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pelled by those feelings to seek a tionably had their foundation in morefuge in the temporary, but fatal ob- tives of" true Philanthropy ; they livion of intoxication.
have contributed' to cultivate the 4h. PAWN BROKERS. The es
feelings of christian charity, and to tablishment of these offices is consid- keep alive its salutary influence upon ered as very unfavourable to the in- the minds of our fellow-citizens; and dependence and welfare of the mid- they have doubtless relieved thousdling and inferior classes. The arti- ands from the pressure of the most fices which are often practised to de- pinching want, from cold, from hunceive the expectations of those who ger, and probably in many cases, are induced through actual distress, from untimely death. or by positive allurement, to trust But, in relation to these societies, their goods at these places, not to a question of no ordinary moment inention the facilities which they af- presents itself to the considerate and ford to the commission of theft, and real philanthropist. Is not the parthe encouragement they give to a tial and temporary good which they dependence on stratagem and cun- accomplish, how acute soever the ning, rather than on the profits of miseries they relieve, and whatever honest industry, fairly entitle them, the number they may rescue from in the opinion of the committee, to a sufferings or death, more than counplace among the causes of Poverly. terbalanced, by the evils that flow
8th. HOUSES OF ILL FAME. The from the expectations they necessadireful effects of those sinks of iniqui- rily excite ; by the relaxation of inty, upon the habits and morals of a
dustry, which such a display of be.. numerous class of young men, espe- nevolence tends to produce ; by that cially of sailors and apprentices, are reliance upon charitable aid, in case visible throughout the city. Open of unfavourable times, which must abandonment of character, vulgarity, unavoidably tend to diminish, in the profanity, &c. are among the inevita-. minds of the labouring classes, that ble consequences, as it respects our wholesome anxiety to provide for the own sex, of those places of infamous wants of a distant day, which alone resort. Their effects upon the sever- can save them from a state of absoal thousands of females within this lute dependence, and from becomcity, who are ingulphed in those ing a burden to the community? abodes of all that is vile, and all that To what extent abuses upon our is shocking to virtuous thought, upon present system of alms are practised, the miserable victims, many of them and how far the evils which acconof decent families, who are here sub- pany it are susceptible of remedy, we jected to the most cruel tyranny of should not, at present, feel warranted their inhuman masters-upon the fe- in attempting to state. The paupermales, who, hardened in crime, are ism of the city is under the managenightly sent from those dens of cor- ment of Five Commissioners, who, ruption to roam through the city, we doubt not, are well qualițied to “ seeking whom they may devour," fulfil the trust reposed in them, and we have not the inclination, nor is it altogether disposed to discharge it our duty to describe. Among 6 the with fidelity. But we cannot with-causes of poverty,” those houses, hold the opinion, that without a far where all the base-born passions are more extended, minute, and energeta engendered--where the vilest profli- ic scheme of management than it is gacy receives a forced culture, mu's possible for any five men to keep in hold an eminent rank.
constant operation, abuses will be 9th. THE NUMEROUS CHARITA- practised, and to a great extent, up. BLE INSTITUTIONS
CITY. on the public bounty ; taxes must The committee by no means intend be increased, and vice and suffering to cast an indiscriminate censure upon perpetuated. these institutions, nor to implicate the LASTLY. Your committee would motives, nor even to deny the use- mention war during its prevalence, fulness, in a certain degree, of any as one of the most abundant sources one of them. They have unques- of poverty and vice, which the list of
'human corruptions comprehends. vidual, by any of the institutions alBut as this evil lies out of the imme- ready established, and due notice tadiate reach of local regulation, and ken of the information they afford, a as we are now happily blest with a change will soon be perceived in the peace which we hope will be durable, aspect of the poor. Finding that they it is deemed unnecessary further to have real friends, that their conduct is notice it.
an object of solicitude, that their The present tranquil state of the characters will be the subject of republic mind, and the almost total ab- mark, a sense of decency, and a sence of political jealousy, indicate a spirit of independence will be graduperiod peculiarly favourable to inter- ally awakened, the effects of which, nal improvement and reformation. must eventually be perceived in the
We therefore proceed to point out diminution of the poor rates of the the means, which we consider best city. calculated to meliorate the condition 2nd. To encourage and assist the of the poorer classes, and to strike at labouring classes to make the most of the root of those evils which go to the their earnings, by promoting the esincrease of poverty and its attendant tablishment of a Savings Bank, or of miseries.
Benefit Societies, Life Insurances, &c. 1st. To divide the city into very The good effects of such associations small districts, and to appoint from bave been abundantly proved in Euthe members of the society, two or rope and in America. Boston, Philathree visiters for each district, whose delphia, and Baltimore have each a duty it shall be, to become acquainted Savings Bank. with the inhabitants of the district, to 3rd. To prevent, by all legal means, visit frequently the families of those the access of paupers who are not enwho are in indigent circumstances, titled to a residence in the city. The to advise them with respect to their plan of inspection before described business, the education of their chil- will furnish the mears of entirely predren, the economy of their house, to venting those disgraceful encroachadminister encouragement or admoni- ments upon the charity of the city, tion, as they may find occasion ; and which it is believed have been pracin general, by preserving an open, tised to no inconsiderable extent. candid, and friendly intercourse with 4th. To unite with the corporate them, to gain their confidence, and authorities in the entire inhibition of by suitable and well timed counsel, street begging. There can be no reato excite them to such a course of sonable excuse whatever, for this conduct as will best promote their practice, more especially if the course physical and moral welfare. The vis- of inspection, now recommended, be iters to keep an accurate register of kept in operation. the names of all those who reside 5th. To aid, if it shall be deemed within their respective districts, to expedient, in furnishing employment notice every change of residence, to those who cannot procure it, either whether of single or inarried persons, by the establishment of houses of inand to annex such observations to the
dustry, or by supplying materials for names of those who claim their par- domestic labour. ticular attention as will enable them 6th. To advise and promote the to give every needful information with opening of places of worship in the respect to their character, reputation, outer wards of the city, especially in habits, &c.
situations where licentiousness is the It may fairly be presumed, that if most prevalent. This subject is conthis scheme of inspection can be car- sidered as one of vital importance. ried into full effect ; if visiters can be If, as we believe, nine tenths of the found, who will undertake the charge, poverty and wretchedness which the from the pure motive of philanthropy, city exhibits, proceeds directly or inand if, on the principles of active directly from the want of correct morconcert, a reference be always had to al principle, and if religion is the bathe books of the visiters, before char
sis of morality, then will it be admititable relief is extended tę any indi- ted, that to extend the benefits of re
its fairest pro
ligious instruction, will be to strike at channel, and be distributed in cone the root of that corrupt tree which formity to a well regulated system, by sheds dreariness and penury from all which deception may be
prevented, its branches. That there is a lament- and other indirect evils arising from able deficiency of religious observ- numerous independent associations, ance, is extremely obvious. It is be fairly obviated. questionable whether one man or wo- It appears highly probable, that if man in fifty, of the indigent, enters a the adıninistration of the charities of place of worship three times in a year. the city were so conducted, as to obThe means are not provided for them, viate all danger of misapplication and and they are unable to provide them deception ; these charities would flow for theniselves. Now it has been re. with greater freedom, and that funds marked, that in the innediate vicin- might occasionally be obtained, which ity of a church, it is rare to find a would afford the means of erecting house devoted to lewdness or deprav- houses for worship, opening schools, ity. One half of the sum annually and employing teachers, and thus diexpended in the maintenance of the rect, with grcater efficacy, those mapoor, would, be sufficient to build terials which alone can ensure to the three houses of public worship. great fabric of society,
Further, if wretchedness proceed portions, and its longest duration. from vice, and vice, among the poor, 9th. To obtain the abolition of the be generally the offspring of moral greater number of shops, in whiche and intellectual darkness, is it not a spirituous liquors are sold by license. most reasonable, social duty, which We trust that four fifths, if not the the enlightened portions of society whole of the intelligent portion of our owe to the ignorant, to instruct be- fellow-citizens will unite in opinion, fore they condemn, to teach before that the present extension of licensed they punish? Can there be a more retailers, is equivalent, or very nearly painful reflection in the mind of a hu. so, as it respects the morals of the ci mane juror, than the thought of con- ty, to the entire abrogation of the law signing to death, or to perpetual ex- which requires a dealer in liquors to clusiov from the enjoyments of virtu. take out a license. While the numous society, a fellow-creature, for ber of places in the city remain so crimes that have evidently resulted excessively great, which afford to the from that condition of vicious igno- poor and ignorant, not only so many rance, to which he has ever been ex- facilities, but so many invitations and posed, without any attempts on the temptations to spend their money part of the community to rescue him over the maddening bowl,” reformfrom it?
ation will be greatly impeded ; povThe committee would, therefore, erty and ruin must increase and an submit to the society, the proposition bound. of endeavouring to effect, as the means If each of the 1600 retailers in the may accrue, the gradual erection of city, sell, upon an average, to the abuildings for public worship, in those mount of 250 cents per day, an estiparts of the city where they are the mate which we presume all will conmost needed, until every citizen may sider within the truth, the aggregate have an opportunity of attending di- amount for the year, is $1,160,000. vine worship.
This enormous sum, extorted from 7th. To promote the advancement the sweats of labour, and the tears of First day, or Sunday School In- and groans of suffering wives and struction, both of children and adults. children, would be sufficient to build We cannot but regard this kind of in- annually, 50 houses of worship at struction as one of the most powerful $20,000 each, and leave a surplus that engines of social reform, that the wis- would be more than sufficient to erect dom and benevolence of men have e- school houses, and amply provide for ver brought into operation.
the education of every child in the ci8th. To contrive a plan, if possible, ty. When, with a single glance of by which all the spontaneous chari- the mind, we contrast the difference pies of the town may flow into one in moral effect, between the appropri
ation of this sum to the support of the To this sa!ulary union, 90 long desirbuyers and sellers of strong drink, ed, and now again so loudly called and its appropriation to the support of for, and so often sought in vain, in honest and industrious mechanics, which the Reformed Church does not employed in the erection of buiidings, go over to the Lutheran, nor the latter which would improve and ornament to theformer,but both unite in one new the city, and to the diffusion of reli- animated Evangelie Christian Church, gion and useful learning, who will not in the spirit of their Holy Founder, rise and excrt bis strength against there is no bouger any obstacle in the the encroachment of so mighty an e- nature of the thing itsell, if both parvil?
ties seriously and honestiv desire it in a true Christian spirit; aid it produ,
ced by this, it will worthily express From the London Magazine for Dec. the gratitude which we owe to Dilast.
vine Providence for the invaluable Berlin, Oct. 11.-His Majesty the blessings of the Reformation, and honKing of Prussia has been pleased 10 our the memory of its great authors in address the following invitation to the the continuance of their work. Consistories, Symods, and Superinten- " But much as I must wish that the dencies of the Monarchy :
Reformed and Lutheran Churches in " My illustrious ancestors reposing my dominions may share with me this in God, the Elector John Sigismuund, my well tried conviction, I have far the Elector George Williain, the too much respect for their rights and Great Elector King Frederick 1., and their liberty to force it upon them, or King Frederick William I. as is prov- to order or decide any thing in this ed by the history of their reigns and affair. lives, endeavoured with pious 2tal to " This union, hesides, can have real unite the two separate Proiestant value only, if neither persuasion nor Churches, the Reformed and die Lu- indifferentism have a part in it ; if it theran, in one Evangelic Christian proceed from the unbiased liberty Church in their dominions. Honour of self conviction, and is not only it ing their memory and their salutary union in external form, but bas its views, I willingly join them, and wish roots and vivifying service in unity of to see a work agreeable to God, heart, according to the genuine prin-which met with insuperable obstacles ciples of Scripture, in the unhappy sectarian spirit of " As I shall myself celebrate in this those times, to be brought about in spirit the approaching secular festival my dominions, to the honour of God of the Reformation, in the union or and the weal of the Christian Church, the late Reformed and Lutheran conunder the influence of a better spirit, gregation at Potsdam, in one Evanwhich disregards what is not essentiai, gelical Christian congregation, and and holds fast what is the vital part of take the holy Sacrament with them, I Christianity, in which both Churches hope that this my own example will are agreed ; and I desire to see the have a beneficial intluence on all the beginning made upon the approaching Protestant congregations in my coun, secular festival of the Reformation. try, and that it may be generally fol. Such a truly religious union of the a- lowed in spirit and truth. To the. bove-mentioned Protestant Churches, wise direction of the Consistories, to who are separated only by external the pious zeal of the Clergy and their differences, is conformable to the Synods, I leave the exteriour coincidgreat objects of Christianity ; it an- ing form of the union, convinced that swers the first views of the Reform.
the Congregations will readily follow it lies in the spirit of Protestant- in a true Christian spirit, and that evişm; it promotes religious spirit; it is ery where when the attention is disalutary to domestic piety ; it will be rected seriously and sincerely without the source of many useful improve- any interested secondary views, to ments in churches and schools, which what is essential to the great sacred have been often hindered hitherto, cause itself, the form will be easily merely by the difference of religion. found, and the external will naturally
result from the internal, simple, digni- ings for the blessings bestowed upon fied, and true. May the promised us, and pray for the outpouring of period be no more remote, when un- His Grace upon all of us ; conformder one common Shepherd, all united ing themselves in this matter to the in one faith, one charity, and one words of Sacred Writ, which requires hope, shall form only one flock! us to render to the King Eternal, Im
FREDERICK WILLIAM. mortal, Invisible, the only wise God, Postdam, Sept. 27, 1817.
honour and ory for ever and ever. “ To the Consistories, Synods, &c."
ALEXANDER. 66 The undersigned Minister, charg- The Newspapers have given anotlıed with the publication of this expreso er article relating to Alexander which sion of his Majesty's wishes, does not is perhaps as worthy of imitation as doubt of the desired and happy suc- the preceding ; it is contained in an cees; because, as it has been accept- extract of a letter from a gentleman in ed since the 1st of this month by the England to his friend in Philadelphia clergy of this city, of both Evangelic and given in the Religious RememConfessions, united in one Synod, brancer as follows :with unanimous joy and grateful re- “ The Emperor has lately given a spect for his Majesty's sentiments fine mark of a purified taste, in withand views therein expressed, it will drawing from a company of French certainly be received in the same Comedians,
annual grant of inanner by all the Evangelic Clergy 190,000 roubles, about 90001. sterling, and congregations in the kingdom. and transferring it to a Philanthropic
Minister of the Interior, institution. Surely this may be view.'
provement." Thase of the Emperor Alexander, ad.
dressed to the Legislative Synod, Extract of a letter from Peachami, Moscou, Oct. 27, 1817.
Vermont, dated Jan. 27. DURING my late travels through the 66 Since I wrote you in September, Provinces, I was obliged, to my no the attention to divine things among small regret, to listen to speeches this people has been truly wonderful, pronounced by some of the Clergy in and the power and grace of our Lord different parts, which contained un- has been manifested to be exceedingbecoming praises of me; praises which ly great. Forty-four new members can only be ascribed unto God. And were received to our communion on as I am convinced in the depth of my the first Sabbath in October, and 69 heart of the Christian truth, that eve- on the first in December; 18 had been ry blessing floweth unto us through previously received, since the first of our Lord Jesus Christ alone, and that August ; one was received the last every man, be he whom he may, Sabbath, und 19 now stand propoundwithout Christ is full only of evil, ed. There are between 50 and 60 therefore to ascribe unto me the glory more within my knowledge, who hope of decds, in which the hand of God that they have tasted and seen that had been so evidently manifested be- the Lord is good. The work, we fore the whole world, is to give unto think, still goes on, though it may be man that glory which belongeth unto less powerfully. Of the 69 received to the Almighty God alone.
communion on the first Sabbath in I account it my duty, therefore, to December, 35 were young men and forbid all such unbecoming express- boys, under 24 years." gons of praise, and recommend to the Holy Synod to give instructions to all
TRANSPORTATION OF CONVICTS FROM the Diocesan Bishops, that they
ENGLAND. themselves, and the Clergy under FROM the official return of the them, may, on similar occasions, in number of persons transported since future refrain from all such express- the first of January 1812, it appears ions of praise, so disagreeable to my that the total number of males is 3988, ears ; and that they may render unto and of females, 671 ; and of male conthe Lord of Hosts alone, thanksgiv- victs under the age of twenty one,