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God expected from them, and freely reproved them for whatever he saw amiss ; frequently saying, he did not in that place preach before them, (ut coram judice) but to them (authoritative) as by commission from God; and that how much soever they might be superior to him in other respects, yet he was in that place superior to them, as acting in God's naine, and therefore would not be afraid to speak whatever he thought to be the will of God, nor regard any displeasure or danger that inight follow upon a faithful discharge of his duty..

Not long belore his death, when a friend had read to him the thirty-eighth chapter of Isaiah, (having then some little hopes of his recovery,) and was ready to go to prayer, he de- ! sired him to stay awhile that he might pray first, which he did briefiy, (as his weakness would permit,) but sery fully, both for himself, the kingdom, the church of God, and all to whoin he stood in any relation. Being spoken to, to cast the burden of his sickness and pain upon God, he answered, “ I should do very unworthily, if when I have preached to others, that they should cast their burdens npon God, I should not do so myself.” He departed this life in 1647, and in the forty-sixth year of his age; having served God faithfully in his generation, being an instrument of much good, and an excellent pattern for imitation. He was interred in the New Church at Westiinster.

His works, besides those already mentioned, so far as we can learn, are only some Sermons preached before the parliament,

PARE', DAVID, a celebrated divine of the Reformed religion, was born Dec. 30, 1548, at Francolstein, in Silesia, and put to the grammar school there, apparently with a design to breed him to learning ; but his father marrying, a second wife, this step-mother prevailed with him to put his son apprentice to an apothecary at Breslau; and not content with that, he was taken thence, and, at her instigation, bound to a shoemaker. However, he was not long abandoned to the shameful ill usage of a step-inother; Providence had ordained better things for him, and many years had not passed when the good old man his father resumed his first design ; and David was not above sixteen years of age when he was sent to the college school of Hermsberg, in the neighbourhood of Francolstein, to prosecute his stu

dies under Christopher Schilling, a man of considerable learning, who was rector of the college.

It was custoniary in those tiines for young students, who devoted themselves to literature, to assume some Greek or Latin naine, instead of that of their family, Schilling was a great admirer of this custom, and easily persuaded his scholar to change his Gerinan name of Wongler for the Greek one of Paré, both denoting the same thing in the different languages. He was christened David, because he was born on St. David's day, so that this must be a different saint from the Welch saint of that name, whose feast is hept on March the first. His father was sheriff or alderman of Francolstein, his native place, and was the son of a rich peasant, who lived above an hundred years, and saw him self a father of twenty children all living. Young Paré, for so we must now call him, soon became a great boy with his master, by his excellent parts and industrious application; and his step-inother's ill humour was presently ap. peased by his success. He had not lived above three months at his father's expence, when he provided for his own sup. port, partly by means of a tutorship in the family of an ho. nest citizen, whose name was James Schilder, and partly by the bounty of Albertus Kindler, one of the principal nien of the place, and lord of Zackenstein. Paré lodged in this gentleman's house, and wrote an Epicedium upon the death of his eldest son, which so highly pleased the father, that be not only gave hiin a gratuity for it, but en. couraged biin to cultivate his genius, setting him proper subjects, and rewarding himn handsomely for every poem which he presented to him. In the inean time, his schoolmaster, not content with making him change his sirnarne, made him also change his religious creed, with regard to the doctrine of the real presence, turning him from a Lutheran to a Sacrainentarian, as he also did the rest of his scholars. This affair brought both master and scholar into a great deal of trouble. The first was driven from his school at the instance of the minister of the place, and the latter was near being disinherited by his father; and it was not without the greatest difficulty that he obtained his consent to go into the Palatinate, notwithstanding he made use of an argument which is generally very prevailing, that he would finish his studies there without any expence to his fainily. As soon as he was at liberty he followed his master,


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who had been invited by the elector Frederic III. to be principal of his new college at Amberg. The allowance which Paré's father gave him for his journey was so short, that he was obliged to beg on the road. He arrived at Ainberg in 1566, and was sent shortly after with ten of his schoolfellows to Heidelberg, where Zachary Ursin was professor of divinity, and rector of the college of Wisdom, who, upon perusing the recommendation of their master, admiited them into his college. The university was at that time in a inost flourishing condition, with regard 10 every one of the faculties; so that Pare bad here all the advantages that could be desired, for making the most considerable profi. ciency both in the learned languages, and in philosophy and divinity.

• He was received a minister in 1571, and in May that year sent to exercise his function in a village called Schlettenbach. This was a difficult cure, on account of the contests between the Protestants and Papists at that time. The elector Palatine his patron had asserted his claim by main force against the bishop of Spire, who maintained that the right of nomination to the livings in the coporation of Alfested was vested in his chapter. The elector allowed it, but with this reserve, that, since he had the right of patronage, the nominators were obliged by the peace of Passaw to present such pastors to him whose religion he approved. By virtue of this right he established the Reformed religion in that corporation, and sent Paré into the parish of Schlettenbach. The Papists shut the doors against him ; but they were broke open, and the images and altars pulled down; yet, after all, he could get nobody to clear away the rubbisb. However, he was going to be married there before winter, when he was called back to teach the third forn at Heidelberg. He acquitted himself so well in that charge, that in two years time he was promoted to the second class; but he did not hold this above six months, being made first pastor of Hemsbach in the diocese of Worins. Here he met with a much more tractable congregation than that of Schlettenbach. For when the elector Palatine, as patron of the parish, resolved to reform it, and caused the church doors to be broke open, Paré took care to have all the inages taken down, and had them burnt with the people's consent. Thus happily situated, he soon resolved to be a lodger in a public house no longer; and in order to obtain

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à more agreeable home, he engaged in the matrimonial state four months after his arrival, with the sister of John Stibelius, minister of Heppenheim, and the nuptials were publicly solemnized January 5, 1574, in the church of Hemsbach, a sight which had never before been beheld in that parish. Yet such was the unhappy state of thiş country, rent by the continual contests about religion, that no sooner was Popery, the common enemy, rooted out, than new disturbances arose, through the contests and animosities between the Lutherans and Calvinists, who ought 10 have been friends. Afier the death of the elector Frederic III. his son Lewis, who was a very zealous Lutheran, established every where in his dominions thosc ministers, in the room of the Sacramentarians. By this ineans, Paré lost his living at Hemsbach, in 1577. On this occasion he retired into the territories of prince John Casimir, the elector's brother, and was minister at Ogersheim, near Frankentale, three years, and then removed to Witrengen, near Neustadt; at which last place prince Casimir, in 1578, had founded a school, and settled there all the professors that had been driven from Heidelberg. This rendered Witzingen so much more agreeable, as well as more advantageous ; and upon the death of the elector Lewis, in 1583, the guardianship of his son, together with the administration of the Palatinate, devolved upon prince Casimir, who restored the Calvinist ministers, and Paré obtained the second chair in the college of Wisdom at Heidelberg, in September, 1584, He commenced author two years afterwards, by printing his " Method of the Ubiquitarian Controversy." He also printed the German Bible with notes, at Neustadt, in 1589.

In January, 1591, he was made first professor in his college, and counsellor to the ecclesiastical sonate in Novem. ber, the following year, and in 1593 was adınitted doctor of divinity in the most solema manner. He had already held several disputes against the vriters of the Augsburg Confession, but that of 1596 was the most considerable. Ainong other things, he produced a Defence of Calvin against the imputation of his favouring Judaism, in his Cominentaries upon several Parts of Scripture. Two years after this he was promoted to the chair of divinity professor for the Old Testament in his university, by which he was eased of the great fatigue which he had undergone for fourteen years, in govering the youth who were educated at the college



of Wisdom; an employment so toilsome that Zachary Ura sin declared he was happy in being bavished by the dreadful charge of ruling these untractable and head-strong youths. Daniel Tossanus, professor of divinity for the New Testament, dying in 1602, Dr. Paré succeeded to that chair, and a few years after he bought a house in the suburbs of Heidelberg. Herein, in 1607, he built in the garden an apartment for his library, which he called bis Pareanum. ' He took great delight in it, and the whole house went afterwerds by that name. The elector honoured it with several privileges and iinmunities, and the Doctor had two inscriptions, one in German, and the other in La. tin, put upon the frontispiece. At the same time his reputation, spreading itself every where; brought young students to him from the remotest parts of Hungary and Potand.

ló 1617, there was kept an evangelical jublilee, in memory of the church's deliverance from Popery an hundred years before. The solemnity held three days, during which there were continual orations, disputations, poems, and sermons, on the occasion. Dr. Paré also published some pieces upon the subject, which drew upon him the resentment of the Jesuits of Mentz, who wrote a sharp censure of his work, and the Doctor published a suitable answer to it. The following year, 1918, at the instance of the Stales General, he was pressed to go to the synod of Dort; but he cxcused himself, on account of his age and infirmities, which he said would not permit him to undertake so long a journey, nor bear the inconveniences of such an alteration of diet as must unavoidably attend it. Otherwise he was a proper person for that assembly, being a great enemy to all innovations in points of doctrine. He would not suffer any man to deviate a little from the catechism of his master Ursin.

The apprehensions which he had of the ruin, which bis patron the elector Palatine would bring upon bimself," by accepting the crown of Bobemia, put him upon changing his habitation. When he saw the workmen employed in improving the fortifications of Heidelberg, be said it was so much labour lost; and considering the books which he had wrote against the Pope and Bellarmine, he looked upon it as the most dreadful calamity that could happen to him, to fall into the hands of the monks, and for


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