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i. Is converted, A. xiv. 7., with Lois and Eunice, pp. 19, 20., and received by the apostle as his personal attendant, A. xvi. 1, 2, 3. pp. 34, 5.
ii. Bears Paul company all along, to Berea, A. xvii. 10., follows Paul to Athens, is sent back to Thessalonica, and thence arrives at Corinth, xviii. 5. pp. 46, 7, 8.
iii. Accompanies Paul, viâ Ephesus, to Syria, goes up with him to Jerusalem; and thence, to Antioch, p. 53.
iv. On Paul's third Progress, through Galatia and Phrygia, to Ephesus; from thence (along with Erastus), A. xix. 22., into Macedonia ; from whence he might have gone to Corinth, and thence back to Ephesus, but he is overtaken by Paul before he left Philippi, pp. 154, 5.
v. Attends Paul through the parts N. W. of Greece, and is reckoned at Corinth, A. xx. 4., as
one of his seven companions, on return viâ Troas, &c., and goes with him to Jerusalem.
vi. Probably with him at Cesarea for part of the time, but not his companion on the voyage to Rome; where however his name is found in the salutations, Col. i. 1., Phile. ver. 1.
vii. Goes with him (and Titus) first to Crete, p. 120., then to Ephesus; where Paul leaves him behind, and after going viâ Troas into Macedonia, from Philippi, writes that epistle to him, 1 Tim. p. 121, .
viii. Apparently, after this, while Paul was yet at Nicopolis or in the neighbourhood, Timothy had been summoned from the station at Ephesus to that of Philippi, pp. 123, 4.
Paul on his return to Rome, taking Corinth in the way, and wishing once more to visit the church of Ephesus, so much the object always of his anxiety, under those circumstances had no opportunity to see his beloved disciple in Macedonia.
At Rome, not long, it is thought, after his second arrival in that city, he is again persecuted and thrown into prison. And from thence, Timothy is addressed at Philippi in an epistle (2 Tim.) p. 125. ; which while it requests him to come to the apostle before winter, implies also his being engaged (via Troas) to visit Ephesus on the journey.
Nothing more after this appears to be known; nothing can be with any probability conjectured.
Probably a native of Antioch, and there converted by St. Paul, Tit.i. 4.
i. Gal. ii. 1. he is taken up by the apostle, in that the private journey to Jerusalem, inserted here, p. 23. after A. xiv., from which it appears he was a Gentile;
And on his return, he appears to have staid at Antioch, till he joined St. Paul in his third Progress, p. 56.
ii. Is sent by him, 2 Cor. xii. 18., from Ephesus to Corinth, on the matters in Appendix D. p. 155.
Ibid. ii. 13. afterwards expected at Troas, p. 156.: but vii. 5, 6. is met in Macedonia.
iii. Ibid. viii. 16, 17., is sent down to Corinth, on account of that charitable contribution, p. 157.
iv. And most probably remains as superintendent of the church there, when Paul with his seven companions departed, A. xx. 4., and is there occupied for some years :
v. Nor does he elsewhere appear again, till probably along with St. Paul at Rome, pp. 119, 120., and, then after his deliverance, fixed by him, Tit. i. 5., in the episcopal care of Crete.
vi. In Tit. iii. 12. he is summoned by St. Paul to Nicopolis.
vii. Probably returns in his company to Rome; and during his second imprisonment, 2 Tim. iv. 10., is despatched by the apostle into Dalmatia, (vide pp. 67. 123. and Index, Illyricum,) into the scene of their former labours.
Of places in the apostolic progresses more important than from the brief mention of them in the Acts or even in the Epistles might be thought, Troas forms a very striking example.
i. Paul's first visit to that place, accompanied by Silas and Timothy, is narrated A. xvi. 8... p. 36., with its momentous consequences to the European world. And as Luke was sojourning there at the time, Troas may seem in the first instance to have been visited on its own account; but providentially also, for the divine purpose, to carry the gospel over into Macedonia, and into Greece.
ii. Paul again visited Troas, purposely, from Ephesus, with expectation to meet Titus there, 2 Cor. ii. 12., in time = A. xx. i., when, though a door to preach Christ's gospel was opened unto him of the Lord, he was constrained to take his leave of them and to hasten into Macedonia, p. 66.
ü. Paul visited Troas a third time, A. xx. 4, 5., having previously sent Timothy and his six other companions, not merely to wait for him till he (and Luke) arrived from Philippi, but doubtless (H. P. 67.) to gather some of that harvest, which on his last hasty visit he had prematurely quitted, and which on this occasion he now stopped seven days to aid them in more fully reaping. Vide, on Acts xx. 13., p. 74. iv. Finally, he passed through Troas himself on his
way from Ephesus to Philippi, p. 121., in that series of apostolic visits - after his deliverance from the first imprisonment at Rome - alluded to in 2 Tim. iv. 13., and traced out by Dr. Paley, H. P.189., in what he calls “an hypothetic journey :" a journey however left incomplete by him, unless he had inserted “ viâ Troas” betwixt Ephesus and Macedonia.
That particular in Paul's route is required by the passage in 2 Tim. iv. 3., otherwise, how could the apostle have left the cloke and the parchments with Carpus ? which Timothy at a future day was to call for, in the way from Philippi, viâ Troas to Ephesus on his own way ultimately to Rome.
Probably an Ephesian, or of that neighbourhood,
Is mentioned in the following passages,
2 TIM. iv. 12. i. A. xx. 4. Here his name occurs for the first time, in conjunction with Trophimus also of Asia, as one of the seven companions of Paul when he departed from Corinth.
ii. Col. iv. 7. The bearer of those Epistles from Rome, and expressly sent by Paul into Asia, he must have gone to Colossæ in person, (and to other churches, Eph. vi. 21.) as an intelligent and affectionate messenger.
In that neighbourhood, when Paul arrived on his Fourth Progress, Tychicus (and Artemas also) should seem to have joined the apostle again.
iii. For in Tit. iii. 12. the apostle writes in a way to show, that Tychicus was then along with him or within his reach : he would not else speak of sending (from Macedonia) Tychicus (or Artemas) to relieve Titus in the episcopal government of Crete. A person so designed must evidently have borne a high character as a trustworthy and venerable man.
iv. 2 Tim. iv. 12. In agreement with all this, we afterwards find Tychicus actually sent from Rome to hold that sacred office in the church of Ephesus, and permanently so: for though Timothy on his expected return to Rome would visit that city, he was clearly instructed by Paul not to stay there.
THE TRUTH OF THE SCRIPTURE HISTORY
EVINCED BY A COMPARISON
THE EPISTLES WHICH BEAR HIS NAME,
THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES,
AND WITH ONE ANOTHER.
BY WILLIAM PALEY, M.A.
ARCHDEACON OF CARLISLE.
FIRST PRINTED IN 1790, NOW CAREFULLY REPRINTED, WITH OCCASIONAL NOTES,
WHICH ARE MARKED IN BRACKETS.