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Hark! the kings and the princes, our kindred, are going to see the queen's picture. Come, follow us: we'll be thy good masters."
The same. A Room in Paulina's House.
Enter Leontes, Polixenes, Florizer, Perdita,
CAMILLO, PAULINA, Lords, and Attendants. Leon. O grave and good Paulina, the great com
fort That I have had of thee! PAUL.
What, sovereign fir, I did not well, I meant well: All my services, You have paid home: but that you have vouchsaf'd, With your crown'd brother,and these your contracted Heirs of your kingdoms, my poor house to visit, It is a surplus of your grace, which never My life may last to answer. Leon.
O Paulina, We honour you with trouble: But we came To see the statue of our queen : your gallery Have we pass’d through, not without much content In many fingularities; but we saw not That which my daughter came to look upon,
5-Come, follow us : we'll be thy good masters.] The Clown conceits himself already a man of consequence at court. It was the fashion for an inferior, or suitor, to beg of the great man, after his humble commendations, that he would be good master to him. Mary letters written at this period run in this style.
Thus Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, when in prison, in a letter to Cromwell to relieve his want of clothing: • Furthermore, I beseeche you to be gode moster unto one in my neceflities, for I have neither shirt, nor fute, nor yet other clothes, that are necessary for me to wear.” Wealley.
The statue of her mother.
As she liv'd peerless,
[Paulina undraws a curtain, and discovers a statue. I like your filence, it the more shows off Your wonder: But yet speak ;-first, you, my liege. Comes it not something near? Leon.
Her natural posture!
O, not by much.
therefore I keep it Lonely, apart:] The old copy-lovely. STEEVENS. Lovely, i. e. charily, with more than ordinary regard and tenderness. The Oxford editor reads :
Lonely, apart : As if it could be apart without being alone. WARBURTON.
I am yet inclined to lonely, which in the old angular writing cannot be distinguished from lovely. To say, that I keep it alone, separate from the refi, is a pleonasm which scarcely any nicety declines. Johnson.
The fame error is found in many other places in the first folio. In King Richard III. we find this very error:
Advantaging their lue with interest
• Often times double.” Here we have loue instead of lone, the old spelling of loan.
Which lets go by some sixteen years, and makes her
As now she might have done,
And give me leave; And do not say, 'tis superstition, that I kneel, and then implore her blessing.–Lady, Dear queen, that ended when I but began, Give me that hand of yours, to kiss. PAUL.
O, patience;' The statue is but newly fix'd, the colour's Not dry.
Cam. My lord, your forrow was too sore laid on; Which fixteen winters cannot blow away, So many summers, dry: scarce any joy Did ever so long live; no forrow, But kill'd itself much sooner. Pol.
Dear my brother, Let him, that was the cause of this, have power To take off so much grief from you, as he Will piece up in himself. PAUL.
Indeed, my lord, If I had thought, the fight of my poor image
60, patience:] That is, Stay a zuhile, be not so eager.
Would thus have wrought" you, (for the stone is
Do not draw the curtain.
Let be, let be.
wrought i. e. worked, agitated. So, in Macbeth :
dull brain was wrought
If I had thought, the fight of my poor image
I'd not have show'd it.] I do not know whether we should not read, without a parenthesis :
for the stone i'th' mine I'd not have thew'd it. A mine of fone, or marble, would not perhaps at present be esteemed an accurate expression, but it may still have been used by Shakspeare, as it has been used by Holinshed. Defcript. of Engl. c. ix. p. 235: “ Now if you have regard to their ornature, how many mines of sundrie kinds of coarse and fine marble are there to be had in England ?"-And a little lower he uses the same word again for a quarry of stone, or plaister : “ And such is the mine of it, that she ftones thereof lie in flakes," &c. Tyrwhitt.
To change an accurate expression for an expression confessedly not accurate, has somewhat of retrogradation. Johnson. (for the stone is mine,)] So afterwards Paulina says,
be ftone no more." So also Leontes : “ Chide me, dear stone."
MALONE. 9 Would I were dead, but that, methinks, already-] The sentence compleated is.
but that, methinks, already I converse with the dead. But there his pallion made him break off. WARBURTON.
Masterly done :
Leon. The fixure of her eye has motion in't,
I'll draw the curtain;
O sweet Paulina, Make me to think so twenty years together; No settled senses of the world can match The pleasure of that madness. Let't alone. l'aul. I am sorry, fir, I have thus far stirr'd you :
2 The fixure of her eye has motion in't,] So, in our author's 88th Sonnet:
Your sweet hue, which methinks still doth stand, “ Hath motion, and mine eye may be deceived.”
MALONĖ. The meaning is, though her eye be fixed, [as the eye of a ftatue always is,] yet it seems to have motion in it: that tremulous motion, which is perceptible in the eye of a living person, how much foever one endeavour to fix it. EDWARDS.
The word fixure, which Shakspeare has used both in The Merry Wives of Windsor, and Troilus and Creffida, is likewise employed by Drayton in the first canto of The Barons' Wars :
" Whose glorious fixure in so clear a sky." STEEVENS. 3 As we are mock'd with art.] As is used by our author here, as in fome other places, for " as if." Thus, in Cymbeline :
“ He spake of her, as Dian had hot dreams,
" And she alone were cold.” Again, in Macbeth:
“ As they had seen me with these hangman's hands
List’ning their fear.” MALONE. As we are mock'd with art.] Mr. M. Mason and Mr. Malone, very properly observe that as, in this inftance is used, as in some other places, for as if. The former of these gentlemen would read were instead of are, but unnecessarily, I think, considering the loose grammar of Shakspeare's age.--With, however, has the
force of by. A passage parallel to that before us, occurs in Antony and Cleopatra 5. And mock our eyes with air.” STSEVENS.