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PREFACE.

. . amphora cæpit Institui: currente rota cur urceus exit?

Horace.

In this Essay it is attempted to exhibit within reasonable limits the state of domestic architecture, and an outline of the conveniences incident to the private habitations of the Romans, in a form to satisfy the curiosity of the general reader; works of this nature being considered scarcely less interesting than the military career of the same people, and perfectly agreeable to the spirit of inquiry now so universally manifested.

It was written as an introductory chapter, with a desire of completing a History of Domestic Architecture, a design which will not be relinquished, should the following pages meet with sufficient patronage to induce the author to proceed with his intention. In this species of composition, the labour of authenticating facts becomes a pleasure, and his next subject will be an attempt to illustrate the Baronial Castles of England, in continuation of the history.

The drawing for the frontispiece was made by Mr. Willement, in which the utensils, grouped with his usual skill, are all selected from the Pittura d'Ercolano; it has been admirably engraved

by Mr. Challis, a young artist destined to rise in his profession. The plan of a Roman House intended to give some idea of the disposition of the several apartments round a court,

While fancy brings the vanish'd piles to view,
And builds imaginary Rome anew,

is copied from an edition of Vitruvius, published at Venice in 1511.

Numerous works relative to the important discoveries at Pompeii, have already made the subject familiar to most persons. These, and the books of Civil Architecture by Vitruvius, are extensive stores of information; but the chief source has been the description of a Roman House, published at Paris under the title of the Palace of Scaurus. For the use of

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