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cially in countries where the population is Note.-It is not understood that any part of the small when compared to the extent ofterritory, province of Corrientes, or that of the city or district of I am very sensible that I may have been led
Santa Fee, is included in this estimate ; and some dis
tricts of some of the other provinces may be omitted. iptu errors of fact, or inference. In that case rogether with the Reports from our Commissioners, I can plead honesty of intention, and the dif were transmitted to Congress the several documents
therein referred to. ficulty of collecting at a single point, and withiú a limited time, correct information ; or of analyzing that which was collected, respect. As we attach considerable importance to these ing a people in a state of revolution, who are
Reports, we shall in our following Numbers spread over an immense country, and whose habits, institutions, and language, are eo dif
continue them with such remarks as their ferent from our own.
contents and tenor may suggest. I bave only to add, that we were politely received by the Supreme Director, who made every profession for our Government, and every Political and Literary Anecdotes of his offer of accommodation to us, as its agents, which we had a right to expect, and that the
By Dr. William King, people manifested on all occasions the most Principal of St. Mary's Hall, Oxon. 8vo. friendly dispositions.
8s. 6d. Murray, London, 1818. Estimate of the population of the province of Buenos Ayres, Cordova,Tucuman,,Mendoza,
This work, though small in bulk, is or Cuyo, and Salta, under the names of the rich in amusing anecdote, and when different towns or districts which send Re.
once taken up is not hastily to be throwy presentatives to the Congress,
aside. Its author, Dr. King, was born at By an imperfect census, taken, it is believed, in 1815, Buenos Ayres contained 93,105, Stepney, near London, in 1685, and died excluding troups and transient persons, and in 1763. He was an accomplished schoIndians.
lar, and was highly esteemed for his By more
wit, humour, and independent spirit.
The present volume we learn from the ercluding
editor's prefatory advertisement, was Buenos Ayres 106,000 120,000 150,000 discovered in the possession of two ladies Cordova
75,000 75,000 100,000 relations of the author. Of its authenTucuinan 45,000 45,000 20,000*
ticity there ean be no doubt; as from a 60,000
comparison of the hand-writing of the Valle de Calla$36,000
original manuscript with that which is 40,000
well ascertained to be Dr. King's, in Rioja 20,000 20,000
the account books of St. Mary's Hall, San Juan 34,000 34,000 Mendoza
Oxford, (of which he was for many years 38,000 38,000 San Luis 16,000 16,000
the principal) there is every reason to Injuy 25,000 25,000
suppose it to have been written by Dr. Salta 50,000 50,000
K. himself, and to have been intended
for publication. 489,000 523,000
These “ Anecdotes," though desultory
are exceedingly curious. They contain Cochabamba 100,000 120,000 200,000 a very striking character of the pretender, Potosi 112,000 112,000 250,000
together with many interesting particuPlata, orChoreas 112,000 112,000 175,000
lars relative to the jacobite party, to La Paz
800,000 under the
which Dr. King was strongly attached, name of
and with the leaders of which he was Santa
intimately acquainted: Many pleasant Puno Cruz 120,000
30,000+ stories of the great men and literary de la Sierra
150,000+ characters, contemporaries of Dr. King, Ouiro
60,000+ are here recorded, with some elegant
criticisms on the latin poets. We select Paraguay
300,000 a few instances for the amusement of our Bonda Oriental
Who amongst all the modern writers is
to be more esteemed and admired than • Probably the town only. + Under the various names of Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Mopsienr Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray, Majos, and Chequitos.
and author of Telemachus, whose piety,
Santiago del Es• } 45,000
PROVINCES OF UPPER PERU.
and Entre Rios } 50,000
politeness and humanity were equal to bis to give up one of his most favorite schemes. great learning? Ramsay, the author of He had besides some difficulties to encoonCyrus, who was educated in Monsieur ter through his whole administration, which Fenelon's Family, acquainted me with an were not known to the public. A friend anecdote wbich hath ever made me rever of mine wbo dined with bim one day teleeace the memory of this excellent man. a-tete took occasion to compliment him on Some German officers who were prisoners the great honour and power which he en. at Cambray were invited to dine with the joyed as prime minister. “Doctor," says Archbishop, wbose table was always open he, “I bave great power it is true, bat I to the officers of the French garrison, of have two cursed drawbacks, Hanover, and which a certain number diued with bim the * avarice." This minister who every day. The Germans during the dinner thought he had established himself beyond were continually calling for bumpers of a possibility of being sbaken, fell at last wine, The French seemed to sneer at this by bis too great security: if he may be said behaviour of the German officers, and to fall who went out of employment with an looked on them with a kind of contempt: Earldom and a pension of 40001, or 50001. which Monsieur Fenelon observing called a year. for an half-piot glass of Burgundy, (which Other anecdotes of profligate corrupperhaps was more than he had ever taken tion are recorded, for which we refer to at one meal before,) and drank it off to the the volume itself, but there is so much bealth of the prisoners. This was a handsome compliment to the Germans, and a
good sense in the following observations proper reprimand to his own countrymen. on a custom, now growing into some But, as soon as the German officers were degree of disuse, that we cannot withhold gone, be thus admonished the French gen- them from our readers, who (we ibink) ilemen. “You should endeavour to divest cannot fail to be amused with the stories yourselves of all national prejudices, and with which they are enlivened. never condemn the customs and manners of a foreign people, because they are alto is now become such a grievance, that it
The custom of giving money to servants gether different from your own. I am a true French-man, and love my country; legislature totally to abolish it. How much
seems to demand the interposition of the but I love mankind better than my
are foreigners astonished when they observe country."
that a man cannot dine at any bouse iu It is well known that during Sir Robert England, not even with his father or his Walpole's administration corruption was
brother, or with any other of Sis nearest carried to'a most disgraceful extent in relations, or most intimate friends and Parliament. Dr. King, (who it will be But how can they behold without indig.
companions, unless he pay for bis dinner! recollected was a zealous jacobite) boldly nation or contempt a wan quality standascribes all our national misfortunes since ing by his guests, while they are distributing the accession of the House of Brunswick money to a double row of his servants ? If, to that administration,
when I am invited to dine with any of my
acquaintance, I were to send the master of It is certain that all our national misfor- the bouse a sirloin of beef for a present, it tunes since the accession of the House of would be corisidered as a gross affront; and Hanover must be chiefly ascribed to Wal- yet as soon as I shall bave dined or before pole's administration. Heunhinged all tbe I leave the house, I must be obliged to pay principles and morals of our people, and for the sirloin, which was brought to his changed the government into a system of table or placed on the sideboard. For I corruption. He openly ridiculed virtue contend, that all the money which is besto. and merit, and promoted no man to any ed on the servants, is given to the master. employment of profit or honour, who bad For if the servants' wages were increased scruples of conscience, or refused implicitly in some proportion to their vails (which is to obey his commands. He was a ready the practice of a few great families, the D. speaker, understood the business of parlia. of Norfolk's, Mr. Spencer's, Sir Francis ment, and knew how to manage an House Dashwood's, &c.) this scandalous custom of Commons, which however was not a very might be totally extinguisbed. I remember difficult task, if it be considered that a a Lord Poor, a roman catholic Peer in Iremajority of the members were of his own land, who lived upon a small pension wbich nomination. He seemed to have great Q. Anne bad granted him : he was a man resolution; and yet he was once so much of honour, and well esteemed, and had intimidated by the clamours of the people formerly been an officer of some distinctiun without doors, that he thought it expedient in the service of France. The Duke of
Ormonde had often invited bim to dinner, I always prevented them, saying in his mayand he as often excused himself. At last ner of speaking English, “If you do give, the Duke kindly expostulated with him, give it to me, for it was I that did buy the and would know the reason why he so dinner." constantly refused to be one of his gaests. My Lord Poor then honestly confessed that
The following anecdote relative to Olibe could not afford it: but, says he, if yer Cromwell, has we believe never before your Grace will put a guinea into my hands been published. To us at least it is as often as you are pleased to invite me to perfecily new, and it exbibits a pleasing dine, I will not decline the honour of wait-trait in the character of that extraordiing on you, This was done, and my Lord
nary man. was afterwards a frequent guest in St.
In the civil war my grandfather Sir WilJames's Square. For my part, whenever I am invited to the table of any of my noble
Liam Smyth was governor of * Hillesdon friends, I have the vanity to imagine that had a small garrison. This place was be
House, near Buckingham, where the King my company is desired for the sake of my
sieged and taken by Cromwell. But the conversation, and there is certainly no rea
officers capitulated to march out with their son why I should give the servants money because I give the master pleasure. Be
arms, baggage, &c. As soon as they were sides I have observed the servants of every snatched off Sir William Smyth’s hat. He
without the gate, one of Cromwell's soldiers great bouse consider these vails to be as immediately complained to Cromwell of the much their due as the fees which are claim fellow's insoleuce and breach of the capitued in the Custom-bouse, or in any other lation. “Sir," says Cromwell,“ if you can public office. And therefore they make no
point out the man, or I can discover bim, distinction between a gentleman of 2001. a year and one of 20001. although they look in the mean time (taking of a new beaver
I promise you he shall not go unpunished. on the former as inferior in every respect which he had on bis head) be pleased to to themselves. Maxima quæque domus servis est plena superbis is an axiom which will accept of this bat instead of your own.” hold true to the end of the world. Upon
We must conclude our extracts with the whole if this custom which is certainly the following anecdotes relative to the a disgrace to our country, is to continue in Pretender, with whom our author had a force, I think it may at least be practised conversation in September 1750. in a better manner. Suppose there were
September 1750, I received a note from written in large gold letters over the door my Lady Primrose, who desired to see me of every man of rank : The fees for dining immediately. As soon as I waited op ber here are three half crowns (or ten shillings) she led me into ber dressing room and preto be paid to the porter on entering the sented me tot. If I was surprised house: Peers or Peeresses to pay what to find him there, I was still more astonishmore they think proper. By this regulationed when be acquainted me with the motwo inconveniences would be avoided : tives which bau induced bim to bazard a first the dificulty of distinguishing amongst journey to England at this juncture. The a great number the quality of the servants. impatience of his friends who were in exile I who am near sighted bave sometimes bad formed a scheme which was imprac. given the footman what I designed for the ticable; but although it had been as feasible butler, and the butler has had only the
as they had represented it to bim, yet no fogtmau's fec: for which the butler treated preparation had been made, nor was any me with no small contempt, until an oppor. thing ready to carry it into execution. He tupity offered of connecting my error. But
was soon convinced that be had been de. secondly this method would prevent the ceived, and therefore, after a stay in Lonshame wbich every master of a family can don of five days only, he returned to the not belp feeling whilst be sees his guests place from whence he came. As I had giviug about their shillings and half crowns
some long conversations with bim bere, and to his servants. He may then conduct them for some years after held a constant corresboldly to his door, asd take his leave with pondence with him, not indeed by Jetters a good grace. My Lord Taaffe of Ireland | but by messengerst, who were occasionally a general oflicer in the Austrian service, came into England a few years ago on ac
* The siege of Hillesdon House is nowhere count of his private affairs. When bis mentioned by my Lord Clarendon. The noble friends who had dined with him were
historian and Sir W. Smyth were not good
friends. going away, he always attended them to ibe door, and if they offered any money to
+ The Pretender.
| These were not common couriers, but genthe servant wbo opened it (for be never tlemen of fortune, honour, and veracity, and on safered but one servant to appear,) he whose relations I could entirely depend.
dispatched to him; and as during this inter- character is his love of money, a vice which course I'informed myself of all particulars I do not remember to have been imputed relating to him and of bis whole conduct, by our historians to any of his ancestors, both in public and private life, I am per- and is the certain index of a base and little haps as well qualified as any man in Eug. mind. I know it may be urged in his rinland to draw a just character of him; and dication that a prince in exile ought to be I impose this task on myself not only for the an economist. And so he ought; but neverinformation of posterity, bat for the sake of theless bis purse should be always open, as many worthy gentlemen whom I shall leave long as there is any thing in it
, to relieve behind me, who are at present attached to the necessities of his friends and adherents. bis name, and who have formed their ideas King Charles the second during his banishof bim from public report, but more par. ment would have shared the last pistole in ticularly from those great actions which his pocket with his little family. But I he performed in Scotland. As to his per have known this gentleman with two thou. son he is tall and well made, but stoops a sand Louis d'ors in his strong box pretend little, owing perhaps to the great fatigue he was in great distress, and borrow money which he nnderwent in his northern expe- from a lady in Paris, who was not in affluent dition. He has an handsome face and good circumstances. His most faithful servants, eyes; (I think * his busts which about this who had closely attended bim in all his time were commonly in London, are more difficulties were ill rewarded. Two Frenchlike him than any of his pictures which I men who had left every thing to follow his have yet seen ;) but in polite company fortune, who had been sent as couriers he would not pass for a genteel mai. He through half Europe, and executed their hath a quick apprehension, and speaks commissions with great punctuality and French, Italian, and English, the last with exactness, were suddenly discharged witha little of a foreigo accent. As to the rest vut any faults imputed to them, or any very little care seems to have been taken recompense for their past service. To this of his education, He had not made the spirit of avarice may be added his insolent belles lettres or any of the fiver arts his study manner of treating his immediate depenwbich surprised me much considering his dauts, very unbecoming a great prince, and preceptors and the noble opportunities he a sure prognostic of what might be expected must have always had in that nursery † of from him if ever he acquired sovereign powall the elegant and liberal arts and science. er. Sir J. Harrington * and + Col. Goring But I was still more astonished when I found who suffered themselves to be imprisoned him upacquainted with the history and con- with him, rather than desert him, when the stitution of England, in which he ought to rest of his family and attendants fed, were have been very early instructed. I never afterwards obliged to quit his service on heard him express any noble or benevolent account of bisilliberal behaviour. But there sentiments, the certain indications of a great is one part of his character, which I must soul and a good heart; or discover any sor- particularly insist on, since it occasioned row or compassion for the misfortunes of so ihe defection of the most powerful of bis many worthy men who had suffered in his friends and adherents in England, and by causet. But the most odious part of his some concurring accidents totally blasted
all his hopes and pretensions. When lie * He came one evening to my lodgings and was in Scotland, he had a mistress whose drank tea with me; my servant after he was gone said to me, “that he thought my new visitor he is a protestant; and to convince the latter of very like Prince Charles." " Why,” said I. his sincerity, he often carried an English Com. “ have you ever seen Prince Charles ?” “No mon Prayer-book in his pocket; and sent to sir," replied the fellow, “but this gentleman, Gordon (wbom I have mentioned before) a nonwhoever he may be, exactly resembles the busts juring clergyman, to christen the first child he which are sold in Red lion-street, and are said had by Mrs. w. to be the busts of Prince Charles.” The truth * Sir J. Harrington remained in banishment is, these busts were taken in plaster of Paris from till the accession of the present King George III. his face.
No man is better acquainted with the private his. + Rome. His governor was a protestant, and I tory and character of Prince Charles, and if ever am apt to believe purposely neglected his educa- he reads what I have here written, I am confident tion, of which it is 'surmised he made a merit that he will readily vouch the truth of my narto the English ministry; for he was always sup- rative. posed to be their pensioner. The Chevalier + Goring upon quitting his service was recomRamsay the author of Cyrus was Prince Charles' mended by my Lord Marshall to the King of preceptor for about a year, but a court faction Prussia, who immediately gave him a command removed him.
in his army equal to his pretensions. Goring $ As to his religion he is certainly free from died soon after, and his loss was greatly lamented all bigotry aud superstition, and would readily by his Prussian Majesty, who honoured him conform to the religion of the country. With with a character in a letter to my Lord Masthe catholics he is catholic; with the protestants shal.
name is Walkensnaw, and whose sister was | Walkenshaw, and that he could see her at that time and is still housekeeper at Lei- removed from him without any concern, but cester House. Some years after he was re he would not receive directions in respect leased from his prison and conducted out of to his private conduct from any man alive. France, he sent for this girl who soon ac When M'Namara returned to London and quired such a dominion over him that she reported the Prioce's answer to the gentlewas acquaiuted with all his schemes, and men * who had employed him, they were trusted with his most secret correspondence. astonished and confounded. However they As soon as this was known in England, all soon resolved on the measures which they those persons of distinction who were attach were to pursue for the future, and deter. ed to him were greatly alarmed; they ima- mined no longer to serve a man who could gined tbat this wench had been placed in his not be pursuaded to serve himself, and family by the English mivisters, and com, chose rather to endanger the lives of sidering her sister's situation they seemed his best and most faithful friends than part to bave some grouud for their suspicion; with an harlot, whom as he had often dewherefore they dispatched a gentleman to clared he neither loved nor esteemed. If Paris, where the Prince then was, who ever tbat old adage Quos Jupiter vult perbad instructions to insist that Mrs. Walk- dere, &c. could be properly applied to any enshaw should be removed to a convent for person, whom could it so well fit as the a certain term ; but her gallant absolutely gentleman of whom I have been speaking? refused to comply with this demand, and for it is difficult by any other means to acalthough Mr. M'Namara the gentleman count for such a sudden infatuation. He who was sent to him, who has a natural was indeed soon afterwards made sensible eloquence and an excellent understanding, of his misconduct, when it was too late to urged the most cogent reasons, and used all repair it; for from this era may truly be the arts of persuasion to induce him to part dated the ruin of his cause, which for the with his mistress, and even proceeded so future can only subsist in the N-n-ing far as to assure him according to his instruc congregations, which are generally formed tions, that an immediate interruption of all of the meanest people, from whom no dancorrespondence with his most powerful ger to the present government need ever be friends in England, and in short that the apprehended. ruin of his interest which was now daily jdereasing, would be the infallible conse
* These were all men of fortune and distinction quence of his refusal, yet be continued in and many of them persons of the first quality, exible, and all M’Namara's intreaties and who attached themselves to --- as to a person who remonstrances were ineffectual. M'Namara they imagined might be made the instrument staid in Paris some days beyond the time of saving their country: . They were sensible prescribed him, endeavouring to reason the government was become a system of corruption,
that by Walpole's administration the English Prince into a better temper, but finding and that Walpole's successors who pursued his him obstinately persevere in his first answer plan without any of his abilities, had reduced us he took his leave with concern and indig. to such a deplorable situation, that our commerbation, saying as be passed out, “what has of being lost, and Great Britain, which, if her your family done, Sir, thus to draw down
powers were properly I exerted, was able to give the vengeance of heaven on every branch of laws to other nations, was become the contempt it through so many ages?" It is worthy of of all Europe. Temark that in all the conferences which M'Namara had with the Prince on this oc
As they were afterwards in Mr. Pitt's admi.
nistration. casion, the latter declared that it was not a violent passion or indeed any particular tion which immediately followed upon the report
+ He was soon made acquainted with the defecregard • which attached bim to Mrs. of his answer. He endeavoured to excuse him
self by blaming the gentleman who had been sent to him; he pretended the message had not
been properly delivered, that he had been treat* I believe he spoke truth when he de- ed rudely' and insolently, &c. But this was not clared he had no esteem for his northern mis
Mr. M'Namara addressed him in the tress, although she had been his companion for most respectful manner, and though he spoke so many years. She had no elegance of manners firmly, as he knew the consequence of the and as they had both contracted an odious habit Prince's refusal, yet he could not have treated of drinking, so they exposed themselves very him with more deference if he had been on the frequently, not only to their own family but to throne. The Prince's accusation of M'Namara all their neighbours. They often quarrelled and was very unjust, as well as ungrateful, for sometimes fought: they were some of these M'Namara had been often with him, and had drunken scenes which probably occasioned the served him with great zeal and fidelity on many report of his madness.
important occasions, both at home and abroad."