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From thence hot pepper, and rich drugs they bear,
CORNUT U S.
I Zcno was the great master of the stoick philofophy; and Cleanthes was second to him in reputation : Cornutus, who was mafter os tuor to Perfius, was of ihe same school.
331 O freedom ! first delight of human kind! Not that which bondmen from their masters find, The 2 privilege of doles : not yet t’inscribe Their names in 3 this or t’other Roman tribe: That falle enfranchisement with ease is found: Slaves are 4 madu citizens by turning round. How, replies one, can any be more free? Here's Dama, once a groom of low degree, Not worth a farthing, and a lot beside; So true a rogue, for lying's fake he ly'd : But, with a turn, a freeman he became; Now 5 Marcus Dama is his worship's name. Good Gods! who would refuse to lend a sum, If wealthy Marcus furety will become! Marcus is made a judge, and for a proof. Of certain truth, He said it, is enough. A will is to be prov’d; put in your claim; 'Tis clear, if 6 Marcus has fubscrib'd his name. This is 7 true liberty, as I believe; What can we farther from our caps receive, Than as we please without controul to live ? Not more to 8 noble Brutus could belong. Hold, says the Stoick, your affumption's wrong:
2 When a slave was made free, he had the privilege of a Roman born ; which was to have a fare in the donatives or doles of bread, &c. which were distributed by the magiftrates amongst the people.
3 The Roman people was distributed into several tribes: He who was made free was inrolled into some one of them, and thereupon enjoyed the common privileges of a Roman citizen.
4 The master, who intended to infranchise a llave, carried him hefore the city prætor, and turned him round, using these words; “I will that this man be free."
5 Slaves had only one name before their freedom : After it, they were admitted to a Przenomen, like our christian names : So Dama, is now called Marcus Daina.
6 At the proof of a ieflament, the magistrates were to subscribe their names, as allowing the legality of the will.
7 Slaves, when they were det tree, had a cap given them in sign of their jiberty.
8 Bruills treed the Roman people from the tyranny of the Tarquins, and changed the forin of the governarient into a glorious commonwealth.
I grant true freedom you have well defin'd:
Hear me with patience while thy mind I free
Unkill'd in hellebore, it thou shouldst try To mix it, and mistake the quantity, The rules of physic wou'd against thee cry. The high-shoo'd ploughman, shou'd he quit the land, To take the pilot's rudder in his hand, Artless of ftars, and of the moving fand, The Gods wou'd leave him to the waves and wind, And think all shame was lost in human kind.
Tell me, my friend, from whence hadft thou the skill, So nicely to distinguish good from ill? Os by the found to judge of gold and brass, What piece is tinkers metal, what will pass ?
9 The text of the Roman laws, was written in red letters, which las called the rubrick ; translated here, in more general words, • The letter of the law.”
And what thou art to follow, what to fly,
But thou, who lately of the common strain,
How's this ? Not wag my finger, he replies ?
1 The stoicks held this paradox, That any one vice, or notorious folly, which they called madneis, hindered a man from being viituous: That a man was of a piece, without a mixture ; either wholly vicious, or goud; one virtue or vice, according to them, including all the rest.
2 The prætor held a wand in his hand, with which he loftly ftrucks the llave on the huad, when he declared him frre,
To servile duties, thou would it fear no more ;
Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack,