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gentleman who met him on the way, observing him to be unwell by his looks, advised him to return, assuring him it were better the people should want one sermon, than to be altogether deprived of such a preacher. But be would not be persuaded, but went thither and preached his last sermon from Gal. ch. v. “ Walk in the Spirit,” &c. which he did not finish without labour and difficulty. ,
In the beginning of his sickness he made his will, and gave most of his estate to his servants, to scholars, and to the poor of Sarum. The Saturday following, having called all his household about him, he expounded the Lord's prayer, and then desired them 10 sing the seventy-first Psalm, which he sung with them as well as he could ; sometimes interposing some words of particular application to himself; and in the end said, “ Lord, now let thy servant depart in peace. Break off all delays. Lord, receive my spirit,” &c. Then one standing by prayed with tears, that if the Lord pleased, he would restore him to his former health : Jewel hearing him, seemed to be offended, and said, “ I have not lived so, that I am ashamed to live longer; neither do I fear to die, because we have a merciful Lord. A crown of righteousness is laid up for me. Christ is my righteousness. Father, let thy will be done: thy will I say, and not mine, which is imperfect and depraved. This day, quickly, let me see the Lord Jesus.”
He died on Saturday, Sept. 21, 1571, aged fifty, at Monketonfarly, when he had been a bishop alınost twelve years; and was buried almost in the middle of the choir of his cathedral church. Ægidius Lawrence preached his fu. neral sermon. He was extremely bewailed by all men; and a great number of Latin, Greek, and Hebrew verses were made on this occasion by learned men, which were collected and printed by Mr. Lawrence Humfrey, regius professor of divinity at Oxford, at the end of his life written in Latin by the order of that university; nor bas his name been since mentioned by any man, without such eulogies and commendations as befitted so great, so good, so learned, so laborious a prelate.
Bishop Jewel had naturally a strong memory, which he had greatly improved by art, so that he could exactly repeat whatever he wrote after once reading. While the bell was ringing, he committed to his memory a repetition sermon, and pronounced it without hesitation. He was a
constant preacher; and, in his own sermons, his course was to write down only the heads, and meditate upon the rest, while the bell was ringing to church. Yet so firin was his memory, that he used to say, if he were to deliver a premeditated speech before a thousand auditors, shouting or tighting all the while, they would not put him out. Mr. Humfrey gives several examples of this, but we shall mention two only: John Hooper, bishop of Gloucester, who was burnt in the reign of queen Mary, once to try him, wrote about forty Welsh and Irish words; Mr. Jewel going a little while aside, and recollecting them in his memory, and reading them twice or thrice over, said them by heart backward and forward exactly in the same order they were set down. And another time he did the same by ten lines of Erasmus's paraphrase in English, the words of which being read sometimes confusedly without order, and at other lines in order by the lord keeper Bacon, Mr. Jewel thinking a while on them, presently repeated them again backward and forward, in their right order and in the wrong, just as they were read to him; and he taught his tutor Mr. Parkhurst the same art. Though his memory were so great and so improved, yet he would not entirely rely upon it, but entered down into common place books, whatever he thought he might afterwards have occasion to use ; which, as the author of his life informs us, were many in number, and great in quantity, being a vast treåsure of learning, and a rich repository of knowledge; but being drawn up in characters for brevity, they were so obscured, that they were not of use after his death, to any
? He was an excellent Grecian, and not unacquainted with the Italian tongue; and as to the Latin, he wrote and spoke it with that elegance, politeness, purity, and flus ency, that it might very well be taken for luis mother tongue : and certainly he took the right course to be inaster of it, having made himself in his youth perfectly inaster of Horace, (upon whom he wrote a large commentary) Tully, and Erasmus, all whose voluminous and excellent works he read over, and imitated every day, especially during his continuance at Oxford ; and be then used to declaimn extempore to himself in Latin in the woods and groves as he Falked. He was excellently read in all the Greek poets, grators, and historians, especially in the ecclesiastical hisa
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torians; and, above all other, he loved Gregory Nazianzen, and quoted him on all occasions.
His learning was much iinproved by his exilé, in which, besides his conversation with Peter Martyr and the other learned men at Strasburgh and Zurich, and his society with Mr. Sandys, afterwards archbishop of York, who was his bedfellow almost all the tiine they were in exile, his curiosity led hiin over the Alps into Italy, and he studied soine time in Padua, and by the acquaintance he contracted with Seignior Scipio, a great man, seems to have been very much esteemed there:
Although he came to a bishopriciniserably impoverished and wasted, yet he found means to exercise a prodigious liberality and hospitality. His great expence in the building a library for his cathedral church, inay be an instance, which his successor Dr. Gheast furnished with books, whose name is perpetrated, together with the memory of his predecessor by this inscription ; " Hæc Bibliotheca extructa est sumptibus, R. P. ac D. D. JOHANNIS JEWELLT, gnondam Saruin Episcopi ; instructa vero libris à R. in Christo P. D. Edinundo Gheast, olim ejusdem Ecclesiae Episcopo, quorum memoria in Benedictione erit. A. D. 3578.
His doors stood always open to the poor, and he would frequently send his charitable reliefs to prisoners, nor did he confine his bounty to the English only, but was liberal to foreigners, and especially to ihose of Zurich, and the friends of Peter Martyr.
Perceiving the great want of learned men in his times, his greatest care was to have ever with him in his house half a dozen or more poor lads which he brought up in learning, and took much delight to hear them dispute points of grainınar learning in Latin at his table when lie was at his mea, improving them, and pleasing himself at the same time. And besides these, he maintained in the university several young students, allowing them yearly pensions, and whenever they came to visit him, rarely dismissed them without liberal gratuities
Amougst these was the famous Richard Hooker, his countryman, whose. parents being poor, must have been bound apprentice to a tiadie, but for the bounty of this good bishop, who allowed his parents a yearly pension towards his main:evance nearly seven years before
Beside the works abovementioned, bishop Jewel was author of a great many others, in Lalin as well as in English.
JOLLIE, THOMAS, was born in 1631, and was 'edu, cated at Trinity College, Cambridge. His first stated preaching was at Althome in Lancashire, to which place he was unanimously invited by the parishioners. There be continued nearly thirteen years with great success. Before his ejectment he was seized by three troopers, accorda ing to a warrant 'from three deputy lieutenants, When he was brought before them, he was accused of many things, but nothing was proved. They then required himn to take he was fit for the university, and in 1567, appointed him to remove to Oxford, and there to aitend Dr. Cole, then president of Corpus Christi College, who, according to his promise to the bishop, provided bin a tutor, and a clerk's place in that college; which, with a contribution from his 'urice Mr. John Hooker, and the continued pension of his patron the bishop, gave him a comfortable subsistence; and in the last year of the bishop's life, Mr. Hooker making this his patron a visit at bis palace, the good bishop made him, and a companion he bad with bim, dine at his own table with hiin, which Mr. Hooker boasted of with much joy and gratitude, when he saw his Ipother and friends, whither he was then travelling on foot. The bi-, shop when he parted with him, gave him good counsel and his blessing, but forgot to give him money, which when' the bishop bethought himself of, he sent a servant to call him back again, and then told hin, “I sent for you, 'Richard, to lead you a horse which hath carried me many a nile, and, I thank God, with much ease.".. And presently delivered into his hand a walking-staff, with which he professed he bad travelled many parts of Germany; and then went on, and said, “ Richard, I do not give, but lend you my horse; be sure you be honest and bring my horse back to me at your return this way to Oxford : and I do now give you ten groats to bear your charges to Exeter; and bere are ten groats more which I charge you to deliver to pour mother, and tell her, I send her a bishop's blessing with it, and beg the continuance of her prayers for me. And if you bring my borse back to me, I will give you ten more to carry you on foot to the college; and so God bless you, good Richard.” It was not long after this, before this good bishop died, but before his death he had so effactually recommended Mr. Hooker to Edwyn Sandys. then bishop of London, and afterwards archbishop of York, that about a year after he put his son under the tutelage of Mr. Hooker, and was otherwise so liberal to him, t at he became one of the most learned men of the age. Nor was Mr. Hooker ungrateful, but having occasion to mention his good benefactor on that occasion, he calls bim, Lishop Jewel, " the xoribiest divine Christendom bath bred for the space of some hundreds of years."
the oath of supremacy, with which he 'readily complied, and was discharged. In the same month he was again seized and confined ; and when he was released, his enenies would by violence have prevented his preaching in public; but not succeeding in their attempt, he was cited into the bishop of Chester's court, and obliged to attend zhere three times, though he lived at forty miles distance. He was at last censured by the court for refusing the service book, and his suspension, "ab officio & beneficio," was to have been published the next..court day, but the death of the bishop prevented it. Some time after, how puere the suspension was declared, but not published, according to their own order; and yet they thereupon proceeded to debar hin the liberty of preaching one Sabbath before the act: came to be in force. When the day came, in which he must either submit to what he thought unlaw. ful, or resign his place, he preferred the latter. Upon Jeaving Alihome, he reinained for a time in an unsettled condition. At length he retired to Healy, where he had zot been long, before he was apprehended by captain Parker's lieutenant serjeant and two soldiers, and brought before two'deputy fieutenants, by whom he was examined, add obliged to find sureties for his good behaviour, without any reason alledged for it, and by their order confined in a private house. The family were religious, and as be and they were engaged in family worship, captain Nowel broke into the house, and with blasphemous expressions snatched the Bible out of his hands, and dragged him away to the guard, pretending they had kept a conventicle. tains obliged him to sit up with them all night, whilst they drank and insulted him. In the morning, they let him lie down upon a little straw in the stable; and the next day, though it was the Lord's day, and excessively wet, they sent hiin to Skipton in Craven, where he was committed into the marshal's hands. He had not been long released from this imprisonment, before he was again seized by three troopers, who told him they must carry him to York. He demanded their warrant for taking him out of the county. They laid their hands upon their swords, and taking hold of his horse's bridle, obliged him to go with them. He was there committed close prisoner at the castle, in a small room, and allowed no fire, though it was winter. The window was much broken, and the stench