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Directors of our Society at home, have re- into our male schools, and a premium has cognised it as a valuable branch of this Mis- been offered to increase the number, but this sion, and have promised to aid us in our has not systematically been adopted. measures concerning it. The general character of the Institution is there pourtrayed

English Preaching, though not so fully developed, as we expect The attendance on the Sabbath services at it will yet be. The first expenses were Black Town Chapel have lately, we think, greater on account of the general furnishing been moderate, but the attendance not so good which was necessary, the large number of as we could wish ; at Persewaukum they boys who were received on the foundation, continue much the same. A Wednesday and the very high price at which provision evening service has been begun at Persewauwas sold during that season of scarcity. kum Chapel, and is very encouragingly The expenditure is, however, at present attended ; also a prayer-meeting at Black limited to 120 rupees per month. We are Town Chapel, which frequently proves a happy to acknowledge the receipt of several

season of great enjoyment to those who very handsome subscriptions, since the issue attend. Indeed we think a spirit of prayer of the Report. There are now sixteen boys is appearing among the people, which we educated and supported in the school. We would hail as an auspicious omen of imare most anxious to procure a separate and portant blessings being about to descend suitable building for the Institution, that all

upon our labours. its business may be transacted under one During the past year, very peculiar interest roof, and that it may have the benefit of the has been felt, in a new sphere of labour undivided superintendence of one of the Mis- which has opened to us in Fort St. George, sionaries, or some person qualified for it; among the soldiers. In the barrack schooland trust we shall not be long left without room, which is kindly permitted for our use this most necessary addition.

by the commanding officer, a service is con

ducted every Friday evening, when a nuFree Schools, &c.

merous assembly meet together and listen The free schools connected with the Black with great eagerness to the words of eternal Town Chapel continue their average number life. Seven from among these have come of boys about eighty, and of the girls about forward with a desire of being added to the sixty. The plan of the British and Foreign church. In our English labours we have School Society is still pursued, and we are derived gratuitous assistance from the Rev. not without hopes that good is done among C. Traveller. the children. The same schoolmaster and mistress retain their situations.

We are

Preaching in Tamil. sorry that in consequence of the death and The Tamil preaching at the chapel, Persethe departure from the Presidency of several waukum, was not so well attended a few valued friends, wbo steadily contributed to- months ago as it had been before, and as it wards the Institution, the funds have gradu- is beginning to be again. Mr. Crisp's inally diminished, and are now niuch below disposition, and his present distance from the sum expended. We hope that others Persewaukum, prevented his labours from will arise to fill the places of those whom we being continued as they were before ; but have lost. A sermon was preached in the the assistant has lately taken a share of the month of March, by Mr. Crisp, and about preaching duties in conjunction with the 100 rupees collected in behalf of these catechist. On Tuesday evening there is a schools. A debt, however, has still been Tamil service in the school-room, Perseincreasing, and is now upwards of 200 ru- waukum, the number assembling is generally pees. “A separate appeal will be made in fifty or sixty. The service which was held behalf of these institutions. * We trust in Chitty-street has been removed to Black friends who can will lend their aid in behalf Town Chapel, and is held on Thursday of this general and important object; and evening alternately with the Persewaukum that, in consequence, increased vigour will Chapel service. The house of one of the be imparted to these operations.

members of the church, living in RoyapooThere is at present no school for female ram, has been opened for Tamil preaching. native children. The particular object is in There is every prospect of considerable use. this,-not the want of funds, but of a proper fulness. The village is very populous, conperson as instructor. Many abortive efforts taining a great number of Roman Catholics have been made to procure such a person ; and heathen. In the village of Chindatrebut we mean more decidedly to strive for the pettah, where one of our schools is situated, accomplishment of this object during the there have been many pleasing opportunities ensuing year, and we trust the same com- of preaching to a numerous assembly of plaint will not follow in our next report. attentive hearers, and of distributing tructs, Some female children have been introduced and conversing with the people. Besides

these stated services, every visit to the native * See page 123.

schools gives an opportunity of preaching to the heathen, and on such occasions, large Black Town Missionary Frer Schools. congregations have frequently assembled. One of the missionaries has commenced å These Institutions, which were founded by service on Sabbath morning for his servants. the Rev. W.C. Loveless, and have now contiThe servants of neighbouring houses have nued in effective operation for several years, been invited to attend, and the native people consist of a Male and Female Free School, have been brought in from their own bouses, in distinct buildings, superintended by a masand the number has increased to upwards of teranda mistress of religious principles. The thirty. The assistant, Mr. Nimmo, attends, children received are cbiefly Portuguese and and pursues a regular course of instruction, country-born, whether Protestant or Roman wbich we hope will be a blessing to those Catholic. who assemble.

The boys are instructed, as nearly as pracWe feel it our duty to acknowledge, that ticable, on the principles of Bell and Lanthe operations of the mission have been caster. They are taught raading, writing, greatly facilitated by the assistance of Mr. and common arithmetic; and are thus fitted, Nimmo, who has been very laborieus in by a plain useful education, for many stavisiting the schools, both in town and coun- tions and employments which they would try. During the past year he has become a otherwise be utterly incapable of filling. member of the church, greatly to the satis- They receive also direct Christian instruc. faction of every one composing it, and we tion, in committing portions of Scripture to trust be will be enabled to adorn his profes- memory with plain Catechisms, whence they sion by humility, consistency, and rectitude derive knowledge which is likely to grow up of conduct. The mission has been authorized with them, and to lay the foundation of furto employ Readers after the manner of the ther attainments in future years. Their Travancore mission, and one has for a con- number varies from 80 to 90. The girls are siderable time been employed in this capacity. taught reading, writing, and arithmetic, toHis name is David; he has afforded satisfac- gether with Christian principles in the same tion, and hopes are entertained that he will manner, in addition to which they learn plain prove a useful member of the mission. We needle-work and marking. Several Ladies are desirous of employing at least another, have at different times taken an interest in if a suitable person could be procured for the this useful School and have furnished plain work,

work, the execution of which has given saDuring the past year all the missionaries tissaction. The number of girls has generally have for a season been absent from Madras, been about 60. In both Schools many chiland their journies, it is hoped, have assumed dren have been and are still, rescued from a decidedly missionary character. Mr. and idleness, ignorance, and their consequences. Mrs. Crisp visited Bangalore for the benefit Some have been ennobled, by the reception of of the climate. Mr. Crisp, besides preach- real Christian principle; and may have reaing there, also engaged several times in re- son to bless God, through eternity, for the ligious services among the professing Chris- instruction they have received. Many have tians at Chittoor.

left the Schools since their establishment, for At the close of the last year and com- various situations in life, and it has been mencement of the present, one of our number remarked that few or none of those educated had occasion to visit the south of the penin- here, have afterward proved guilty of misbesula, as far as Madura, and distributed a haviour or of crime. considerable number of Tamil tracts, both These Schools have from the commencegoing and returning by different roads. He ment been supported by voluntary contribupreached also at that place several times in tions, and have enjoyed a large measure of English, and circulated there many tracts, public confidence and patronage. By the and some copies of the Tamil Scriptures. death of some benefactors, and the departure By a variety of conversations and inquiries, of others to Europe, the funds have latterly be also hopes in some degree to have pre- fallen short. The Missionaries state this pared the way for future usefulness, by him- circumstance with regret; but they are jus, self or others, in that quarter, where it is tified it is hoped, in founding on it their greatly needed.

Another Missionary has present appeal. The monthly expenditure visited Trippasore, and preached to the pen. amounts to about 29 pags. while the subsioners and invalids there. He was greatly scriptions per month are at present not more encouraged by the attendance of a very large than 19 pags. In consequence there is a congregation, who several times assembled balance against the Institution of nearly 200 to hear the gospel. He made arrangements rupees. In addition to this the buildings at for continued religious meetings there, for present stand in great need of repair. A the establishment of a Sunday school, and sermon was lately preached in their behalf, for the periodical visits of one of our Mis- but the relief thereby afforded having been sionaries. Many applied to him for Bibles but temporary, there is a necessity for at and Prayer-books, in several instances offer- least making known the circumstances of the ing to pay for them,

case ; leaving it to the benevolent to consi. der whether these Schools may merit a small tain Chapman*. With gratitude shall I ever portion of their assistance, either by donation reflect on his kindness and Christain affecor subscription.

tion. From his uniform conduct we had Amidst the constant clashing of opinions every reason to regard him not only as a on other subjects, happily in the present day, sincere friend, but also as à sympathising there is very little difference of sentiment as Christian brother. Since our arrival here, to the propriety of bestowing on the children we have made our abode chiefly with Mr. of the poor, a plain education, founded on and Mrs. Taylor. I am sorry to say, that correct, virtuous, and Christian principles. Mr. and Mrs. Chambers and family bave just It is known and acknowledged that from arrived here from Bangalore, and, in conseignorance proceed idlėness and vice; from quence of Mr. Chambers' state of health, vice, misery. There are few Protestant are about to embark for Europe, as soon as Christians, it is presumed, who would be they can procure a passage. Mr. Massie is averse to as many children as possible being gone to Bangalore for the recovery of his taught to read their Bible, and thus becom- health. If there are a few things here to ing prepared to receive the dictates of that discourage, there are many to animate and pure and heavenly wisdom which is from cheer. The kingdom of God cometh not above. The benefits of education are too with observation. Its advances are progresnumerous and evident, to need to be here sive, and a period will, I doubt not, at length enumerated. It is, therefore, simply and arrive when the idolatrous millions of Hinrespectfully requested of the individual into doostan sball bow before the footstool of our whose hands this paper may come, that some God. I have received a letter from Mr. assistance, proportioned to that person's feel- Hands, since my arrival bere. He observes, ing, ability, and view of the case, may be that all things connected with the mission at given to an Institution, undoubtedly merit- Bellary, are going on well. We are just on ing patronage ; by which means, that bene. the point of proceeding thither. factor, or benefactress, in union with others, may be administering invaluable blessings both to the present generation and the re- NATIVE READERS OF THE SCRIPmotest futurity.


For the satisfaction of our friends in general, W. TAYLOR.

and especially of those of them who have Madras, June 3, 1825.

an zually contributed so liberally towards the support of NATIVE READERS in Tra

vancore, we lose no time in communicating Extract of a Letter from the Rev. William

the following particulars. We have reBeynon, dated Madras, 27th September,

peatedly had to lament the delay of .1825, addressed to the Secretary.

information concerning them, which apI have the pleasure to inform you of our

pears to have been occasioned by the

miscarriage of letters; and we have still safe arrival here on the 14th instant.* During

to express our concern, that the names the whole of the way, we experienced few of a few of the READERS do not appear in of the dangers and trials usual on a sea voy

the present communication. The letter age. Perhaps few former missionaries have

from which the following extracts are been so highly favoured while traversing the taken, is written by the Rev. Charles mighty deep, as we have been. Our reli

Mault, and is dated Nagercoil, 28th Sepgious opportunities too, on board, were

tember, 1825. so valuable and numerous, that we almost forgot the loss of our privileges in England. We had morning and evening family worship, which several of the passengers always at- Samuel Stephenson Greatheed was one tended. Our monthly missionary prayer- of the first that made a profession of Christi. meeting, and on the Sabhath morning, we anity in Travancore. He was employed by united with our friends in Britain, in suppli- Mr. Ringeltaube as catechist, and the cations at the throne of God, for the influ. management of the mission, at his depar. ences of the Holy Spirit. We also had the ture, was left in his hands. His knowledge Lord's Supper administered on board, and I of the word of God is considerable ; but that trust, it was not without the blessing of Him it is the power of God to salvation to whose path is in the deep waters. It is im- every one that believes, he has not till lately possible for us to speak too highly of Cap- felt. The preaching of the word appears to

have been the means of effecting an impor

tant change in his views. The doctrine of * Viz. That of Mr. and Mrs. Beynon, Miss salvation through the blood of Christ greatly Dale, and Master Desgranges.-Mr. and Mrs. Ray, and Mr. and Miss Piffard had sailed for Calcutta,

of the ship Wyodford,

affects him, and the preaching of it frequently there are several who worship the Lord in melts him into tears. His reports are be- spirit and in truth. The chapel that was coming more interesting. The disorderly lately erected is not sufficient to contain the conduct of the professing people around bim, people. seems to be a source of grief to him, espe

William Haweis Cooper. The first percially the violation of the Lord's-day,

-a sin

son who bore this nöme was dismissed that prevails among the people at Mayilaudy

more than two years ago; the person to a mournful extent. They have imbibed very loose ideas on this subject, as well as on

now bearing it was employed as a school

master in Mr. Ringletaube's time. I hope many others of vital importance, which has

he is a diligent and conscientious man, greatly retarded the work, and to counteract the bad effect of which, is a most difficult though he has not that deep view of the

depravity of the human heart, and the task. Mayilaudy is the place where this

necessity of an application to the blood of Reader is employed,-a town that has been so often described, that to mention it here is

sprinkling, which it is so desirable to see in sufficient. There is a pleasing circumstance

public teachers. He has daily opportunities connected with his labours that we must not

of disputing with the Roman Catholics

and heathen around him. The former aro omit to notice. An aged person of some

frequently made ashamed of their ignorance influence in the country has for a consider

of the Scriptures, and the latter often comable time listened with much interest to his

pelled to yield to the force of truth. instructions, and has appeared at times deeply

Puttalum, the centre of a large district, is impressed ; but his family connections have

the station that this Reader occupies. An hitherto prevented bim from making an open

aged man in this congregation was lately profession of his sentiments.

baptized, of whom I gave some account in a John Palmer is a native of Mayilaudy, former communication. and was formerly employed there as school.

Charles Seymour. The forst person who master. His conduct was so satisfactory, as

was called by this name possessed good nato point him out as a suitable person for a

tural abilities, and a very amiable temper, native teacher, when the religious public first

which endeared him to all around him. He enabled us to appoint so many to that im

was suddenly called from his labours on portant office. He has hitherto proved him

earth, I trust, to bis reward in heaven. His self worthy of the confidence placed in him;

successor is truly devoted to his work, and so and, by his example as well as instructions,

consistent in his walk, that his neighbours, preaches Christ and kim crucified. Several,

who do not like his religion, are constrained I trust, have been brought, through his

to speak well of him. . He has no particular instrumentality, to embrace the truth, as it

congregation under his care, but visits the is in Jesus. He is daily growing in know

principal ones in the Western District, to ledge, and has a very interesting and affec

exhort the Readers in those stations, to a tionate way of communicating it to others.

more diligent discharge of their duties; to Pitchekoodaernppoo was the first scene of

encourage the younger part of the congrehis labours; but at Tamarakoolum, which is

gation to study the Scriptures, and the dissurrounded by many villages, and situated in

courses given them by the Trarancore Tract the midst of a grove of Palmyras, he has

Society; to exhort all to a walk and converbeen stationed for more than two years.

sation becoming the gospel, and to ascertain Several additions have recently been made to

particularly what progress they make from this congregation.

month to month. James Clark is also a native of Mayilaudy,

John Clapham is esteemed among the and was employed by Mr. Ringeltaube to

heathen on account of being of high caste. superintend the cultivation of the Mission

He made a profession of Christianity in the fields. He is' a person of superior abilities,

year 1819, and has remained steadfast to and his knowledge of the Scriptures is

the present time. He is a person of conextensive. To this may be added, that

siderable energy of mind, and has been the bis conduct is correct, and I hope he has a

principal means of raising two or three small sense of the evil nature of sin, and of the

congregations. In many instances, ho has necessity of the blood of Christ to take away

afforded great assistance to the people, by its defilement. He was at first stationed at maintaining their rights, and vindicating Tamarakoolum, and had Agatesurum under

their conduct from misrepresentation. To his superintendence; but since the number of Readers has been increased, his sphere of accomplish this object, the Dewan of Tra

vancore allows him free access to him at all labour has been confined to the latter place, times. His more particular charge is the which is very populous, and surrounded by small congregation at Puenguddy. many villages, in most of which Christian families reside. The congregation has John Oldfield. The first person who was greatly increased by his labours, and is now called by this name, changed his office for the largest in the mission, in which, I trust, one of a more lucrative nature under the

Circar. However, he is not like many, who, buting among all classes of people. O, that for the sake of office, exchange their reli- the seed thus sown may spring up, and bring gion. He continues his attendance on the forth fruit to the glory of God! preaching of the gospel, and, I hope, appre

William Eccles. The Reader that origiciates its value. The person who now bears nally bore this namo gave great satisfacthis name demolished his idols in 1821, and since that period has exerted himself with

tion, which made us exceedingly sorry

to part with him; but as the climate of eat zeal in a better cause, and has been the

Travancore disagreed with his health, he means of bringing many families under the

was obliged to relinquish bis situation, and sound of the gospel, that otherwise might

remove to a distance. He was succeeded by have remained to the present time devoted

a person wbo had long professed the Cbrisworshippers of the Evil Spirit. He has

tian Religion, and who seemed for a time to chiefly laboured in the neighbourhood of

run well; but temptations prevailed, and he Munsey Sevier Chapel, but he is now sta

was drawn by his heathen relations again tioned at Treranderam.

into idolatry. The present W. Eccles is a Henry Martyn, aged about fifty, died young man who was educated in the Semisuddenly at Eraniel, in January last. He nary, of very promising abilities, and since retired to rest in the evoning in good health, he has held his present situation he bas purbut was found the next morning a corpse. sued his work with zeal and humility. He He was a man of a studious and contempla. has the charge of the small congregations at tive turn of mind, which was directed to the Covilvilly and Autekaudu. Two additional study of the Scriptures, in an acquaintance families have lately joined the congregation with which he had in a short time made at the latter place. much progress. He had to contend with

Charles Noel Welman. The first person much opposition, on account of his religion,

thus designated, had been educated among from the heathen, but more especially from

the Roman Catholics, but being much imsome branches of his own family; which, like his divine Master, he bore with much

pressed by reading the New Testament, ho

renounced the errors of Popery, and seemed patience, till he was called to his reward.

zealous for the propagation of his new The person that succeeds him is the eldest

tenets. But, I am very sorry to say, (for son of the Reader J. Clapham, who has

there were many pleasing traits in his chaenjoyed many advantages in the seminary at Nagercoil.

racter,) he sunk into a state of slothfulness, He is stationed at Eraniel

out of which it was impossible to arouse where Catherine Chapel is erected.

him; and he manifested such a particular Richard Knill. The first person that was objection to pursue a course of studies with called by this name was a native of Tanjore, the other Readers, that we were compelled who removed thịther with his family in to discharge him. The young man now 1822. Since that period several have been employed, has enjoyed some advantages in called E. Knill, whose conduct bas proved the Seminary at Palamcotta, under the care them to be very unworthy of the name. The of our much esteemed friends, the Lutheran person now so designated was educated at Missionaries. He is a person of an amiablo our Seminary, and was called J. Munro at temper, diligent in his work, and particuthe time, I believe, when Mr. Knill was in larly attentive to the instructions given bim. South Travancore. He is a young man of Vadabbankollum in Tinnevilly, and the large good moral character, acquainted with the district, by wbich it is surrounded, is the Scriptures, and has appeared at times to be scene of his labour. 'A few bave lately been deeply affected under the preaching of the added to the congregation there. word. Tittavilly is the sphere of his labour,

William Bushe. called by Mr. Knill, in his account of the

An aged man, who congregation in Travancore, “ the earthly

had formerly been a Catechist among the

Roman Catholics, and much esteemed by paradise.”

the natives for his learning, was first called Rowland Hill is a native of Tanjore, and by this name; and his conduct afforded us received a Christian education under the much satisfaction, during the time he mainMissionaries at that place. As he is a per- tained his office. But when our Girls' school son of high caste and good address, he has became so large as to require more assistbeen principally employed among the heathen ance, he was considered the most suitin the towns and villages contiguous to Na- able person we could obtain to fill this gercoil, in many of which a man of lower situation, which he has occupied with caste would not be able to gain a hearing. much credit ever since. The person cho. Thousands, by his means, have been warned sen in his place, as Reader, during the to flee from the wrath to come, and pointed short period, he bad made a profession to the Lamb of God, who taketh away the of Christianity, had made, so much prosin of the world. Many hundred tracts are gress in reading, and in the knowledge of also silently repeating the same thing, which divine things, that we were encouraged to he has had abundant opportunities of distri- believe that he would prove suitable for the

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