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not the Son, thall not see life; but the wrath of God abideta on him.
Q. 4. Why do we pray for forgiveness? Cannot we make amends for our sins, and be freed from their guile, without pardon?
A. No, all that we can ever do, or suffer, can never expiate the guilt of the least fin; Pfalm xlix. 7,8. None of them can
means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him ; (for the redemption of their foul is precious, and it ceaseth for ever.) 1 Sam. ii. 25. Ifone man lin against another, the judge shall judge him : but if a man fin against the Lord, who shall intreat for him?
Q. 5. Does God then freely, and out of mere grace, forgive us ?
A. Yes, without any respect had to any thing we can do, or be; Ifa. xliii. 25. I, even I am he that blotteth out thy tranígressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy fins. Rom ix. 15. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compaffion' on whom I will have compassion. Ver. 18. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
Q. 6. How doth God forgive fins ?
A. (1.) Universally, all fins ; Exod. xxxiv. 6,7. And the Lord passed by before him, and proclaimed, the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, "keeping mercy for thousands ; forgiving iniquity, and tranfgreffion, and fin. Jer. xxxiii. 8. And I will cleanle' them from all their iniquity, whereby they have finned against me : 'And I'will pardon all their iniquities, whereby they have sinned, and whereby they have transgressed against me. Hofea xiv. 2. Take away all iniquity, and receive us graciously. "(2:) Completely, and perfectly ; Ifa. xliii. 25. 1, even I am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy' fins. Pfalm ciii. 12. As far ås the east is from the west, so far hath' he removed our transgressions from us. Mic. vii.i9. He will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt east all our fins into the depths of the sea. Ifa. xxxviii. 17. For thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back. (3.). Everlastingly; Jer. xxxi. 34. For I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their in no more. Heb. viii. 12. And their fins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
Q.7. But doth not God punish them afterward, whom he has justified and forgiven?
A. No, not with a proper and vindictive punishment; but
þc brings evils upon them for their fins, as a father chastises his child'; and other forts of afflictions for their fpiritual good; He may be angry, as a Father, with those he has pardoned, but never hate them as a condemning Judge ; Psalm lxxxix. 28. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. Ver, 34. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips,
Q. 8. How can God be faid freely to pardon all our lins, when we pray it may be done for Christ's fake; does not that imply that Christ has satisfied God for our fins, and deserved our remiffion?
A. Yes, it does fo; for the Lord Christ, by his life and death, did fatisfy divine justice, and did merit our forgiveness : But if he did so, we did not fo; our fins cost him dear, but their pardon coft us nothing ; our pardon is perfectly free to us, though due to Christ, for God gave Christ freely for us; God accepts of his merits, and applies them to us freely ; Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Christ.
Q. 9. But is there nothing required from us as the conditiøn of pardon ? and if so, how can it be absolutely free?
A. There are required repentance from fin, and faith in the Lord Chrift; Luke xiii. 3. But except ye repent, ye fhall all likewise perith ; John iii. ult. And he that believeth not the Son, shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him. This is required from us towards our pardon, but yet it is free, (1.) Because God freely ordains thus to pardon. (2.) Because both these are the free gifts of God; Acts xi. 18. Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye fayed, through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.
Q. 10. When then are our fins forgiven?
v. 1. Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Chrift viii. 1. There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus.
Q. 11. Why do we pray in the answer, for the forgiveness. of all our fins ?
A. Because if the lealt guilt should ren.ain upon us, it would exclude us from God's favour, and lodge us in everlasting burnings; Rom. vi. ult. For the wages of lin is death.
Q. 12. What are the privileges and blessings that accompany
A. Justification is accompanied with adoption ; John i. 120 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name. With the Spirit and principle of all grace and holiness ;, 1 Cor. vi. 11. And such were some of you ; but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. With an infallible title to eternal glory; John iii. 16. That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life ; Rom. viii. 30. Whom he justified, them he also glorified.
2. 13. How may we know that we are pardoned and justified ?
A. Ordinarily, by our fanctification, by our loathing of fin, our contempt of the world, our valuing of Christ, our love and thankfulness to God, &c. 1 Cor. vi. 11. But ye are fanctified. Rom. vii. 24. O wretched man that I am, who shall deliver me from the body of this death? Gal. vi. 14. By whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world. 1 Pet. ii. 7.
Unto you therefore which believe, he is precious. Luke vii. 47. Her lins, which are many, are forgiven ; for she loved much.
Q. 14 What is meant by (our ?] Is it only such fins as we, have personally and actually committed ?
A. No, but also Adam's fin, which is ours by imputation ; Rom. v. 19. By one man's disobedience, many were made Gnners. And original fin, which is ours by inhefion; Psalm li. 5. Behold, I was (hapen iniquity, and in sin did my mother conceiveine. And other mens fins, which we have made ours, by exciting them to them, not hindering of them, silence at them, and other ways; 2 Sam. xii y. Thou haft killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast sain him with the sword of the children of Ammon. 1 lim. V. 22. Neither be partaker of other mens fins.
Q. 15. Wherefore are fins called debts?
A. Because they are a non-payment of God's dues, a nonperformance of our duty ; which makes us liable to the arrest of death, and to the prison of bell.
Q. 16. Why do we plead our own forgiveness of others ?
A. Not as any merit of our own pardon ; but either as an encouragement to ourselves to beg pardon; seeing such evil, envious, and malignant persons, are enabled to forgive others, much more may we hope the good and gracious God will for, give us : or, as a condition, without which we can have no pardon, and with which we shall; Matth. vi. 14. For if
forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.
O. 17. How do others trespass against us?
A. When they injure us, either in our persons, or names, or families, or estates, or souls, &c. i Sam. ii. 25. If one man fin against another, the judge shall judge him; but if a man fin against the Lord, who thall intreat for him ?
0. 18. Can we forgive our neighbour freely, fully, and perfectly, as God doth forgive us?
A. We cannot.
Q. 19. What then is the meaning of God's forgiving us, as we forgive others ?
A. Not as to the quantity and perfection of forgiveness, but as to the fincerity and quality thereof; Matth. xviii. ult. So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
Q. 20. Are we always bound to manifeft outwardly our love and forgiveness to all our enemies, and to behave ourselves towards them as friends ?
A. No, if we have experienced them to be treacherous and false, and see no change, we are not bound to trust them; if they be, and remain, wicked and profane, we must not associate with them ; Pfal. xxvi. 5. I have hated the congregation of evil doers, and will not fit with the wicked. Ver. 4. I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with diffemblers.
Q. 21. What then must we do to fuch?
A. We must heartily forgive them all their injuries, we must love them with the love of benevolence, pray for them, and be ready and willing to do them all good, both of body and soul; Matth. v. 44, 45. But I say unto you, Love your enemies; bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you and persecute you. That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven; for he maketh his fun to rise on the evil, and on the good, and fendeth rain on the juft and on the unjust.
l. 22. If we forgive others, shall we be forgiven ourfelves?
A. We shall, if out of obedience to God, and love to Christ, we do it.
Q. 23. What is the first inference from hence ?
A. That except our fins be forgiven, we are lost and undone creatures; and therefore we muit never be contented, till we are pardoned.
Q. 24. What is a second inference?
A. That God is a God of love, goodness, and pardon seeing he will not pardon us, if we do not pardon others; but will, if we do so.
Q. 25. What is a third inference ?
A. That if we live in hatred when we pray the Lord's prayer, we pray for our own damnationMatth. xviii. 22. Jelus faith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times, but until feventy times seven. Ver. 35. So likewile fhall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespafles.
Of God's leading us into temptation. Quest. 106.
Hat do we pray for in the sixth petition ?
A. In the sixth petition, which is, [And lead us not into temptation ; but deliver us from evil:] we pray, that God would either keep us from being tempted to fin, or support and deliver us when we are tempted.
Q. 1. Why is this petition joined to the fornter with the copulative and?
A. Because it will be but little advantage to have former fins pardoned, and to be left to the power and practice, to the love and trade of fin for the future ; Ezek. xviii. 20. When a righteous man turneth away from his righteousness, and committech iniquity, and dieth in them; for his iniquity that he hath done, shall he die
Q. 2. What is meant by temptation ?
A. In general, a trial or probation of what is in us, or of what we will do.
Q. 3. What is meant by temptation here?
A. (1.) Effectually by ourselves, and our own hearts; Jam: i. 14, 15. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Then when luft hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and fin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. (2.) Formally, with an intention to draw into fin and so we are tempted of the devil; i Chron. xxi. 1. And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Ifrael. Matth. iv. 1, 3. Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. And when the Tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. (3.) Innocently, and blamelesly; and so God is said to tempt; 2 Sam. xxiv. .