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BY REV. F. WHITFIELD, A.B.

posed to attribute the origin and position of the

COUNSELS AND KNOWLEDGE FROM THE WORDS

OF TRUTH.
By the Rev. F. WHITFIELD, late Incumbent of Kirkby Ravensworth, Yorkshire.

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TRUTH IN CHRIST.
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THE WORD UNVEILED,

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SPIRITUAL UNFOLDINGS FROM THE WORD OF LIFE.

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VOICES FROM THE VALLEY TESTIFYING OF JESUS.

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GLEANINGS FROM SCRIPTURE.

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as God's servant, fulfilling the Father's counsels, and accomplishing His will in the salvation of those that are His. See this fully brought out in John xü.

May the contents of this chapter lead all who carefully and prayerfully read it, and pursue the course of study indicated, to see more of the fulness, richness, and preciousness, which there is in the work and person of Jesus.

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“He placed at the east of the garden of Eden, cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.”

Many sincere and earnest students of God's word, as well as others of whom we cannot speak so favourably, have been and are still disposed to regard the Cherubim as nothing more than religious symbols without any objective personality. To give support to such opinions the mythologies of Assyria, Egypt, and India, have been ransacked for analogous conceptions. There is no disputing the fact that images and pictorial representations similar to the Cherubim of the Bible have been met with amongst heathen worshippers. Whilst, however, this is admitted, we must protest against that spirit of rationalism, which seeks to make the Bible indebted for its teachings to Assyria or Egypt. The probabilities are that the symbolic combinations discovered by Botta, Layard, and others, were derived from traditional descriptions of the Cherubim of Scripture-such traditions being handed down to the inhabitants of the world after the deluge, by Noah and the patriarchs. To the same source we feel disposed to attribute the origin and position of the human-headed winged bulls and lions; the places occupied by which justify us in concluding, that they were stationed at the entrances of palaces of Assyrian kings as guardians, or protectors.

“ The Assyrian figures must have grown out of some traditions,—what more likely than those before the flood ? especially when in this light almost every one of their sacred symbols is explained. In the winged figures we behold the ancient Cherubim' in the 'sacred fire,' the 'revolving flame' in the 'sacred tree,' the tree of life.' We find historically, exactly what we should expect to find on the assumption of the literal truth of these records, that the nations nearest the original centre, preserved in their sacred symbols the traditions of the facts of this narrative."*

The Scriptural accounts of the Cherubim may be arranged in three classes.

First. The appearance of living, intelligent beings in the garden of Eden after the Fall: “So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life” (Gen. iii. 24).

Second. Artificial or pictorial similitudes placed in the Adytum, or Most Holy Place of the Tabernacle and Temple. “And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold :

*“Yahveh Christ,” by Prof. Alex. McWhorter, p. 50.

two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. And thou shalt make two cherubim of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end : even of the

mercy

seat shall

ye

make the cherubim on the two ends thereof. And the cherubim shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be. And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel."

“And thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubim shall it be made: and thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver. And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy. And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place (Exod. xxv. 17–22; xxvi. 31-34).

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