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Perhaps 6 the cloth of state is only spread,
Some of the quorum may be fick a-bed ;
That judge is hot, and doffs his gown, while this
O’er night was bowsy, and goes out to piss :
So many

rubs appear, the time is gone
For hearing, and the tedious suit goes on:
But buff and belt-men never know these cares,
No time, nor trick of law, their action bars :
Their cause they to an easier issue put :
They will be heard, or they lug out, and cut.

Another branch of their revenue still
Remains, beyond their boundless right to kill,
Their

7
father

yet alive, impower'd to make a will.
For, what their prowess gain'd, the law declares
Is to themselves alone, and to their heirs :
No share of that goes back to the begetter,
But if the son fights well, and plunders better,
Like ftout Coranus, his old shaking fire
Does a remembrance in his will desire :
Inquisitive of fights, and longs in vain
To find him in the number of the slain:
But still he lives, and rising by the war,
Enjoys his gains, and has enough to spare :
For 'tis a noble general's prudent part
To cherish valour, and reward defert :
Let him be daub’d with lace, live, high and whore;
Sometimes be lousy, but be never poor.

6 The courts of judicature were hung, and spread, as with us; but spread only before the hundred judges were to sit and judge publick causes, which were called by Lot.

7 The Roman soldiers had the privilege of making a will, in their father's life-time, of what they had purchased in the wars, as being no part of their patrimony : By this will they had power of exclud ing their own parents, and giving the estate, so gotten, to whom they pleased : Therefore, says the poet, Coranus, (a soldier contemporary with Juvenal, who had raised his fortune by the wars) was courted by his own father to makc him his heir.

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1

THE

FIRST SATIRE

OF

P E R S IU S.

Argument of the PROLOGUE to the First Satire.

The design of the author was to conceal his name and quality.

He lived in the dangerous times of the tyrant Nero; and aims particularly at him in most of his satires. For which reason, though he was a Roman knight, and of a plentiful fortune, he would appear in this prologue but a beggarly poet, who writes for bread. After this, he breaks into the business of the first satire ; which is chiefly to decry the poetry then in fashion, and the impudence of those who were endeavouring to pass their stuff upon the world.

Voc. IV.

U

PR

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