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The rite of the passover.

⚫ Lev. 23. 5. Num. 9. 3. & 28. 16.

Deut. 16.1,6. + Heb. between the two evenings, ch. 16. 12.


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6 And ye shall keep it up until the four-teenth day of the month at even, ye shall
teenth day of the same month: and the eat unleavened bread, until the one and
whole assembly of the congregation of Is- twentieth day of the month at even.
rael shall kill it tin the evening.
19 'Seven days shall there be no leaven
found in your houses: for whosoever eat-
eth that which is leavened, "even that soul
shall be cut off from the congregation of
Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born
in the land.

7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened Deut. 16.3 bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

d ch. 34. 25. Num. 9. 11. 1 Cor. 5. 8.

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15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the Gen. 17.14. first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

Num. 9. 13.

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16 And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye cat unleavened bread.

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21 Then Moses called for all the elders' of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kili the passover.

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22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two sider, kid. posts with the blood that is in the basin; ver. 7. and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

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23 For the LORD will pass through to ver. 12, 13. smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to Ez. 9.6. come in unto your houses to smite you. 24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. 25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. 26 And it shall come to 26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?


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27 That ye shall say, 'It is the sacrifice ver. 11. of the LORD'S passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped. 28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Heb. 11. 28. Moses and Aaron, so did they.

ch. 4. 31.

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29 ¶ And it came to pass, that at mid-ch. 11. 4. night the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, 'from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a "great cry in Egypt: for ch. 11.6. there was not a house where there was not one dead.

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17 And ye shall observe the feast of un-
leavened bread; for 'in this selfsame day
have I brought your armies out of the
land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe
this day in your generations by an ordi- 31 And he called for Moses and Aaron "ch. 11. 1.
by night, and said, Rise up, and get you
18 In the first month, on the four-forth from among my people, both ye and ch. 10. 9.

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The Israelites are driven out.

P ch. 10. 26. Gen. 27. 34.

rch. 11. 8. Ps. 105. 38.

•Gen. 20. 3.

Or, dough, ch. 8. 3.

t ch. 3. 22. & 11. 2.

u ch. 3. 21. & 11. 3.


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The memorial of the passover.

47 All the congregation of Israel shall +keep it.

k ver. 6. Num. 9. 13.

1 Num. 9. 14.

48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to +Heb. do it. the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.



& 15. 15, 16. Gal. 3. 28.

34 And the people took their dough 49 One law shall be to him that is "Num. 3. 14 before it was leavened, their kneading-homeborn, and unto the stranger that troughs being bound up in their clothes sojourneth among you. upon their shoulders.

35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians 'jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment :

36 "And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required: Gen. 15. 14. and they spoiled the Egyptians.

ch. 3. 22.

Ps. 105. 37.

y Num. 33. 3,

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37 ¶ And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

38 And ta mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victuals.



40 ¶ Now the sojourning of the children Gen. 15. 13. of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Acts 7. 6. Gal. 3. 17.

4 ch. 7. 4. ver. 51.

+ Heb. a night of ob* See Deut. 16. 6.

Num. 9. 14.

41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is 'the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

44 But every man's servant that is bought Gen. 17. 12, for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

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6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened ch. 12. 15, 16 bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD.

7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread ch. 12. 19. be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. 8 And thou shalt 'shew thy son in ver. 14; that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial be

ch. 12. 26.

m See ver. 16 ch. 12. 14. Num. 15. 39. Deut. 6. 8. & 11. 18. Prov. 1. 9. Is. 49. 16. Jer. 22. 24. Matt. 23. 5.

The Israelites go out of Egypt.

ch. 12. 14,24.

⚫ ver. 2.

ch. 22. 29. &
34. 19.
Lev. 27. 26.
Num. 8. 17.
& 18. 15.
Deut. 15. 19.
Ez. 44. 30.

+ Heb. cause
to pass over.
P ch. 34. 20.
Num. 18.
15, 16.

[Or, kid.

47. & 18. 15,


rch. 12. 26. Deut. 6. 20. Josh. 4. 6,


Pharaoh pursueth after them. tween thine eyes, that the LORD'S law cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by may be in thy mouth: for with a strong night, from before the people. hand hath the LORD brought thee out of




10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordi-1 God instructeth the Israelites in their journey. 5 Pha-
nance in his season from year to year.

11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee,

12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the male shall be the LORD'S. 13 And Pevery firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a "lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck and all the firstborn of man Num. 3. 46, among thy children shalt thou redeem. 14 ¶ 'And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.


+ Heb.

to morrow. ⚫ver. 3.

tch. 12. 29.

u ver. 9.


16 And it shall be for "a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.

17¶ And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people ch.14.11.12. repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:

Num. 14.


y Deut. 17. 16.

2 ch. 14. 2.

Num. 33.6,


Or, by five in a rank.

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4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart,ch. 4. 21. & that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon ch. 9. 16. all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so. 5¶ And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Ps. 105. 25. Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?

6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

7 And he took six hundred chosen char-ch. 15. 4. iots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

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8 And the LORD hardened the heart of ver. 4.
Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued
after the children of Israel: and 'the chil-ch. 6. 1. &
dren of Israel went out with a high hand.
9 But the Egyptians pursued after them,
all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh,
and his horsemen, and his army, and
overtook them encamping by the sea, be-
side Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon.
10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the
children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and,

18 But God led the people about, through
the way of the wilderness of the Red sea:
and the children of Israel went up har-behold, the Egyptians marched after them;
nessed out of the land of Egypt.

19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him for he had straitly sworn the Gen. 50 25 children of Israel, saying, "God will surely Acts 7. 16. visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

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and they were sore afraid: and the chil-
dren of Israel "cried out unto the LORD.
11 And they said unto Moses, Because
there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou Ps. 106. 7, 8.
taken us away to die in the wilderness?
wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to
carry us forth out of Egypt?

6. 9.

12 PIs not this the word that we did tell Pch. 5. 21. & thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness. 13 ¶ And Moses said unto the people, Chr. 20. Fear ye not, stand still, and see the sal


15, 17.
Is. 41. 10,

13, 14.

The passage of the Red sea.

¡Or, for
whereas ye
have seen
the Egyp
tians to
day, &c.
rver. 25.

Deut. 1. 30.
& 3. 22. &
20. 4.

Josh. 10. 14,
42. & 23. 3.

2 Chr. 20. 29. Neh. 4. 20.

Is. 31. 4.

Is. 30. 15. t ver. 21, 26. ch. 7. 19.

"ver. 8. ch. 7. 3.

I ver. 4.

y ver. 4.

ch. 13. 21. & 23. 20. & 32.

34. Num. 20. 16. Is. 63. 9.

2 Cor. 4. 3.


vation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: "for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. 14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

15 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: 16 But 'lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

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19 ¶ And the Angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them :

20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and See Is. 8. 14. it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night. 21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

b ver. 16.

Ps. 66. 6.

d ch. 15. 8. Josh, 3. 16. & 4. 23.

Neh. 9. 11.


9. 114.

Is. 63. 12.

22 And the children of Israel went into

10.3.& the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were fa wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. 23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

ever, 29. ch. 15. 19. Num. 33. 8. Ps. 66. 6. & 78. 13. Is. 63. 13. 1 Cor. 10. 1. Heb. 11. 29. Hab. 3. 10.

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The Egyptians are drowned,

27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD toverthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.


Josh. 4. 18.

ch. 15. 1,7.

+ Heb. shook off, Deut. 11. 4. Neh. 9. 11. Ps. 78. 53. Heb. 11. 29. m Hab. 3. 8,


28 And the waters returned, and "covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the Ps. 106. 11. sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

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Ps. 77. 20. & 78. 52, 53.

29 But the children of Israel walked over. 22 upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. 30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD "fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

26 ¶ And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon

their horsemen.

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PPS. 106. 8,


P. 58. 10.

& 59. 10.

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Deut. 10. 21. Ps. 18. 2. & 22. 3. & 59. 17. & 62.6. & 109. 1. & 118. 14. & 140. 7. Is. 12. 2. Hab. 3. 18, 19.

d Gen. 28. 21, 22.

2 Sam. 7. 5.

Ps. 122. 5.

e ch. 3. 15, 16,

Sam. 22.

Ps. 99. 5. &
118. 28.
Is. 25. 1.

Ps. 24.8.

Rev. 19. 11.

h ch. 6. 3.

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ch. 14. 28. Och. 14. 28.

* ch. 14.7.

m Neh. 9. 11.
" Ps. 118. 15,
• Deut. 33. 26

5 'The depths have covered them: sank into the bottom as a stone. 6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. 7 And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble. Ps. 5. 13. 8 And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as a heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

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15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be Num. 22. 3. amazed; the mighty *the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; 'all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away. 16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still "as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.

"Deut. 2. 25. & 11. 25. Josh. 2. 9.

1 Sam. 25. 37.

• ch. 19. 5.

Deut. 32. 9.

2 Sam. 7. 23. Ps. 74. 2.

Is. 43. 1, 3.

& 51. 10.

Jer. 31. 11.

Tit. 2. 14.

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Ps. 10. 16. & 29. 10. & 146. 10.

Is. 57. 15.

ch. 14. 23.

Prov. 21. 31.

ch. 14.28,29.

The Israelites murmur,

them a statute and an ordinance, and there
The proved them,

26 And said, "If thou wilt diligently
hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God,
and wilt do that which is right in his sight,
and wilt give ear to his commandments,
and keep all his statutes, I will put none
of these diseases upon thee, which I have
brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the
LORD "that healeth thee.

27 ¶ "And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.


1 The Israelites come to Sin. 2 They murmur for want
of bread. 4 God promiseth them bread from heaven.
11 Quails are sent, 14 and manna. 16 The ordering of
manna. 25 It was not to be found on the sabbath. 32
An omer of it is preserved.


ND they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of 'Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the 17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant second month after their departing out of them in the mountain of thine inheritance, the land of Egypt.

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in the place, O LORD, which thou hast 2 And the whole congregation of the
made for thee to dwell in; in the sanctu- children of Israel murmured against Mo-ch. 15. 24.
ary, O LORD, which thy hands have estab-ses and Aaron in the wilderness:

18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. 19 For the horse of Pharaoh went in With his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.


Ps. 106. 25.
1 Cor. 10. 10.

* Num. 11. 4,


3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the Lam. 4. 9. hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. 4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Be20 ¶ And Miriam "the prophetess, the hold, I will rain 'bread from heaven for Ps. 78. 24, 25. Num. 26. 59. sister of Aaron, 'took a timbrel in her you; and the people shall go out and hand; and all the women went out after gather ta certain rate every day, that I Judg. 11. 34. her with timbrels and with dances. may prove them, whether they will walk portion of in my law, or no.

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7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening 25 And he cried unto the LORD; and flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the LORD shewed him a tree, which when the full; for that the LORD heareth your

24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

2. 21. & 4.41. he had cast into the waters, the waters murmurings which ye murmur against

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were made sweet: there he made for him: and what are we? your murmur

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13. & ch. 6.7. Num. 16. 28, 29, 30.

See ver. 10. 40

Is. 35. 2. & 40. 5. John 11. 4,

Num. 16. 11

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