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on Chrift There is neithe: Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: For ye are all one in Chrift Jefus. And if ye be Chrift's, then are ye Abraham's feed, and heirs according to the promise.

Q8. What are the bleffings fignified by bread and wine? A. They fignify Chrift's body and blood, broken and poured out for us, with all the bleflings of remiffion, peace, and falvation, purchased by his blood; 1 Cor. x. 16, 17. The cup of bleffing which we blefs, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrift? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? For we being many, are one bread, and one body; for we are all partakers of that one bread.

Q. 9. Dothe facraments feal, as well as fignify these things? A. Yes, they do; Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteoufnefs of the faith, &c. Their ufe is to confirm God's covenant with believers.

Q10. Who are the proper fubjects of the facraments? A. Believers, and their feed, are the fubjects of baptifm, but adult Christians only of the Lord's fupper; Acts ii. 38, 39. Repent, and be baptized every one of you; for the promife is unto you, and to your children, even as many as the Lord our God fhall call. 1 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man examine himself, and fo let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

Q. 11. What is the main use and end of facraments? A. It is to ratify and confirm God's covenant with believers ; Rom. iv. 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, à feal of the righteoufnefs of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcifed, &c. Cor. xi. 26. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do fhew the Lord's death till he


Q. 12. What is the firft inftruction from hence?

A. That the abuse of such holy and folemn myfteries is a fin of dreadful aggravation, and fuch as God will punish; 1 Cor. xi. 27. Wherefore, whofoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord unworthily, fhall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

Q. 13. What is the fecond inftruction?

A. Hence we learn the tender care and love of Chrift over the church, in inftituting fuch useful and comfortable ordi nances for us.

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Quest. 93.

Of the Number of Sacraments.


Hich are the facraments of the New Tefta ment?

A. The facraments of the New Teftament are, baptism, and the Lord's fupper.

Q. 1. How many facraments hath Chrift appointed in the New Teftament ?

A. Chrift hath appointed two, and no more; these being fufficient for our initiation and confirmation.

Q. 2. How many have the Papifts added to them?

A. They have added five more; viz. Confirmation, pen nance, ordination, marriage, and extreme unction.

Q3. What is their facrament of confirmation?

A. It is the anointing of the baptized with chrism in the fore-head, with this form of words; I fign thee with the fign of the crofs, and confirm thee with the chrifm of falvation, in the name of the Father, Son, and holy Ghost.

Q4. What is their ground for this practice?

A. The abuse of that Scripture, Heb. vi. 2. Of the doctrine of baptifms, and laying on of hands, &c. which, by a figur ative fpeech, expreffeth the whole standing ministry in the church, by laying on of hands.

Q. 5. What is their facrament of pennance?

A. It is repentance manifefted by outward figns, to which the word of abfolution coming, makes it a facrament, mifgrounded on John xx. 23. Whofe foever fins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whofe foever fins ye retain, they are retained.

Q. 6. What is their facrament of orders, or ordination ?

A. It is the laying on of hands in ordination of minifters, by which they conceive fpiritual grace is given; by mistake of 2 Tim. i. 6. Wherefore I put thee in remembrance, that thou ftir up the gift of God which is in thee, by the putting on of my hands.

Q7. What is their fourth fuperadded facrament?

A. It is marriage, grounded upon those words of the apoftle, Eph. v. 32. This is a great mystery; but I speak concerning Chriftand the church. Which only fhews a fimilitude, of our union with Christ, not an inftituted fign to that end.


Q. 8. What is their fifth fuperadded facrament?

A. Extreme unction, or anointing the fick, near death, with confecrated oil, grounded on Mark vi. 13. And anointed with oil many that were fick, and healed them. And James

V.14. Is any fick among you? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord, Which are neither facramentai rites, nor of ordinary standing use in the church, but extraordinary, and temporary for that age.

Q. 9. What learn we hence?


A. Hence we learn, how apt men are to corrupt God's ordihances, by their fuperftitious additions; Matth. xv. 9. Teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Q. 10. What is the second inftruction hence?

A. How juft and neceffary our feparation from Rome is, who have grofsly corrupted God's ordinances, and left men no other remedy; Rev. xiii. 6. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy againft God, to blafpheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.


Q. 11. What is the third instruction ?

A. That the reformation of religion is an invaluable mercy, a great deliverance from fpiritual bondage; Rev. xi. 19. And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his teftament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

Q. 12. What is the fourth inftruction?

A. That Rome fhall certainly fall, and all her adherents, for the horrid injury done by them to Chrift, and the fouls of men ; Rev. xviii. 20, 21. Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apoftles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her. And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great milftone, and caft it into the fea, faying, Thus with violence shall that great citý Babylon be thrown down, and fhall be found no more at all.

Quest. 94.

Of Baptifm.

What is baptifm?

A. Baptifm is a facrament, wherein the washing with water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Ghost, doth fignify and feal our ingrafting into Chrift, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's.

Q. 1. What is the external part of baptism ?

A. It is pure unmixed water; Heb. x. 22. And our bodies washed with pure water. And therefore it is a vile practice of Papifts, to add oil, falt, and spittle, to water, in baptism.

Q. 2. What doth water in baptifm fignify?

A. It fignifies the blood of Chrift; Rev. i. 5. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our fins in his own blood.

Q. 3. What is the first resemblance it hath to Chrift's blood?. A. In the freenefs of it to all, it reprefents the unpurchased blood of Chrift; Ifa. lv. 1. Ho, every one that thirfteth, come ye to the waters; and he that hath no money, come ye, buy and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk, without money, and without price.

Q. 4. What is the fecond refemblance to Chrift's blood? A. It refembles it in its refreshing quality; water refrefheth the thirsty, fo doth Chrift's blood; John vi. 35. He that be. lieveth on me, fhall never thirst.

Q.5. What is the third refemblance it hath to Chrift's blood? A. The cleanfing property of water, fhews the purifying virtue of Chrift's blood; Heb. ix. 14. How much more thall the blood of Chrift, who through the eternal Spirit, offered himfelf without fpot to God, purge your confcience from dead works, to ferve the living God?

Q. 6. What is the fourth refemblance it hath to Chrift's blood?

A. It resembles it in the neceflity of it: For as the body caunot live without water, fo neither can the foul without Chrift's blood; Heb. ix. 23. It was therefore neceffary that the patterns of things in the heavens fhould be purified with thefe, but the heavenly things themselves with better facrifices than these.

Q7. What is the fifth refemblance of water to the blood of Chrift?

A. As water neither refresheth nor purifies the body without application; fo neither doth Chrift's blood refresh or purify the foul till applied; 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye in Chrift Jefus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and fanctification, and redemption.


Q. 8. Is it neceffary to plunge the whole body under water, in baptizing every perfon?

A. The word [baptize] fignifying as well to wash, as to plunge; a perfon may be truly baptized, that is not plunged. And we cannot think, by the circumftances of time and place, that the jailor, in the night, was carried to a river out of the city; Acts xvi. 33. And he took them the fame hour of the night, and washed their stripes, and was baptized, he and all his ftraightway.

Q 9. But is it not said, John iii. 23. That John alfo was

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haptizing in Enon, near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came and were baptized?

A. The word fignifies many waters, that is, fprings of waters there; which are known by travellers to be small, not capable of plunging into.

Q. 10. What are the benefits accruing to us by baptifm?

A: The benefits are twofold: fome external, called the fatnefs of the olive-tree; i. e. ordinances, and visible memberhip; Rom. xi. 17. And thou being a wild olive-tree, wert graffed in amongst them, and with them partakeft of the root and fatnefs of the olive-tree. And fome fpiritual and faving; 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like figure whereunto, even baptifm, doth alfo now fave us (not the putting away the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good confcience towards God) by the refurrection of Jefus Chrift.

Q. 11. What engagements are laid on the baptized?

A. They are engaged to be the Lord's people, and to walk fuitably to that engagement; Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into death: that like as Chrift was raifed up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we alfo fhould walk in newness of life.

Q. 12. Is baptifm to be reiterated, as the Lord's fupper?

A. No; for the Lord's fupper is a facrament for nourishing, but this for implantation; Rom. vi. 4, 5. Therefore we are buried with him by baptifm into death: that like as Christ was raifed up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even fo we alfo fhould walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be alfo in the likeness of his refurrection.

Q. 13. Doth baptifm regenerate men, and confer faving grace?

A. No, it doth not, in its own virtue, convey grace, no more than the Lord's fupper; but the Spirit of God is the author of grace, and works it as he pleases, before or after baptism. Of the Subjects of Baptifm.

Queft. 95.

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O whom is baptifm to be administered? A. Baptifm is not to be administered to any that are out of the vifible church, till they profefs, their faith in Chrift, and obedience to him; but the infants of fuch as are members of the vifible church are to be baptized.


Who are to be baptized?

A. Believers, and their infant-offspring; Acts ii. 39. For the

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