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this, than that all who took part in the one whole ani. mal, i.e. all who ate of it, should look upon themselves as one whole, one community, like those who eat the New Testament Passover, the body of Christ (1 Cor. v. 7), of whom the apostle says (1 Cor. x. 17), “There is one bread, and so we being many are one body, for we are all partakers of one body.'”

The lamb was to be roasted (Exod. xii. 8).

In the twenty-second psalm, which is universally looked upon as the most remarkable of all the Messianic writings of the Old Testament, our Saviour says (ver. 14, 15), “My heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels. My strength is dried up like a potsherd.

The lamb was to be eaten (Exod. xii. 8).

« Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto

you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life” (John vi. 53, 54).

It was to be eaten with I will pour upon the bitter herbs (Exod. xii. house of David, and upon 8).

the inhabitants of Jeru“ The sweet flesh of the salem, the spirit of grace roasted lamb was to be and of supplications : and made more savoury by the they shall look upon me bitter vegetables, for their whom they have pierced, bitterness would be lost in and they shall mourn for the sweetness of the meat him, as one mourneth for and supply to the latter his only son, and shall be its appropriate condiment. in bitterness for him, as And what the bitter spice one that is in bitterness was to the sweet meat, the for his firstborn” (Zech. recollection of their op-' xii. 10). pression in Egypt was to “And ye became followbe to their deliverance


and of the Lord, from bondage. But the having received the word recollection of their op- in much affliction, with joy pression was not all that of the Holy Ghost” (1 was contemplated. As the Thess. i. 6). sweet and the bitter re

ers of


lieved each other, the one supplying what the other wanted, so were the sufferings in Egypt and the deliverance from bondage intimately and essentially connected together; for the latter could never have taken place without the former, and it was the consciousness of this which gave to the memorial its sacred worth. The words of the apostle are applicable here, 'No chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous : nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruits of righteousness to them which are exercised thereby” (Heb. xii. 11).*

It was to be eaten with Know ye

not that a unleavened bread (Exod. little leaven leaveneth the xii. 39).

whole lump? Purge out Leaven is dough in the therefore the old leaven,

of fermentation. that ye may be a new But fermentation is cor- lump, as ye are unleavened. ruption, the destruction of For even Christ our passthe natural condition, the over is sacrificed for us : breaking up of the natural therefore let us keep the connection between the feast, not with the old component elements. leaven, neither with the Hence, from a symbolical leaven of malice and point of view, all fermenta- wickedness; but with the tion, being an alteration of unleavened bread of sinthe form given to the ma- cerity and truth” (1 Cor. terial by the creative hand v. 6–8). of God, is a representation of that which is ungodly in the sphere of morals, that is, of moral corruption and depravity. As the lamb, which served to impart both physical and spiritual strength, and to restore communion with God, was pure; the bread, which was eaten with it, was not allowed to contain anything impure.

*“ History of the Old Covenant,” by Kurtz, vol. ii., p. 307.


It was to be eaten in haste (Exod. xii. 11).

Believers in Jesus are spoken of as having "fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us” in the gospel (Heb. vi. 18).

It was to be eaten with Let your loins be girdloins girt (Exod. xii. 11). ed” “ with truth” (Luke

xiii. 35; Eph. vi. 14).

It was to be eaten with

“Thy rod and thy staff staff in hand (Exod. xii. they comfort me says 11).

the believer in Jesus, as he by faith feeds on Him (Ps. xxiii. 4).


The Israelites were to Christians at all have shoes on their feet at times to have their “ feet the time they partook of shod with the preparation the paschal meat (Exod. of the gospel of peace xii. 11).

(Eph. vi. 15).

Paul prays,

No portion of the lamb Nothing short of an unwas to be taken out of the broken Jesus will satisfy house (Exod. xii. 11). the requirements of God's

among other things, that
the Christians at Ephesus
may have Christ dwelling
in their hearts (Eph. üü.

The deliverance from Egypt was regarded as the starting-point of the Hebrew nation. The Israelites were, in consequence of that deliverance, raised from the condition of bondmen under a foreign tyrant to

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