Sidor som bilder

allowed it for almost any without compulsion, dismiss cause ; and Maimonides says, , and divorce thee, E, the daughthat Israelites were sometimes ter of F, who was the daughter compelled, even by whipping, of G, who was the daughter of to put away their wives.

H, and hitherto my wife. I' It was appointed that a' bill now dismiss, and leave, and diof divorce should contain, Ist, vorce you ; so that you are the names of the husband and

now at your own disposal, and wife ; and of the father, grand- may marry whom you will. father, and great grandfather Nor let any one at any time of each of them. 2d, It was prevent this. Thus I dismiss to be written in large letters, you, according to the precept and so that one letter should of Moses,aņd of the Israelites." not touch another. 4th, if a A wife might not be put adrop of ink should fall on the way, unless a bill of divorce paper, the bill would not be were given to her ; but in a valid. In this case therefore, question of divorce, a wife was it must be written again. 5th, not asked whether she was There should be no erasure. willing that such a' bill should 6th, The substance on which be sought. A bill of divorce it was written was to be lon- contained, we have said, neithger than it was broad. 7th, The er more' nor less than twelve whole bill should contain nei- lines. This was a decision of ther more nor less than twelve the wise men ; but there is lines. 8th, It should be sub- some uncertainty why the prescribed by at least two witnes- 'cise number of twelve lines

9th, The witnesses was prescribed. One Rabbi should affix their seals. 10th, thought, that it was because The husband' himself, or some the value of the letters in the one deputed by him, was to word u was twelve ; but agive the bill to his wife ; or nother said that, it was bethe wife might depute some cause the books of the law one to receive it for her. A were separated by twelve lines; wife so divorced might, if she four being placed between pleased, present this bill to Genesis and Exodu's, four bethe Sanhedrim, for enrolment tween Exodus and Leviticus ; among the records ; and un- and four Between Leviticus less forbidden by some clause and Numbers ; the four lines in the bill, she might marry between Numbers and Deuteragain.

onomy not being counted, beAs we are willing in this

cause Deuteronomy is considnumber to dismiss this sub- ered only to be a repetition of ject, we will give our readers the law. We would not rea copy of a bill of divorce.

peat, we would not transcribe “ I A, the son of B, who was this pitiful trifling, this solemn the son of C, who was the nonsense, but to shew our readson of D, on the

ers how the Jewish people the month-, in the year of the were taught by their Rabbies. world - do willingly, and Truly we are not surprised


[ocr errors]

day of

that the teaching of our Lord her, its plain prescription of filled these people with aston- her duties, and its ample secuishment.

rity of all her privileges, have The right of obtaining a bill given even a new character to of divorce was wholly in the society. Thanks be to God, husband. Salome, the sister that we scarcely hear of diof Herod, Josephụs says, was vorce ; and may all our dothe first among Jewish wo-mestic, as well as personal enmen, who put away her hus. joyments and consolations, lead band, by obtaining a divorce us alike to the pure fountain from him. Herexample, how- of knowledge, and happiness, ever, was followed by others. and hope, which Jesus has oIf any dispute arose concern- pened in the gospel. In heav. ing the restitution of the dow- en, he indeed tells us, we shall ry received by a husband, the neither marry, nor be given in affair decided by the marriage. But we shall carry judge.

with us our affections to heavThe exercise of the conju- en ; and there shall we renew gal, the parental, and the fils every friendship, which has ial virtues inculcated by our been founded in christian piereligion, with true piety, will ty and virtue. Wherefore let secure to domestic life the us be excited to all duty, and best happiness to be obtained comfort one another with these in this world. We are indeed words. indebted to our religion for an [Wobrogenius, and Lightentirely new sentiment of home. foot on the text. Wotton's Its powerful restraint of some Mis, Disc. vol. i.


106. 1. of the worst passions of man, its met Divorce. Josephus, elevation of woman to the rank Lib. 15. cap. xi.] which God at first assigned to



[ocr errors]


To men of benevolent minds the object of the following reit must be a matter of joy thạt marks and inquiries : the spirit of party has in şo It will not be denied by any great a measure subsided in intelligent christian that, in the our country, and that the spire common use of language, the it of candor and conciliation so word Person , means the same generally prevails. Still there as Intelligent Being. Nor will is reason to fear that misap- it be pretended that the term prehensions on some points are is used in the Scriptures in aretained which prevent that ny other sense than that which degree of union among chris. has now been mentioned. “It tians of different sentiments will, moreover, be admitted by which ought to exist. To re- ' all parties, that according to move some of these misappre- the known and acknowledged hehsions, and not to revive a sense of the word, it is imposspirit of controversy, will be sible that God should be three


Persons, unless he is three those who worship as God, Beings ; and that it is as prop- Persons or objects distinct er to say that God is one Per- from the Father. son in three Persons, as that These observations howev. he is one Being in three Per- er have not been made to re

Consequently, it must proach either class of Chrisbe granted that it is not in the tians, nor to accuse either of proper or known sense of the idolatry, as they have too fre-. term that God is said to be quently accused one another. three Persons.

The misapplication of names Can it then be wonderful or titles is not the greatest that Christians should disa- fault to which men are liable gree, when one class of them in these controversies. If one make use of a common and de- man really believes that God finite term in an unknown and and Jesus Christ are the same unexplained sense ? Suppose Being, or even the same Perthe case to be reversed, and son, and imputes to this Bethat those who deny the pro- ing the attributes of Jehovah, priety of saying that God is and worships him in spirit and one Being in three Persons, truth, it is the true God who should affirm that God is one is worshipped, whatever may Person in three Beings : would be the mistake of the worshipnot this be likely to occasion per with regard to the nature some animosity and confusion of the union or oneness of the No one will doubt that such Father and Son. would be the case ; yet this On the other hand if a perphraseology is as easy to un- son really believes that the derstand as that which has Father alone is the true God been the occasion of so much and worships him as such ; it clamor. and bitterness among is the true God whom he woró christians. And why may we ships, whatever mysterious or not as safely give an allegorie unknown union there may be cal or mysterious meaning to between God and Jesus Christ. the word Being as to the term It is not any real or imagine Person?

ary mystery in the mode of Di. All Christians will admit vine existence which renders that there is but one Being God the proper object of sų. who is the living God," and preme adoration, love and conthat the Father is this God ; fidence; but his unbounded nor will it be denied that Je. benevolence and righteousness sus Christ prayed to the Fath- in union with intelligence and er, and taught his disciples só power. In other words, it is to do. The danger therefore his disposition and ability to of being chargeable with wor- do good and communicate, shipping a Being as God, who which demands the homage, is not the true God, is not on love and obedience of his the side of those who worship creatures. Consequently all the “Father in spirit' and who love and obey God, on ac: truth; but on the part of count of these perfections, are


to be regarded as his friends, take, and treat me as an eneand as worshippers of the Ho- my to the Magistrate-imputly One of Israel, whatever ing it to the hatred of my may be their misapprehensions heart towards him that my letas to the mode of his exist. ter had not the proper address :

Would a wise and benevolent As an illustration of the pro- Magistrate approve this abupriety of the foregoing conclu- sive treatment of one who resion, admit the following case : ally loved his character and I have received correct infor- was disposed to honour him? mation of the moral character The principles of this illusof a worthy and benevolent tration will apply to either side Magistrate, of high rank; 1 of the lamentable controversy have also been partaker of ma

which has for so many cenny benefits from him, although turies agitated the christian I never had the pleasure of world ; and they may serve seeing him face to face. My to show, that whichsoever of mind is impressed with a sense the parties may have been in of my obligations ; and by a error on the questions in disrespectful letter I attempt to pute, there could be no just express to him my regard for 'cause for the bloodshed which his character and my gratitude the contest occasioned in formfor the tokens of his benignin er ages, nor for the reproach ty. But by some misappre- and uncharitable censures of hension respecting his names our own times. and titles, my leiter has not This article may be closed the proper address, but has

in borrowed language : 6 Confact a superscription which sider further the bad effects more properly belongs to a- of all discord and uncharitable nother person-say

to the contentions among Christian Magistrate's son. My bene- brethren. They injure the factor, however sees the letter common cause and strengthand is correctly informed of en the hands of the common my

intention : Will he be enemy. Should parties of the pleased, or will he be offended same army meet in the night, with what I have done ? and by mistake fight against.

Suppose, moreover, that my one another, causing mutual neighbours, who possess more destruction in their contencorrect information respecting tion for victory, how would the names and .titles of the they sorrow when the light of Magistrate, should reproach the morning should discover me on the ground of my mis- their mistake !"


As the subject of Capital ation of the Legislature, it may Punishments has been recent

be useful to exhibit the most ly proposed by the Governor formidable objections to the of this state for the consider- abolition of such punishments,

with proper answers. Phi• respect our good rulers ; but LANTHROPOS, the author of the we do not ascribe to the best “ Report of God's treatment of them the divine attribute of of the first Murderer," which infallibility. We acknowledge was published in the Christian the same superintendency of Disciple for March, collected Divine Providence in the afthirteen objections, and gave fairs of civil government, as such answers as he thought in the other common affairs of proper.

We have room in life. Our civil rulers do nos this No. but for a part of the presume to plead any comobjections and answers, and mission from God, or dithese in an abridged form. vine appointment 'to justify The other objections and an- their mal-administration. They swers may probably appear in claim no divine right of doing the next Number.

wrong, either by long lineal Objection 1. Civil rulers succession, or by immediate are of divine appointment, and inspiration !!! vested with full power to exe- Obj. 2. " Will not the cute justice among their sub- clemency of the judges disjects, as God's ministers or

pose them to give a murderer vicegerents.” Rom. xiii. 148. a fair, and an impartial trial ?

« Answer. I agree that all Will not the laws of self-precivil rulers are vested with servation warrant a judiciary full power to execute justice court to condemn him, and put among their subjects. They him to death, for the preser. have full right, as well as pow- vation of the lives of others, er, to make good laws, and to that would be endangered by execute them. But the ques- such an assassin ?».. tion here discussed, relates « Answ. God did not set a inerely to

the demerits of mark on Cain to prevent his crimes, and the suitableness .committing a second murder; of punishments."

or in other words, “ for the . The many unjust and op- preservation of the lives of pressive laws which have been others;" but for the preserenacted by civil rulers, dur- vation of his life : Gen. iv. Iš. ing the history of man, and “ Lest any finding him should the mal-practices in executing kill him." It seems that God them, afford sad and inconte6- considered the life of the tible proofs of the frailty and murderer in most imminent fallibility of these rulers of die danger. The strong arm of vine appointment !

the community is abundantly “ It may not be amiss to add, able to protect itself against that in our elective and repre. a weak and friendless convict sentative governments, all of. for murder without shedding fices and appointments origi. his blood; for every man's nate in the people ; and con- hand is against him. Persequently, from them all of. haps it would not be amiss to ficial right and powers are de- add, that in common cases, rivede We

and "to condeinn a man, and put


« FöregåendeFortsätt »