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for recovering Calais by brib- opinion. In the midst of the ing the governor."


he turned his face In 1359 Edward III. of towards the church of Chartres, England invaded France with which he saw at a distance, a hundred thousand men, with and, falling on his knees, intention take , Paris.- made a vow to consent to an “ While he lay in his camp equitable peace. Bigland, in the neighbourhood of Char. The first of these calamities tres, there arbse a sudden and was common to both France dreadful storm, accompanied and England, and had little with hail of a prodigious size, effect in restraining the amwhich falling upon his army hition of the two monarchs. killed six thousand horses and The hail storm seems to have one thousand men. So tre. fallen on the English army meodous a convulsion of na- only, and not on that of France. ture was deemed by the army This brought the haughty Ed. a sign of the wrath of Heaven, ward upon his knees, and put and the king himself appeared an end to the war. to be impressed with the same


CRIMINAL OFFENCES IN ENGLAND AND WALES. « The lessons of experience, we shall exhibit an abstract of rather than the suggestions of an account which has recently speculation, the true been published in this country, sources of wisdom and the from a Belfast paper, and from surest foundations of policy. which we may infer the effect The right and the necessity of of the criminal code adopted inflicting punishments arise in Great Britain.

The ac. from the obligation of govern. count gives the number of ment to afford defence and criminals committed for trial protection. Vengeance on

in England and Wales, in each criminals is not the design of of the last seven years. penalties, bụt those penalties The number commitare surely too light, that are ted in 1811 was 5,337 not sufficient to deter and The number commitrestrain the atrocity of offend- ted in 1817


Total committed in 7 These sentiments proceed- years

56,308 &d from a source which we Of these there were highly respect, and from gen- sentenced to death 4,952 ilemen whose opinions are To transportation for entitled to a careful examina.


358 tion. It being admitted that For 14 years

658 « the lessons of experience, For 7 years

5,495 rather than the suggestions of To imprisonment for speculation, are the true various terms

22,469 sources of wisdom, and the To whipping and súrest foundations of policy,” fine



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The commitments

ishments ; still in the term of for alleged cap

seven years upwards of fiftyital offences were 9,287 six thousand persons of the 495% sen

committed to prison as crim- . tenced to death,

inals ; of whom four thousand there were exe.

nine hundred and fifty two cuted

584 were sentenced to death. For"By a return made to the gery and stealing goods from House of Commons it appears a shop to the value of five that the number of persons shillings are among the crimes executed for forgeries within deemed capital in England. the last 28 years amounts to They are also crimes which 222--of these 76 were forge. are very frequently committed ries on the bank of England." in that country. Shall

we Here are

"lessons of ex- hence infer, that death is too perience--the true sources of light” a punishment for forwisdom,” from which we may gery, and for five-shilling infer the genuine effect of a thefts? Or shall we infer; that sanguinary code. Notwith- multitudes in England have standing the severity of the been hardened in wickedness English laws, the multitude and inured to crime by 'the of offences to which the pen- deleterious influence of inhualty of death is annexed, and man laws and public executhe frequency of capital pun- tions ?



chamber and one for the kitch“ John Musso of Lombardy


KAMES. wrote in the 14th century. He says, Luxury of the table,

Drunkenness. of dress, of houses and house- I called on Dr. JOHNSON hold furniture in Placentia be- one morning, (says PERCIVAL gan to creep in after the year STOCKDALE) when Mrs. WIL1300. Houses at present have LIAMS, the blind lady to whom halls, rooms with chimneys, he had long been an affectionporticos, walls, gardens and até friend, and whom he promany other conveniences un. tected in his house as long as known to our ancestors. A she lived, was conversing with house that has now many him. She was telling him chimneys had none in the fast where she had dined the day age. Eating tables formerly before. 06 There were severbut 12 inches long are now al gentlemen there, (said she) grown to eighteen. They and when some of them came have got candles of tallow or to the tea table, I found that wax in candlesticks of iron or' there had been a good deal of copper. Almost every where hard drinking." She closed there are two fires, one for the this observation with a comVol. VI. No. 9.


mon and trite moral reflection, the Doctor) that you have notwhich, indeed is very ill found- penetration enough to see the ed, and does great injustice to strong inducement to this exanimals. "I wonder what cess; for he who makes a beast pleasure men can take in mak- of himself, gets rid of the ing beasts of themselves.” pain of being a man.”—[Stock. “I wonder, madam, (replied' dale's Memoirs, Vol ü. p. 189.



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He that is slow to anger is better than the mighty ; and he? that ruleth his spirit, than he that taketh a city." Solomon,

" The man who rules with absolute control
The angry passions, which deform the soul,

A more important' victory can boast
i Than he whose might has overcome a hose.

The soul is sicken'd and the heart is pain'd
To trace the course of anger unrestrain’d,
Blasting the pleasures of domestic life
With bitter brawls, and scenes of savage strife.
The wretched wight, who yields to anger's power,
Has no security a single hour;
His life may e'en be forfeited for guilt
Of guiltless blood, in furious transport spilt.
Behold how bright the warrior's wreath appears,
Planted in carnage, fertiliz'd with tears !
And trace his trophies of heroic ire
Through seas of blood, and pyramids of fire !
Behold the conqueror, who won the world,
By ruthless rage from glory's zenith hurld,
Tost like a feather on the mountain wave,
Lord of the globe, but, passion's paltry slave !*
Then he who rules with absolute control
The angry passions, which deform the soul,
A more important victory, can boast
Than if his might had overcome a host."

Vermont Intelligencer. * Alexander the great, in a fit of anger slew his foster brother Clytus, for which Aagitious act he was struck with such remorse, that he attempted to starve himself.

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How sweet to be allowed to pray
To God the Holy One ;
With humble pious love to say,
Father, thy will be done!
We, in these sacred words can find
A cure for every ill.;
A. charm to soothe the troubled mind,
And bid its cares. be still.
For mark the rebel wish repress'd
Despair had just begun;
Then hear these accents half express'd,
My God, thy will be done. .
See what a pure, celestial flame,
Illumes that lifted eye;
As tho'it caught one rapturous gleam
Of him who dwells on high.
O'let that will which gave me breath,
And an immortal soul,
In joy, or grief, in life or death,
My every wish control.
Could my weak heart thus ever pray,
With joy life's course would run ;

Teach me O God! with truth to say,
Thy will, not mine, be done.


WEEP not, fond parents, for your darling son,
But acquiesce in what your God has done :
"Tis the kind hand which does one infant save,
That sends another to an early grave.
With grief you view'd the little breathless form,
And wish'd him back to life's tempestuous storm ;
Ah ! cruel wish! to change his heavenly dress,
And wrap him round with sorrow and distress.

could your wat’ry eyes behold him rise,
And soar aloft thro' yonder brilliant skies;
Fond as you are, you could not wish to rob
The new form'd angel of his crown and God.
Behold him take his golden harp to praise,
Hear him already tune immortal lays,
Then cast his radiant crown at Jesus' feet,
And raptur'd fly thro' each celestial street,
Well pleas’d each new inhabitant to meet,
(Perhaps the guardians of his infant years,)

And hail their entrance on those happy spheres.
O could he now behold your tears and grief,
He'd point you to the Saviour for relief;
Bid ye pursue religion's sacred way,
Which leads to blissful everlasting day. Evan. Mag.

JEsus, permit thy gracious name to stand,
As the first effort of an infant's hand; !
And while her fingers o'er this canvas move,
Engage her tender heart to seek thy love ;
With thy dear children let her share a part,
And write thy Name, Thyself, upon her heart.

[Evan, Mag.



BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SO: chant Seamen's Auxiliary Bible Sos

CIETY. TAE Fourteenth Report of this The object of this Institution, wonderful Society has been publish- (which was formed on the 29th of ed. It contains much animating in- January last, in the Egyptian Hall, formation. " From the 31st of March, at the Mansion-house, London, under 1807, to the same period in 1818,” the auspices of the Lord Mayor, and this Society had issued “89,795 various Noblemen, Gentlemen and Bibles and 104,306 Testaments, Merchants, of the

first consideration,) making with those circulated at the is," to provide Bibles for at least, Society's expense, from different 120,000 British seamen, now destitute presses on the continent, the total js- of them;" and with so much vigour sued by the B. and F. B. S. in and judgment have its proceedings somewhat less than 13 years, more been commenced, that within two than Two Millions of Bibles and Tes: months after its formation, 133 out. taments,"

ward-bound ships, containing 1721 16 The extent to which the forma. men, were visited at Gravesend, by tion of Auxiliary Societies had pre- the Society's Agent, Lieut. Cox; and viously been carried, left little ground 580 Bibles and Testaments were upon which Institutions of this na- gratuitously distributed among them, ture could be erected. When it is It is most gratifying to learn, from considered

that the number of Aux- the weekly reports of the Agent, that iliary and Branch Societies in Britain (a very few instances excepted) he alone, amounted, at the close of the met with a cordial reception from last year, to nearly 500, independent. both the officers and men. On hearJy of Bible Associations, and that ing him deliver his message to the scarcely a county in the island was commander of one of the ships, a destitute of one or more of these Aux- common seaman exclaimed, with visi. jliary Establishments, it is with no less ble emotion, “ Thank God, there are surprise than pleasure that your Com- some who care for our poor souls." mittee are enabled on the present The Captain of a Swedish vessel occasion to report so respectable an wanted words to express his gratitude addition to their number.

for a Bible, and could scarcely be. Of those which will appear in the lieve it was a gift : saying, “ It is general list, your Committee regard very good, very good indeed: we it as their duty to specify, with par- pay a eat deal of money for God's ticular commendation, ás The Mer. Book in my country." And while

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