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ceeded to the teacher's bouse, which we
RAROTONGA. found equal to any, and superior to most of the houses of the natives at the Society October 5.-Arrived at Rarotonga. We Islands. Not far from the teacher's house went on shore, and were welcomed by tho is the chapel, around which the dwellings of teachers (Papeiaha and Tiberio), and a conthe Christian converts are scattered.
siderable number of the people. It being After the curiosity of the crowd had been the evening of the week-day lecture, I ada little satisfied, I requested them to adjourn dressed a congregation of about one thousand to the house of worship, which was soon five hundred persons, from Psalm cxviii. 1.; filled. Great numbers, who could not get O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good ; inside, surrounded every part of the house, because his mercy endureth for ever. The and listened with attention. Davida began greatest attention was paid to what was with prayer; after which I addressed them spoken. I spent the evening with the king on the love of God, in sending his Son and teachers, who consulted me upon the to die for them. I then exhorted those who general affairs of the islands, and informed had embraced Christianity to remain stead- me what had taken place during the past six fast, and those who still adhered to idolatry, months. to forsake it, and receive the light sent down Since the vessel was here last, the most from heaven. I returned with Davida and determined hostility had been manifested by his little flock to his house, where we spent the remaining idolaters, against those who some time in conversation, and again ex. bad embraced the Gospel, and had evenhorted them to constancy.
I addressed a tually led to a conflict, wbich terminated, word of affectionate advice to Davida, in without loss of life on either side, in victory reference to the work in wbich he was en- on that of the Christians. The vanquisbed gaged, and promised that another labourer have since entreated their names to be should be sent to him the first opportunity. enrolled 'as worshippers of Jehovah, and After supplying him with elementary books, the cumbrous, deities, fourteen in num&c., and what few articles we could spare, ber (being about 20 feet long, and 6 feet for his own use, ana for barter, I commended in diameter), are now lying prostratè, like him to God, and bade bim farewell. We Dagon of old. then returned on board, and bore away for The chapel, 240 feet by 42, is an excellent Rarotonga.
native building, well plastered. The king's The number of inhabitants in Manaia, is house, 36 feet by 24, is plastered, and taste. from one thousand to one thousand five fully fitted up in the interior, with painted hundred. The people who have embraced cloth and ornamental shells. It contains Christianity, are diligent in their learning. eight rooms, with boarded foors. Adjoining, Some can read the Spelling-book, and a few is another plastered house, 138 feet by 20, are beginning to read the Scriptures, Family in which the king eats, and where his serand private prayer is strictly observed among vants and dependants reside. Plakea is a them, and they pay great respect to their fine handsome man, mueh resembling, in his teacher; and although the king and the features, the late King Pomaré. He has principal part of the people are still idolaters, eight sons and four daughters. The house yet they are all upon friendly terms with in which the two teachers reside, is another Davida, frequently visiting him, and bringing good building, 90 feet by 30, most of it him presents of food. All idolatrous dis- floored with boards, and containing various tinctions have been abandoned by those who apartments, furnished with bedsteads, sofas, havę embraced Christianity in the island, and arm-chairs and tables, all of native manuthere is reason to hope that the Gospel will facture. There are several hundred houses bę embraced by every iņdividual in it. in the settlement, of which one hundred and
Infanticide being here unknown, the eighty are plastered. children are numerous. There is little sick- The king and principal chiefs can read ness among the people, and the diseases are well in the Tahitian Spelling-book, and few. They display great ingenuity in the hundreds, yea, I may say, thousands of men, fabrication of their cloth, canoes, stone women and children are making rapid pro. axes, and ear-ornaments. Their heads are gress in learning. Dr. Watts's Catechism of profusely covered with figured cloth, red Scripture Names they have learned perbeads, and sinnet of beautiful workmanship. fectly, 'as well as the Tahitian Catechism. Their language approaches nearer to that of Family and private prayer is generally obNew Zealand than Tahitian.
served. Plurality of wives is entirely aboThe teachers have been industrious in cul- lished. The people show great respect to tivating yams, pumpkins, and melons, all of their teachers. Three kings (or principal which were before unknown bere ; fowls, chiefs) formerly governed the island, (viz. also, and hogs have been introduced, and Makea, Tinomana, and Pa,) between whom are upon the increase, We left with the frequent and bloodly wars formerly raged; but teachers some sweet potatoes for seed, now, by universal consent, the whole power which will prove & valuable addition to their is vested in Makea; and thus contention for steak of eatables,
power, that apple of discord, has been widely i
cast away by the islanders. Cannibalism with what I witnessed on our former visit. and infanticide* also have ceased. The We were then afraid to land, conceiving population of this island may be safely esti- our lives would have been endangered ; but mated at from six to seven thousand, The now we felt as easy as though we had been people are much given to cullivation, and among our own people. Then the natives men, women and children are continually came alongside the vessel without any employed on their plantations.
clothing at all, but now the greatest proIn the evening, those who had been bap: priety in dress was manifested among all tized made a feast, to which we were in classes. At our former visit, the Tahi. vited ; and while we were partaking of the tian teachers were compelled to keep luxuries of the island, several of the natives watch the whole night, to preserve their got up and made some sensible speeches. wives from the violence of Makea ; but One observed, that our Lord foretold Peter's How he has given up all his own wives denial; let us also (added he) beware lest (formerly eight in number) except one. we deny him in our hearts. Another made He is constant at school, is diligent in his some judicious remarks on John iii, 6; That attendance on the means of grace, and apwhich is born of the flesh is flesh, and that proves of every plan that is proposed for the which is born of the spirit is spirit. And spiritual and temporal benelit of his people, I must confess, I was surprised to hear such There is also, apparently, more modesty addresses from those who so short a time among the females of this island, than on ago were ignorant idolaters. After this any other in the South Seas with which I meeting was concluded, we retired to the am acquainted. chapel, where I was employed in re-writing October 8. In the morning the people down the names of the candidates, previous again assembled at the chapel. I addressed to baptism on the morrow.
them on the subject of the new birth, after Qetober 7.-About noon, the people as. which, I baptized one hundred and twentysembled at the chapel, to the number of two nine adults and seventy-one children, making thousand. I addressed them from Matt. altogether four hundred and ninety-six, who xxviii, 20, Teaching them to observe all have beeu baptized during our present visit. things, &c. &c.; after which I baptized One thousand were baptized formerly, so one hundred and ninety-four adults, and one that the whole number of those who have hundred and two children, The greatest now received the ordinance of baptism on order prevailed during the whole service. this island, is one thousand four hundred In the afternoon I had a meeting with the and ninety-six. On this occasion, the numyoung people and children.
About seven ber of natives present could not have been bundred attended. They correctly answered less than from three thousand five hundred every question in Dr. Watts's Catechism, I to four thousand. afterwards addressed them, and concluded The Tahitian teachers, Papeiha and Ti. with prayer. On this island, the Lancasterian berio, deserve great commendation for their system of instruction could be fully acted activity and diligence in their work. They upon, as the young people and children can- have taught the people to make bedsteads, not leave home, such is the extent of the solas, chairs, &c. They have themselves population, without danger of starvation.* acquired a great deal of the Rarotongian
In the evening, the people held their dialect, and, when reading the Scriptures, stated Friday evening meeting, in the chapel, giving out the Tahitian Hymns, and in their which was lighted up with candle-nut oil. prayers and addresses, they substitute nuAbout three thousand were present. I merous words of the Rarotongian dialect commenced with prayer and an address, after instead of the Tahitian, that the people which several passages of Seripture were may more clearly understand the Word of correctly quoted and appropriately applied Life; so that I am now more convinced by the natives. The two deacons who ac. than ever of the necessity of a Version of companied me then addressed them in an the Scriptures, for the use of the natives of encouraging manper. I could not help con- Harvey-Islands, and the sooner it is comtrasting the behaviour of the people now, menced the better.
Much has been said in Europe, &c. con.
cerning the success of the Gospel in the Infantieide was confined to female chil. Society Islands, but it is not to be compared dren. There were formerly arreois among with its progress in Rarotonga. In the So. the people of this island, but they never ciety Islands, European Missionaries lamurdered their children.
boured for fifteen long years before the In the Society Islands, where, before least fruit appeared. But two years ago, the people embraced Christianity, the popu- "Rarotonga was hardly known to exist; was lation bad been so much reduced by wars, not marked in any of the charts, and on our infanticide, &c. the chidren ramble from place last voyage we spent much time in endeato place, and from island to island, always vouring to ascertain whether or not there sure of procuring the means of subsistence. really was such an island į and all the guidance we were able to obtain, was from the lamps, and around the walls are placed, at king of Atui, who had never seen it him- equal distances, sixty-six lamps, making self. Two years ago the Rarotongians did altogether one hundred and sixty-two lamps, not know there was such a name as Jesus, which, when lighted up, have a very good or such good news as the Gospel. And now, effect. They have also built a coral pier, I scruple not to say, that their attention to 600 feet in length, and 18 feet in breadth. the means of grace, their regard to private The number of plastered houses here is one and family prayer, their diligence and their hundred and forty-four, in many of which general behaviour, equals, if not excels, are bedsteads and sofas. The houses of the whatever has been witnessed at Tahiti and principal chiefs are substantial buildings, but the neighbouring islands. When we look they are not so well finished as those at at the means, it is the more astonishing. Rarotonga. The female teachers have taught Two Tabitian teachers, not particularly the women to make good bonnets, and the distinguished among their own country- men have also well-made hats. The general men for intelligence, have been the instru- appearance and conduct of the people have ments in working this wonderful change, greatly improved since my former visit, for, and that before a single European Mis- although the natives of this island had then sionary had set his foot upon the island. I embraced Christianity, much of the savage have been accustomed to see such changes manner and behaviour remained, but now as have taken place in the various islands of decency and order are conspicuous in their these seas, but I must confess, what I have demeanour. They are diligent in learning, seen in Rarotonga has, nevertheless, ex- and numbers can read. Family and private cited in me surprise. I could not help prayer is universal. In the evening the earnestly desiring the presence of my Bro- people assembled in the chapel, to the numther Williams, that as he had shared some ber of one thousand four hundred, when I disappointments with me last voyage, so he addressed them from Matt. iii. 12-Whose might share with me the joy, which the fan is in his hand, 8c. The baptized after. change which has since taken place is cal. wards presented me with a few mats and culated to produce. From the great num- some native cloth, for Brother Williams ber of its inhabitants, and the general aspect and myself, and the whole congregation of affairs in the island, there appears reason then came forward to shake hands with me, to expect Rarotonga will become one of the in token of their pleasure at my visit. The most important among the missionary sta- two deacons who accompanied me adtions in these seas. We left a large supply dressed them on the great change which had of elementary books, and, after giving the taken place among them, and exhorted teachers a word or two of encouragement, them to steadfastness in the ways of the and taking leave of the king and people, we Lord. In the evening the chapel was lighted went on board, and stretched across for up, when I met them again, and re-wrote Aitutake,
the names of the candidates, previous to AITUTAKE.
their being baptized on the morrow.
The people assembled about nine o'clock, October 10.-We lay off the island all the when I preached to them from Luke iii. last night, and this morning several natives 16–1 indeed baptize you with water, came off in a canoe, to ascertain who we &c. After which I baptized two hundred were, and after being informed, hastened and fifteen adults and children ; fout back to communicate the intelligence. The hundred had been previously baptized, settlement had a very interesting appearance
which makes a total of six hundred and from the vessel. It extends upwards of two fifteen adults and children. In all these miles in length, and the numerous white services the greatest stillness and attention cottages, shaded by large aito trees, scat- prevailed, which were not so conspicuous tered here and there along the beach, have formerly; but now, no congregation in Enga pleasing and picturesque effect.
land could attend with more propriety on We were kindly welcomed by the native the sacred ordinances of religion, than the teachers, and by all classes of the people. people of Aitutake. After conversing with Paumoana and Ma. After the services in the morning I coltaitai • upon the affairs of the station, and in- lected the young people and children, to the forming them of the success of the Gospel at number of two hundred, when they repeated Manaia and Rarotonga, I walked to view the their catechism in a very perfect manner, settlement. The chapel that Brother Wil. after which I addressed them on the characliams and I opened when we were here to- ter of Timothy, and concluded with prayer. gether in 1823, which was then in an un. I again met the teachers, and after exhort. finished state, has been since completed. It ing them to be diligent in the good work in is well floored with boards. Down the mid- which they were engaged, giving them dle are hung eight chandeliers, with twelve requisite instructions, and leaving a good
The lamps are made of cocoa-nut shells,
supply of elementary books, I bade them fare- His Lordship and the other gentlemen were well. Every thing has remained perfectly pleased to testify their approbation at the quiet since our last visit; neither war nor progress of civilization, &c. that has been rumour of war has been seen or heard, al. made here. The teachers afterwards were though formerly it was their greatest delight, shown every thing that was to be seen on and the bodies of their slain enemies formed board the Blonde, at which they expressed the horrible repast at the conclusion of every great astonishment, never having seen a engagement,
man of war before. On their return on
sbore, his Lordship made the teachers and MAUTII, OR MAUTE,
their wives a present of many useful articles. October 15.--At nine o'clock A.M. we
MITIARO. saw the island of Maute, and came up with it about twelve. It being the Sabbath-day, October 17.--Arrived at this island early no canoes came off to us, and as the mis
in the morning. It is barren and unfruitful, sionary settlement was four miles inland, no
and the inhabitants, although they do not native saw us, We landed, and with consi.
exceed one hundred, find it difficult to subderable difficulty reached the settlement
sist. They are attentive to instruction, dili Soon after our arrival, the people collected
gent in their learning, and kind to +! for evening service, when I preached from
teachers. They have erected a norteacha 'John iii. 14-As Moses lifted up the serpent tered chapel,
and several have offeredarbopr in the wilderness, &c.&c. The inhabitants, selves as candidates for baptism. A who do not exceed two hundred, appeared plaining the nature and obligations of to us to be going on well. The same atten
ordinance, I baptized twenty-two adults ant tion to the preaching of the Gospel was twenty-four children. manifested here, as at the islands we had just left. The external appearance of the people was neat and decent; the women
October 18.-Arrived at this island towards were well attired, and but few of the people without hats or bonnets. They behave evening. One of the kings, or principal with kindness to their teachers, and pay
chiefs, and two of the Tahitian teachers, attention to their instructions. They have
came off after we had first sent on shore. erected a neat chapel, 60 feet by 36; the
The chapel here is a good building, and the pulpit is remarkably neat. The singing is
teacher, Nakara, is building for himself a good. In the evening great number of house, 72 feet by 30. The kings, with the people assembled, when I heard them
a few of the people, attend to instruction repeat two catecbisms. They are diligent
and behave kindly to the teachers; but the in learning, and several can read. Here principal part of the people pay no regard to also family and private prayer is attended
either. Indeed, they ignorantly blame the to. The teachers have built themselves a
teachers, as being the cause of their wanting good plastered house, and made for them. food, which, in point of fact, has arisen selves various articles of useful household
from an unusually dry season, and a scarcity
of fish. furniture. The general appearance of the settlement, and the behaviour of the people,
I collected the people together, to the are pleasing.
number of one hundred and fifty, and October 16.-In the morning the people preached to them from Luke ii. 14—Glory assembled in the chapel, when I preached
to God in the highest, on earth peace, good
will towards men. About one hundred and to them from Matt. iii. 6–And were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins.
ten had been formerly baptized, and there After which I baptized forty-two adults and
are now no more candidates for baptism. thirty-nine children.
The captain of an English whaler bas left In August last, H. M. frigate, the
the following written testimony to the peace. Blonde, commanded by Captain Lord Byron,
able behaviour of those among the people touched here, on ber passage from the Sand
bere who have embraced Christianity :
" I visited this island for the purpose of wich Islands. His Lordship and the officers went on shore, inspected the teachers' obtaining some refreshments, and although, houses, the chapel, and various other parts
in some measure, prepared to expect civility, of the settlement. The teachers showed
their excessive kindness exceeded my utmost his Lordship the documents I gave them
expectations. They appear a mild, inoffenwhen they left Taha, certifying where they
sive people, and have no warlike instruments came from, and that they were under the
among them. We remained here on Sunday, patronage of the London Missionary Society,
and never, in any country, witnessed such attention paid to the Sabbath."-This paper is dated January, 1825.
The Tahitian teacbers here have had much • The Tahitian teachers stationed on this
to contond with, and they need the prayers Jsland are named Haapi and Furaire,
of Christiana on their behalf, Alton w
had gtren tben a few words of encourage- their shores. In the evening they assentment, and exhorted them to exercise pa- hled, and I addressed them from Matt. v. tience under their trials, they took à linger. 13 and 14-Ye are the salt of the earth, ing farewell of us, appearing very unwilling fe. fc. that we sheuld leave them so soon.
October 28.-At day-break, went over the mountains to the settlements where the Ta. hitian teacher, Mabamene, resides. Held
a meeting with the church and people, and ISLANDS OF RAIVAVAI.* partook of a social meal with them. After
giving them an address, I returned about the middle of the day to the other settle
ment, where the members of the church at The Haweis now stood for the islands of that place, and people generally, bad preRaivavai, and made Rurutu on October 27. pared a feast, of which we partook. I after
wards addressed them. When we came to the mouth of the entrance to one of the missionary settlements, we
The present appearance of the settlements
in this island, and the behaviour of the were surprised to see the wreck of a vessel, sicich proved to be the Falcon, Captain have been said in their commendation.
people, fully justify whatever may formerly bave z an American whaler, which had left
The houses are well built; cultivation is as have homeward bound, about two months
carried on to a great extent, especially in these When we had landed, we found the and part of the crew living on
yams; the people continue diligent in learns captain had proceeded to South ing; the church consists of thirty members;
and all the people, who do not exceed two hort time before we arrived. now how the natives behaved ferring with the teachers, and bidding them
hundred, have been baptized. After couuccasion, and I was glad when one of the Tahitian teachers put into my hand farewell
, we returned on board, and steered
for a paper which the captain had given to him, previous to his departure, of which the following is a copy :-“ The natives gave us all the assistance
October 29.-Sabbath-day. Wenton shore in their power, from the time the ship
about 10 o'clock. The people testified great streek to the present moment. The first joy at my visit. I was concerned to hear day, wbile landing the things from the ship,
from the Tahitian teacher, Farava, that his they were put into the hands of the natives,
wife and child had been dead some time, and carried up to the native Mission-house,
and that his fellow-labourer, Oo, had died à distance of half a mile, and not a single
about twelve months ago. It was more than article of clothing was taken from any man
two years since any Missionary had visited belonging to the ship, though they had it in
this island; and the teacher said, he thought their power to have plandered us of every
he had been forsaken. He expressed much thing that was landed which fully proves
pleasure at seeing me. After partaking of the honesty of the natives of this island.
some refreshment, I went to hear the people Since I have lived on shore myself, officers
repeat their catechisms, The men were and people have received the kindest treat
arranged on one side, and the women on ment from the natives that can be imagined,
the other. They repeated the Tabitian for which I shall ever be thankful. Myself catecbism, Dr. Watts’s, and one that had been and officers have lived in the house with prepared by Mr. Orsmond for the use of the Buna, who, together with his wife, have people at Borabora. I particularly noticed paid every attention to make us comfort.
some grey-headed old men, who appeared to able (they both being fine people), for repeat their catechism with all their hearts, which I return my unfeigned thanks, being
and to be as devoted to their learning as the only compensation I can make them at
they had been formerly to their idolatry. present.
In the afternoon I preached to them from (Signed) “ BENJ, C. CHASE."
Luke i. 68 and 69-Blessed be the Lord God
of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed The teachers welcomed us on shore; and his people, &c. &c. In the evening hąd although the three settlements lie at some a long conversation with the teachers on the distance from each other, it was not long
affairs of the mission. bofore the natives were all collected at the October 31.-The people assembled at the place where we landed, to welcome us to chapel, which is a neat plastered building,
with raised floors, like that at Borabora.
I preached from Matt. iii. 3— For this is he * Situated between 22° and 25° S. Lat. that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, and 147" and 151° W. Long., and between saying, The voice of one crying in the 350 and 400 miles South of Tahiti.
wilderness, &c. &c. After wbich I baptized † Or Puja, a Tahitian teacher.
the king and his intended wise, together