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ing the governor."

for recovering Calais by brib- opinion. In the midst of the storm, he turned his face towards the church of Chartres, which he saw at a distance, and, falling on his knees, made a vow to consent to an equitable peace." Bigland.

The first of these calamities was common to both France and England, and had little effect in restraining the ambition of the two monarchs. The hail storm seems to have fallen on the English army only, and not on that of France. This brought the haughty Edward upon his knees, and put an end to the war.

In 1359 Edward III. of England invaded France with a hundred thousand men, with intention to take Paris. "While he lay in his camp in the neighbourhood of Chartres, there arose a sudden and dreadful storm, accompanied with hail of a prodigious size, which falling upon his army killed six thousand horses and one thousand men. So tre mendous a convulsion of nature was deemed by the army a sign of the wrath of Heaven, and the king himself appeared to be impressed with the same

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ishments; still in the term of seven years upwards of fifty9,287 six thousand persons were committed to prison as criminals; of whom four thousand nine hundred and fifty two. were sentenced to death. Forgery and stealing goods from a shop to the value of five shillings are among the crimes deemed capital in England. They are also crimes which are very frequently committed in that country. Shall we hence infer, that death is “too light" a punishment for forgery, and for five-shilling thefts? Or shall we infer, that multitudes in England have been hardened in wickedness and inured to crime by the deleterious influence of inhuman laws and public èxecutions?

The commitments

for alleged capital offences were Of the 4952 sen

tenced to death, there were executed

584

"By a return made to the House of Commons it appears that the number of persons executed for forgeries within the last 28 years amounts to 222 of these 76 were forgeries on the bank of England."

Here are "lessons of experience the true sources of wisdom," from which we may infer the genuine effect of a sanguinary code. Notwithstanding the severity of the English laws, the multitude of offences to which the penalty of death is annexed, and the frequency of capital pun

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FRAGMENTS.

Luxury.

"John Musso of Lombardy wrote in the 14th century. He says, Luxury of the table, of dress, of houses and household furniture in Placentia began to creep in after the year 1300. Houses at present have halls, rooms with chimneys, porticos, walls, gardens and many other conveniences unknown to our ancestors. A house that has now many chimneys had none in the fast age. Eating tables formerly but 12 inches long are now grown to eighteen. They have got candles of tallow or wax in candlesticks of iron or copper. Almost every where there are two fires, one for the Vol. VI. No. 9.

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chamber and one for the kitch en." KAMES.

Drunkenness.

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I called on Dr. JOHNSON one morning, (says PERCIVAL STOCKDALE) when Mrs. WILLIAMS, the blind lady to whom he had long been an affectionaté friend, and whom he protected in his house as long as she lived, was conversing with him. She was telling him where she had dined the day before." There were several gentlemen there, (said she) and when some of them came to the tea table, I found that' there had been a good deal of hard drinking." She closed this observation with a com

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mon and trite moral reflection, which, indeed is very ill founded, and does great injustice to animals. "I wonder what pleasure men can take in making beasts of themselves." "I wonder, madam, (replied

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the Doctor) that you have notpenetration enough to see the strong inducement to this excess; for he who makes a beast of himself, gets rid of the pain of being a man."-[Stockdale's Memoirs, Vol ii. p. 189.

ON GOVERNING THE PASSIONS.

"He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty; and he that ruleth his spirit, than he that taketh a city." Solomon,,

POETRY.

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"THE man who rules with absolute control
The angry passions, which deform the soul,
A more important victory can boast
Than he whose might has overcome a hosť.

The soul is sicken'd and the heart is pain'd
To trace the course of anger unrestrain❜d,
Blasting the pleasures of domestic life
With bitter brawls, and scenes of savage strife.

The wretched wight, who yields to anger's power,
Has no security a single hour;

His life may e'en be forfeited for guilt
Of guiltless blood, in furious transport spilt.

Behold how bright the warrior's wreath appears,
Planted in carnage, fertiliz'd with tears!
And trace his trophies of heroic ire
Through seas of blood, and pyramids of fire!

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Behold the conqueror, who won the world,
By ruthless rage from glory's zenith_hurl'd,
Tost like a feather on the mountain wave,
Lord of the globe, but, passion's paltry slave !**

Then he who rules with absolute control
The angry passions, which deform the soul,
A more important victory can boast
Than if his might had overcome a host."

Vermont Intelligencer.

Alexander the great, in a fit of anger slew his foster brother Clytus, for which flagitious act he was struck with such remorse, that he attempted to starve himself.

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LINES ON THE DEATH OF A CHILD.

WEEP not, fond parents, for your darling son,
But acquiesce in what your God has done :
"Tis the kind hand which does one infant save,
That sends another to an early grave.

With grief you view'd the little breathless form,
And wish'd him back to life's tempestuous storm;
Ah! cruel wish to change his heavenly dress,
And wrap him round with sorrow and distress.
O could your wat'ry eyes behold him rise,
And soar aloft thro' yonder brilliant skies;
Fond as you are, you could not wish to rob
The new form'd angel of his crown and God.
Behold him take his golden harp to praise,
Hear him already tune immortal lays,
Then cast his radiant crown at Jesus' feet,
And raptur'd fly thro' each celestial street,
Well pleas'd each new inhabitant to meet,
(Perhaps the guardians of his infant years,)

And hail their entrance on those happy spheres.
O could he now behold your tears and grief,
He'd point you to the Saviour for relief;
Bid ye pursue religion's sacred way,
Which leads to blissful everlasting day.

LINES FOR A MISS'S SAMPLER. JESUS, permit thy gracious name to stand, As the first effort of an infant's hand; And while her fingers o'er this canvas move, Engage her tender heart to seek thy love; With thy dear children let her share a part, And write thy Name, Thyself, upon her heart.

INTELLIGENCE.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.

THE Fourteenth Report of this wonderful Society has been published. It contains much animating information. "From the 31st of March, 1807, to the same period in 1818," this Society had issued "89,795 Bibles and 104,306 Testaments, making with those circulated at the Society's expense, from different presses on the continent, the total issued by the B. and F. B. S. in somewhat less than 13 years, more than Two Millions of Bibles and Tes taments.' ""

66 The extent to which the formation of Auxiliary Societies had previously been carried, left little ground upon which Institutions of this nature could be erected. When it is considered that the number of Auxiliary and Branch Societies in Britain alone, amounted, at the close of the last year, to nearly 500, independent Jy of Bible Associations; and that scarcely a county in the island was destitute of one or more of these Auxiliary Establishments, it is with no less surprise than pleasure that your Committee are enabled on the present occasion to report so respectable an addition to their number.

Evan. Mag.

Of those which will appear in the general list, your Committee regard it as their duty to specify, with particular commendation, "The Mer

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chant Seamen's Auxiliary Bible Society."

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The object of this Institution, (which was formed on the 29th of January last, in the Egyptian Hall, at the Mansion-house, London, undeṛ the auspices of the Lord Mayor, and various Noblemen, Gentlemen and Merchants, of the first consideration,) is, " to provide Bibles for at least, 120,000 British seamen, now destitute of them;" and with so much vigour and judgment have its proceedings been commenced, that within two months after its formation, 133 outward-bound ships, containing 1721 men, were visited at Gravesend, by the Society's Agent, Lieut. Cox; and 580 Bibles and Testaments were gratuitously distributed among them.

On hear

It is most gratifying to learn, from the weekly reports of the Agent, that (a very few instances excepted) he met with a cordial reception from both the officers and men. ing him deliver his message to the commander of one of the ships, a common seaman exclaimed, with visible emotion, "Thank God, there are some who care for our poor souls." The Captain of a Swedish vessel wanted words to express his gratitude for a Bible, and could scarcely believe it was a gift: saying, "It is very good, very good indeed: we pay a great deal of money for God's Book in my country." And while

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