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Bensible of his own unworthiness. So far was he from indulging in a boasting spirit, that we can safely aver, we never heard any contemporary whatever express bimself in such humiliating terms as he, and with the most evident sincerity of heart.

Of Mr. Pentycross's writings we cannot speak accurately, not being able to ascertain all that he wrote. In the years 1774-5, we believe, he was editor of the Gospel Magazine, and wrote some of the principal picces in those volumes : and several years after he greatly assisted in the support of the Theological Repository. In 1781 he published a volume of sermons, addressed to his parishioners;

and at different times several single serinons, among which · was an excellent one before the Missionary Society in

1766; and a small poem. These were the principal performances to which we find his name.

..PERKINS, WILLIAM, was born at Marston, in Warwickshire. He was a great scholar, a profound divine, and a successful preacher in the university of Cambridge. He received his academical education in Christ's College, in that university, where, for some time, he was very wild, and ran great lengths in prodigality; probably permitted, that when he should become a preacher, he might more fully detect and lay open the workings of sin and vanity in others, sympathize with them in their sad condition, and be the betier qualified to counsel and comfort them in their repentance towards God and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. At the same time, and while yet a graduate, he gave proofs of the great genius with which providence had endowed him, by his deep researches into nature, and the secret operations of natural powers. But when the Lord was pleased to convert bim from the error of his ways, he applied himself, with uncommon diligence, to the study of divinity, and, in a short liine, made an alınost incredible proficiency. About the age of twenty four, he was chosen fellow of his college, and entered into holy orders; when, according to tire precepts of the Gospel, having' “ freely received, he freely gave ;" and after the pattern of his great Exemplar, went and preached deliverance to the captives.” The jailor being prevailed upon to bring the prisoners into the county house, near to the goal, he preached the Gospel to them every Sunday, with great power and success, So sogn

VOL.Ill.No. 74,

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as this pious labour was known, many from the neighbours ing parishes resorted thither to hear him; and it pleased God to make hiin the happy instrument in bringing to the knowledge of salvation, and into the liberty of the children of God, not only those whose bodies were in prison, but those also whose souls, like their's, were in captivity and bondage to sin and satan. His faine, which was afterwards in all the churches, soon spread through Cambridge; and he was chosen to St. Andrew's parish in that town, where he remained an industrious, faithful labourer, till he finally entered into the joy of his Lord.

Being settled thus in an university, his hearers consisted of collegians, towns people, and people from the conntry, which required such a peculiar gift as Providence had be stowed on Mr, Perkins; for in all his discourses he was able to accominodate his stile and phrases to the capacities of the common people; and at the same time the pious scholar could not but adınire them. Luther used to say, “ That as thunder withour rain did more harın than good; so ministers that preach the terrors of the law, but do not at the saine time drop in the dew of Gospel instruction and consolation, are not wise master builders; for they pull down, but build nothing up again." But Mr. Perkins's sermons were said to be “all law, and all Gospel.” He was a rare instance of those opposite gifts meeting in so eminent a degree in one and the saine preacher—the vehe. mence and thunder of a Boanerges, to awaken sinners to a sense of their danger and to drive them from destruction ; and the gentle persuasives and comforts of a Barnabas, to pour in the wine and oil, of Gospel consolation into the wounded spirit, which he pointed to Jesus Christ.

He had a surprizing talent in perusing books so speedily, that one would think he read nothing; yet so accurately, that one must think he had read all. Besides his frequent preaching, and other ministerial labours, he wrote many excellent books; which, on account of their worth, were many of them translated into Latin and sent abroad, where they have been greatly admired and valued, and some of them translated into French, High Dutch, and Low Dutch, and his “ Reformed Catholic," into Spanisb; which, hoy. ever, so far as we know, was never answered. Voerius, and several of the foreign divines, have mentioned him with great honour; and bishop Hall said of him, " That he ex.

...celled celled in a distinct judgement, and a rare dexterity in clearing the obscure subtleties of the schools, and easy explication of the most perplexed discourses." He was much afflicted with the stone, the frequent attendant on a sedentary, life, under which severe complaint he was remarkably patient. In the last fit, a little before his death, hearing a. friend pray for a mitigation of his pains; he cried out, « Hold! hold! do not pray so; but pray the Lord to give me faith and patience, and then let him lay on me just what he please.” At length patience had its perfect work, and he bade a final and everlasting farewell to all pain of the body and affliction of the soul, and was crowned with eternal rest and glory, A. D. 1602, in the forty-fourth year of his age. He was born in the first, and died in the last year of the reign of queen Elizabeth. He died rich only in grace, and in the love of God and of good men : yeț, like the apostle Paul, (2 Cor. vi. 10.) “ however poor, he was enabled to make many rich.” He was buried, with great so, lemnity, at the sole expence of Christ's College ; the uni, yersity and the town striving which should shew the inost gratitude for his faithful labours among them, or pay the greatest respect to his inemnory. Doctor Montague preached his funeral sermon on these words; " Moses, iny servant, is dead." Joshua i. 2.;

He was so pious and exemplary in his life and conversas tion, that inalice itself could find no ground for scandal or reproach. He was naturally chearful and pleasant; rather Țeserved towards strangers, but when once acquainted very familiar. He was Jame of his right hand; yet with his left hand he wrote two folio volumes, so well, and to so good purpose, that he proved himself an able evangelica) Čivine, and an invincible champion, in the Protestant cause, And such was his humanity and condescension, that he not only preached to the prisoners, as we observed before, but accompanied the condemned to the place of execuțion ; and what success he had in this line of his labours, will appear from the following example. · Avstout young inan, going up the ladder, discovered great dejection of spirit, and when he came to the top, and turned round to speak to the people, he l'ooked like one half dead, which Mr. Perkins observing, endeavoured to enconrage him ; but finding it to be without effect, said, Man, what is the matter with thee, art thou afraid of death?”.“ Ah, 119


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(said the inalefactor, shaking his head) but of a worse thing." Dost thou so (replied Mr. Perkins) then come down again, and thou shalt see what God's grace will do to strengthen thee." When he came down, Mt. Perkins took him by the hand, and, at the foot of the ladder, they both kneeled down, hand in hand, when Mr. Perkins prayed with so much of the divine presence and with such power, in confession of sin, with its aggravating circumstances, and the horrible and eternal punishment due to the same, according to God's justice, that the poor man burst out into a flood of tears, being broken and contrite in beart; which, when Mr. Perkins observed, he proceeded to the second part of his prayer, in which he set fortk the Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of every believing penitent sinner, as stretching forth his arms of mercy and power to save him in his miserable distressed condition, and from all the powers of dark ness, and to give him heaven and glory. This he was enabled to do in so wonderful and successful a manner, chat the poor creature continued, indeed, to shed tears; but they were now tears of love, gratitude, and joy, flowing from a belief that all his sin's were cancelled by the merciful shed. ding of his Saviour's blood." And when they rose from prayer, he evidenced so goud and satisfactory'a confession, that the spectators lifted up their hands and praised God, for seeing such a glorious display of sovereign grace, in converting, at the eleventh hour, this dying malefactor, who went up the ladder again, with apparently great comfort, and hasting as it were to have the grace he had so lately been made a partaker of consummated in glory.

His works, which are usually bound in two volumes folio, are 1, " The Foundation of Christian Religion.”--2“ A Golden Chain; or, the Description of Divinity."--3.“ Ao Expositiza of the Apostle's Creed." -4..“ An Exposition of the Lord's Prayer.” –5. “A Declaration, whether a Man be in State of Damnation, or a state of Grace.":-0.“ A Case of Conscience." 17. "A Direction for the Government of the Tongue."-S. “ Two Treatises; one ou Repentance, and the other on the Combat of the Flesh and Spirit.”-9.“ A Treatise how to live well in all Estates and Times, especially wlien Helps and Com. forts fail."-10. “A Treatise on dying well."--11. "A Dis. course on the Nature of Conscience."- 12. The Reformed Catholic "-13..“ The true Manner of krowing Christ crucified." 14.“ A Grain af Mustard Seed."'-15." Of true Wealth." 16. A Warning against the Idolatry of the last Times."-17,

“ A Treatise

t's A Treatise of God's Free Grace, and Man's Frec Will."-18.
* Of Man's Callings."L.19.“ Of Predestination."-20.“ Bible
Harmony.”-21. “ A Dialogue of the World's Dissolution."
In the above list Nos. 7, 8, 13, 14, were translated into Latin by
Thomas Drax; and No. 19, written in Latin, is translated into
English. Fifteen other pieces were published after his death.

PHILIPS, HUMPHREY, M. A. was born at Somerton, in Somersetshire, of a genteel family, and was in. clined to the ministry from his youth.' Áe had a severe fit of sickness while at the university, from which God wonderfully recovered him. He afterwards retired into the country for his health, and became chaplain and tutor at Poltimore, near Exeter, the seat of the ancient family of the Bampfields. At the end of the year he returned to the college, and was soon after chosen Fellow of Mag. dalen.. At the age of twenty-faur he was ordained by Dr. Wild, Mr. Hickman, &c. and preached frequently in the university, and the parts adjacent. Being turned out by the visitors at the restoration, he retired to Sherbarn, where he had been two years before assistant to Mr. Bamp field. There he was useful to many, and very successful till the Uniformity Act took place ; when both Mr. Bampfield and he preached their farewell sermons, and the place was a Bochim, i e, a place of mourners. However they did not leave their people, but preached to such as would hear them in a bouse, till they were apprehended and sent to an inn, which was made a prison for them and twenty-five of their principal hearers, which put them to a considerable expence. They were bound over to the next quarter sessions, and to their good behaviour in the mean time. When they understood that the good behaviour designed, was an obligation not to preach, they openly renounced it, and returned to their work. They went to Mr. T. Bampfield's, at Dunkerton, near Bath, where they preached at first to a small number, but it gradually increased. They were often threatened, but were not discouraged. Afier some time Mr. F. Bampfield, was apprehended in Dorsetshire, and sent to Dor. chester jail.“ Mr. T. Bampfield and Mr. Philips, now his chaplain, were also sent to llchester. The former returned in a month's time; but the latter after eleventh months confinement, was brought from prison, in the depth of



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