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their punishment. Indeed if Instead then of murmuring exemplary punishment immc- at the prosperity of the wickdiately succeeded the perpe. ed, or questioning the rectitration of crime, the most vir- tude of that system which per. tuous part of society would mits the vicious to exist in be involved in deep and com- the present state, we ought plicated distress.

rather to admire that wonderSociety is a complicated ma- ful forbearance which is ex. chine, in which almost every ercised in order to produce member sustains a necessary, the happiness and security, although perhaps a humble of the ease and enjoyment of the fice. If you withdraw any virtuous and the just. But one, even of the subordinate there are other important reaparts, its effect is in a greater sons for the divine forbearor less degree experienced in ance. other parts of the system. If punishment immediately Suppose then that the moral succeeded the offence, life government of the world were would not be a state of probasuch that the punishment of tion. Man could hardly adthe wicked was not delayed vance his claims to the honour for a moment-suppose you of being a free agent. Acting were constituted a minister of under the influence of imme. divine justice, and that, in the diate and tremendous punishwarmth of your indignation, ment, his actions would be you were actually to call down more the effect of constraint fire from heaven on those bold than of choice. His mind transgressors, whom you es- would be so agitated as topreteem worthy of instant de- clude the possibility of delibstruction ; are you

certain eration. He would have no opthat no one else would feel the portunity of displaying the sinweight of your powerful dis- cerity of attachment, or the pleasure? Is the person whom purity of his motives by a you deprive of existence whol- voluntary and cheerful obedily removed from all the ten

He could not walk by der and necessary connexions faith in the perfections of Jeof life ? Are you sure you hovah, but by a slavish fear of have not broken the most im- of his displeasure.

Instead of portant link in that chain from a tender and indulgent Benewhich was suspended the fond- factor, God would rather apest wishes and fairest expec- pear to him a stern and im. tations of many who are more placable Judge and Execuconspicuous for their virtues, tioner. The heart would not than the offender for his sins ? be attuned to the tender feel. Is it not possible the strongest ings of religion, because fear hopes-the most flourishing would usurp the place of love. prospects and the dearest in- Should the Divine indig. terests of an unoffending fam- nation instantly crush

the ily, have been buried in the wretch who disobeys, our real ruins of an individual ? character would not display





itself. The disposition of a than a mere negative goodman is not to be determined

They would have no by a few individual acts. opportunity of displaying their Good men have sometimes sincerity, their magnanimity, obscured the dignity of their patience, fortitude and forgivereal characters by a few un

They would lose one worthy compliances ; and the ofthe most powerful stimulants most abandoned have by a few to vigilance and exertion. splendid deeds disguised them. They could not exhibit the selves in the robes of angels majesty of virtue by standing of light. But God who reads forth in the worst of times to the secret thoughts of the resist the torrent of vice and heart will judge us by our pre- immorality to allure by their vailing dispositions. He may example-to reform by their discover reasons which are instructions and reproof. Nay wholly removed from our ob- the very vices of the wicked servation, that induce him to may afford useful instruction spare those whom we should to the righteous. They are promptly destroy. They may enabled to avoid the dangers possess correct principles to which they are most which we have not been able posed, by observing the small to recognize. Possibly he beginnings and gradual pro

who waits to be gracious per- gress of those vices which teives that by longer forbear- have ruined many around

ance, by gentle and timely them :-By seeing this man discipline, some latent spark's overwhelmed

with poverty of goodness may be kindled to and disgrace by habitual ina flame.

He who is not temperance, which originated willing that any should perish, in an unguarded indulgence may prolong their existence, of social feelings and merbecause, while life continues, riment ;-another abandoned there is a possibility of refor- to the grossest profligacy and mation.

impiety, which may be traced The propriety of permitting to a neglect of public worship the wicked to live and prosper and the established duties of will further appear, if we con- religion ;-a third sentenced sider that the present life is to make public reparation to designed to be a state of dis- the laws for acts of fraud and cipline and improvement, to theft, proceeding from an avfit us for more perfect bap- aricious spirit, that was probpiness hereafter. The mixed atly indulged at first in trilling state of society is peculiarly deceptions and petty thefts calculated to answer this pur- and so of almost every other pose. The crimes of the crime. They stand as beacons wicked call into exercise some to point out the rocks on which of the noblest virtues that others have split. Not only adorn the hearts of the righte. this, they frequently render ous. Were it not for this, the virtuous resolutions of the men would possess little more righteous more strong, by ex


hibiting sin in its most odious If, however, it shall be af. and disgusting forms by pre. firmed that there are occursenting to our observation rences which cannot be acmen whose intellectual powers counted for on any of the prinmight have assimilated them ciples which have been adto angels, but whose corrupt vanced, yet the scriptures repassions have actually degrad. fer us to an event that will ed them below the brutes ; completely vindicate the moral spectacles such as these can. government of God. Let not not fail to impress and instruct. the righteous repine under the These are

of the parental chastisements of God, reasons, which are obvious to nor distress themselves on ac. us; and without doubt in so count of the prosperity of vast a system as that of the evil doers ;-and let the wicked universe, there

remember that their reasons which

cannot triumphing is short ; for becomprehend, why bad hold the day of the Lord will should be continued in society. come when the apparent ineBut even from those considere qualities of the present life ations which have been ad- will be adjusted, and men shall vanced, we think no

receive according to their regard it a subject of dis- deeds. For we must allapquietude or complaint that the pear before the judgement virtuous are not indulged seat of Christ, that every one with uninterrupted prosperity, may receive according to that or that speedy and summary he hath done, whether it be justice is not inflicted on the good or bad.

A. workers of iniquity.


many also



man can







We frequently find in the friends admirers of his talents, annals of literature instances assisted to instruct him in the of longevity. Whoever wish. Belles Lettres. However he

to display his erudition wont to call Casotti his may

considerable master. Being the son of a number. · We however shall Printer, he was obliged early at present confine ourselves to employ himself in that proto the Tuscan Macrobius of fession. His cultivation and our own day, viz. Sig. Domen- assiduity perhaps, would have ico Moria Manni, a Florentine made him respectable in this Scholar, incomparable and ex- art, equal to the Guinti, the cellent on account of his study, Torrentini or the Gioliti ; but

and religion. He the rigorous treatment of his was born at Florence April · father, in exacting from him 8th, 1690. His parents were labour and gain superior to Joseph Manni and Calerina his age, checked him. He daughter of Gio. Bootispa Pa- was therefore imperceptibly triarchi,

particular led into the way of the literati



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and by force of genius par. Professorship of the Tuscan ticularly devoted to the study tongue in the seminary at of antiquity, history and his Florence and the direction of mother tongue. By the want the celebrated library strozziof patrimonial inheritance, he ana, lately purchased by his had much difficulty to support Royal Highness, placed him his studies : and so much the more immediately in the class more, being inclined to settle; of the literati. He had these he married, at the age of 39, two posts given him in the Calerina, daughter of Baccio same year, 1736; the first by Cappelli, by whom he had 18 the Archbishop Martelli the children. Notwithstanding second by Carlo Tommaso partly by frugality and partly , Strozzi; whose choice was industry, he was enabled not fully justified by the publicaonly to live reputably and tion of his Lectures and puteducate his family, but even to ting in order and illustrating purchase some lands, amongst the library. It would be now which was a little villa with time to speak of his writings, an estate near Impruneta in the editions he procured for which he took great delight. the Republic of Letters, and His chief dependence was in short, of all the acquisitions printing and some employ- he made for it, but who would ments. An Author who prints wish to undertake the task of on his own account in Italy writing his culogium ? His supports the printer and book works were seller, but generally does not whoever would wish to compromote his own interest. In prehend them all, would Manni, however this circum- scarcely be able to mention stanice was not verified ; bes their titles. It is sufficient to cause being thoroughly ac- say, he employed the whole quainted from education, with time of his long life, excepting the typographic economy, he the engagements of the neces. was able to make considerable

sary charge and care of his profit, further augmented by family, in composing, copying a skilful choice of generous and making annotations. He patrons. His principal oC- laid aside the pen, when the cupation was a place among chill of constitution warned the officers of the General Ar. him of its approaching dissochive at Florence which he lution.

There is a necessary held from 1750 to 1784. The death, which Bacon calls aridputting in order of the writings ity ; this was his case on the of the Archive of the Morte 30th Nov. 1788, when inexoComune, intrusted to him and rable fate envied him near 17 punctually executed in 1744, months to compleat a century. led him to this office. An He left six children, 4 sons employment of this nature did and 2 daughters to survive not divert him from his favour. him ; but the works he has ite studies, but rather con- published will much longer firmed them. Moreover the survive. We pass over che Vol. VI. No. 8.


many, that

honours be acquired in his her death ; lastly the charge country, in the different mag. 'of a numerous family. At the istracies, delegations and may- age of 90, he used to say that. oralties he served ; the pa- he seemed then to enjoy life. tents he received from the The article of Divine Provimost eminent Academies of dence was so evident to him Italy ; a work dedicated to that he could not by any means him by Bali Tommaso Farset- bear the least distrust of it in ti, a noble Venetian and a others ; as he used to say, he Brief of Clemente, 14 address- had seen the clearest proofs ed to him, in confirmation of his of it in his own house. He friendship whenhe was a monk. thanked God for having given That which more immediate him genius for application and ly concerns us at present, is study, by which he had found his character. We often look great relief in his afflictions. for practical philosophy where He only feared he had not diit ought to be, rather than rected his labours to the glowhere it really is. Here we ry of God ; therefore he often find it in a man of learning rectified his intentions, that who never received the prin- they might be approved. He ciples of science in the Unie felt with regret, the commenversity. Manni united to a dations bestowed on him by eopious erudition and knowl- others, saying, he was edge of the Tuscan language, worthy of it.

Thus to a corthe humblest opinion of him- respondent, a nobleman of the self, great moderation, and a Venetian state, who sought consummate delicacy in point his acquaintance, in order to of honour. He was affable compile his life, he answered with every one, whether in with great energy, that the prosperous or adverse circum- seed of ambition is too much stances, sincere, respectful, cherished in the breast of men ready to forgive, cheerful, of learning, which he had alscarcely ever dejected. He ways endeavoured to stifle, reckoned amongst his domes- therefore it appeared to him. tic troubles, the severities of an indiscretion, when he washis father ; his sister who near the end of his days to fowas confined to her bed from ment it.

One might with seven years old to the age of truth affix to his tomb this seventy-seven ; his eldest son epitaph : He lived many days became foolish from a fright; for the benefit of learning, his his wife from the like acci- family and country. --Abridged dent, was rendered infirm and from the Italian Mercury, incapable of the affairs of the June, 1789. family for many years before


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