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AKEMAN, THOMAS, was born about 1614, and

educated at Clare Hall, Cambridge; at which university he took the degree of M. A. He was first minister at Haddamn in Essex, from whence he was ejected in 1660 with ten children, as he was afterwards from the vicarage of Harrow on the Hill in 1662. He was in great esteem with sir Gilbert Gerrard, and indeed with the whole parish, for his diligent preaching and great charity; for he sometimes gave money where he had a right to take it, Being eminent for his integrity, and for ruling well his own house, he soon after his ejectment had the care of the instruction and boarding of several children of persons of quality, and preached as he had an opportunity. He afterwards removed to Old Brentford, and continued to keep boarders there, who were instructed by Mr. Button, who lived next door, There he preached constantly, and administered the sacrament. Mr. Button was at length taken up, and imprisoned six months upon the Five Mile Act; but Mr. Pakeman escaped, and for a time kept private. He afterwards lived and preached constantly at Yrs. Methwold's in Brompton, near Knightsbridge ; and thence removed into the family of Erasmus Sınith, esq. where he continued some years. In 1685, he lived with his children in the city, where he attended on Dr. Kidder's ministry, and sometimes received the sacrament from him, preaching occasionally at the houses of his children. At one time when he was preaching at his son's house, where not above three or four neighbours were present, the city marshal seized him and his son, and carried them before șir Henry Tulse, then lord mayor, and they were forced to pay a fine. In 1657, he removed to Stratford, where he had an opportunity of some service. He was an acceptable preacher to the neighbours' there, and administered the sacraments. He procured a person to teach.the poor people's children to read, and gave money to encourage it. He died in June, 1691, (after about a week's illness,) in the seventy-eighth year of his age. During his sickness he said, He thanked Gad it had been his design to glorify him. He was eminent for his great reverence of God, especially in the pulpit; his aptness to awaken and affect young people; and his readiness for edifying discourse. His funeral serinon was preached by bp. Kidder, from Rev. xiv. 13.

PALK, · PALK, THOMAS, M. A. He was born in 1636, at Staverton, in Devonshire, and educated at New Inn Hall, Oxford. He was a hard student, a inost industrious man, and an excellent preacher. Having but a small library, he borrowed many books, and abridged thein for his own use. He engaged in teaching a school, but was so harrassed by the spiritual court, that he was obliged to give it up. At length he was excommunicated for his nonconformity, and died in consequence of the troubles to which it subjected hiin, June 18, 1693, aged fifty-six.

He was author of, 1. “ The Loyal Nonconformist, or Religious Subject, yielding to God his due, and to Cæsar his Right: Discourses on "John iv. 23, 24. and Rom. xiii. 1.” printed as proached in August, 1662.-2. “Usury Stated, in Opposition to Jellinger's Usurer Cast.” He left in MS. “ A Vindication of this," and,

“ An Answer to Long's History of the Donatists." PALMER, HERBERT, born at Wingham, in Kent, in 1601. The inpressions of grace had so early an appearance in him, that he was, not without good ground, esteemed one sanctified from the womb. When but four years old, he would cry to go to his mother, to hear her read or speak something of God ; and his religious desires grew up with his

age. He was early acquainted with the book of God, which he much delighted in, and read with great affection, He had excellent natural parts, which were soon exercised; he learned French so young, that he has been often heard to say, he could not remember learning it. In 1615, he was admitted fellow-commoner of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he greatly improved in learning. In 1629, he took the degree of inaster of arts; and in the year following was constituted fellow of Queen's College, in the same university : in 1624, he entered into holy orders. In 1626, he was chosen lecturer in the city of Canterbury ; where, notwithstanding the great opposition he met with, he laboured, in word and doctrine, with diligence and success, for several years, till he removed to Ashwell, Hertfordshire, in 1632. Besides his constant preaching twice every Lord's day, and on every other occasion, studying plainness of speech, that he might profit all that heard him, he was remarkably careful by catechising to instruct in the principles of religion not only the children and youth, but even aged people, privately, whoin he found ignorant.


And in order to render as extensively useful as possible this most important part of pastoral duty, he prevailed upon the greater part of his parish and the most considerable persons in it, to send their children and servants constantly to be catechized before ihe afternoon sermon at church; and when they giew so very numerous, that they took up too much time at church, he divided them, and catechized the rest at his own house in the evening. After studying se. veral forms of catechism, and tinding, by experience iş, teaching, they were defective in point of easy and ready instruction, he drew. up a very excellent one, entitled, “ An Endeavour of making the Principles of the Christian Religion plain and easy;" which was so well approved, that several thousands were printed every year.

In 1632, he was by the aniversity of Cainbridge made one of the university preachers, (having proceeded bachelor in divinity two years before :) which, after the nature of a general licence, authorized him to preach, as he might have occasion, in any part of England. In the beginning of the parliament, he with Dr. Tuckney was chosen clerk of the convocation for the diocese of Lincoln. In 1643, he was called to be a meinber of the asseinbly of divines at Westminster : and, after some time, was chosen one of the assessors, and appointed to assist the prosecutor in case of absence or infirinity. He was in that assembly an eminent and very useful member, exceedingly diligent and indus, trious, being very rarely absent ; for as he esteemed it an honour to be employed so publicly in the service of God and his church, so he conscientiously attended upon it. And having provided Ashwell with a pious able divine, to whom he gave the whole stipend, he continued to preach occasionally in and about London, till he was invited by the inhabitants of Duke's Place to be their ininister: which call he accepted, and laboured ainongst them with much faithfulness and diligence, preaching twice every Lord's day, duly administering the sacraments, publicly catechising, and expounding the Scriptures.

When his friends advised him to favour himself, seeing him labour beyond his strength, his answer was, "My strength will spend of itself, though I do nothing; and it cannot be better spent than in the service of God." Indeed so far was he from favouring himself in this way, that it was a rule, which he constantly observed, never to decline VOL. III,-No. 72.

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any ministerial exercise that he was requested to performi, if he could possibly do it. · The New Church at Westminster being finished, at the earnest solicitation of the people, and by the advice of the assembly of divines, he consented to take that charge upon himself, upon condition thai the assembly would provide a faithful pastor to be his successor at Duke's Place: which, being complied with, an? Dr. Foung, afterwards master of Jesus College, Cambras, appointed to succeed him, he entered upon this large and inportant cure with his usual fidelity, labour, and zeal, in all the pastoral charge ; with the additional labour of being one of ihe seven daily morning lecturers at the Abbey Church, by the appointment of parliament.

April 11, 1614, he was constituted president of Queen's College, Cambridge. Here his first care and chief study was, to promote the study of true religion and the advancement of practical piety, knowing that where these took place, a conscientious improvement of time in other things would necessarily follow. He paid great attention to the life and conversation of every individual, and frequently gave them personal counsel and private directions. His next care was for the advancement of learning, which he endeavoured to promote, by frequent exlıortations and encouragements to diligence in their studies and a due improvement of every opportunity, and also by requiring the constant performance of public exercises by persons of all ranks, exciting the fellows to a diligent inspection, as well jointly over the college in general, as severaily over their own pupils in particular. He also furnished the college library with all proper books, which he did partly by the assistance of some subscribing friends of his own, and by converting some college dues to that purpose which used to be spent in feasting, but chiefly at his own expence; resolving, that in support of poor scholars, and whatever he judged most for the good of the college, to spend all his college income. He had the greatest regard to equity in the elections to places of preferınent in the college, that they might be bestowed on the inost deserving: and to that end, with the unanimous consent of the fellows, he made a decree, that, in all future elections, none should be admitted to a schollarship or fellowship in the college, till they had given full proof of their learning by two or three days trial before the whole college. So that when any one solicited himn for preferment for a friend, his constant answer was, “ If he be found to deserve it better than others, he shall have it; but, if not, he must expect to go without it.”


Mr. Paliner wrote a treatise “ Of making Religion one's Business ;” with an appendix " applied to the Calling of a Micister," which, with other small tracts, were printed together under the title of “ Memorials of Godliness and Christianity.” In preaching at the cathedral of Canterbury before the dean and prebends, he set before, them such things as were notoriously amniss; but, what more immediately concerned them, he expressed in Latin, that they might take notice of it, and not the people. This caused him some opposition and trouble, but did not prevent him going to the bishop of Lincoln's visitation at Hitchin, and there speaking fully and freely against the corrupt innovations then in practice, though sensible of his great danger in so doing. He likewise took a decided part, with much zeal, in defence of the perpetuity of the Sabbath and the moral obligation of the fourth commandment; and looking upon such an opposition, which was at that time very great, to be an act of the highest indignity to the majesty and authority of God, he inentioned it in almost all his prayers, discourses, counsels, and conversations; and, in conjunction with the rev. Daniel Cawdrey, published an excellent discourse entitled “Vindiciæ Sabbathi.” And when, in the forier part of his time, the book for sports on the Lord's day, bowing to the altar, and some other silly ceremonies iinposed by archbishop Laud, were urged, he determined not to comply; and, with that resolution, went to the archbishop's visitation at Welling, held by sir John Lambe; bat, contrary to his expectation, be found them inclined to connive at him.

And in the same manner he conducted himself concern. ing the convocation-oath in the new book of canons, in 1640, which he vigorously opposed, and took much pains to evince the unlawfulness of it. And in his ordinary course of preaching at the New Church, the Abbey, and St. Margaret's, in Westminster, where the greatest number of parliament men usually resorted, and also in those discourses preached by special order before one or both houses of parliainent, he faithfully and plainly declared what he believed 3 T2


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