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with twenty-five adults and children. Afternative is at all times too much disposed to the service, I married the young king, whose undervalue that which is merely native. dame is Temaeva. I afterwards met the From this journal it will appear, that God children, to the number of ninety, to whom, is carrying on his own work in the Harvey. after hearing them repeat their catechism, Islands; and may the day not be far distant I spoke a few words of advice.

when the same good news shall be brought The land of this island is capable of sup- from the Navigators', New Hebrides, and porting a great number of inbabitants, but every other cluster of islands in this widelyit has been hitherto the custom for the extended ocean. women to labour on it, while the men do nothing. This has been a great obstacle to marriage, since the women knew, that if they married, they should have to work hard. The teacher had repeatedly attempted to alter this system of things, without

EAST INDIES. success; but the people had promised, that should a Missionary visit them, they would pay regard to his advice on the subject. On hearing this, I called a meeting of all the people upon the island, and, addressing the king and chiefs, represented to

Extracts from the Journals of Native Teache them the nature of the obligations they had

ers, employed in the vicinity of Carbour luid themselves under in embracing Christianity, and informed them, that the females

(Concluded from page 362.) in other islands, who had embraced the Gospel, did not till the ground, and prepare

From the Journal of William Clapham's the food, but made cloth, bonnets, hats, &c.

Reader, I exhorted them to have compassion on their wives, and not make them work like slaves,

I sat down to read near some persons who while they themselves did nothing at all. I had been ploughing their fields. They lisa then called upon each chief by name, to

tened with attention. Asking them what give his opinion, and state bis thoughts upon they understood by my reading, they rethe subject. They all spoke in answer; plied, we learn, it is in vain to worsbip and I was happy to find there was not a idols, but we must know and serve Jesus single dissentient voice, and it was therefore Christ." I spoke of the necessity of reagreed, that from that day forward, the men pentance, and said, this was the time of şhould plant, dig, and prepare the food, and salvation, and that, perbaps, they had never the women make cloth, mats, bonnets, &c. belore thought of these things, but now The women who were present manifested they should begin to think. I said, God their joy upon the occasion; but I cautioned also had been long speaking to them provithem against idleness, and to take care dentially, by sending the cholera, and witha that they themselves have, in future, good holding the usual rain. They said, “ Well, clothes and bonnets, and their busbands then, we will give up our idols." I told good hats.

them, they must pray for strength to be able The number of inhabitants on this island to do so, and serve God acceptably. is about three hundred. They appear to

Wben reading at Attoor, I observed be a quiet, inoffensive, agreeable race of several Roman Catholics, and found they people. Farava has his heart in his work, were scarcely able to tell who Jesus Christ and the people pay him great regard. We

was. His sacred name seemed new to them, left him a good supply of elementary and They prayed, they said, to the Holy Mary other books.

to intercede for them with God. I showed The people accompanied us to the beach, that Jesus is our only Mediator. Afterwurds, where we bade them farewell, and returned one of the Catholics called me to go with on board. After a tedious passage of eleven him to his house, where I read to several, days, we returned to Raiatea, where I found and exhorted them. my wife and family in good health.

I spoke to a wood-man from the country,

about the way of obtaining pardon for sin: Visits of this nature to the islands where he listened attentively, and said, “I once Tahitian teachers have been stationed, are kept a concubine, who afterwards killed calculated to do much good. It is necessary herself, but, before she died, went to thọ to have frequent personal communications idol, and threw ashes in the air, and imprewith the teachers, both in reference to ad- cated curses upon my head (à heathen cusvice, and the encouraging of them in their tom, inspiring dread)—can such a curse be work. The natives of the several islands, avoided ?" I explained fully the nature of thus seeing that their teachers are coun- pardon, through the merits of Christ, upon tenanced and supported by the Missionaries, our repentance, &c. The man appeared to will pay the more respect to them; for a be really afraid, that as he had been partly


the cause of the ruin of this woman, that and say—this is God. Will he not be dissuch a great sin could not be forgiven. pleased, and punish you for this? Besides,

Going to our English school in the town, we know not his shape; and the beasts, I observed a man worshipping an idol; when birds, and fishes, to which you compare he had done, I conversed with him on the Him, are only the works of His hands. He, subject of idolatry: he acknowledged idols therefore, forbids us to make any image or were nothing, but said “ if we do not wor- likeness of Him. They said, “ we are ignoship them, the people of our caste will abuse rant, and know no better.” and punish us." I observed that man could A man brought a part of a broken idol, do but little for us in distress and sickness, and begged some charity to repair it. I exand if we die suddenly (as many do at this postulated with bim, and refused bis applicaseason), our neglect of God will have dread- tion, at which he was surprised; but at last ful consequences. He made the usual reply confessed, that he begged for his support as “what you say is true, we should act accord- well as to repair the idol, as people would ing thereto, but who has strength for that?” readily give alms for such a purpose.

Reading in a public place many heard attentively. A Roman Catholic wished to

From the Journal of William Cooper's stop the reading and hold a debate; he said

Reader. “that was the way to make the people ac- Reading in the way-side, several Brahquainted with the Gospel.” I said we will mins passed, and stopped their ears, walking also speak on the subject, when he put a

speedily away; but some others said, “This number of intricate questions, such as, is a new doctrine--we must hear it,” and Who made Satan so wicked ? Did not God sat down on the grass, and heard patiently. know that man would sin, and wby did he Aster reading, they said, “Well, rich people, not prevent it? I replied that we we think, may be very religious, and walk in but dust and ashes before God, and like a good way." I said, that the riches of the clay in the hands of the potter, and must be world often prevent men from regarding humble, and receive God's word, even if these things, and the rich are often very we cannot understand it all. Concerning poor as to heavenly treasure. Therefore, Satan, I explained that God made him holy, through grace obtained by prayer, we are and that be and man fell by their own free made partakers of Christ's salvation. I gave choice, and that God would not force any to a tract on conversion, exhorting them to be either good or bad; also, as a servant read it often carefully. must do the will of his master, and a child Read to several young Brahmins, who that of his parents, without asking reasons ; listened attentively. One said, “I have so it is the will of God, that we should often wished to walk in a holy way, but obtain salvation through Christ upon be- lusts and passions rise up and prevent." lieving. Let us, therefore, believe and obey, I said, none are good by nature; we must and not dispute: but if you wish to hear seek a new nature: obtaining this, sin will more on this, or any other subject, you may appear abominable, and we shall strive against come to the missionary for information. our spiritual foes; and, going on in the way Several Heathens present took part against marked out by the Holy Saviour, we shall the Catholic, when they heard that his ques- obtain salvation. tions were all answered.t

Met some persons in the way of KaruAfter reading one day in a place where poor, and asked them if they knew who God we frequently resort, I was asked, “What

was, and what worship he requires of men ? profit do you get by thus reading, and who They said, “We know nothing about Him, supports you ?” I explained, that we looked neither desire to know Him. We worship chiefly for a reward in heaven, by showing Menachee Ammon * at Madura.” I said, men the way thither; and that we were sup- she did not create you-neither does she ported by pious people in England, who pitied preserve you, but this our merciful God in the heathen, and wished them to learn the

Christ does, though you know him not. I way of eternal life.

explained why the Redeemer came into the Speaking to some country people engaged world, &c. to which they made no reply. in the fields, I said, if I were to compare I saw a Roman Catholic praying at the you to a beast, you would be justly offended.

tomb of his relations, and showed, from the But you take a loathsome, frightful image, Scriptures, the folly and sinfulness of pray.

ing for the dead, and praying to images and

saints. He said, “ Yesterday the robbers • Perhaps he was more afraid of sudden

stole our priest's property; and he took the vengeance and punishment than grieved for

image of St. Anthony, and put it in the sun, offonding God. + This person afterwards came to me,

and flogged it to make him restore the proand received the Gospel of Matthew, which I exported him to study with prayer and * Wife of Chokaļingam, and a celebrated humility,

goddess of that place.

I ex

perty; ought we not therefore to worship and asked me a number of vain questions. saints ?” I said, No, they are only God's I offered him a tract, which he declined to servants, we must worship Him alone. receive, saying, that he had no time to read.

Passing by a heathen temple, I saw a After leaving this place, I fell in with great multitude in the Compound, shouting several people, who, to my surprise, listened and making Poojah. I spoke to some, and with great attention. One asked, how sins asked if they were not acting like children were to be pardoned ?, I, of course, spoke of in making such gestures, &c. before a mere the Lamb of God which taketh away the sins image. They said, “ AH men have some of the world ; a woman likewise was very atreligion, and we have ours." Observing tentive. It was an interesting meeting to some of them had the mark of Seeva, and me, and I hope to them. I left them with some that of Vishnu, on their foreheads, I an earnest exhortation to embrace the GosI spoke a long time on the folly of the dif. pel, which had been explained to them, obferent sects among the Hindoos, and showed serving, the time past was long enough for there was but one God, one heaven, and them to have remained in darkness. that all mankind were of one family, and As the Schoolmaster of Karupoor was reshould seek salvation in Jesus, the only citing the poems of an ancient monk on the Saviour; many heard with attention, and vanity of the world, and the misery of those apparent acquiescence.

who seek it in preference to the eternal Speaking to a poor low caste man about God, I explained to him that we are by naredemption, he said, “You should not tell ture ignorant of our heavenly Father; and these great things to me, because my caste though we might hear or read good moral is low, tell them to the high and learned instruction, yet our corrupt nature is averse people.tI showed him that the Gospel to follow it, and that the Holy Christ was intended for the poor as well as the must renew our minds by his grace. rich; and that many of the former had be- horted him and his family to embrace the lieved in it, and found salvation. Those Gospel. “ Hereafter (he said) that must who are of high caste in God's sight, are be done." the wise and the good. Then he listened Two or three persons were sitting together with pleasure to what I said, and I spoke of and hearing a heathen story read; when they the joys of heaven, which the penitent and had done, I asked them what instruction believing would obtain. He seemed amazed they obtained from what they had been at what he heard, as the tidings were cer- hearing? They replied, that it was an actainly new to him.

count of a giant who was a great murderer,

and when he could not contend successfully Journal of the Inverkeithing's Reader. with a stronger giant, he fell at his feet, and

I addressed some of my neighbours, who implored pardon, which was granted. So were assembled together, and showed them we must pardon those who beg for and that the homage paid by them to images

fall at our feet. I asked if the book told is a reproach to the holy name of God, &c. any thing about the holy attributes of God, who is the Lord of all creatures. I exhorted atonement for sin, &c.; they said, “ if the them to believe the Gospel, and showed

book was attentively read, it would explain them, that the despisers of it would be con- also these things." I acknowledged there demned. When I read a tract, a young

were some good moral lessons found in some man present derided, and another seemed to of their books, but they also contained many liston with more attention, but he doubted

immoral things, such as the thefts and adulthe truth of future rewards and punishments.

teries of Krishnu, Seeva, &c. Besides, the I observed that kings and governors never

heathens were very guilty of making indesuffer their laws to be broken without pu- cent pictures to assist men's corrupt minds nishing the offenders, much less will God to do evil. These things undid all that was pass over the evil and good actions of his good in their religion, and led men to etercreatures.

nal destruction. As we were discoursing, Discoursing with a bazaar man on the the number of persons gradually increased. heinous sin of idolatry, showing that all men

One man replied in favour of idolatry with are sinners, and that the rites and ceremo

much noise and warmth. I proceeded to nies of the heathen could not take away sin, show them that idolatry was the root of all he seemed to listen with very little interest, evil, and a great dishonour to the God of

heaven, and mentioned the love of God,

in giving up his Son to be the Saviour of • Heathen ceremonies.

sinners. They contended that the idols † A common excuse of the lower castes, were representatives of God, as the Dewan who have always been taught by the Brah- (prime minister) represents the king. One mins that the Vedas are not intended for man put his hand on bis breast, saying, them, and that it is even criminal in them “ God is here,” meaning that the soul in to become acquainted with their religious God. Others said, "Fidolatry is supported books,

becauso many obtain their living thereby," I mentioned several things to potnt out the the most experienced in religious know. vanity of their customs, to which they were ledge and piety. All of them are acquainted silent.

with the rudiments of the English language, Some of the heathen boys, in one of the and devote some time daily to improve themschools, asked for tracts to read to their selves farther in it. I meet them most even. parents, which I gave them, with advice to ings in the week, when they are at home, read them carefully.

and explain the Scriptures, receive their On the Sabbath (Dec. 18,) visited the Reports, and give them such advice as appears little congregation at Teruvesaloor, and dis- necessary, from what passes daily in their coursed with them on our Lord washing the intercourse with the heathen. They are feet of his disciples ; twenty-three people pursuing theological studies on the plan of were present, who listened attentively. the Assembly's Catechism, the translation of

I examined the Karupoor scholars, in Dr. which into Tamil I have just finished ; Watts's first catechism, and explained to it has undergone many revisions, and I bopo them the signification of some words wBich it has advanced to a degree of improvement they did not understand, particularly that that will enable the Tamulian to understand God was a spirit. I conversed with them that excellent form of “ sound words.” concerning idolatry, and asked them whether The above extracts from the journals of it was proper to compare the God, who is a the Readers, show the simplicity of their spirit, to idols, male and female deities, &c. mode of teaching their fellow-countrymen The boys answered, No. Then, I said, why the truths of the Gospel. More extensive do you worsbip these idols with your parents ? extracts should have been sent, if time bad The boys answered, that they ought to fol. permitted them to be translated and copied. low the customs of their forefathers, and have sucb images, to be conformed to the world.

I met a man at Karupoor school, who told me that he wished to become a Christian, on

CHITTOOR. purpose to get å living, because his hard labour was quite insufficient to maintain his The Directors have been long desirous of family. I said, that he was not to be com- sending out a Missionary to Chittoor, and mended for forsaking the customs of his they trust it will be in their power shortly forefathers, and embracing another religion to appoint one, with a view to provide for merely for a living, instead of seeking eter- the spiritual necessities of the inhabitants, nal happiness for his soul. Moreover, he (both natives and Europeans) of a place spoke some immodest words; then I advised

which, as will appear from the following bim not to speak so. Hereplied, that even statements, presents a field of labour, already Christians, who are long acquainted with bearing the marks of diligent cultivation, Christianity, speak as bad as the ignorant and which, it is hoped, will be carried to a heathens do." I told him true Christians still higber state of moral and religious would not do so.

culture, when the efforts of a missionary I conversed with a respectable old man at shall be added to the present laudable exer. the English school-room, who was present tions of gentlemen resident at the spot. at the examination of the scholars, concerning the parable of our Lord respecting Extracts from a Letter of Rev. Edmund the unfruitful fig-tree, and asked him whe.

Crisp, Missionary at Madras, 27th Feb. ther be ever seriously reflected on bis past Hse? He said that “from bis infancy, his

containing particulars af a visit to Chit.

toor. life was unspotted.” I repeated the Ten Commandments to him, and enquired of On the Sabbath after my arrival, I him whether he bad perfectly obeyed them preached in the afternoon to the natives, He then acknowledged he was guilty of idol. from xxviii Matthew, 19 and 20, and bapatry, and other sins. I advised him to pray tized forty adults and children. On the fol. that the Lord would enlighten his under lowing Sabbath, I administered the Lord's standing, which was entirely clouded by Supper, in Tamil, to about seventy commu. heathenish supersition, that he might dis. picants. It was such a sight as I bave not cern between good and evil.

before beheld. Here were several, who

before were Mohammedans, listening with Mr. Mead appends to the preceding extracts

gladness to him who said, “ Do this in refrom the Journals of the Readers, the fol- memembrance of me," and drinking what lowing account of their Studies, &c.

they would otherwise have held in abhor

rence. And here were Hindoos, of various The readers are all, I trust, pious young castes, sitting side by side, eating the same men, and have been under the care of dif- bread and drinking the same cup, desirous, ferent Missionaries, either as Seminarists or apparently, of remembering only His dying Catechists. The Inverkeithing Reader is love, “who, in the same night in which he


was betrayed, took bread and brake it." The HORRIBLE SCENES AT THE FESTIVAL OT greatest order prevailed, and there was an

JUGGERNAUT. apparent seriousness and solemnity in the assembly which well agreed with the nature The Rev. James Peggs, lately returned of the ordinance. As we have, as yet, no from Orissa, attended the annual meeting of native church at Madras, I had never before the Baptist Missionary Society, held at Great administered the Lord's Supper in Tamil; Queen-street Chapel on the 22nd of June, but I confess it was to me such a season and communicated the following appalling of enjoyment as I had never before been facts:blessed with. I heard from several of the, Having been stationed about fifty miles communicants afterwards, that a mingled from Juggernaut's temple, and having, in feeling of love and solemnity was that connexion with my brethren, established a which filled their hearts.

missionary station about a mile from it, and Besides these particular engagements, I been myself at Juggernaut at two of their made a point of going daily among the na- great annual festivals, it seems proper for me tives, and generally addressed them daily, to say something of the scenes which are ex. morning and evening, at a kind of public hibited, and to give you my own testimony, worship, which is held in one of the de. and that of my brethren, who, as well as mytached wings of the house of the gentleman self, have been eye and ear witnesses to the with whom I sojourned. I also gave them abominations of that dreadful place. The full permission to call upon me in my room Psalmist declares, that their sorrows shall be whenever they chose, and bad, in conse- multiplied that hasten after another God; quence, several very pleasing opportunities and nowhere on earth, perhaps, is this so of intercourse with them. The feelings of fully exemplified as at Juggernaut. gratitude and respect which were expressed “At the annual festival, from extreme' inby them were, of course, exceedingly pleas- disposition, I was able to be there only on ing to my heart, and I look forward with the last day; but I will read to you a few much pleasure to the time when, according particulars respecting it, given by my comto our present arrangement, it will come to panions, Mr. and Mrs. Lacy. Mr. Lacy my turn to visit them again. In the mean says, time, I intend to write to them occasionally, «This year the Thatra commenced unand to encourage them to communicate fully usually early, in consequence of which, it with me on all subjects upon which they may be presumed, the number of Ihatrees may wish for advice or information.

was unusually great, expecting, no doubt, to What has been stated, refers solely to my escape the rains. The gentleman who labours among the natives ; it was, however, keeps the gate (a native of Norway, in the my happiness to be permitted to preach dur- employ of our government), and who, in ing the nine days of my stay, about eight consequence, will be allowed to be the best times to the Europeans of the station, be judge of numbers, told me that not less than side administering the Lord's Supper on the 225,000 pilgrims entered the town. The Sabbath-and I must acknowledge, that in greater part of this immense number were no case have I seen more marked and serious

women; and among these many seemed poor attention paid to the word of God. Oh! and very old : being turned out by their inthat as such it may be received and may human children, they came to end a life of “work effectually." Before I left Chittoor, wretchedness near their favourite idol, from the thanks of several were conveyed to me dying near wbich they had been taught to for the pleasure, and it was hoped benefit, expect heaven. which had resulted from the late dispensing 26- This number of pilgrims raised a sum of of the word of God among them.

money scarcely ever realized before, 32,5001. The gentleman with whom I was staying, Thus, while the pilgrimage destroys thou. has a large girls' shool and a boys' school, sands of lives, some reap considerable adfor natives, in his own garden; and another vantage. You would have felt your hearts gentleman has commenced a similar course moved to bear, as I did, the natives say of benevolent exertion. They have it in con- • Your preaching is a lie: for if your templation to proceed to the building of a Saviour and religion are thus merciful, how large place of worship, wbich is very desira.

do you then take away the money of the ble. The precise number of native Cbris- poor, and suffer them to starvę ?' I often tians in the place I could not learn, but I had to do with objections like these; howunderstood it to be about three hundred.

ever I endeavoured, as well as I could, to clear the character of Him who died for the poor and the sinner.

“« I think, from the number of the poor, • Until Chittoor shall be supplied with a that many must have perished witbout the resident Missionary, Messrs. Crisp and Tay- gate; and also thiuk so, from the great lor, of Madras, purpose to visit the place number of bodies beyood. alternately every four months,

SIA gentieman arrived at Cuttock, who

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