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CHURCH OPENING AT BRAMPTON.-The new English Presbyterian Church, Brampton, was publicly opened for Divine service on Sabbath, the 3rd of June, by the Rev. William Arnot, of Free St. Peter's Church, Glasgow, who preached three impressive sermons. church was filled to overflowing at all the diets of worship. On the Monday evening following, the event was celebrated by a numerously attended tea-party; and very suitable and interesting addresses were delivered by ministers and laymen from a distance. The style of the new church is early English, and reflects the greatest credit on the taste and architectural skill of Mr. Eaglesfield, of Maryport. The people for whose benefit it has been erected have contributed liberally, considering their limited means; and other friends at a distance have also given a helping hand. But it is due to the disinterested and philanthropic spirit of Robert Barbour, Esq., of Manchester, to state, that the largest portion of the expense has fallen upon him; and but for his kind liberality, this ancient, interesting, and now flourishing congregation would, in all probability, have been extinct years ago. A suitable and very valuable time-piece has been presented by Mr. Jas. Watt, of Carlisle, who was formerly a member of the congregation. The old church is being converted into a school-room, and a thoroughly qualified master, from Scotland, has been engaged, who is to enter upon his duties in the beginning of July next. There being a large population in the parish, and a great want of school accommodation, it is considered that this new school, conducted upon the most improved system of education, will prove an unspeakable blessing in the neighbourhood.

Journal" of June 16:-" Farewell Sermon.— The Rev. Dr. Bryson preached his farewell sermon at the Presbyterian Church in this town, on Sunday last, before a very numerous congregation. The Rev. gentleman took his text from Acts xx. 32:-'And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among them which are sanctified.' The discourse was characterised, like all the preacher's works, by a sound Protestant tone. The Doctor's manner has nothing of the mere declaimer about it. He is sometimes very warm, but the gravity and dignity of his subject are never forgotten. His bearing in the pulpit is both graceful and commanding, such as would be sure to commend itself to a finished audience. It is, then, with no feigned regret we find he quits this town; for, as his chastened and well-informed mind ripens with age and experience, his ministerial labours must become more valuable. We should be glad if the sermon, which we now notice, were printed, as it would be a good, though unambitious companion to those useful works which have emanated from the same intellect, and which have won for their author no mean reputation in the world of letters. At all events, the Doctor goes to the Sacred Island,' the place of his birth, on his holy mission, and we say, God speed him.''

SEATON DELAVAL.-On the 28th and 29th ult., Whit-Monday and Whit-Tuesday, a Bazaar was held at Seaton Delaval, in aid of the funds for the enlargement of the dayschool, and the extinction of the debt on the manse. The sales and donations realized upwards of 85%., leaving a considerable number of articles to be disposed of at a subsequent day. The ladies who conducted the Bazaar, and presided at the tea tables, deserved the greatest credit for their zealous and efficient services; while the office bearers and congreBIRDHOPECRAIG.-After public worship on gation at large manifested the warmest symMonday, 11th inst.-being the thanksgiving-pathy in all the arrangements, and contributed day after the communion-the annual statement of the congregational accounts was, as usual, read by the minister. From the statement it appeared that, in consequence of the destruction of the stables belonging to the church, by fire, and from expenses incidental to the illness and decease of the late minister, and to the subsequent vacancy and ordination of the present minister, the congregation was indebted to the treasurer about 10l., for sums already advanced. The Rev. M. Davison having read the accounts, suggested that, by a spontaneous effort, the balance should be at once discharged, and expressed a hope that there would be no necessity to ask any one to subscribe. Whereupon, in a few minutes, those who were present voluntarily contributed, in the most spirited manner, more than sufficient to clear off the debt. The Rev. D. Stuart of Falstone, who was present, having addressed a few words of congratulation to the congregagation, closed the Meeting with prayer. On the same day, a few of the ladies of the congregation contributed a sufficient sum to lay matting along the aisles of the church.

WOLVERHAMPTON.-We copy the following paragraph from the "Wolverhampton

not a little, notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather, to the favourable results reached. As on former occasions, when engaged in special efforts, the Church at Delaval is much indebted to the more devoted friends of the English Presbyterian Church in Morpeth, Shields, Sunderland, Newcastle, Manchester, Liverpool, and London, for what they may accomplish when this Bazaar has been finally completed. And now that they may say, their church, manse, and day-school are erected and free of debt, most cordially do they thank those friends who have enabled them to do, what of themselves they never could have accomplished. To Robert Barbour, Esq., who has once and again helped them, their thanks are especially due.

GATESHEAD.-On the 20th of May, the teachers of the Gateshead Presbyterian Church Sabbath-School presented Miss Selkirk, who is leaving the neighbourhood, with a copy of Dr. Cumming's "Sabbath-evening Readings in St. John," as a token of their esteem for her consistent character, and for the faithfulness with which she has discharged the duties of a Sabbath-school teacher, during the long period of twenty-three years.

BRANTON. On the 11th instant, the young men belonging to the Bible-class, connected with this church, waited upon their minister, the Rev. James Blythe, and presented him with an elegant copy of Dr. Gordon's work, "Christ as made known to the Ancient Church," as a token of their gratitude and


MONKWEARMOUTH.-The Church in Monkwearmouth, having been closed for some weeks for repairs and cleaning, was reopened for public worship, on Sabbath, the 17th of June. The services of the morning and afternoon were conducted by the Rev. Alexander Munro, of Manchester, and those of the evening by the Rev. Dr. Paterson, of Sunderland. Notwithstanding a liberal subscription, previously made by the congregation, to meet the expenses connected with the repairs and cleaning of the church, and the erection of new schoolrooms, the collections amounted to 251.

FREE CHURCH ASSEMBLY. THE deputation from our Synod to the Free Church Assembly this year, were the Rev. John Weir, Moderator of the Synod; the Rev. J. R. Mackenzie, D.D.; Robert Barbour, Esq., Manchester; and Hugh M. Matheson, Esq., London. They were introduced by Dr. Grierson, who spoke of the cordial reception the deputation from their Church received at our last Synod, and the gratification they derived at the excellent spirit which pervaded it.

The following is an abridged report of the addresses of the deputation:—

Mr. WEIR, after apologizing for the necessary absence of the Rev. Mr. Welsh, of Liverpool, said, I feel it to be a high privilege to appear here to-day, as I have done on a former occasion, as one of a deputation from the Presbyterian Church in England. The relations of our respective Churches have been most intimate and affectionate, ever since the disruption of 1843. Previous to that memorable event, an English Synod had been formed, but it was only at the period referred to that the Synod commenced its career of enlarged usefulness and success. The results of the disruption had been twofold. In the first place, there were ministers in England of the Moderate school, who gladly embraced the golden opportunity presented by empty manses and vacant churches, to recross the Border. And, secondly, into many of the English churches thus vacated, and where an earnest Evangelism had not been preached, were introduced the freshness and fervour of a vigorous life, so that now we can look back on the past with thankfulness and joy. There was, in truth, a miniature Disruption in England, which had eliminated the elements of disunion and listlessness, and, having inscribed your great principles upon our banners, and preached, not only to Presbyterians from Scotland and Ulster the pure old Gospel of the grace of God, but to the English people also, the result has been, that souls have been born from above, that the flock of Christ has re

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ceived faithful pastoral care, and that young men coming up to our great towns have found a shelter from those temptations to which they are especially exposed. We begin to be recognized as no longer a Scottish exotic, but an English Presbyterian Church; and our system of polity, in its harmonious and efficient working, and its scriptural simplicity, attracts attention. Not long since an English clergyman said to me, "If ever I am required to preach baptismal regeneration I shall go over to your Church." Two deacons of Dissenting Churches, men of experience and piety, lately expressed privately to me their admiration of our principles, especially as to their practical results in preventing schism, and in advancing the cause of Christ. As to England, it wants greatly the healthy and manly theology which our "Confession" and our "Shorter Catechism" supply. (Hear, hear.) I remember once hearing Dr. James Hamilton, at the opening of a Mission station in London, thus illustrating the position which he placed before his audience, that whatever deficiencies were otherwise chargeable against her, the Presbyterian Church was pre-eminently a teaching Church. He went one day to the Zoological Gardens, and to his suprise he found the reptile house empty, and was informed by the keeper that the serpents had died. But what was the cause? Why, that these creatures had been accustomed to live in a mephitic atmosphere, and that the air was here so pure that they perished. "And so," said Dr. Hamilton, 'here, in the south of the Island, a brood of viperous errors, Mormonism, Swedenborgianism, &c., find a genial atmosphere; but the moment they cross the Border, and come into contact with the clear, pure breath of Scottish theology, they fall down stone dead." (Laughter and applause.) From the very first, the English Presbyterian Svnod has been a missionary and aggressive Church. True, ours is but a frigate, compared with your leviathan three-decker; but our decks have been manned and our guns have been shotted and ready, as well as yours. We have a College, which, while it has struggled with difficulties arising from finance, as well as from that inadequate supply of students, of which all the Churches on both sides of the Atlantic complain, has yet educated one-sixth of our ministry, and has trained a most efficient servant for our Foreign Mission. As to the latter, it is well known here that in 1846, Mr. W. Burns, when his evangelistic work in Scotland and in Canada had been accomplished, offered himself to our Synod as a missionary for China. Since that time he has laboured with humility, perseverance, and prayer. He has translated the "Pilgrim's Progress" into the Chinese tongue, and afterwards, aided by Dr. Young, and finally by Mr. Johnston, it has pleased God to crown the Mission with a measure of success at Amoy and in its neighbourhood, such as, perhaps, considering the extent of the staff, no other Protestant Mission to China had experienced. (Hear, hear.) The converts are distinguished, not only by their piety, but by their zeal as evangelists to their own perishing countrymen. As a Church, we are deeply indebted to some zealous members of the Free Church of Scotland, who have taken upon

themselves the entire expense of the sending out and maintenance of a third missionary (the excellent Mr. Carstairs Douglas, now on his way to China); and who are ready also to aid us with funds for a fourth missionary. In connexion with, and aided by, our Foreign Mission, is a Ladies' Missionary Association, which has its missionary and its schools for the conversion of the Jews at Corfu. Our excellent missionary there, Mr. Charteris, has been sustained in his work, as also an efficient female teacher, by our English ladies, with prayerful and untiring energy. Mr. Charteris, from the very first, has been most useful to soldiers, and latterly his attendance on the sick and wounded from the Crimea, who have been brought to the little island of Vido, has been accompanied with special blessing. He has also the satisfaction of knowing that some of those who fell on the battle-field had received saving impressions from his previous ministrations to them. With regard to our Home Mission, its zealous Treasurer and promoter is here, and will give details as to its important operations, kindling, as it does, the lamp of truth, amid scenes of spiritual darkness, or feeding the flame with fresh oil, where it has been already kindled. As to our School Scheme, it has, by a superior secular education, leavened by scriptural truth, conferred a great blessing on many congregations and on many districts urgently requiring such enlightenment. We have given to these schools supplies of books and maps, and, with the aid of the Tract Society, are about to supply the whole of them with useful libraries. And now, Moderator, Fathers, and Brethren, while we have an open door of usefulness before us, we have also many difficulties to encounter, not the least of which are the vicissitudes of our congregations, arising from the frequent changes and removal of valued friends from Scotland, settling but a short time in England, and then passing away to every part of the world. But, I repeat, our Mission is important; and all we want, in common with all the Churches, is an abundant outpouring of the Holy Spirit. (Hear, hear.) We thank you for all your interest in us, and kindness towards us. Continue to aid us,-give us some of your best men,-and, by fervent prayer and zealous co-operation, let us seek to pour a fertilizing tide of truth over the whole island, that the world may see, in the beneficent result, that the Free Church of Scotland and the Presbyterian Church in England are emphatically one,

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"Distinct as the billows, but one as the sea." -(Cheers.)

Dr. MACKENZIE next addressed the Assembly, and said,-They of the Presbyterian Church in England deeply sympathized with the Free Church in the losses she had sustained by death, and also in the successes which, by God's blessing, had attended her labours both at home and abroad. He traced a similarity in the dealings of Providence with the two Churches during the past year. If, at a time when, of all others, a labourer could not be spared on the missionary field in India, one of your esteemed band has been taken to his rest, so had it happened to their missionary st aff in China. Breaches had also been made

in the eldership of the two Churches, which were fitted to humble them under God's hand. While many of the Disruption elders have been taken away from the Free Church, their sister Church in England had likewise to utter her lamentations for that stanch friend of Presbyterianism and Missions, James Nisbet of London-a man who, on the memorable day of the Disruption, stood up in his place in that House, and, with a tearful eye and grateful heart, tabled his thousand pounds in testimony of his love for them, and his admiration of the grace then granted them. (Applause.) All these bereavements are fitted to humble the one Church and the other, and to constrain them unitedly to say, "Help, Lord, for the godly man ceaseth; for the faithful fail from among the children of men." He considered the interchange of deputations between the Free Church of Scotland and the sister Church peculiarly important in the present circumstances of the country. Each turning of the wheel of Providence shows how important the principles are which are held by us in common. Having found these principles to be in accordance with Scripture-having ascertained their intimate connexion with national prosperity, we are under obligations to promulgate them, as part and parcel of the trust committed to us, not to be hid under the bushel of hopelessness on the one hand, or of new organization on the other. Who knows but that He who has permitted our disestablishment-for the Presbyterian Church in England was once Established, as you were-in order to a more disinterested testimony-who knows but that our Mission, if I may use a phrase becoming somewhat popular, is to testify to Voluntary Churches on the one hand, and to Established Churches on the other, that civil rulers are required to disendow Popery, and also to endow Protestantism-to disendow that which has degraded the nations and has offended God; but, at the same time, to support as well as to tolerate that Protestantism to which, under God, Britain owes her political greatness, her social order, her commercial prosperity, her scientific distinction, and her military success?.... We in England still need your help; and such a Church as yours may aid us in several important respects. For instance, there is the Marriage Affinity Bill. True, you in Scotland are proposed to be exempted from its operation; but you have been accustomed to watch over public proceedings of that kind; and I am glad to see that this subject is put down in the list of your proceedings. I hope, therefore, that though Scotland is exempted, you will resolve to bring your influence to tell upon the country against this monstrous iniquity; for, if there be a desire in our high places to assimilate the laws of Scotland and England, in regard to criminal and bankruptcy matters, is it not strange that there should be enacted for England a different law on so important a matter as marriage? The moral weight of your Petition would strengthen the hands of our ministers, who stand almost alone amid other ministers in opposing this iniquity. We require your co-operation also in reference to Popery. After eight years' residence in England, and good opportunities for observa

tion, my conviction is, that if England is to be saved from Popery, it will be by means of Scotland. But unless there come from your country the influence of an organized opposition to Popery, in creating a sound Protestant opinion in England, we shall not be able to produce such an influence upon Parliament as if this Church were to send deputations of her ablest ministers to England to rally the Churches and ministers. As Mr. Mathieson will speak to our Foreign, and Mr. Barbour to the Home Mission, I shall, without referring to these facts, conclude by hoping, that, if the Free Church in Scotland, and the Presbyterian Church in England, shall continue to display that influence which God has given them to display because of the truth not vaingloriously, but yet faithfully-seeking the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon ministers, office-bearers, and people; if not in our experience, yet, sooner or later, the fulfilment of God's promise to his Church will be accomplished:"I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob." (Loud applause.)


a great extent, what appears to be going on in
the colonies. Our Church is now quite or-
ganized into Presbyteries and a Synod; and I
appeal to the Deputation, who were present at
our last Synod Meeting, whether, as a Church,
we are not gaining strength and consolidation
("Hear, hear," from Dr. Grierson), though
we have not made that amount of progress we
desire? The Convener of the Colonial Mis-
sion, on the occasion to which I refer, asked
for twenty missionaries for the colonies. I
could ask for more for England, but with this
proviso,-to use a favourite expression—that
you gave us the right men for the right places.
("Hear," and a laugh.) I presume we must
go on and do the best we can; but I entreat
a favourable consideration, and a kind ear,
when we come to the door of your Presbyteries.
Within the last few years we have been en-
gaged in church building, church rebuilding,
manse building, manse rebuilding; in the
erection of schools also, and the extinction of
debt. I trust what has been doing is indica-
tive of real vital godliness amongst us.
operations have been in London, Manchester,
Liverpool, Sheffield, Bradford, Leeds, Bramp-
ton, Lowick, Harbottle, Bavington, Tweed-
mouth, Norham, Horncliffe, Belford, and other
places; and we are, on the whole, in a much
better position than we were a few years ago.
I am happy to say that we are united; though
small in number, there is union and unity
among us; what we want is, men ready to go
on in the great cause among us-we have the
means, but not the men. During last year, in
connexion with our Sabbath-schools, a maga-
zine, called the "Juvenile Messenger," has
been started, to advocate the interests of our
China Mission, and this endeavour has already
met with considerable success. We have
always felt a deep interest in many of your
undertakings-your India Mission, for in-
stance; and I trust you will soon see again
among you one whose absence here I regret
-that prince of missionaries, Dr. Duff. (Ap-
plause.) He laid down, what I believe, to be
a sound principle-you have own missionary
objects, he said, look to them; but in cases of
emergency we will lay our claim before you,
and, if you think proper, you may help us.
We have done so; though I mention this
merely to give information, and to plead our
claims on you. In reference to Calcutta Mis-
sion buildings, from Manchester and Liverpool
alone, independent of what was done through-
out the rest of England, we sent down from
4,000l. to 5,000l. (Applause.) The same with re-

Mr. BARBOUR said,-When I last had the privilege of addressing this venerable House, we, as a Church, were then directing our attention to the large towns throughout England. We were desirous, not only of providing for the Presbyterians located in these towns, but also to aid and assist other religious bodies in overtaking the spiritual destitution which exists in those places. I am happy to say that we have been enabled to do something in that way, though very little to what might perhaps have been done. We have opened congregations in Leeds, Bradford, Sheffield, and are desirous of forming a Presbytery in Yorkshire. We have also opened an additional congregation in Liverpool, and two in London, during the past year. The great difficulty we have had to contend with, in going forward with our work in those towns, has been the want of men. In important places, as you are well aware, unless we have ministers of weight and influence to give a character to our movements, we must fall short of our object; and owing to the want of such instrumentality, we have been obliged to suspend, at all events to curtail, our exertions. We have been induced to ask assistance from you, but have met with so many refusals from your Presbyteries, that it has damped us in making application for such men as we require for carrying out our great work. We conceive we have a claim upon the Free Church of Scotland to aid us. It has been already remarked by our Mode-gard to Madras and Bombay, we sent considerrator (Mr. Weir), that large numbers of Scotchmen and their families leave this country for England. We, therefore, conceive it is not only your duty, but your interest, to help us; for in strengthening our hands you are strengthening your own. (Hear, hear.) When I heard the other evening the glowing statement of my friend the Convener of your Colonial Committee, in reference to the claims of Scotchmen, especially in Canada and Australia, it reminded me of the claims of England on the same grounds. Those acquainted with our circumstances know that it is not many years ago since we were in a state of disorganization, but we have carried out, to

able sums. We have always felt an interest in the Mission of the Madras Presidency; and we deeply sympathize with you in your loss, by death, of Mr. Anderson. Ettirajooloo, your ordained missionary at Nellore, is supported by friends connected with Canning-street congregation, Liverpool; the salary of Ramasawmy, the teacher there, is raised by the Ladies' Society, Grosvenor-square Church, Manchester: and Bauboo, the Catechist at Madras, is supported by the Sabbath-school connected with the congregation I have just mentioned. (Hear, hear.) This is independent of a variety of offerings coming from our congregations in different localities. We have also a strong

sympathy with your Colonial Scheme; and the Convener, whom I see present, will allow that we are always ready to listen to his application, to give him our countenance and a helping hand. Now, if what is going forward in England at the present day had been done a century, or even half a century ago, what would have been our position to-day? Since we took up independent ground, we have made vast progress, compared to what we did when a pendicle of the Establishment, and we are prepared to go on; and I doubt not we shall make still greater progress, especially if the fathers and brethren now around me would sympathize a little more with us, and give us occasionally a picked man to form the centre of a Presbytery or field of operation (loud applause); and there are openings for such in various parts of England.

MR. MATHESON spoke on the China Mission of the English Presbyterian Church, and appealed to the assembly for its sympathies and prayers. It is eight years since the Rev. William Burns was given to us by your Church, to occupy the great Mission field in China; and it is now only twelve months since we began to hear tidings from that field of labour which filled us with astonishment and joy. For seven years did our friend labour without any token of success; and you may well conceive how humbling this was to one who had been so much blessed in this and other countries. But he was not one to measure duty by success; and, waiting upon God, he was not disappointed. Having myself seen something of missionary work in China, and having also visited your noble Institution at Calcutta, I, for one, never hoped for much fruit among the adult population, and our efforts were chiefly directed to the training of the young. But God's ways are not as our ways; and I mention it for the encouragement of every minister in this assembly, that the principal means which were blessed in our case were just the faithful and affectionate preaching of the Gospel. About the beginning of 1854, taking with him two native evangelists, attached to the American Mission as colporteurs, Mr. Burns set out on a missionary tour, and on reaching the village of Pehchuia, about twenty miles from Amoy, he was detained by the extreme urgency of the people to hear the Word of God. For two months did these brethren daily continue to preach the religion of Jesus Christ; and Mr. Burns told me that often during the night the psalms and hymns which he had taught them during the day were resounding in the dwellings of the people; and that never, except during the meinorable times of the revivals at Kilsyth and Dundee, did he see people pressing forward so eagerly to hear the truth which he was so glad to proclaim to them. At that village, during the time our friends remained, there were no fewer than nine cases of very decided conviction; and these persons were afterwards examined by the American missionaries, and admitted to the Church. Six more have been added; and it is remarkable that these indi viduals no sooner received the truth themselves than they longed to preach it to those around them. They rented a place at Cheobey, a large town in the neighbourhood; and Mr. Burns,

when here, cheered us with the tidings which he gave us of the progress of the work. I ask you, therefore, to remember China. It is, as I need not say, a very important country, and is at present passing through a remarkable crisis in its history. And though the success in our Mission is not in any way connected with the insurrection, still it cannot be forgotten that, in the great upheaval in the state of affairs now going on, there is reason to hope, and a great call to prayer, that God would make use of his blessed Word, which is being circulated widely in the whole country, to draw the minds of a very large portion of the population to see their real interests. There is much error among them; but if God bless his Word, that error would be arrested, and by and by, the missionaries coming into contact with the leaders of the insurgents, great results might accrue. When lately in this country, Mr. Burns received a very touching letter from the members of the Church at Pehchuia, imploring that missionaries might be sent thither. I think it is worthy the attention of young men in Scotland to turn their thoughts to that field; and we should be glad to enter into communication with any such on the subject. There is no missionary field of greater promise, or offering greater encouragement. Mr. Burns writes, that though his friends may perhaps think of him as an exile, he was never more at home in his life; he finds himself in the place where God wishes him to be, and where he hopes to continue till his dying day. This, I trust, is the spirit in which our missionaries are going out; and, as an affecting instance of it, I may mention that Mr. Johnston, another missionary, though in a state of health requiring his removal, would not leave the work until Mr. Burns should return. Mr. Matheson concluded, in a feeling manner, by saying,-Allow me to express to the assembly the deep gratification which I feel at seeing in the chair the beloved pastor of my earlier years, whose affectionate instructions induced me to enter on the activities of the Christian life, which have been such a comfort to myself, and, I hope, not altogether valueless to others. (Loud applause.)


Statistics of the Russian Empire.-The whole Russian Empire, which extends over the East of Europe, Northern Asia, several islands between Asia and America, and a part of North West America, contains about 340,000 square German miles, which amounts to the ninth part of the habitable globe, and one-fourteeeth of the land of the entire planet. Its northern frontier borders on Norway and the Icy Sea, to the east its limits reach British North America, to the south it touches China, the Sea of Aral, Dschagatai, the Caspian Sea, Iran, and Asiatic Turkey, together with the Sea of Azoff and the Black Sea, and to the westward it borders on European Turkey, Gallicia, Prussia, Sweden, and Norway. European Russia, embraces 96,000 square miles;

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