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BISHOP JEWEL'S LIBRARY.

(See ante, pp. 401, 441.)

1. On 15 December last Mr. Geoffrey G. Butler, Librarian of Corpus, supplied information thereon as follows:- :

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are

et tractat de Amphilochio ficto; et vide censuram
eius in replicatione pag. 82, 83, &c. Et vide plura
number of MS. notes to the Life of St. Basil,
in indice eius libri.' There are a considerable-
apparently in Jewel's autograph. These
chiefly written in the margins, and have, in several
cases, been preserved by the outer margins having
been folded in when the edges were cut. No. 3.
has written in red chalk at the top of fol. 1,
'Matthæus Parker,' and over it a note in the
same hand as the note about Jewel: 'Hic
ipsus [sic] liber est quem Aluredus Rex misit
ad Eccl'iam Syreburnensem quem & transtulit e
pastorali G'egorij latine in Anglicum.' There is
no indication of Jewel's ownership in the MS., but
it is probably the MS. referred to by him in two
letters to Parker, written in Jan., 1568 (1569), and
preserved in MS. Ii. 2. 4 in University Library,.
but which are supposed to refer to our MS., and
not to the one in which they are preserved.
letters are said to be printed in Jewel's works,
ed. Jelf, viii. 193, 194."

The

And on 15 January Mr. Murray writesfurther :

"I spent some time in examining the Univ.. Lib. MS. (Ii. 2. 4). The result was very inconclusive, and I do not feel inclined to express an opinion as to whether it or our MS. (either or both) belonged to Jewel. The U.L. MS. was written about the same time as ours, and is considerably larger. Jewel's two letters to Parker are pasted "Parker MS. No. 12 is, indeed, an eleventh; Jewel speaks of the volume he is sending to in at the end. I doubt if they refer to the volume. century MS. of Gregory's De Cura Pastorali' Saxonice. There are also at least two other Parker as of reasonable bignesse, welneare as MSS. of the same in Cambridge: (a) MS. Ii. 2. 4 munion book he means Book of Common Prayer, thicke as the Communion book.' If by Com-at the University Library. In this is a letter from Bishop Jewel to Parker stating that he had found the Univ. Lib. MS. cannot be that to which he refers. It is a great deal larger and thicker the book in the Cathedral Library at Salisbury. Parker did not give us all his books, though he than any Folio P.B. published at that time. did give overwhelmingly the greater part of them, the MS. which he was sending was by Elfric. I Moreover, Jewel was under the impression that and all the best. James, however, in the Intro- think, therefore, that the chances are that the duction to our Catalogue,' p. xxiii, mentioning letter does not refer to either of the MSS. If it this MS. in the University Library and Bishop does refer to one, it is probably to ours. At the Jewel's letter in it, says, 'It has been thought that beginning of the Univ. Lib. MS is a note by a this letter really refers to (b) the copy of the same work at Trinity College R. 5 22.'. What seems Wulffige episcopus decimus Ecclesiæ Sareburnensis ad cuius Ecclesiam misit certain is that the MS. referred to by Jewel is not at C.C.C. It is probably in the University rex Aluredus hunc librum Pastoralem Gregorii Library, perhaps at Trinity." There is no internal quem ipse transtulit,' &c. evidence that the MS. came from Salisbury.'

2. I turned next to Mr. A. G. W. Murray, the Librarian of Trinity, with the result that the matter can now be regarded, so far as it is ever likely to become so, as finally

settled.

Parker scribe:

The conclusion of the whole matter would seem to be (1) that the MS. sought for is neither in the Corpus Christi nor the University Library, but (if anywhere) in Trinity; and (2) (which substantiates Mr. Jenkins's caveat) that Le Bas's description of it is He was evidently apparently erroneous. misled by Jewel's own mistake; but it is passing strange that, as a Fellow of Trinity, he did not examine (Mr. Murray's) No. 2, or even hint that his own College was the possessor of the MS.

"Our MS. R. 5 22 (No. 717 in the printed Catalogue) [writes Mr. Murray on 13 Jan.] is in all probability the one for which you are looking. The volume contains three distinct MSS. "I Bedæ Historia Ecclesiastica,' fourteenth century; 2. Vita Sanctorum et Sanctarum (St. Basil, St. Eufrosina, St. Agnes, St. Vincent, St. Thomas of Canterbury, and St. Lawrence), twelfth century; 3. St. Gregory, De Cura Pastorali,' in Anglo-Saxon, eleventh century (probably early). The binding is of the second half of the sixteenth century. No. 2 certainly would seem to have belonged to Jewel. At the top of the first leaf is written, in a sixteenth century hand, over an "Another monument of Jewel's munificent erasure: 'Hic liber quondam fuit Jos Jwel Epi Sar. | spirit, was the library which he built, at his own

fondness for books. Le Bas has (p. 210) 3. A closing point illustrative of Jewel's this passage:

expense, for his Cathedral Church. This benefac-
tion was afterwards rendered more valuable by
the liberality of his successor, Bishop Gheast,
who supplied the same library with a collection
of books. The name of each founder was, subse-
quently, perpetuated by an inscription, in which
their bounty is gratefully recorded: Hæc biblio-
theca extructa est sumptibus R.P. ac D.D.
Johannis Jewelli, quondam Sarum Episcopi;
instructa verò libris à R. in Christo P. D. Edmundo
Gheast, olim ejusdem Ecclesiæ Episcopo: quorum
memoria in benedictione erit. A.D. 1578.'
Two questions of not unimportant anti-
quarian interest
are prompted by this
passage: (1) Did Jewel build a library for
his Cathedral ? and (2) Is the " inscription
existent and if so, where ? Canon Words-
worth has kindly answered the queries (in
a letter under date 22 January) thus :-

A. The Library :

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"Our library [Salisbury] is (and was) thirtythree steps up a staircase, and now runs half the length-formerly ran the whole length-of one side of the cloister-the eastern side. Half was pulled down in 1756. I think if you saw it you would agree that it was built at least a century before Jewel's time, and it still contains 170 MSS. which belonged to this Cathedral in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, and some of them from Old Sarum times. We have descriptions (one in 1733) and pictures of the cloister and library before Wyatt (or the men of 1756 before him) touched it, and we can find nothing in such representations to favour the assertion that any early Elizabethan builder touched the building.* A considerable sum was spent in stone, &c., for repairing the library in 1480; and again, when Bishop Gheast died in Feb., 1577, by his will he did bequeath to the library of the Cathedral Church of Sar', now decayed, all my books, there to be kept for perpetual remembrance....desiring....the Dean and Chapter....will so ordain and dispose all these my same books to places and stalls as may be fit for the preservation and good keeping of the same.' We have many of Gheast's bookspossibly all of them-and they are placed in plain old shelves. But it is strange that, on the supposition that Jewel built a library as early even as 1560 (and he had some trouble to get the spire restored after it was struck by lightning just before his entry as Bishop in 1560), it should be described

as decayed' in 1577. He may, conceivably,
have built some small room, but if so, all trace or
tradition of it has been swept away.
Or he may
have done some repairs to the half of the old
library now removed which, in his friends'
opinion, amount to a new structure. My brother's
(our late Bishop) opinion, however, to which I
refer in a brief article on Jewel which I contributed
to Ollard and Crosse's Dict. of Engl. Ch. Hist.,'
is recorded by his own hand in a copy of Ayre's
edition (Parker Society) of the Works of Bishop
Jewel, where, in the margin, over against the
words the erection of a library attached to the
Cathedral,' Dr. John Wordsworth has written:
Probably bibliotheca only means bookcase here.'
I venture to add the remark that Jewel be-
queathed 201. to the Cathedral for repairs, and the
Dean and Chapter may have employed the
money, or some of it, on library fittings."
B. The Inscription :-

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"That inscription was, I presume, put up about the second year of Bishop J. Piers, i.e., after Bishop Gheast's books presumably had just been put into their places. No such inscription is now extant (except in books), nor can I hear of any one who has seen it. In his zeal against superstition Jewel himself did a great deal of destruction of Latin Service-books and painted glass. The mutilation then begun was followed up a century later, with less discrimination, in the robbing of all gravestones, &c., of their brasses (two important ones have partially escaped); Jewel's own did not escape, his slab being already reft of its brass when (in 1884) the choir was repaved with marble. That monumental inscription (attributed to Lawrence Humphrey) is, of course, on record [Le Bas gives it], though the brass itself was lost. It says nothing about the library Our present memorials of Jewel in the Cathedral are of modern erection. You will recollect Fuller's reference to Jewel, that he had enriched the Church of Salisbury with a fair library and the Church of England with another. He must have known pretty well what the inscription put up in 1578 meant. I find it hard to think that there was not some sort of Jewel Memorial Library' put up when Gheast's books were given or in Gheast's lifetime by way of spending Jewel's legacy. But perhaps, as sometimes happens, his friends and admirers gave scant justice to the nameless builders who were before him, and whose stonework has outlasted that of 1560-80 if such ever existed. It appears that some care was taken with Gheast's books, as in 1578 seven keys were procured for the library. And thus we may believe that the efforts which Jewel among others made to revive theological studies on Reformation lines, both when he was a Royal Commissioner and after he became Bishop, may have been beginning to bear fruit under Bishop Piers."

The sum of all this seems to be that the

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"Since I wrote the foregoing I have found some of Mr. Malden's extracts from fifteenthcentury Chapter Act-books at Salisbury, whence it is clear that the Dean and Chapter decided to join with the Bishop (W. Aiscough) in January, 1444/5, to build schools and a library over one side of the cloisters, and handed over 100l. to those entrusted with the work. They decided to go on with the undertaking in December following; and "extructa est sumptibus can only be in June, 1446, made a present of a cope of red velvet satisfactorily explained as meaning either motley with the letter y to the Abbess and that the "" bibliotheca was a bookcase Convent of Shaftesbury, who had allowed them only, or that some kind of memorial library to open a quarry for the requisite stone at Tis- was erected in Bishop Gheast's episcopate bury. About 18 of the MSS. still in our library out of Jewel's own legacy to the Cathedral. were given or bequeathed c. 1445-60. Those given by J. Stopynton, Archdeacon of Dorset and

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J. B. McGOVERN.

Master of the Rolls, were received 31 Oct., 1447." | St. Stephen's Rectory, C.-on-M., Manchester.

Waterloo Bridge Road,
Feb. 28th, 1836.

ST. STEPHEN'S CHAPEL, WESTMINSTER.- will in 1565. University preacher, 1565; obThe following letter provides many interest-tained the College testimonial for holy orders, ing allusions, and at least one clear indica- 23 June, 1561. Expelled by the Master during the tion of the means by which many precious disputes of 1565, and appealed to the Archbishop. The drift was, as he (Archbishop Parker) judged, fragments of historical London buildings for Dethick to continue such sticklers in the came to be preserved in Cottingham's College, of his pupils, as might win him in time, Museum. It is addressed to E. Wedlake by hook or by crook, the Master's room....He Brayley, then librarian of the Russell meant, within the compass of that year, to have bestowed Dethick in some benefice....but beInstitution :cause they liked not of this, as trusting of further friendship elsewhere, the Archbishop gave then over (Strype, Parker,' i. 396). Perhaps Vicar of Orpington, Kent, 1567. He was imprisoned by the mandate of Parker, but was released in July, 1571, and allowed to go abroad on making a present to the College of 407. ('Annals'). It seems, therefore, very probable that he is the Dr. Dethick mentioned in a list of rebels, traitors, &c., beyond sea,' Dec. 23, 1590 ( Lansd.' 68, p. 157). He was apparently living at Liège, and is called a canon of St. Paul's there, a man of great riches in There is a note against his money and jewells.' name, in an early hand, preb. of Norwich.' Perhaps author of Feriæ sacræ viii. libris comprehensa, in quibus naturæ Fabularum et Gratiæ Leges exprimuntur carmine,' Lond., 1577."

MY DEAR SIR,-In compliance with your request to insert a short notice of my model of the restoration of St. Stephen's Chapel in your highly interesting description of the Houses of Parliament,' I beg to acquaint you that my attention was first directed to the subject by my late friend, Mr. Thos. Gayfere at the time he was engaged in his able restoration of the north entrance to Westminster Hall in the year 1821, at which period I had casts taken of all the ornaments then remaining, and afterwards purchased the extensive collection of fragments preserved from the chapel by the late Mr. Capon during the enlargement of the House of Commons at the Union in 1801. These interesting documents in addition to a curious description of the original timber roof of the chapel presented to me by Mr. Gayfere, induced me soon after the fire in 1834 to attempt a restoration of this unrivalled edifice.

The model of the entirior [sic] being completed in Feb., 1835, I had the honour to exhibit it to our Lost Gracious King and Queen, in the hope of exciting such an interest, in behalf of the preservation of this great national movement, as would put to shame any vandalic attempts at its further destruction.

The model of the interior is now in progress, and when completed will exhibit not only a unique specimen of English architecture, but one which it may be safely affirmed exceeds in beauty of design, and delicacy, and splendour of finishing every other building of the pointed style in Europe.

That you who have written so much, and so ably in defence of its preservation may meet your reward by living to see it restored is the sincere

wish of

My Dear Sir,

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To supplement this account it may be recorded that one "Drythicke or Dirrick, a rank Papist, late chaplain to the Archbishop of Canterbury,' was in Norfolk in August, 1570 (Public Record Office, S.P. Dom. Eliz., lxxxiii. 10); and that on 3 June, 1578, the Cardinal of Como (Tolomeo Galli, Cardinal Secretary of State) wrote to the Cardinal of Liège, Gerard Van Groesbeck, from Rome as follows (Archivio Vaticano, Arm. xliv. fol. 28 Litteræ Card. Comensis):–

"Cum Canonicatus ecclesiæ Santi Pauli Civitatis istius Leodiensis obitu Egidii Speculi in urbe defuncti proxime vacasset, Smus D.N. eum contulit Henrico Dethico Sacerdoti Anglo, qui in examine per concursum facto primo loco approcum mitteret litteras batus fuit. Is autem apostolicas dicta provisionis, petiit a me ut eum commendarem Ill Ampl. V. ne scilicet permittat molestiam impedimentumne ullum inferri in adipiscenda possessione, sed sua ei auctoritate Quo quidem officio favore et auxilio adesse velit.

et libentius fungor, quod scio Smo D.N. gratum id fore, qui huiusmodi homines religiosos patria extorres quibuscunque potest modis sublevat.

Your most obliged Humble Serv't
L. N. COTTINGHAM.
N.B.-The model will be exhibited at the New
National Gallery with the designs for the Parlia-Rogo, igitur, &c."
ment Houses.
ALECK ABRAHAMS.

HENRY DETHICK.-Dr. Venn writes,' Gonville and Caius College,' vol. i. pp. 38-9, as follows:

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Dyrrycke (Dethick), Henry, sizar, Nov. 1554; B.A., 1556-7; M.A., 1560 (apparently incorporated at Oxford, B.A., 1568-9`; M.A., 1572); B.D., 1565. One of the fellows nominated in the charter of Dr. Caius, 1557. Tutor in the College for some time till Oct., 1562; steward, 1559;

bursar, 1559-60; Arts Lecturer, 1560; Salarist, 1565. Probably youngest son of Simon Dethick, of Wormegay, Norf., who died 1542 (.Norf. Vis.'). One of the witnesses to Bishop Shaxton's |

Fr. Persons, S.J., writing 1 Dec., 1598, says (Cath. Rec. Soc., ii. 207):

"One Doctor Dethike that lived first in Rome

and then in Liege, and was helde for a good mann, untill fallinge acquainted with this factioun, hee begane first to make journeys to Paris, and then to. deal with the Councell of Inglande, as appeareth by his own letters, whereby hee came at last to bee caste into the Inquisition of Rome, and afterwarde hee dyed pyttifully in a Hospitall the year 1594."

Dethick was received at the English Hospice, Rome, 27 Dec., 1592 (Foley, Records S.J.,' vi. 565).

JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

FOX OF STRADBROKE. (See 11 S. ix. 168, 216, 310, 352).—So much has lately appeared in your columns anent Sir Stephen Fox that I think the epitaphs in Farley Church which I have just copied may be of interest. "There are three large highly ornamented tablets on the north wall of the Ilchester mortuary chamber, now used as a chapel for daily service: that to the first wife on the west; the one to the knight and his second wife in the centre; and that of the son and his wife on the east. They are written in Latin, French, and English respectively, and run thus: :-

Hic jacet Honorab. Dna Dna Elizabetha Fox'
Honis Viri Stephani Fox Eqtis Au'r.
E Regiis, qui Fisco nunc præsunt, Curatoribus,
Conjux, per quadraginta & quinq' annos, conjunc-
tissima;

Quem bene multis auxit fæcunda liberis,
Sed cunctis, præter Qui adhuc Bini supersunt,
Immaturâ morte dudum præreptis.
Vixit Illa quidem, dum vixit, Bene,
Nec vero potuit Latere;

Sanctis in mediâ nimirum aulâ Moribus,
Larga erga Egenos manu;

Et Rei familiaris tam Laute provida;
Tt vix Maritus Superstes majori cum Laude
Aut minori cum Invidiâ publice providerit.
Decessit uno minor Septuagenariâ.
Augsti XI: MDCXCVI.

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A SOURCE OF DEFOE'S ROBINSON CRUSOE.'-In the ninth part of Onze Eeuw, a Dutch periodical (1909, IX. iii. 360 ƒ.), Mr. Hoogewerff pointed out that an episode in a book bearing the title Hendrik Smeeks, Beschrijvinge van het magtig Koningrijk Krinke Kesmes, Amsterdam, 1708,' was one of the sources of Defoe's 'Robinson Crusoe.'

Hettner in his Literaturgeschichte des achtzehnten Jahrhunderts' had already pointed out the connexion between the two works, but as he mistook the date of the first German edition (1721) for the date of the original Dutch publication (1708 : eleven years before the appearance of Robinson `), he looked upon the episode in Smeeks's book as an imitation of Robinson Crusoe.' As German scholars had hitherto adopted this view of the matter, I drew up a short article for the May number of the Germanisch Romanische Monatschrift (1914, vi. 304 pp.), to which article I beg to draw the attention of English investigators.

Haarlem.

LÉON POLAK, Ph.D.

AND A

Two MYSTERIOUS FRENCHMEN DOG.-Among the archives of the Town Council of Banff I have discovered a curious letter from one of the magistrates of Edinburgh, written to the Provost of Banff, 4 April, 1794 :-

"In consequence of some papers having been accidentally left behind by two men travelling through Grantham very lately, it has been discovered that they are Emissaries from the French Convention and probably Members of that Body, who have come into this country with intentions hostile to the peace and security thereof."

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Accordingly, he sends a description of them, as there is reason to suspect they are travelling Northwards." The description runs thus:

"One of them is a young man about 22 years of age, thin person, fair complexion, and stands about 5 ft. 10 in. high; light eyes, hair plaited and turned up behind with a comb; rather well looking; wears a dark blue coat with yellow buttons, a green and brown striped coat; light blue cassimer breeches; boots; a round hat.

"The other is an old man about 50; a thin figure, standing about 5 ft. 11 in.-dark com plexion; long face, hair hanging down; stoops a little; a very dark brown greatcoat, which he wears constantly buttoned, so that it is not known whether he has an under coat or not; buttons the colour of the coat; boots, and a round hat.

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They have a rough spaniel with them, with black ears, white body with black spots; it is old. This is the best mark of any, for as they seem'd very careful of it, tho' they may have changed their cloathes, it is not likely they would part with their dog, which they seem'd very

fond of. I wish I could have got the name of the dog; it would have been a nice trap to catch them by."

It would be interesting to know who the "spies" were, and whether any other magistrates were similarly advised. J. M. BULLOCH.

123, Pall Mall, S. W.

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"ROBERT BURTON 99 AND THE HISTORY OF THE PRINCIPALITY OF WALES.'-In Miss Guiney's interesting article on Milton and Vaughan in The Quarterly Review for April, I find the following :

"Robert Burton, he of 'The Anatomy of Melancholy,' wrote in Vaughan's time a History of the Principality of Wales,' in which he notes how the people do much glory in their Ambrosius Merlin.""

Shade of Democritus Junior!

"The History of the Principality of Wales, by R. B.,' published in 1695, the year of Vaughan's death, and more than half a century after Burton's, was one of the numerous productions of Nathaniel Crouch. On some of his title-pages the name of Richard Burton appears, or Robert Burton-this last, according to W. E. A. Axon (Life of Nathaniel Crouch in the 'D.N.B.'), after his death.

Dr. Johnson, as it happens, besides his well-known fondness for him of The Anatomy of Melancholy,' was interested in the compilations of Nathaniel Crouch. We find him (Boswell, chap. lxxviii.) writing to Dilly on 6 Jan., 1784, with a request that he would procure him a set of "Burton's Books," which used to be sold by the booksellers on the bridge, and mentioning in particular Admirable Curiosities, Rarities, and Wonders in England.' He adds that "they seem very proper to allure backward readers."

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EDWARD BENSLY.

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