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AN EXPOSITION

OF

THE CREED

DY

JOHN PEARSON, D.D.

SOMETIME MASTER OF TRINITY COLLEGE, AND MARGARET PROFESSOR
IN THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE; AND LORD BISHOP OF CHESTER.

REVISED AND CORRECTED

BY THE REV. TEMPLE CHEVALLIER, B.D.

POBMERLY PROFESSOR OP MATHEMATICS IN THE UNIVERSITY OP DURHAM ;
AND LATE FELLOW AND TUTOR OP ST CATHARINE'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

A NEW EDITION, THOROUGHLY REVISED,

BY THE REV. ROBERT SINKER, B.D.

LIBRARIAS AND FORMERLY CHAPLAIN OP TRINITY COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.

Edited for the Syndics of the University Press.

CAMBRIDGE:
AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.

1882

Cambridge: PRINTED BY C. J. CLAY, M.A. AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS.

972

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PREFACE OF THE EDITOR.

T
\HE edition of Bishop Pearson's Exposition

of the Creed revised by the late Mr Chevallier for the Cambridge University Press, having been for some time out of print, I felt it right, on being asked to undertake the supervision of a new edition, to collate carefully both the text and notes with one of the folio editions issued during the author's life-time. For this purpose I chose, as Mr Chevallier had done, the third folio edition of 1669, which, although not the last issued before Bishop Pearson's death, was yet, it would appear, the last to receive systematic revision at his hands. In cases, however, where a comparison with the fourth and fifth folio editions (1676, 1683) shewed that there had been a deliberate change of wording on the part of the author, this has been incorporated into the text, with a footnote giving the reading of the third edition. The pages of the third edition are noted in the margin, and to these pages

the references in all the indices apply. As regards the notes, the whole of the references lave been verified, except a few, for which books were not available or where there was some original error of citation, which I failed to surmount; and a very large number of corrections has thus been made. It must be noted, however, that besides the verification of references actually given in detail, considerable difficulty often occurred when merely the author's name was given, as for example, S. Aug.,

more especially when, as was the case in several instances, the author's name was the wrong one. One cannot wonder that even Pearson's vast learning and vast memory should, amid such an army of citations, occasionally make a slip in a point of detail? I trust, however, that exceedingly few of these survive in the present edition.

Again, from the constant reprinting of the Exposition, numerous errors crept in, and, once in, were not easily dislodged. The history of one of these is a curious illustration of this fact. In note 1, p. 501 of the present edition, will be found a reference to Theodotus, Epit. 1. So the citation was given in the first and second folio editions (1659, 1662). In the third, however, an undetected misprint crept in, Theodorus, Epist. 1, which has survived to the present time; and, improving upon this, both the Oxford and Cambridge editions have the entry for it in the Index, Theodorus Studita, entailing a weary waste of labour to solve the reference.

As regards the citations themselves, the obvious course was to adapt them to the best and newest critical texts of the several authors, as was done by Dr Burton in the Oxford edition of 1833. It seemed right to carry out this principle even in cases where, until comparatively lately, we had to depend, mainly or exclusively, on Latin Versions of lost Greek originals. Thus I have replaced the Latin quotations from the Epistle of Barnabas and the Shepherd of Hermas, by the original Greek, except on one occasion when the Latin wording is necessary for the argument.

1 One of these, the reference to by Canon Churton to be not from S. Athan. in note 4, p. 73 of the St Athanasius at all, but from St present edition, which the best efforts Basil (adv. Eunomium lib. i. Vol. I. of myself and my friends failed to p. 214 d). Also (p. 48, note 2), for solve before the sheet containing it Alcimus, read Alcinous, c. 10. was printed off, has since been found

A full index is appended of the editions of authors used; and the references in the other indices have been verified throughout, and will, I trust, be found fuller and more accurate than before.

In a work, however, with several thousand references, while every care has been taken to ensure accuracy, it is sometimes impossible to avoid mistakes, and a few, I trust very few, may perhaps still linger. A few notes have been added here and there, but only where it seemed absolutely necessary, as to qualify some remark to which fresh sources of information have given a different colouring.

ROBERT SINKER.

TRINITY COLLEGE,

January 5, 1832.

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