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Hark! the kings and the princes, our kindred, are going to see the qucen's picture. Come, follow us: we'll be thy good masters.s
Enter Leontes, Polixenes, FLORIZEL, Perdita,
CAMILLO, PAULINA, Lords, and Attendants.
What, sovereign sir, I did not well, I meant well : All my services, You have paid home: but that you have vouchsaf'd, With yourcrown'd brother, and these your contracted Heirs of your kingdoms, my poor house to visit, It is a surplus of your grace, which never My life may last to answer. Leon.
O Paulina, We honour you with trouble: But we came To see the statue of our queen : your gallery Have we pass'd through, not without much content In many singularities; but we saw not That which my daughter came to look upon,
5- Come, follow us : we'll be thy good masters.] The Clown conceits himself already a man of consequence at court. It was the fashion for an inferior, or suitor, to beg of the great man, after his humble commendations, that he would be good master to him. Many letters written at this period run in this style.
Thus Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, when in prison, in a letter to Cromwell to relieve his want of clothing : “ Furthermore, I beseeche you to be gode mojter unto one in my necessities, for I have neither shirt, nor fute, nor yet other clothes, that are necessary for me to wear.” WHALLEY.
The statue of her mother.
As she liv'd peerless,
[PAULINA undraws a curtain, and discovers a flatue. I like your filence, it the more shows off Your wonder: But yet speak;—first, you, my liege. Comes it not something near? Leon.
Her natural posture Chide me, dear stone; that I may say, indeed, Thou art Hermione: or, rather, thou art she, In thy not chiding; for she was as tender, As infancy, and grace.—But yet, Paulina, Hermione was not so much wrinkled; nothing So aged, as this seems. Pol.
O, not by much. PAUL. So much the more our carver's excellence :
6- therefore I keep it
Lonely, apart:] The old copy-lovely. Steevens. Lovely, i. e. charily, with more than ordinary regard and tenderness. The Oxford editor reads :
Lonely, apart :As if it could be apart without being alone. WARBURTON.
I am yet inclined to lonely, which in the old angular writing cannot be distinguished from lovely. To say, that I keep it alone, Jeparate from the reft, is a pleonasm which scarcely any nicety declines. Johnson.
The fame error is found in many other places in the first folio. In King Richard III. we find this very error :
“ Advantaging their love with interest
« Often cimes double.” Here we have loue instead of lone, the old spelling of lean.
Which lets go by some sixteen years, and makes her
As now she might have done,
And give me leave; And do not say, 'tis superstition, that I kneel, and then implore her blessing.–Lady, Dear queen, that ended when I but began, Give me that hand of yours, to kiss. PAUL.
O, patience;' The statue is but newly fix'd, the colour's Not dry.
CAM. My lord, your sorrow was too sore laid on; Which fixteen winters cannot blow away, So many summers, dry: scarce any joy Did ever so long live; no sorrow, But kill'd itself much sooner.
Dear my brother,
Indeed, my lord,
60, parience:] That is, Stay a zuhile, be not so eager.
Would thus have wrought' you, (for the stone is
mine,) I'd not have show'd it. LEON.
Do not draw the curtain. PAUL. No longer shall you gaze on't; left your
fancy May think anon, it moves. Leon.
Let be, let be. Would I were dead, but that, methinks, already What was he, that did make it?-See, my lord, Would you not deem, it breath’d? and that those
veins Did verily bear blood ?
57 wrought - ] i. e. worked, agitated. So, in Macbeth :
“ - my dull brain was wrought
“ With things forgotten.” STREVENS. * Indeed, my lord,
If I had thought, the fight of my poor image
I'd not have show'd it.] I do not know whether we should not read, without a parenthesis :
- for the stone i'th' mine
I'd not have few'd it. A mine of stone, or marble, would not perhaps at present be esteemed an accurate expression, but it may still have been used by Shakspeare, as it has been used by Holinshed. Descript. of Engl. c. ix. p. 235: “ Now if you have regard to their ornature, how many mines of sundrie kinds of coarse and fine marble are there to be had in England ?"-And a little lower he uses the same word again for a quarry of stone, or plaister : “ And such is the mine of it, that the ftones thereof lie in flakes," &c. Tyrwhitt.
To change an accurate expression for an expression confessedly not accurate, has somewhat of retrogradation. Johnson.
(for the stone is mine,)] So afterwards Paulina says, “_be ftone no more." So also Leontes : “ Chide me, dear stone."
MALONE. 9 Would I were dead, but that, methinks, alread-] The sentence compleated is.
but that, methinks, already I converse with the dead. But there his pallion made him break off. WARBURTON.
Masterly done : The very life seems warm upon her lip.
Leon. The fixure of her eye has motion in’t,As we are mock'd with art.
I'll draw the curtain ; My lord's almost so far transported, that He'll think anon, it lives. LEON.
O sweet Paulina, Make me to think so twenty years together; No settled senses of the world can match The pleasure of that madness. Let't alone. PAUL. I am sorry, sir, I have thus far stirr'd you :
2 The fixure of her eye has motion in't,] So, in our author's 88th Sonnet :
“ – Your sweet hue, which methinks ftill doth stand,
Malonė. The meaning is, though her eye be fixed, [as the eye of a statue always is,] yet it seems to have motion in it: that tremulous motion, which is perceptible in the eye of a living person, how much soever one endeavour to fix it. EDWARDS.
The word fixare, which Shakspeare has used both in The Merry Wires of Windsor, and Troilus and Creffida, is likewise employed by Drayton in the first canto of The Barons' Wars:
“ Whose glorious fixure in so clear a sky." STEVENS. 3 As we are mock'd with art.] As is used by our author here, as in some other places, for “ as if.” Thus, in Cymbeline ::
" He spake of her, as Dian had hot dreams,
" And she alone were cold.” Again, in Macbeth:
“ As they had seen me with these hangman's hands
“ List’ning their fear.” MALONE. As we are mock'd with art.] Mr. M. Mason and Mr. Malone, very properly observe that as, in this inftance is used, as in some other places, for as if. The former of these gentlemen would read were instead of are, but unnecessarily, I think, considering the loose grammar of Shakspeare's age.--With, however, has the force of by. A passage parallel to that before us, occurs in Antony and Cleopatra " And mock our eyes with air." STEVENS.