptist. Since John came as a messenger, to prepare the way for Jesus Christ, he, in this celebrated prophecy, is called Jehovah. This view of the passage is further confirmed by the language of the angel Gabriel to Zacharias. “ Many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God; and he shall go before him (the Lord their God) in the spirit and power of Elias."m
That Jesus is called Jehovah is further evident from observ. ing that the glory of the Lord (Jehovah), which Isaiah saw, was the glory of Christ. “In the year that king Uzziah
died, I saw also the Lord (Jehovah), sitting upon a throne, - high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. Above it
stood the Seraphim; and one cried to another and said, Holy, holy, holy is the Lord (Jehovah) of hosts! the whole earth is full of his glory."n St. John refers to the 9th and 10th verses of this chapter, (John xii. 40.) and then, speaking of Christ, adds, These things said Isaiah, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. It was the glory of the Lord of hosts, and of no other person, which the prophet saw; and yet St. John says, that be then saw the glory of Christ, and spake of him. Consequently Christ is the Lord (Jehovah) of hosts.
Thus in the plain, unperverted language of Scripture, is Jesus Christ represented as God, as the true God, the great God, the mighty God, Jehovah, as God over all blessed for ever, and even as addressed as God by the Father. If, as the Unitarians assert, Christ were no more than man, how dark, confused, and unintelligible would that holy volume appear! Instead of being a sure guide, none would be more uncertain. If Christ were but man, to worship him would be idolatry,
... . (h) Isa. xlii. 8. (0) Jer. xxiii. 6... (8) Isa. xl. 3. (1) John i. 23. Matt, iii. 3. Mark i. 2. Luke iii. 4."
(m) Luke i. 16, 17.
(n) Isa. vi. 3. • The English reader of the Scriptures may observe, that when the word
Jehovah occurs, and is translated the Lord, it is printed in small capitals.
38. CHRIST SHOWN TO BE GOD BY HIS ATTRIBUTES. yet millions of the best and wisest of mankind have been led to worship him, by that very book, which says, “ keep yourselves from idols." If Jesus Christ is not God, the sacred writers have deceived millions, who wished to know the divine will; have led them to pay divine honours to a man, or an angel; and thus drawn them into the enormous and ruinous crime of idolatry. Can you believe a system true which evidently leads to this conclusion ?
$ 3. That Jesus Christ is God, is further proved from his possessing those divine excellences which dwell in no created nature. He is eternal. Of himself he says, “ I am the first and the last :" “ These things saith the first and the last, who was dead and is alive."p These words contain “ the strongest assertion that eternity past and to come belongs to himself. If he is the first none can have been before him; if he is the last, none can be after him."* Were he the eldest and the greatest of created beings, he would not be the first, for God would have been before him.
If it were possible to render these passages more decisive, it might be done by comparing them with some others, which speak of Jehovah. “ Thus saith Jehovah, I am the first, and I am the last, and besides me there is no God." “ I am the first, I also am the last, mine hand also hath laid the found. ations of the earth."! That existence from eternity to eternity which Jehovah claims to himself in these passages, Jesus claims in the former.
$ 4. Christ is God, for he is the Creator of all things. Let us survey this arguinent a little more fully. It may be stated thus :
The Scriptures represent creation as the work of God. The same holy volume declares, that creation was the work of the Lord Jesus. In effecting this work he did not act as an agent of the Father's. Therefore, as the Creator of all things, he is God over all, blessed for ever.
The Scriptures represent the creation of the universe as the work of God: this is so generally allowed, that it may seem almost needless to refer to that sacred book in proof of the assertion. The Scriptures appropriate the work of creation to God, and exclude all others from any participation in the glory of having effected that work. “ He that built all things fo) 1 John v. 21. (p) Rev. ii.8. () Isa. xliv. 6. (r) Isa. xlviii, 17.
CHRIST THE CREATOR OF ALL THINGS. 39 is God."s « Jehovah, thou hast made heaven and earth." « Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth." “I am the Lord (Jehovah) that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone, that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself." “ I have made the earth, and created man upon it; 1, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded." Thus plainly does Jehovah assume to himself the glory of creating the universe, and deny the claim of every inferior being, how exalted soever, to any participation in the honour of that stupendous work.
We may next observe, that that holy book which, in terms so express, declares God to be author of the whole universe, in terms as express ascribes that work to Jesus Christ. “ In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; all things were made by him, and without him was not any thing made that was made."x Criticism has laboured hard to wrest this passage from its obvious meaning, but after all it stands a stedfast witness to the fact, that Christ is the Creator of all things; strong as it appears in our translation, but still stronger in the original, “ Without him was not made a single thing that was made." “ By him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones or dominions, or principalities, or powers; all things were created by him, and for him: and he is before all things, and by him all things consist.”y The language in this passage is peculiarly powerful. The leading idea, that all things owe their existence to Christ, is repeated twice over-by him were all things created—all things were created by him. It is also asserted that he existed before them all; and that his power keeps them all in being—by him all things consist.
It may properly be observed, that the language used here is altogether opposed to the idea of Jesus Christ's having acted as the Almighty's agent in producing the world; “ He is before all things— Without him was not one single thing made." Can he be a creature who existed before all creatures ? Can he have been made without whom was not one single thing made ? (6) Heb. iii. 1.. (1) 2 Kings xix. 15. (u) Job xxxviii. 4, &c. (v) Isa, xliv, 24.
(w) Isa, xlv. 12. (v) Col. i. 16, 17.
(*) John i. 1, 3.
VARIOUS ATTRIBUTES OF CHRIST. The next testimony that shall be adduced, is rendered remarkable by the circumstance of the very same words, which in the Old Testament ascribe creation to God, being used in the New Testament to attribute that work to Christ. “ Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the work of thy hands. They shall perish, but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; and as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed; but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail." ?
The unavoidable conclusion is, that Jesus Christ is God over all. These staternents respecting creation, if Christ were a created being, would be perfectly contradictory, but explained by his own words, “I and my Father are one,” they are perfectly true and consistent.
§ 5. It would occupy too much of this little volume to pursue the subject very diffusely; however, allow me to present a few more proofs, in a concise form, by placing in one column passages which undoubtedly refer to the infinite God, and in an opposite column passages which ascribe the same perfections as Jehovah possesses to Jesus Christ.
CHRIST. Thou, thou only knowest I am He who searcheth the the hearts of all the children reins and the hearts. of men. The heart, “ who can know it? I the Lord search the heart."
These passages are peculiar. In one of them it is declared that God ONLY knows the heart. In the other not merely that Christ searches the heart, but is he (the Divine Being) who searches the heart.
The Lord is a God of know- \ I know thy works. ledge, by him are actions Jesus knew their thoughts. weighed.d
The Lord understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts. (3) Heb. i. 10-12. (a) 1 Kings viii. 30. ... (0) Jer. xvii. 10. (c) Rev. ii. 23. (d) 1 Sam. ii. 3. (e) i Chron. viii. 9. (9) Rev. ii. 2, &c.
(g) Luke vi. 8. v. 22. ix. 47. Matt. ix. 4, &c.
CHRIST God is not far from every Where two or three are gaone of us, for in him we live, thered in my name, there am and move, and have our be- I in the midst of them.i ing."
Lo, I am with you always,
'even to the end of the world.j
IMMUTABILITY. I am the Lord ; I change Jesus Christ the same yester
I day, to-day, and for ever.' PRESERVATION OF THE UNIVERSE. Thou Preserver of men ;) By Him (Christ) do all Thou preservest man and things consist." beast.
THE END FOR WHICH ALL THINGS WERE CREATED. The Lord hath made all ! All things were created by things for himself.•
| him and for him.P THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNIVERSE. God is the King of all the He is Lord of all." earth.?
He hath on his vesture a The Lord is King for ever name written, King of kings, and ever. The blessed and and Lord of lords." The Lamb; only Potentate, the King of He is Lord of lords, and King kings, and Lord of lords. I of kings."
DIVINE WORSHIP. Thou shalt worship the Lord | Let all the angels of heaven thy God, and him only shalt | worship him.thou serve."
All men should honour the Thou shalt worship no other | Son, even as they honour the God, for Jehovah is a jealous Father.a God.
| Lord Jesus, receive my spiFather, into thy hands I rit.b commend my spirit. Y
Stephen worshipped the Lord Jesus in his dying moments. Paul worshipped him.d Christians are described as his wor(h) Acts xvii. 27.. (i) Matt. xviii. 20. (,) Matt. xxviii. 20. (k) Mal. iur. 6.
(1) Heb. xiii. 8. (m) Job vii. 20. Ps. xxxvi. 6. Ps. cxlv. 20... (n) Col. i. 17. (0) Prov. xvi. 4. (p) Col. i. 17. (9) Ps. xlvii. 7.
(c) Ps. x. 16. (s) 1 Tim. vi. 15. (1) Acts x. 36. (u) Rev. xix. 13--10: (0) Rev. xvii. 14. (w) Matt. iv. 10. (.) Exod. xxxiv. 14. (u) Luke xxiii. 46. () Heb. i. 6. (a) John v. 23. (6) Acts vii. 59. (c) Acts vii. 59, 60.
(d) 2 Cor. xii. 8, 9.