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logians, whose works hold too domi- of men, in the prime and unbroken neering an ascendency over the faith vigour of their days, if even the and practice of Christians ?... We youngest and likeliest of you all, may not bend the knee in any sen- shall, trusting to some future repen., sible chamber of imagery, at the re- tance, cherish the purpose of sin amembrance of favourite saints. But nother hour, and not resolve at this do we not bend the understanding critical and important Now, to break before the volumes of favourite au- it all off, by an act of firm abandonthors, and do an homage to those ment, then be your abhorrence at representations of the minds of the Popery what it may, you are exemmen of other days, which should be plifying the worst of its errors, and exclusively given to the representa- wrapping yourselves up in the cruel. tion of the mind of the Spirit, as put est and most inveterate of its deludown in the book of the Spirit's reve

sions." lation ?...

It would be easy to show But, fourthly and lastly,--for time does not permit such an enumeration, how the reasoning of Dr. as would exhaust all the leading pe

Chalmers, under the second culiarities ascribed to this faith,-it head of his discourse, may be is stated, that by the form of a con. extended and applied to the fession, in the last days of a sinner's

conduct of different denomi. life, and the ministration of extreme unction upon his death-bed, he may

nations of protestants, in their be sent securely to another world, censures one of another. But with all the unrepented profligacy, we hope our readers have genand fraud, and wickedness, of this erally a sufficient share of dis, world upon his forehead ; that this is looked forward to, and counted

cernment to see the bearing of

tho upon by every Catholic,-and sets Doctor's remarks. We him loose from all those anticipations may however observe, that is which work upon the terror of other censorious spirit is one of the men,--and throws open to him an un

most pernicious beams or bridled cafeer, through the whole of which, he niay wanton in all the va

thorns in the eyes of Chrisrieties of criminal indulgence,

tians; and until this is «

cast that, when standing on the verge of out” they never can see cleareternity; he .can cast a fearless eye ly to cast the mote out the over its dark and untravelled vast

eye of a brother. Compared pess, and that, for the terror of its

with mère error of opinion, coming wrath, his guilty, and unrenewed soul is filled with all the radi

an error in temper is a very ance and all the elevation of its. an. great evil. But this is sel. ticipated glories.

dom duly considered by men O! my brethren, it is piteous to addicted to censure, think of such a preparation, but it is just such a preparation as meets the

By the prejudices of educasad experience of us all. ... Ah! my tion-by the undue imporbrethren, do you not, think, amid the tance attached to traditionary tones, and the sympathies, and the creeds, and by unfounded. cateurs, which an affectionate pastor lumnies, Christians of differ.' pours out in the fervency of his soul, and mingles with all his petitions, and

ent denominations have been all his addresses to the dying man, really deceived in respect to that no flattering unction ever steals the characters of each other. upon him, to luli bis.conscience, and it is unquestionably true, that smooth the agony of his departure? there have been bad papists Then, my brethren, you mistake it, you sadly mistake it; and even here, and bad protestants, of every where I lift my voice, among a crowd known denomination, It is

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perhaps equally true, that sive superiority, which has there have been very good gone far to defeat the success men in each of the several of many an attempt," he gives sects of Christians. But it has the following as the kind of been too commun for people language which should be aof one sect to judge those of dopted: another by the very worst

s5 The whole amount of our mese things to be found ainong them sage, is to furnish you with the Bible,

and to furnish you with the art of moverlooking what is truly reading it. We think the lessons of excellent and lovely, or rejec- this book well fitted to chase away ting it as the fruit of hypocri- the manifold errors, which rankle in sy. The mode of judging the bosom of our own country. You will be reversed when Chris

are the subjects of error as well as tians shall first cast the thorn

we; and we trust that you will find

them useful, in enlightening the preout of their own eyes.

judices, and in aiding the frailties to Had Dr. Chalmers lived but which, as the children of one comone century earlier in Scot- mon humanity, we are all liable.' Aland, and had he then publicly mongst us, there is a mighty defer,

ence to the authority of man : if this delivered the same favourable

exist among you, here is a book opinion of many of the papists which tells us to call no man master, tvhich he has now published, and delivers us from the fallibility of it is questionable whether he human opinions. Amongst us, there would ever have been permit- of godliness, with little of its pow.

is a delusive confidence in the forms ted to preach another sermon.

er : here is a book, which tells us that But, as he has observed, this holiness of life is the great end of all antipathy against the papists, our ceremonies, and of all our sacra46 for one or two generations,

ments. Amongst us there is a host of has been rapidly on the de. theologians, each wielding his separ

ate authority over the creed and the cline."

conscience of his countrymen, and In applying his subject to you, Catholics, have justly reproachthe benevolent purposes of the

ed us with our manifold and neverIlibernian Society, the Doctor

ending varieties ; but here is a book,

the influence of which is throwing all has suggested the humble

these differences into the back ground, feeling and courteous lan

and bringing forward those great and guage, with which the mem- substantial points of agreement, bers of the Society should ap

which lead us to recognize the man of proach their Catholic breth another creed

to be essentially a

Christian,-and we want to widen en A specimen of this will

this circle fellowship, that we may be given as an important part be permitted to live in the exercise of of the discourse, and as ap- one faith and of one charity along plicable in a great variety of

Amongst us, the great Having intimated that

bulk of men pass through life forget

ful of eternity, and think, that by the w the meek consciousness of

sighs and the ministrations of their that woful departure from vi

last days, they will earn all the blesstal christianity, which has ta- edness of its ever-during rewards. ken place in the reformed

But here is a book which tells us that countries of Christendom, will

we should seek first the kingdom of divest them" the agents of other repentance than repentance

God; and will not let us off with any "the Society of that repul- now; and tells us, what we trust

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with you.


remarks may

will light with greater energy on your tends directly to irritate, and consciences than it has ever done up to defeat the object of a mison ours, that we should haste and

sion. These make no delay to keep the commandments."

justly be extended to preachWith a similar spirit the ing the gospel in a christian Christian Missionaries should country, and to all attempts to go to the Heathen. In deals instruct the ignorant, or to ing with them, as well as with convince the erroneous, or to the Papists, " that offensive reclaim the vicious. And tone of arrogance"-"that re- happy is he who condemneth pulsive superiority" which not himself in that thing which has too often been assumed, he alloweth."

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Jews ; Deut. xxiv. 1. and Matth. v. 31, 2. It hath been greatly did they boast of the said, whosoever shall put away privilege of this law, though. his wife, let him give her a our Lord told them, that it writing of divorcement. But was because of the hardness of I say unto you, &c.

their hearts that they were It is not an express law of suffered to put away their christianity, that a man should wives. 6 Said Rabbi Chanani. be the husband only of one ah in the name of Rabbi Phi. wife ; but it is so plainly im- neas, the Lord of Israel saith, plied, as to possess all the spir. (Mat. ii. 16.) that He has it of a command. How much teth putting away.' And vice and wretchedness the through the whole chapter, lle: gospel has prevented by this is called 'the Lord of hosts." restraint of the passions of But here He is called the men, wherever it has been re- Lord, the God of Israel ;' that ceived, can be conceived only it might be apparent that le by a consideration of the sanctioned divorces only a

contests, jealousies, and dis- mong the Israelites. It is as tracted affections ; the volup- if He had said, " I have permittuousness; the indolence, and ted the Israelites to put away imbecility both of body and their wives, but I have not sa mind, and the neglect of chil- indulged the Gentiles." Addren," which have uniformly mirable reasoning ! yesulted front a contrary prac.

Conformed to their estimarice.

tion of the privilege, were the And scarcely less important sentiments at least of many oí. and beneficial have been the the Jews, on the liberty of dieffects of the christian law of

A Jew, at least in the divorce? God had indeed giv- opinion of some, migit divorce en a law on this subject to the his wife, if she had -1701 in



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modesty which become come licentious, and debased daughter of Israel ; or if he in moral' sentiment and feeldid not love her ; or if he saw ing, we may easily conceive a woman whom he loved bet. that such a master would obter; or if his wife did not tain many diseiples. I find no please him in her manner of vidence however that the dressing his food ; or if, by Pharisees adopted, or directany divine infiction, she bo- ły favoured, the opinions of came dumb, or foolish. But the school of Hillel on this an exception was made in fa. subject. But as they had bevour of the first married wife. fore united with the Sadducees, It was thought to be lawfàl by whom they abhorred, for the the Jews to have as many wives purpose of injuring the reas they chose ; but their wise putation of our Lord, and of men had decreed, that no man destroying his influence over should have more than four the people, (Matth. xvi. 1 and wives. But they imposed this seq.) so I believe that, in prorestraint, only lest men should posing this inquiry, they were have more wives than they entirely indifferent what would could feed and clothe, and be his answer; as it appeared treat with kindness. For the certain, that, whatever decisdivorce of the

first married wife ion he gave, he must of course however, said Rabbi Eliezer, directly contradict one of these even the very altar weeps. great schools ; and of conse.

The Pharisees, we are told, quence, incur the displeasure, (Matthew 19th) came to our and probably the resentment Lord, “ tempting him, and of many. Whatever saying, Is it lawful for a man their own sentiments on the to put away his wife for every subject, this was, I think, their cause ?" To perceive the ob- design in proposing the quesjects of this inquiry, it must tion. Had he therefore di. be considered that, at that rectly said, “ it is not lawful time, there were two celebra. for a man, for every cause, to ted schools in Jerusalem, dis- put away his wife," they would tinguished as the school of immediately have called upon Shammah, and the school of the disciples of Hillel, to join Hillel. On several subjects them in their efforts against they were in direct opposition ; him. Or had he said " it is but on none more than con- lawful ;' every pupil of Shamcerning divorce. In the school mah would instantly have bee of Shammah it was taught,

come his inveterate opposers. that a separation of husband These circumstances, it will and wife could be justified, be acknowledged, are apparonly by conduct which was ently embarrassing. Observe absolutely vicious and infa. then the conduct of our Lord. mous. Hillel, once a pupil of He first referred them to the Shammah, taught that any, and original design of marriage. every cause, would justify di. Have ye not read, that He yorce. Among a people be. who made them, in the begin


66 what


ning, made them male and fe- mark, that the permission of mule, and said, for this cause divorce grew out of human shall a man leave his father wickedness; and most powerand mother, and shall cleave fully enforced the sentiment, to his wife, and they twain

therefore God hath shall be one Aesh ? The joined together, let no man ground of the controversy, or put asunder.” Having thus the subject in debate, becomes reasoned with them on their changed by this inquiry. The own principles, they are institution of marriage is as- brought to the alternative, eicribed to God; and the orig: ther of denying Moses, or of inal purpose of God in its ap- acceding to the correctness pointment becomes the object of his own sentiments on the of attention. To avoid the subject. Wheu

Lord difficulties which they imme. therefore pronounced his dediately anticipated, they in cision of the case, we do not turn inquire, “why then did find that they discovered any Moses command to give a disposition to prolong the conwriting of divorcement, and to versation. (Matth. xix. 9.) put her away ?” Our Lord The decision of our Lord, in admits the 'appeal to Moses ; this case, was pronounced albut he inquires, “what did most precisely in the same Moses command you ?" (see words in which he gave the Mark x. 3.) By making them precept in the text ; and this the interpreters of Moses, they great principle of christianity, are thrown into the very em. adopted as it has been, as a barrassment in which they civil law, has stood as a bar. wished to involve him ; and rier against an inundation of they are obliged to answer; licentiousness, and of domes. « Moses suffered to write a tic misery. Were men lest bill of divorce, and to put her to caprice and passion on a away." Here remark ihat, al subject of such importance or though a Jew was permitted, should the laws of civil socieunder certain circumstances, ty make divorce easy of atto put away his wife, and was tainment upon slight, or even then required to write a bill great occasions of disgust or of divorcement, and to put it disagreement, evils would eninto her hand," it is evident sue, of which it is difficult to that the law supposed the form even a just conception. cause to be great and impor. The experience of ages, where tant, (Deut. xxiv. 1, and seq.) this principle has been in Jesus the answered them, force, has proved its wisdom. (s for the hardness of your It has restrained many bad heart, Moses wrote you this passions, and has saved very precept ;" and then referring many families from ruin. them again to the original de- The peculiarity of this presign of God, “but from the be- cept of our Saviour is, that it ginning it was not 80,” he at permits divorce only in a sinonce illustrated his own re- gle case.

The Jewish canons Vol VI. No..


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